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  • 1.
    Aarsand, Pål
    et al.
    Department of Education and Life long learning, Norweigan University Of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Sparrman, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Visual transcriptions as socio-technical assemblages2021In: Visual Communication, ISSN 1470-3572, E-ISSN 1741-3214, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 289-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the development of visual digital technologies it has become more common in the social sciences to both use and present research visually. This article explores different strategies for working with and including images in ethnomethodology and conversation analysis (EMCA) transcriptions. The purpose is to investigate how, and if, the ontology of the transcript changes when verbal transcripts become visual transcripts. The article explores what ensures that a transcript is still a transcript and what happens to the reflexive interpretative strategy fundamental to EMCA when new digital technologies make it possible to incorporate images in transcripts. The articles focus is on the social life of methods as well as methodological productivity showing how images can enact different social realities and scientific knowledge.

  • 2.
    Abd Alwaheb, Frida
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    From Clown to Hero: The construction of Volodymyr Zelensky in Swedish newspapers 2019 and 20222022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the linguistic construction of the president of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskyj, in Swedish newspapers in 2019 and 2022. Using the framework of Critical Discourse Studies along with Cognitive Linguistics the aim of the study is to gain an understanding of what constructs a heroism discourse surrounding Zelensky. Utilizing the Discourse-Historical Approach as the main method allows for a certain qualitative analysis of news texts which illuminate discursive strategies and possible conceptual metaphors. Findings suggest there has been a shift in the discourse concerning Zelensky, and that he in march 2022 is part of a heroism discourse in which he symbolizes change.

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  • 3.
    Abdel-Halim, Adam
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Danielsson, Max
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Arlitt, Martin
    Univ Calgary, Canada.
    Carlsson, Niklas
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Database and information techniques. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Temporal Analysis of X.509 Revocations and their Statuses2022In: 7TH IEEE EUROPEAN SYMPOSIUM ON SECURITY AND PRIVACY WORKSHOPS (EUROS&PW 2022), IEEE , 2022, p. 258-265Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the X509 public key infrastructure (PKI) being essential for ensuring the trust we place in our communication with web servers, the revocation of the trust placed in individual X509 certificates is neither transparent nor well-studied, leaving many unanswered questions. In this paper, we present a temporal analysis of 36 million certificates, whose revocation statuses we followed for 120 days since first being issued. We characterize the revocation rates of different certificate authorities (CAs) and how the rates change over the lifetime of the certificates. We identify and discuss several instances where the status changes from "revoked" to "good", "unauthorized" or "unknown", respectively, before the certificates expiry. This complements prior work that has observed such inconsistencies in some CAs behavior after expiry but also highlight a potentially more severe problem. Our results highlight heterogeneous revocation practices among the CAs.

  • 4.
    Abdul Rahim, Ranya
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Kommunikationsproblem på svenska apotek: Förekomst och orsak2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The word communication originates from the Latin word communicare that means to do something in common. When human beings communicate with each other, we share thoughts, emotions, values and actions. The foundation in communication is found within the interpersonal communication, which is the act of communication between two persons. All types of communications include of verbal and nonverbal acts of communication.

    The verbal communication consists of words either in speech or writing, the nonverbal act implies gestures, frequency of the tone and facial expressions.

    Within the pharmaceutical profession, good communication between the pharmacist and the customer is important and can affect the customer’s health and quality of life in both direct as well as indirect ways. In recent years, the pharmacist's role in the pharmacy has drastically changed. Nowadays the care of the customer has gained more significance than before. To improve customer health and quality of life it is important that the pharmacist acts to promote a good relationship with the customer and the foundation for this relationship should be built on good terms of communication.

    The purpose of this study was to study how common it is with communication errors between pharmacist and customer, and to demonstrate probable underlying causes. Secondary questions were, how is the drug advice the pharmacist provides affected by communication errors?

    Collection of data for the study was done with structured observation charts, where the customer and pharmacist were strictly observed. A total of 316 meetings were observed and the data collected referred to prescriptions. In more than one-third of the observed meetings, there were communication errors between the pharmacist and the customer. Communication errors that arose concerned lack of eye contact, language barriers, choice of questions, background noise from colleagues and customers and discussions from generic exchanges. To reduce future communication errors, the pharmacist's actions should be strengthened, such as eye contact, clear follow-up questions and improved feedback.

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  • 5.
    Abrahamsson, Elise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Pratbubblan: den röda tråden: En studie av Karlstads Stadsnäts visuella kommunikation2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether Karlstad City Fiber Network visual elements in the form of a pair of speech bubbles fit into the organization's holistic external communication and branding. The study examines whether Karlstad City Fiber Network image of the organization and the speech bubbles match the stakeholders view and how the visual elements are perceived and recognized by stakeholders. The theory associated with the study is theories of corporate visual identity, image, identity and branding and visual communication. These three elements are important to be aware of when a generation of an effective external communications. Qualitative interviews with employees at Karlstad City Fiber Network and Karlstad municipality has undertaken to give an idea of ​​what the organization wants to achieve and what their opinions are. Karlstad City Fiber Network wants stakeholders to perceive the brand building marketing records as playful, with a twinkle in his eye and inviting to dialogue while the direct information shall be straight and free of jargon. The organization wishes that stakeholders see them as a safe choice as well as local and accessible for inhabitants of Karlstad. Karlstad City Fiber Network sees it as a great advantage to be taken of Karlstad Municipality, which also welcomes the urban network is municipal. Through focus group interviews with Karlstad City Fiber Network stakeholders, the inhabitants of Karlstad, it has emerged that the speech bubbles is not recognized, but it is only when the speech bubbles is put into a context, such as newspaper or newsletter that it can be linked to anything that advocates the municipality of Karlstad and dialogue. It is concluded that corporate visual identity is the link between the visual and the context of an organization's marketing. Stakeholders see Karlstad City Fiber Network as a credible organization that is simple yet eye-catching newsletters, but believe that their marketing is somewhat vague and confusing.

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    Pratbubblan: den röda tråden
  • 6.
    Abrahamsson, Emilia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Renhult, Elena
    Fräsch och strukturerad med attityd: Ett examensprojekt om tidningslayout2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractPresentation of the problem: The goal with this graduation project is to produce a new visual concept for the student newspaper Campus, this will be expressed in the form of page templates. The page templates will have a visual concept that appears through graphical elements. The client's wishes were that the student newspaper should be audience appropriate, attractive, inviting, reliable, modern and functional to work with.Theory: In order to implement the wishes and in a good way produce a consistent visual concept, we took a starting point in theory of graphic design. This theory has taken many of its principles from aesthetic theory, and therefore have we also used aesthetics to provide a deeper theoretical aspect. The principles we used in graphic design is; how to create a unity in the layout by using basic elements such as text, images, and white space. We have also looked at alignment-, form-, color-, contrast-, typography- and placement principles. The principles we have applied from aesthetics are color repetition, color contrasts, balance, visual harmony and depth.Method: The empirical studies consisted of a qualitative content analysis of student newspapers, followed by a focus-group study with respondents from the Campus newspaper target group. The purpose of the two studies was to, via a content analysis, get a general picture of the design language that is used on the market today. This, combined with theory, helped us to create a visual expression that stands outside the general form. It was done in four different dummies, these dummies were discussed by the focus-group.Results: Our first empirical study showed how student newspapers are designed today. With support of theory, the functioning principles was sorted out and used in the four dummies. During the focus-group analysis, opinions about the dummies were presented. We could therefore see what the respondents wanted in the page templates. Together with the client's wishes and analysis from the empirical studies, a new concept developed. It will be perceived as clean and structured together with attitude.

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    Fräsch och strukturerad med attityd
  • 7.
    Abramsson, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ottenström, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    ”Stick i stäv med värdeorden”: En kvalitativ fallstudie om internkommunikation kopplat till värdeord2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For several centuries, there has been a process where people's duty to work has been replaced by a demand for balance, meaning and quality for the individual at work. This change has motivated organizations to develop their employer brand, since "strong brands gain their power from within" (Parment, Dyhre & Lutz, 2017, p. 28) which requires a consistent organizational identity that is based on shared values and communication strategies (Parment, Dyhre & Lutz, 2017, p. 13–30).

     

    Values as a means of management mean that the organization leads itself with a selected value base to achieve set goals and create a desirable corporate culture. Previous research has shown that employees who enjoy and feel proud of their workplace are a more important factor for employee motivation than financial benefits (Philipson, 2004, p. 56–58). Employees who thrive and live the culture are an important strategic tool for anchoring the culture within the organization (Falkheimer & Heide, 2007, p. 90-91). Both communication and value management can help organizations, if used properly. We chose to conduct a case study on a Swedish state-owned organization, which will be anonymous in this study. A content analysis on collected empirical data from observations, interviews and surveys was conducted to study internal communication through various communication channels, to see if the employees perceive the values as genuine and therefor if the values are used ​​as a means of management.

     

    The conclusion shows that the organization does not fully use value words as an instrument of management, but that the value words affect the interpersonal internal behaviour. The communication channels are used in parallel to maximize the effect of communication but since decisions are made within the organization that contradicts the values, the culture is not perceived as genuine and therefore does not function fully as a means of management, which it has the opportunity to be.

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  • 8.
    Abuin, Sergio J.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    'This Game Changed my Life': Online Stories of ‘Emersion’ about Playing Video Games during Difficult Times in Life2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore the video game medium in depth, to relate it to the stories foundon Internet communities about users’ gameplay experiences during burdensome moments inlife. To achieve that, the phenomena is explored through the lenses of Uses & Gratificationstheory by means of a netnography on the ‘/Persona 5’ official subReddit; interpreting, codingand analyzing all narratives that fit the criteria with the help of a proposed ‘USE’ system. Themodel is in charge of classifying the information into explicit displays of ‘Dissatisfaction’,‘Motivation’, ‘Immersion’ and ‘Emersion’. The resulting codification enabled the creation ofeight different types of reports among a sample of one-hundred threads, all in correlation withthe varied aspects of the game that act as categories. The data derived from the conclusions ofthis study shows that players are not motivated to use the video game for any other purposesthan mere entertainment. Yet, the immersive potential of the virtual world addressed theirdissatisfactions and made them emerge back to reality with, mostly, not-sought gratifications. Still, not all players were able to control their video game uses to regulate their emotions,further implying the importance to continue researching cases of media immersion toestablish guidelines of ethical design and appropriate production and consumption practices. 

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  • 9.
    Adams, Paul C.
    et al.
    University of Texas at Austin, USA.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Communication Geography: A Bridge Between Disciplines2012In: Communication Theory, ISSN 1050-3293, E-ISSN 1468-2885, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 299-318Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We call for a fundamental restruc turing of research paradigms in geography and media/communication studies to form a bridge between core concerns of the 2 disciplines. This endeavor responds to contemporary historical changes: mediated/mediatized mobility, technological convergence, interactivity, new communication interfaces, and the automation of surveillance. Long-standing concern with a set of issues we call representations, textures, structures, and connections provides a foundation for this interdisciplinary bridge. Integrating these concerns would produce a semi autonomous field, manifested through collaborations between geographers and media theorists.

  • 10.
    Adamsson, Stina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Kommunikationskanaler vid intern nyhetsspridning: En fallstudie om hur kommunikationskanaler påverkar den upplevda kommunikationseffektiviteten vid nyhetsspridning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Communication is an important function within organizations and the ways of communicating have developed rapidly due to technological development, which can make it difficult to know which communication channel that is best to use in different situations. This report is based on a case study were the perceived communication efficiency tended to vary depending on which communication channel that was used. Previous research shows how the choice of communication channels can affect the communication efficiency, however, it does not show this from the perspective of news as an information type. Therefore, it was considered interesting to study how different communication channels affect the communication efficiency in terms of news distribution.

     

    The aim of this study was to illustrate and describe how communication channels affect the perceived communication efficiency when the information that is transferred consists of news. To achieve this, the following research question would be answered:

     

    • What advantages and disadvantages do employees experience with communication channels regarding the communication efficiency for news distribution in a large national company?

     

    Theories that have been applied in the study are Media Richness Theory and Osgood and Schramms circular communication model. Theories have been used to explain how news distribution takes place in the case company and to illustrate and possibly explain the problems that the company experience with news distribution.

     

    Data was collected by applying a qualitative method in which semi-structured interviews have been used. The result shows that respondents experience both advantages and disadvantages with all the communication channels and that the perceived communication efficiency tended to vary depending on which kind of news. When the result was set against the research question and the theoretical framework, advantages and disadvantages that were experienced, turned out to be depending on if the news were routine or non-routine and how it was matched with a rich or poor communication channel, which Media Richness Theory also declare. 

     

    The conclusion of this study shows that news distribution through face to face and telephone enables direct interaction and transmission of emotions, however, emotions are not transmitted as well through telephone as face to face. The many signals can also be experienced as overwhelmingly. E-mail, intranet and signboard are effective in terms of time and are not as depending on time and space. In addition, the possibility of direct interaction and transmission of feelings is limited. The result indicates that advantages and disadvantages with the communication channels seems to be linked to whether the channel is perceived as suitable to transfer different kinds of news. Rich communication channels are perceived to be effective for transmitting non-routine news and poor channels are perceived to be effective for transmitting routine news.

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  • 11.
    Addo, Giuseppina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Pille
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Encoding object-oriented democracy in Swedish museums: implementing method of the thing in exhibition-making2023In: Museum Management and Curatorship, ISSN 0964-7775, E-ISSN 1872-9185, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 76-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As museums face conflicting demands on maintaining and caringfor their collections, opening for visitor engagement, and beingmore inclusive in their practice, new approaches are needed tomuseum work. This article introduces a democratic and inclusiveapproach focusing on the relational properties of the artefact–the Method of the Thing (Tigenes Metode). We use interviewswith different museum professionals in Sweden. The methodallows knowledge to emerge from the convergence of differentactors within and outside the museum who negotiate theirexpertise, (professional) roles and technical infrastructure of themuseum by foregrounding the object rather than the curators’story. We use the encoding/decoding model to discuss thestrengths and weaknesses of the method where centring theobject allows for a process of democratisation and polyvocality totake shape, thus allowing divergent narratives to emerge.

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  • 12.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sparrman, Anna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Evaldsson, Ann-Carita
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Den väsentliga vardagen2009In: Den väsentliga vardagen: Några diskursanalytiska perspektiv på tal, text och bild, Stockholm: Carlssons , 2009, 1, p. 9-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här ger arton forskare som alla varit doktorander till professor Karin Aronsson sin beskrivning av olika former av vardagliga fenomen. Det handlar om hur människor i olika sammanhang samspelar och skapar mening. Gemensamt för de författare som bidrar i boken är att de är eller har varit doktorander vid Institutionen Barn och tema Kommunikation, vid Linköpings universitet. Sedan mitten av 1980-talet har institutionen erbjudit en dynamisk forskningsmiljö för personer med intresse för samtal, kulturella uttryck och socialt liv i och utanför institutionella sammanhang.

  • 13.
    Adolfsson, Claes
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Asp, Sebastian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Ett främjande verktyg: En kvantitativ studie om institutionaliserad feedback2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay examines the members' relationship with feedback within two institutions, the Department of Geography, Media and Communication (GMK) and the Department of Educational Studies (IPS) at Karlstad University. Feedback is a communication tool used to promote organizational development. This individual development is essential for a university's business because of its members knowledge and skills are one of its most important assets. The importance of this kind of communication is manifested in the university's institutionalization of feedback and how it is integrated into the work routines. The problem area is comprised of how these institutions differ in the structure in relation to the classical hierarchical business structure, with a clear ranking between boss and employee, focusing on the role of feedback in this type of organization. Research that focuses specifically on this type of structure within an organization is currently underrepresented and therefore creates a research hole. The purpose of the paper is to examine the two mentioned institutions with a focus on feedback, its institutionalization and its integration into the work routines, and how the members relate to this process. To investigate the impact of this institutionalization of feedback, the following three questions were created:  How is criticism conducted within an organization where feedback is institutionalized?  How does the view of feedback differ from these institutions compared with companies with a classical hierarchical organizational structure? How does organizational culture affect the ability but also the willingness to criticize and to give and receive feedback? In order to answer these questions, relevant prior research in the area has been identified. The different theories chosen relate to five different factors: Channel selection, leadership, relationships, organizational culture and feedback, all of which are directly linked to the research area. Examples of these theories are Information Richness Theory (IRT) that emphasizes how different communication channels should be applied. Leader membership exchange theory (LMX) and Conceptual model of employee questions emphasize how personal relationships affect communication and how leadership structure within an organization affects feedback. An additional central component of how members relate to feedback is the organizational culture. This culture can be broken into three different categories; identification, trust and dedication. They all have an impact on the feedback process and should therefore be taken into account. Research related to feedback can also be found in the previous research section. The application of a survey gave the opportunity to draw general conclusions about the population. The questions in the questionnaire are anchored in the previous research and are operationalized in relation to the three research questions. The collected data showed that the institutionalization of feedback has a predominantly positive effect on members' relation to this. The members of the institution generally have strong and prosperous relationships with their colleagues and leaders. Members feel that they can freely express their views regardless of their professional position, and these views are respected, which is a consequence of the strong trust they have for their colleagues and leaders. Identification to the institutions is generally strong, which affects the members' commitment and the willingness to develop. Feedback requires a channel that can transmit complex information, which will simultaneously enable two-way communication and be personalized to achieve the desired effect. This relates to the institutions and feedback is transmitted primarily orally. This result shows that a thoughtful attitude to feedback has a major impact on the organization's activities.

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    Ett främjande verktyg
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    Arkivfil
  • 14.
    Adolph, Jasmin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    New Country, New(s) Habits: How does migration affect news consumption and avoidance behavior?: A case study on young millennial immigrants living in Stockholm, Sweden2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This audience study explores the changes of news consumption and avoidance behaviour by young millennial immigrants from various backgrounds, living in Stockholm, Sweden. Considering various theoretical frameworks, such as the intentional vs. unintentional model (Skovsgaard & Andersen, 2020), the migration change model (Tabor & Milfont, 2011), as well as a combination of a phenomenology of news model (Bengtsson & Johansson, 2021) and media repertoires established by Swart et al. (2017), a qualitative research has been conducted consisting of eight semi-structured interviews. Through a thematic analysis possible patterns have been established and findings show that individuals tend to change their behaviour in news consumption for various reasons. (1) Participants want to be able to establish their own news-routines and use their migration as an opportunity for a new start, (2) there is a certain influence by people closest to them and with their social circle changing, their (news) interests change as well, and (3) motivation and interest play an important role in shaping new consumption behaviours in a new country: the more one is interested in learning more about the new country, its culture and its language, the more likely they are to check that country’s traditional news media sources.

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  • 15.
    Afzal, Samra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Big data analysis of Customers’ information: A case study of Swedish Energy Company’s strategic communication2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Big data analysis and inbound marketing are interlinked and can play a significant role in the identification of target audience and in the production of communication content as per the needs of target audience for strategic communication campaigns. By introducing and bringing the marketing concepts of big data analysis and inbound marketing into the field of strategic communication this quantitative study attempts to fill the gap in the limited body of knowledge of strategic communication research and practice. This study has used marketing campaigns as case studies to introduce a new strategic communication model by introducing the big data analysis and inbound marketing strategy into the three staged model of strategic communication presented by Gulbrandsen, I. T., & Just, S. N. in 2016. Big data driven campaigns are used to explain the procedure of target audience selection, key concepts of big data analysis, future opportunities, practical applications of big data for strategic communication practitioners and researchers by identifying the need for more academic research and practical use of big data analysis and inbound marketing in the strategic communication area. The study shows that big data analysis has potential to contribute in the field of strategic and target oriented communication. Inbound marketing and big data analysis has been used and considered as marketing strategy but this study is an attempt to shift the attention towards its role in strategic communication so there is a need to study big data analysis and inbound marketing with an open mind without confining it with some particular fields.

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  • 16.
    Agin, Sol
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Communicating climate action: Combining action repertoires and linguistic repertoires in social movement message construction2022Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The climate crisis is one of the largest global challenges that humanity has ever faced. Despite the scientific consensus on the threat, action is not occurring on the pace or level needed to stave off the consequences. As climate change is made up by complex and conjoined causes and effects, the issue is also riddled with communicative challenges which those calling for action need to tackle. Climate change communication research has, however, mainly focus on how traditional news media frame the climate change issue and overlooks climate activist and movement groups. This despite these actors being key for shifting public perceptions and public opinion. Although research on other communication actors exist, it is far from extensive and the research field overlooks the publics perceptions of the sender in relation to the construction of climate messages. Through survey data and an experiment, this doctoral thesis explores the public’s inclination towards different protest action repertoires and addresses the research gap in the climate movement message construction. Herein, the actions and words of three subgroups within the larger environmental movement is considered as one part of a larger message whole. The groups chosen action repertoires are viewed as part of the activists’ performed message and the linguistic communication styles created by lexical choices related to emotional appeals are part of the activists’ verbal/textual message. The results indicate that there is much to be gained from adhering to an alignment between lexical choices and action repertoires. Alignment may be key for understanding why some movement subgroups are successful in inspiring certain actions whilst others inspire other actions. Communication-action alignment is a way to approach the interconnectedness of actions and words for complex and abstract issues that require message recipients to construct consonant mental models to break potential cognitive dissonance.

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    Forskningspodden med Sol Agin
  • 17.
    Agin, Sol
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Communication without borders: A quantitative study on how mobility and a cosmopolitan self-identity affect Swedish expatriates communication patterns with friends.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out how Swedish voluntary migrants communicate with friends in three different groups: friends that resides in the same country as the respondent currently lives in, friends in Sweden, friends in other countries around the globe and whether or not individual mobility, demographic factors or a sense of global citizenship affect the chosen mean of communication. The reason behind the study is to introduce a previously unstudied area into the field of geographically based media studies and hopefully contribute to a deeper understanding of the role played by different means of communication in shaping the dynamics of global friendship. The theoretical approach in this study will be from three different outlooks, migration, polymedia (including the second-level digital divide) and cosmopolitanism.

    The study is based on data from the Institute for Society, Opinion and Media (SOM) and their survey questionnaire sent out to Swedish expatriates during fall 2014 / winter 2015, also known as Utlands-SOM. The total number of respondents are 2268. The study starts with basic frequencies to find out which media that are the most prominent, then binary logistic regressions have been made. The total number of dependent variables are 21 and these have then been analysed from seven independent variables; age, gender, education, travel patterns, years spent abroad, number of countries lived in and whether or not the respondent consider himself/herself being a cosmopolitan. This generates a total of seven tables (one for each media) with three models in each (contact with friends in current country of residency, contact with friends in Sweden and contact with friends in other parts of the world).

    Amongst Swedish expatriates, e-mail and Facebook are the two most popular media for keeping in touch with friends, regardless of the friends location. The most significant demographic variable is age. Usage of video call, text message, chat, Facebook and other social media tend to decrease with age. Every year spent abroad decreases the communication with friends in Sweden, but increases the communication in the current country of residency. The number of countries lived in have a positive effect on communication with friends in other parts of the world. Cosmopolitan self-identity is found to be most significant when communicating with friends in other parts of the world, and it also affects e-mail the most. Level of education, which in previous studies have been found closely linked to a cosmopolitan identity, is found to have no significant correlation. Arguably, this is explained by the other means of communications negative relationship with the variable.

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  • 18.
    Agin, Sol
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Communicative Action Repertoire Alignment (CARA): A theoretical model and methodological approach for evaluation of lexical-action alignment in social movementsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Agin, Sol
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Conventional and Disruptive Protest Propensity: A Comparative Survey Study Across EuropeManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Ahlqvist, Olivia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Social stereotypisering på sociala medier: En kvalitativ studie om hur män tolkar kvinnliga stereotyper på Instagram2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare studier av (Bailey et al, 2013) beskriver att vanligt förekommande är: kvinnor som söker uppmärksamhet från män, genom att lägga upp sexualiserade bilder av sig själva på sociala nätverksplatser. Med detta sagt hade forskarna som mål att öka förståelsen för hur unga kvinnor tolkar dessa kvinnors stereotypiska självrepresentationer på Facebook (ibid). Till följd av ett intresse för studien ville jag ta reda på hur istället män får erfara kvinnliga stereotyper på sociala nätverksplatser. Syftet med min undersökning var således att utforska hur kvinnliga stereotyper på Instagram kan förstås. Forskningsdeltagarna i min studie var totalt 10 män uppdelade i semistrukturerade fokusgrupper. Teman och stimulimaterial valdes ut efter de kännetecken som Baileys studie menar att denna stereotypiska kvinnliga självrepresentation innefattar (Bailey et al, 2013). Resultatet visade bland annat att männen betraktade den kvinnliga självporträtteringen som oäkta och tolkade den som ett sätt för kvinnor att övertyga andra och sig själva, om att de lever åtråvärda liv. Det fanns även en enighet om att självporträtteringen är typisk för just kvinnor. Åsikterna var varierande i den yngre och äldre gruppen om huruvida det är fördelaktigt eller ej med denna typ av kvinnliga instagramprofiler när de är öppna för allmänheten. Samtliga män i den yngre gruppen, menade att en kvinna med en stängd profil är mer åtråvärd. Detta på grund av att det visar att personen i fråga inte är lika beroende av vad andra tycker. En äldre forskningsdeltagare menade istället raka motsatsen. Det vill säga att en stängd profil med samma innehåll tyder på osäkerhet och rädsla för potentiella elaka kommentarer från allmänheten. Utifrån svaren blev det tydligt att det fanns några återkommande teman i resultat och analys, vilka var: äkthet, normativitet och påverkan. 

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  • 21.
    Ahlström, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    How Meetings affect the accomplishment of Broad Responsibility in a municipal CompanyManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Municipal companies are important actors in the pursuit of the Agenda 2030 goals and are often formally obliged by their owners to work in this direction. This has however shown to be quite challenging, and managers lack knowledge about how to develop new ways of organizing to meet such responsibilities. The aim of this article is therefore to understand how the work of a top management team in meetings affects the accomplishment of broad responsibility. The analysis, which is underpinned by a communicative constitution of organizing (CCO) perspective, shows how the way specific communicative practices (agendas, minutes, timeslots, turn-taking, and stakeholder voicing) are enacted leads to the re-production of parts of the organization at the expense of the whole, the present at the expense of the future, and profit at the expense of the other dimensions of sustainability. This study contributes to the literature on public management by showing how communicative practices enacted in meetings make certain concerns present and others absent, thereby creating the conditions for the accomplishment of broad responsibility.

  • 22.
    Ahlsén, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Aphasia and text writing2009In: International journal of language and communication disorders, ISSN 1368-2822, E-ISSN 1460-6984, Vol. 28, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Ahrenberg, Rosa Greta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    We won't be ignored!: Climate Protest Radicalization – Motivation, Attitudes, Goal and Communication Strategies within the German Climate Movement "Letzte Generation"2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning, Japanese.
    Methodological challenges in multimodal analysis of synchronous digital intercultural communication: The case of Swedish-U.S. online exchanges using Japanese as a lingua franca2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While synchronous online telecollaboration has been gaining popularity in foreign language education over the past few decades, both Multimodal Communicative Competence and Intercultural Communicative Competence have become increasingly important as a result of many educational institutions, business establishments, and governmental organizations being forced by the COVID-19 pandemic to switch their means of communication to online video conferencing systems.

    Although access to digital communication technology and tools allow more people to be part of intercultural communicative exchanges, it is suspected that a considerable amount of miscommunication is caused by mis- or non-understanding of the variety of modes used in synchronous digital communication due to differences in interlocutors’ linguistic and cultural backgrounds, which can affect verbal and prosodic elements such as speed, pitch, and intonation as well as non-verbal dimensions such as facial expressions, gaze, and gestures together with spatial aspects and the positioning of participants in the video frame.

    Existing methods of multimodal analysis of digital communication often deal with monolingual situations. Even in cases of analysis of intercultural communication, at least one of the participating parties use their native language. 

    The current study intends to fill the research gap seen in methodological issues concerning the analysis of multimodal, and (specifically) synchronous, digital intercultural communication when a non-native language is used by all participants as a lingua franca. To this end, methodological implications of multimodal analysis of synchronous digital intercultural interactions between Swedish and U.S. participants using Japanese as a lingua franca were explored, highlighting challenges that surfaced during the analysis of the data gathered for a separate study of identity development through online telecollaboration and focusing especially on the problems that may arise when a third language is used as means of communication between non-native speakers. 

  • 25.
    Akar, Yasin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    En kris, tre parter: Retorisk analys av Scandinavian Airlines, Svensk Pilotförenings och SvenskaFlygbranschens externa kriskommunikation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAS, Svensk Pilotförening och Svenska Flygbranschen fick under juni 2016 genomgå en pilotkris. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka den externa kriskommunikationen för de tre parterna och observera om det fanns några skillnader. Detta förverkligades genom att undersöka vilka argumentationstyper det fanns i pressmeddelanden från respektive aktör. Dessa argument analyserades med hjälp av image repair teorin som utvecklades av William Benoit och appellformerna logos, ethos och pathos. För att kunna tillgodose syftet ställdes två undersökningsfrågor med tillhörande följdfrågor som sammantaget går ut på att fråga vilka retoriska strategier och appellformer som återfinns i var och en organisations pressmeddelanden och vilka som är mest framträdande. Resultaten visade att SAS använt mer logos argument samtidigt som mortification. Svensk Pilotförening hade däremot använt fler ethos argument och bolstering. Svenska Flygbranschen utmärkte sig genom att både ha en jämnare blandning av alla tre appellformer och dessutom använda två strategier som mest, vilka var shift blame och attack accuser. Resultaten visar således att alla tre aktörer använt olika argumentationstyper och hanterat en och samma kris på olika sätt.

  • 26. Akinbobola, Yemisi
    et al.
    Charles-Hatt, Rachel-Ann
    Barriers to women journalists in Rwanda2021Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    THE PATTERNS OF gendered experiences that have led to barriers of entryand progression for respondents of the study in Rwanda, when compared to an earlier study1 conducted by Fojo and AWiM across 17 African countries, further demonstrates how many of these experiences are shared irrespective of the country. In the case of Rwanda, a country that scores highly in the shares of seats in parliament and labour force participation within the global gender equality indices, the results are perhaps more surprising for that reason. The situation in Rwanda when compared with data from the sub-Saharan Africa shows a similarity in barriers faced by women journalists, namely poor salaries, sexual harassment, and gendered roles at the workplace. Therefore, these findings, in some respects, highlight that the existence of written and well-defined gender policies does not result in their successful implementation because Rwanda is still a long way from gender equality.

    The results of this study, on the one hand, speak for themselves; training and education on gender equality would go a long way in successfully addressing many of the experiences shared by participants of the study. On the other hand, socio-cultural tensions surrounding the role of women in society further com- plicates how male colleagues perceive women rights and its importance. These tensions also highlight women’s rights and the ways in which society treat women journalists. Finally, this study outlines the extent to which women journalists in Rwanda themselves recognise gender discrimination and harassment when they experience them, because the data shows that whilst most women can identify when sexual harassment happens to them, there are few women who are unable to identify certain forms of sexual harassment.

    This study, therefore, offers a clear starting point for organisations tasked with motivating and implementing change. It helps to identify the pain points from the perspective of the women journalists they seek to support. The recommendations presented by the study stems from their lived experiences, and it is through the conscious and reflective interrogation of this, that we can truly set the path towards change.

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  • 27.
    Al Moubayed, Samer
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Beskow, Jonas
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Öster, Ann-Marie
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Salvi, Giampiero
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Granström, Björn
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    van Son, Nic
    Ormel, Ellen
    Virtual Speech Reading Support for Hard of Hearing in a Domestic Multi-Media Setting2009In: INTERSPEECH 2009: 10TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION 2009, BAIXAS: ISCA-INST SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOC , 2009, p. 1443-1446Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present recent results on the development of the SynFace lip synchronized talking head towards multilinguality, varying signal conditions and noise robustness in the Hearing at Home project. We then describe the large scale hearing impaired user studies carried out for three languages. The user tests focus on measuring the gain in Speech Reception Threshold in Noise when using SynFace, and on measuring the effort scaling when using SynFace by hearing impaired people. Preliminary analysis of the results does not show significant gain in SRT or in effort scaling. But looking at inter-subject variability, it is clear that many subjects benefit from SynFace especially with speech with stereo babble noise.

  • 28.
    Alakärppä, Ismo
    et al.
    Dept. of Industrial Design, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland.
    Larsson, Sofia
    Sonic Studio Interactive Institute, Piteå, Sweden.
    Riekki, Jukka
    Dept. of Electrical and Information Engineering, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
    Jaakkola, Elisa
    Dept. of Industrial Design, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland.
    Sound aided interface of a pervasive pain monitoring system2011In: 5th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology: ISMICT 2011, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Alanko, Rosanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
    Oskarsson, Tina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
    Kommunikation mellan patient och ortopedingenjör: En kvalitativ studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En studie har genomförts med syftet att undersöka diabetespatienters tolkning av informationen som ges av deras respektive ortopedingenjör under ett patientmöte samt undersöka vad ortopedingenjören anser sig ha förmedlat för information till patienten under patientmötet. Metoden i studien är kvalitativ där intervjuer med semistrukturerade öppna frågor har använts. I studien ingick två ortopedingenjörer samt två diabetespatienter. Efter avslutade intervjuer har materialet från intervjuerna analyserats och bildat kategorier. Dessa kategorier har sedan använts för att finna skillnader samt likheter mellan ortopedingenjörens och patientens tolkningar. Patientmötens har spelats in för att få möjligheten att se vart missförstånd uppstått. Genomgående i resultatet var att ortopedingenjören anser sig ha förmedlat mer information än vad patienten beskriver under intervjuerna. Några missförstånd upptäcktes men kommunikationen mellan parterna var god.  

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  • 30.
    Alberius, Adam
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Lundin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Coops hållbarhetsarbete: En fallstudie om hur ett ord kan påverka organisationskulturen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the light of corporate scandals, pressure has increased on organizations to communicate

    information related to their corporate social responsibility (CSR). In order to keep up with the

    increased pressure on social commitment, organizations’ self-descriptions may be future-oriented

    rather than reflections of reality. The future-oriented communication may improve the

    organizational culture and thereby motivate staff to perform more efficiently. On the other hand,

    if the organization does not fulfill their CSR communication it could lead to internal skepticism.

    This thesis constitutes a case study of the organization Coop, comprising whether the

    relationship between its CSR communication and the internal perception of Coop’s CSR work

    in store has affected their organizational culture.

     

    In order to answer How does Coop communicate it sustainability work through its external

    communication? and How does the staff perceive Coop's sustainability work? a qualitative

    content analysis and interviews with Coop’s staff have been conducted. The theoretical

    framework consists of Nils Brunsson’s (2006) theory about Organized hypocrisy, and

    Christensen's (1997) Autocommunication.

     

    A conclusion that can be made from the results of this thesis, is that the image communicated

    from Coop (regarding their sustainability work) does not seem to be fully aligned with the

    staff’s perception of Coop’s sustainability work. Coop’s definition of their sustainability work

    had only been acknowledged by some, whereas half of the staff had individual interpretations

    of Coop’s sustainability work. The various definitions of sustainability among the staff led to

    various attitudes towards Coop’s sustainability work, which ultimately resulted in a fragmented

    organizational culture.

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  • 31.
    Albert, Saul
    et al.
    Tufts University, USA; Queen Mary University of London, UK.
    Albury, Charlotte
    University of Oxford, UK.
    Alexander, Marc
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Harris, Matthew Tobias
    Queen Mary University of London, UK.
    Hofstetter, Emily
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Holmes, Edward J. B.
    University of York, UK.
    Stokoe, Elizabeth
    Loughborough University, UK.
    The conversational rollercoaster: Conversation analysis and the public science of talk2018In: Discourse Studies, ISSN 1461-4456, E-ISSN 1461-7080, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 397-424Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How does talk work, and can we engage the public in a dialogue about the scientific study of talk? This article presents a history, critical evaluation and empirical illustration of the public science of talk. We chart the public ethos of conversation analysis that treats talk as an inherently public phenomenon and its transcribed recordings as public data. We examine the inherent contradictions that conversation analysis is simultaneously obscure yet highly cited; it studies an object that people understand intuitively, yet routinely produces counter-intuitive findings about talk. We describe a novel methodology for engaging the public in a science exhibition event and show how our ‘conversational rollercoaster’ used live recording, transcription and public-led analysis to address the challenge of demonstrating how talk can become an informative object of scientific research. We conclude by encouraging researchers not only to engage in a public dialogue but also to find ways to actively engage people in taking a scientific approach to talk as a pervasive, structural feature of their everyday lives.

  • 32.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    How critical can you be as an on-going evaluator?2010In: International Journal of Action Research, ISSN 1861-1303, E-ISSN 1861-9916, Vol. 6, no 2-3, p. 256-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses experiences of on-going evaluation within a project funded by the EU Structural Funds. A question that is particularly illus-trated is how we, as on-going evaluators, have handled the dilemma be-tween closeness and involvement in the project in relation to distance and a critical approach. This dilemma is standard within action- and interac-tive research, and becomes particularly evident in a concrete reality within a project. The problem is important to illustrate, especially considering the fact that the on-going evaluation task is politically governed, that is, the EU requires that the customary evaluation be replaced with an on-going evaluation. Furthermore, on-going evaluation finds itself in a developmen-tal phase, where discussions are carried on about how to define the con-cept, and also on how the role as an on-going evaluator should be worked out. A possible outcome of this could be that the on-going evaluation be-comes far too uncritical, or critical, and with that cannot come up to ex-pectations. In this article the assumption is that the task of the on-going evaluator is to follow the development in a project, vis-á-vis established goals, with the purpose of creating practice-relevant knowledge. We also discuss the balancing that exists between being supportive of progress, giving constructive criticism, and not being regarded as far too critical. After having worked in an innovative development project for two years, we have been strengthened in our understanding that the interactive re-search approach, concept usage, theoretical connection and methodologi-cal knowledge constitute imperative demands, in order to handle the changes between closeness and distance.

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  • 33.
    Aldsjö, Matilda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Ahmed, Nada
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Ett (o)frivilligt uppkopplat liv: En kvalitativ studie om individers sociala medier vanor.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skulle du kunna leva utan din mobiltelefon? Det var en av frågorna som ställdes när denna studie genomfördes. Syftet med detta examensarbete var att undersöka hur individer reflekterar över sin aktivitet på sociala medier och hur beroende individer är av att uppdatera sig. Detta gjordes i en kvalitativ forskningsstudie. Studien tittade närmare på sociala mediers inverkan på individers liv. I studien diskuterades vilka för- och nackdelar sociala medier har bidragit med, hur stort behov individer känner för att ständigt vara uppkopplade på sociala medier. Känslan ”fear of missing out” var signifikant för vad studiens respondenter känner när det kommer till uppdatering på sociala medier. Studien utgick från teorin uses and gratifications, utifrån den reflekterades det över hur den kan kopplas till dagens sociala medier-samhälle. För att ha möjligheten att se samband och diskutera ett fenomen användes fenomenologi som teoretiskt angreppssätt. Den generella slutsatsen blev att individernas huvudsakliga syfte för att använda sociala medier är för att kommunicera. Det kom inte direkt som en chockande nyhet. Studien bekräftar det tidigare studier sagt men klargör ännu tydligare att mobiltelefonen på många sätt den viktigaste pryl vi äger.

    Den här studien handlar om livet med mobiltelefonen fastklistrad i handen och varför vi är beroende av den. 

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    Ett (o)frivilligt uppkopplat liv: En kvalitativ studie om individers sociala medier vanor.
  • 34.
    Algotsson, Victoria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Kajsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Är Facebook den nya tidens politiska kanal?: En stude om påverkan genom Facebook2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years social media have developed and become a place where all kind of people can meet and interact with each other without any kind of physical contact to one another. We belive that this development also has made it easier for political parties and organisations to spread their propaganda to the people that uses social media without them knew from whom the information is coming. With this in mind we decided to do a study about the social media Facebook and how the users of Facebook think they are being influenced by political propaganda from organisations and private persons.

     

    In our study we decided that we wanted to know why our respondents are using Facebook, if they have payed attention to two political questions, one international question and one national question, that have been noticed recently and if they feel that they are being influenced of political propaganda when they are using Facebook.

     

    We have concluded that our respondents, depending on how old they are, do feel that they are being influenced by political propaganda when they are using Facebook. We have also noticed that the younger part of our respondents feel that they are using Facebook because their friends do it and that they have noticed the international political question more than the national political question. In the older category of respondents the reason of why they are using Facebook was to maintain a conection with their friends and they had noticed the national political question more than the international political question. 

  • 35.
    Alit Wedhantara, Dewa Ketut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Fear and Loathing in Streets of Europe: Reading the Right-Wing Protestors’ Visual Expressions2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the last ten years, significant increase in national protest and transnational activism within the area of Western Europe brought a new impact to the study of the visual: a pictorial turn to argumentation. Visual texts in the form of posters and banners can be seen throughout the streets of Europe, alongside the rise of right-wing organizations with populistic tendencies. This research examines the posters and banners produced by three Western European right-wing organizations, namely English Defence League in the United Kingdom, PEGIDA in Germany, and PVV in the Netherlands. This thesis observes how the three organizations utilized posters and banners displayed in their rallies to manufacture a particular imagination regarding immigrants with an Islamic background. This research situates the three right-wing organizations in a specific vertical organizational hierarchy to explore the possibility of understanding which organization is at the most advantageous, generating benefit for the sake of visual mobilization of other groups.  Furthermore, the operationalization of the fear strategies as an inherent part of their visual argumentation and encounter them with the myth of Islam in the West will also be considered.

  • 36.
    Allard, Niklas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Cagenius, Eric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Virtual teams, the new norm?: A study on the effects of becoming a virtual team.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 pandemic has ensued a wave of work teams making the shift from the office to working entirely virtually. At the centre of this shift are the people. The people are at the heart of any team, and thus this thesis sets out to create a greater understanding of how the leaders and members of three project teams have fared with the shift from working collocated toovirtually. Three interviews consisting of one leader and two team members were conducted per team, totalling nine interviews. The empirical findings were analyzed through the lens of a theoretical framework with a focus on uncovering why, how, and what implications the effects of virtuality have on various team processes. The results show that most challenges pertain to the increased autonomy of team members created by using ICT, and that the role of leadership has been heavily affected with a clear preference for task-focused leadership with relationshipand trust-building not being deemed critical. Multiple team processes have all been affected to a greater or lesser extent, with team members finding themselves having to deal with new requirements being imposed on them as part of the shared leadership that is taking form.

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  • 37.
    Allen, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Imagining intelligent artefacts: Myths and a digital sublime regarding artificial intelligence in Swedish newspaper Svenska Dagbladet2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Artificial intelligence (AI) has over the past years become a hot topic for discussion in Sweden, as the technology presents exciting unique possibilities and challenges for the country and its citizens. Coverage of AI in Swedish news media presents imagined scenarios with both current and future AI that contribute to myths about how the technology is able to radically transform life, that spring out of a central digital sublime. Through a mixed-method study of 55 newspaper items about AI from Svenska Dagbladet from 2017 to 2018, the thesis studies what evident AI myths occur in coverage and how such discourses spring out digital sublime regarding AI. A total of four AI myths are found in news media coverage that revolve around existing and future intelligent computers, robots, machines and perceptions with them. Myths and hopes and concerns with them point to digital sublime regarding AI as a force of intelligent digitization that promises to empower a sublime citizen, economy, and welfare state. Emotional values with sublime AI are understood to reflect a general Swedish techno-optimism as digital artefacts have allowed Sweden to become prosperous.   

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  • 38.
    Allern, Sigurd
    et al.
    Department of Media Studies, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Blach-Ørsten, Mark
    Department of Communication and Arts, Roskilde University, Denmark.
    Kantola, Anu
    Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Pollack, Ester
    Department of Media Studies, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Chapter 7. Development trends and challenges in Nordic political journalism2021In: Power, Communication, and Politics in the Nordic Countries / [ed] Skogerbø, E., Ihlen, Ø., Kristensen, N. N., & Nord, L., Gothenburg: Nordicom, University of Gothenburg , 2021, p. 135-154Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this chapter is to describe and discuss some important political journalism development trends in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. The term political journalism traditionally refers to news, commentaries, and other genres related to the coverage of political processes, institutions, and policy questions. It is, however, difficult to draw a clear dividing line between political news and other types of current affairs coverage. While political logic once dominated the discourses of political journalism, the emergence of the news media as an independent institution gave journalists a substantial definitional power and an ability to define the communicative rules of the game, but professional political sources quickly learned to exploit news media logics for their own aims and objectives. During the last decade, the growth of social media networks and the relative weakening of the legacy media has created a less stable situation for the negotiation of control between journalists and their sources.

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  • 39.
    Allström, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Highway Traffic State Estimation and Short-term Prediction2016Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Traffic congestion is increasing in almost all large cities, leading to a number of negative effects such as pollution and delays. However, building new roads is not a feasible solution. Instead, the use of the existing road network has to be optimized, together with a shift towards more sustainable transport modes. In order to achieve this there are several challenges that needs to be addressed. One challenge is the ability to provide accurate information about the current and future traffic state. This information is an essential input to the traffic management center and can be used to influence the choices made by the travelers. Accurate information about the traffic state on highways, where the potential to manage and control the traffic in general is very high, would be of great significance for the traffic managers. It would help the traffic managers to take action before the system reaches congestion and limit the effects of it. At the same time, the collection of traffic data is slowly shifting from fixed sensors to more probe based data collection. This requires an adaptation and further development of the traditional traffic models in order for them to handle and take advantage of the characteristics of all types of data, not just data from the traditionally used fixed sensors.

    The objective of this thesis is to contribute to the development and implementation of a model for estimation and prediction of the current and future traffic state and to facilitate an adaptation of the model to the conditions of the highway in Stockholm. The model used is a version of the Cell Transmission Model (CTM-v) where the velocity is used as the state variable. Thus, together with an Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) it can be used to fuse different types of point speed measurements. The model is developed to run in real-time for a large network. Furthermore, a two-stage process used to calibrate the model is implemented. The results from the calibration and validation show that once the model is calibrated, the estimated travel times corresponds well with the ground truth travel times collected from Bluetooth sensors.

    In order to produce accurate short-term predictions for various networks and conditions it is vital to combine different methods. We have implemented and evaluated a hybrid prediction approach that assimilates parametric and non-parametric short-term traffic state prediction. To predict mainline sensor data we use a neural network, while the CTM-v is ran forward in time in order to predict future traffic states. The results show that both the hybrid approach and the CTM-v prediction without the additional predicted mainline sensor data is superior to a naïve prediction method for longer prediction horizons.

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  • 40.
    Allvin, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Lunnegård, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    08/21/2013: En framingstudie av nyhetsrapporteringen kring gasattacken i Syrien2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har undersökt hur tre globala nyhetskanaler, Al Jazeera English, CNN international och Russia Today English rapporterar om den påstådda gasattacken i Syrien den 21:a augusti 2013. Syftet var att undersöka och identifiera vilka frames som respektive kanal använder sig av samt hur de behandlar uppsatsens tre frågeställningar, A) Vad har hänt? B) Vem är ansvarig? och C) Hur bör man agera?. Studien har utgått ifrån tidigare forskning och teorier om begreppet framing och dess olika variationer så som generic/issue specific, visual framing etc. Empirin som analyserades var videoskevenser från respektive nyhetsstations Youtubekanal, totalt analyserades 21 st videoklipp d.v.s. sju per kanal. Metoden som användes baseras på Baldwin Van Gorps modell för framinganalys framlagt i boken Doing News Framing Analysis: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives (2010) i kapitlet Strategies to Take Subjectivity Out of Framing Analysis (s.84–109). Studien fann att nyhetskanalerna använde sig av totalt sex st dominarande frames in sin rapportering, mänsklig lidande, oklarhet, konspiratorisk, brott och straff, internationellt ingripande, militärstrategi. Utifrån dessa identifierade frames behandlades de ovan nämnda frågeställningarna och studien fann att det fanns en stor skillnad på hur de olika kanalerna valde att rapportera om och kring händelsen. Slutligen finns rekommendationer för vidare forskning om ämnet och tankar om hur en sådan studie skulle kunna utformas. 

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    08/21/2013
  • 41.
    Allwood, Jens
    University of Gothenburg.
    Bodily communication dimensions of expression and content2002In: Multimodality In Language And Speech Systems, Dordrecht: Springer, 2002, Vol. 19, p. 7-26Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Department of Linguistics, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Ahlsén, E.
    Learning how to manage communication, with special reference to the acquisition of linguistic feedback1999In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 31, no 10, p. 1353-1389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study has two parts. The first part gives a theoretical overview of what a child has to learn in order to manage communication, whereas the second part provides a longitudinal case study. The case study shows how a child, from the age of 1 year and 8 months to the age of 3 years and 3 months, learns how to use different means for interacting in order to make contextually relevant communicative contributions. We can see how such aspects of his communication as mean length of utterances (MLU), use of onomatopoeia, communicative gestures, and informative actions develop in interaction with each other. A more specific study of linguistic feedback (feedback morphemes and repetitions) shows the development in different activities of the use of feedback. The role of the linguistic feedback system in language acquisition is also discussed. ©1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 43.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    SSKKII Interdisciplinary Center, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ahlsén, E.
    Multimodal intercultural information and communication technology - A framework for designing and evaluating multimodal intercultural communicators2009In: Multimodal corpora : from models of natural interaction to systems and applications / [ed] Michael Kipp, et al, Berlin: Springer, 2009, Vol. 5509 LNAI, p. 160-175Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents a framework, combined with a checklist for designing and evaluating multimodal, intercultural ICT, especially when embodied artificial communicators are used as front ends for data bases, as digital assistants, as tutors in pedagogical programs or players in games etc. Such a framework is of increasing interest, since the use of ICT across cultural boundaries in combination with the use of ICT by persons with low literacy skills is rapidly increasing. This development presents new challenges for intercultural ICT. A desideratum for interculturally sensitive artificial communicators is a generic, exportable system for interactive communication with a number of parameters that can be set to capture intercultural variation in communication. This means a system for a Generic, Multimodal, Intercultural Communicator (a GMIC). ©Springer-Verlag 2009.

  • 44.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Cerrato, L.
    Jokinen, K.
    Navarretta, C.
    Paggio, P.
    The MUMIN coding scheme for the annotation of feedback, turn management and sequencing phenomena2007In: Language resources and evaluation, ISSN 1574-020X, E-ISSN 1574-0218, Vol. 41, no 3-4, p. 273-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with a multimodal annotation scheme dedicated to the study of gestures in interpersonal communication, with particular regard to the role played by multimodal expressions for feedback, turn management and sequencing. The scheme has been developed under the framework of the MUMIN network and tested on the analysis of multimodal behaviour in short video clips in Swedish, Finnish and Danish. The preliminary results obtained in these studies show that the reliability of the categories defined in the scheme is acceptable, and that the scheme as a whole constitutes a versatile analysis tool for the study of multimodal communication behaviour. ©2008 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

  • 45. Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Cerrato, Loredana
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Jokinen, Kristiina
    Navarretta, Costanza
    Paggio, Patrizia
    The MUMIN coding scheme for the annotation of feedback, turn management and sequencing phenomena2007In: Language resources and evaluation, ISSN 1574-020X, E-ISSN 1574-0218, Vol. 41, no 3-4, p. 273-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with a multimodal annotation scheme dedicated to the study of gestures in interpersonal communication, with particular regard to the role played by multimodal expressions for feedback, turn management and sequencing. The scheme has been developed under the framework of the MUMIN network and tested on the analysis of multimodal behaviour in short video clips in Swedish, Finnish and Danish. The preliminary results obtained in these studies show that the reliability of the categories defined in the scheme is acceptable, and that the scheme as a whole constitutes a versatile analysis tool for the study of multimodal communication behaviour.

  • 46.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet, Kollegium SSKKII, Tvärvetenskapligt Ctr. K., Sweden.
    Cheadle, M.
    Green, A.
    Interactive acquisition of terminology describing job applicants in job advertisements1999In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 3, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are several computer based job classification systems for the labour domain and the purpose of which mainly is to enable search and to collect statistics. The systems typically encode information about the job, the workplace, the employer, the salary, necessary education and experience, duration, hours, need for a driving licence etc. But actual job advertisements, for example such that can be found in the Swedish Job Bank, a set of web pages containing information about job vacancies provided by AMS, the Swedish government agency for labour market activities, often contain requirements that are not included in these classification schemes; the applicant should enjoy working with people, be able to pick up new things quickly or be creative. In an effort to extend existing schemes we have developed a taxonomy of properties like these and a computer tool that can be used to analyse text based on the categories in the taxonomy. The tool can also be used to construct future taxonomies. In this work, we will present the taxonomy, the computer tool and some results based on using the tool. This paper has three purposes; the first is to present a taxonomy of personal properties of job applicants in job advertisements, the second is to present a tool that can be used both to develop such a taxonomy and to analyse text using the taxonomy, and the third is to describe some results of having used the tool and the taxonomy to analyse job advertisements.

  • 47.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    SCCIILL Interdisciplinary Center, Department of Applied IT, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Chindamo, M.
    Ahlsen, E.
    On identifying conflict related stances in political debates2012In: Proceedings - 2012 ASE/IEEE International Conference on Privacy, Security, Risk and Trust and 2012 ASE/IEEE International Conference on Social Computing, SocialCom/PASSAT 2012, 2012, p. 918-925Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss some problems in identifying stances and the features that express these stances in televised political debates where there is conflict escalation. The study is based on an analysis of video-recorded political debates in different European languages (Italian (1), German (2) and US-American English (1)) and consists of a qualitative analysis of the videos in order to understand the similarities and differences in the use of social signals for stances in conflict situations in a similar setting (televised political debate) in three western cultures. ©2012 IEEE.

  • 48.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Department of Linguistics, Göteborg University, Box 200, 40530 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Kopp, S.
    Grammer, K.
    Ahlsén, E.
    Oberzaucher, E.
    Koppensteiner, M.
    The analysis of embodied communicative feedback in multimodal corpora: A prerequisite for behavior simulation2007In: Language resources and evaluation, ISSN 1574-020X, E-ISSN 1574-0218, Vol. 41, no 3-4, p. 255-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Communicative feedback refers to unobtrusive (usually short) vocal or bodily expressions whereby a recipient of information can inform a contributor of information about whether he/she is able and willing to communicate, perceive the information, and understand the information. This paper provides a theory for embodied communicative feedback, describing the different dimensions and features involved. It also provides a corpus analysis part, describing a first data coding and analysis method geared to find the features postulated by the theory. The corpus analysis part describes different methods and statistical procedures and discusses their applicability and the possible insights gained with these methods. ©2007 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

  • 49.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    SSKKII/SCCIIL, Dept. of Applied IT, Chalmers and University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindström, N. B.
    Lu, J.
    Intercultural dynamics of fist acquaintance: Comparative study of Swedish, Chinese and Swedish-Chinese first time encounters2011In: Universal access in human-computer interaction : 6th International Conference, UAHCI 2011, held as part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, proceedings / [ed] Constantine Stephanidis, Berlin: Springer, 2011, Vol. 6768 LNCS, no PART 4, p. 12-21Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, intercultural first acquaintance meetings are becoming more and more frequent. The aim of this study is to describe, analyze and compare Swedish, Chinese and Swedish-Chinese first acquaintance interactions. Our focus lies on a classification of the topics in mono- and intercultural first-time encounters. The analysis is based on 12 arranged face-to-face first acquaintance interactions between Chinese-Chinese, Swedish-Swedish and Swedish-Chinese students (4 of each dyad). The interactions are video-recorded and transcribed. In addition, semi-structured interviews with the participants have been conducted to get a better understanding of their communication. The method of activity-based communication analysis is used to analyze the data. The result of the study is a classification and a cross-cultural comparison of topics and the order of their occurrence in first time encounters. In addition, the study sheds light on the similarities and differences between Chinese and Swedish communication patterns. ©2011 Springer-Verlag.

  • 50.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Department of Linguistics University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Nivre, J.
    Ahlsén, E.
    On the semantics and pragmatics of linguistic feedback1992In: Journal of Semantics, ISSN 0167-5133, E-ISSN 1477-4593, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is an exploration in the semantics and pragmatics of linguistic feedback, i. e. linguistic mechanisms which enable the participants in spoken interaction to exchange information about basic communicative functions, such as contact, perception, understanding, and attitudinal reactions to the communicated content. Special attention is given to the type of reaction conveyed by feedback utterances, the communicative status of the information conveyed (i. e. the level of awareness and intentionality of the communicating sender), and the context sensitivity of feedback expressions. With regard to context sensitivty, which is one of the most characteristic features of feedback expressions, the discussion focuses on the way in which the type of speech act (mood), the factual polarity, and the information status of the preceding utterance influence the interpretation of feedback utterances. The different content dimensions are exemplified by data from recorded dialogues and by data given through linguistic intuition. Finally, two different ways of formalizing the analysis are examined, one using attribute-value matrices and one based on the theory of situation semantics. ©1992 N.I.S. Foundation (1992).

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