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  • 1.
    Abong'o, Deborah
    et al.
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Wandiga, Shem
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Jumba, Isaac
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Madadi, Vincent
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Kylin, Henrik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Impacts of pesticides on human health and environment in the River Nyando catchment, Kenya2014In: International Journal of Humanities, Arts, Medicine and Sciences, ISSN 2348-0521, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 1-14Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The population of the River Nyando catchment largely relies on rain fed agriculture for their subsistence.

    Important crops grown include cereals, cash crops fruits and vegetables. Farming is one of the contributors of pollution to Lake Victoria. Organophosphates and other banned organochlorine pesticides such as lindane, aldrin and dieldrin were used by farmers. The pesticides transport was by storm water run-off and air drift into the lake. Environmental risk assessment background information was collected through questionnaire and interviews of farmers to determine knowledge and safe use of pesticides. Fourteen pesticides were identified as commonly used of which four are toxic to bees and five to birds. The farmers identified declines in the number of pollinating insects, the disappearance of Red-billed Oxpecker (Buphagus erythrorthynchus) and wild bird’s fatalities. The general knowledge among farmers about chemicals risks, safety, and chronic illnesses was low. Activities that increases environmental awareness and safety of pesticides should be initiated by the agrochemical firms and government.

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    River Nyando catchment 1
  • 2.
    Bark, Linnea
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Stress kopplat till larm och statistik från automatiska mjölkningssystem (AMS)2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Automatic milking systems (AMS), also called milking robots, have become more common and in 2018 one third of all dairy cows in Sweden was milked in AMS. Advantages with AMS is that it improves the physical working environment, it allows for more flexible working hours and it collects individual data of milk production, milk quality and animal health. The milking robot works day and night, and it is common with one robot serving the total herd. Since downtime in the robot can result in reduced production and animal welfare, the system is more vulnerable compared to a manual milking system. Therefore, there is an alarm system connected to the milking robot that informs the farmer whenever there is a stoppage in the robot. Previous studies on work environment in AMS have shown that the farmers experienced that psychological work environment had deteriorated due to the need for constant readiness to solve any stoppage. Furthermore, they also experienced an overflow of information from the robot that made it hard to overview. The aim of this study was to investigate how Swedish farmers and service technicians experience stress related to alarms and data from the milking robot and how the stress is prevented. In this study, interviews were performed with farmers that had AMS (n=6), farmers that have had AMS but changed over to manual milking (n=3) and service technicians. Beside the interviews the farmers also filled a questionnaire where they graded the experience of stress. The results show that the farmers that had AMS experienced little stress related to alarm and data, while farmers that had given up AMS experienced more stress. The farmers experienced that stress related to alarms could partly be prevented by having a lower number of cows per AMS and by having access to more than one milking unit. Stress related to being on call could be prevented by having access to a network of persons that could relief the farmer from the alarm, especially if the farmer easily gets stressed, experience a high alarm frequency, or have great need of time off work in periods. Farmers that have had AMS experienced more stress related to data compared to farmers that had AMS. However, the interviews did not result in concrete solution in how to prevent stress. The service technicians were in general content with their work, but the on-call service was a negative part of the work. It takes long time to get into the job and it is therefore necessary to have a functioning system where more experienced colleagues can support the less experienced.

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  • 3.
    Behrens, Thomas
    et al.
    Bremen Institute of Prevention Research & Social Medicine, Bremen, Germany; Institute of Prevention & Occupational Medicine of German Social Accidents Insurance, Bochum, Germany.
    Lynge, Elsebeth
    Inst Publ Hlth, Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Cree, Ian
    Inst Ophthalmol, University College London (UCL), London, England.
    Lutz, Jean-Michel
    National Institute for Cancer Epidemiology and Registration (NICER), Univ Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Eriksson, Mikael
    Dept of Oncology, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden..
    Guenel, Pascal
    Centre de recherche en épidémiologie et santé des populations (CESP), French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM), Villejuif, France; Univ Paris Sud, Villejuif, France.
    Merletti, Franco
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Univ Turin, Piemonte, Italy; ll Centro di Riferimento per l'Epidemiologia e la Prevenzione Oncologica (CPO), Piemonte, Italy.
    Morales-Suarez-Varela, Maria
    Dept of Prevention Medicine, Unit Public Health & Environmental Care, University Valencia, Valencia, Spain; CIBER Act Epidemiology & Public Health, Res Grp CIBER CB06, Valencia, Spain; Center Public Health Research CSISP, Valencia, Spain.
    Afonso, Noemia
    Med Oncol Serv, Inst Portugues Oncol Francisco Gentil, Oporto, Portugal.
    Stengrevics, Aivars
    Latvia Canc Registry, Riga, Latvia.
    Fevotte, Joelle
    Umrestte UCB Lyon 1 InVS Inrets, Lyon, France.
    Sabroe, Svend
    Dept Epidemiol, Univ Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Llopis-Gonzalez, Agustin
    Dept Prevent Med, Unit Publ Hlth & Environm Care, Univ Valencia, Valencia, Spain; CIBER Act Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Res Grp CIBER CB06, Valencia, Spain.
    Gorini, Giuseppe
    Environm & Occupat Epidemiol Unit, ISPO Canc Prevent & Res Inst, Florence, Italy.
    Hardell, Lennart
    Department of Oncology, Örebro University Hospital, Region Örebro län, Örebro, Sweden.
    Stang, Andreas
    Inst Clin Epidemiol, Univ Halle Wittenberg, Halle, Germany; Inst Med Informat Biometry & Epidemiol, Univ Duisburg Essen, Essen, Germany..
    Ahrens, Wolfgang
    Bremen Inst Prevent Res & Social Med, Bremen, Germany; Inst Med Informat Biometry & Epidemiol, Univ Duisburg Essen, Essen, Germany.
    Pesticide exposure in farming and forestry and the risk of uveal melanoma2012In: Cancer Causes and Control, ISSN 0957-5243, E-ISSN 1573-7225, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 141-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since pesticides are disputed risk factors for uveal melanoma, we studied the association between occupational pesticide exposure and uveal melanoma risk in a case-control study from nine European countries.

    Incident cases of uveal melanoma and population as well as hospital controls were included and frequency-matched by country, 5-year age groups and sex. Self-reported exposure was quantified with respect to duration of exposure and pesticide application method. We calculated the exposure intensity level based on application method and use of personal protective equipment. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated by unconditional logistic regression analyses and adjusted for several potential confounders.

    293 case and 3,198 control subjects were interviewed. We did not identify positive associations with activities in farming or forestry, pesticide application or pesticide mixing. No consistent positive associations were seen with exposure intensity level scores either. The only statistically significantly raised association in this study was for exposure to chemical fertilizers in forestry (OR = 8.93; 95% CI 1.73-42.13), but this observation was based on only six exposed subjects. Results did not change when we restricted analyses to morphologically verified cases and excluded proxy interviews as well as cancer controls. We did not observe effect modification by sex or eye color.

    Risk estimates for pesticide exposures and occupational activities in agriculture and forestry were not increased and did not indicate a hormonal mechanism due to these exposures.

  • 4. Bergman Bruhn, Å
    et al.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Andersson, Karin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Abtahi, F
    Forsman, M
    Petters, Frida
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Postural work exposure and ergonomics of riding school employees measured with smart workwear.2024Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    University Dalarna, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    University Dalarna, Sweden.
    Safety climate assessment in the equine sector – a study of Swedish riding schools and trotting stables2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose The equine sector has grown strongly in recent years in Sweden as well as in many European countries. The Swedish equine sector includes a wide variety of activities, e.g. businesses related to breeding, competition, tourism and training, and more non-profit activities such as association-run riding schools and leisure. Work environment issues are a major concern for the sector since it is labor-intensive, and a majority of the work tasks are still performed manually leading to high workloads and physical strain. Furthermore, working with and handling horses is hazardous, and the sector has a relatively high occupational injury rate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety climate at riding schools and trotting stables through the validated Nordic questionnaire on safety climate (NOSACQ-50). Methods The questionnaire, consisting of 50 statements across 7 safety climate dimensions, was handed out to employees at 11 workplaces, six riding schools and five trotting stables. Results and discussion The results are based on data from 62 employees. The analysis of all the participants’ responses showed that one of the seven dimensions, “workers’ safety priority and risk non-acceptance”, needs to be developed in comparison to the other six. Furthermore, the preliminary results indicate that there are differences in the perceived safety climate dependent on working experience of the employee. Some significant differences were also found between riding schools and trotting stables in the dimension “workers trust in the efficacy of safety systems”. Conclusions Understanding the safety climate in the equine sector is a first step to find approaches to enhance safety and in the longer-term increase sustainability in horse-related occupations. The study is part of two joint projects with the aim to improve the work environment in the Swedish equine sector, funded by AFA Insurance and The Swedish-Norwegian Foundation for Equine Research.

  • 6.
    Fors, Kikki
    et al.
    Hushållningssällskapet i Uppsala, Sweden.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019).
    Bannbers, Hanna
    Hushållningssällskapet i Uppsala, Sweden.
    Rodhe, Lena
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Strand, Line
    Hushållningssällskapet i Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sindhöj, Erik
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Arbetsmiljö och säkerhet vid surgörning av flytgödsel: Rapport från WP2, Aktivitet 52018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stallgödsel från animalieproduktion är en källa för kvävetillförseln till Östersjön i form av utsläpp till vatten och atmosfäriskt nedfall. Ammoniakavgång kommer från gödseln vid hantering i stallar, vid lagring och spridning. Jordbruket står för största delen av ammoniakutsläppen och åtgärder för att minska ammoniak-avgången från jordbruket har därför stor effekt på de totala utsläppsmängderna. Att minska kväveläckaget från jordbruket är en viktig del i att minska övergöd-ningen av Östersjön. Minskade kväveförluster från stallgödseln ger även ökad växtnäring till de odlade grödorna och en effektivare recirkulation av kvävet. Ökat växtnäringsvärde hos stallgödseln leder till bättre utvecklade grödor, som förmår att ta upp mer av miljöbelastande fosfor jämfört med sämre utvecklade grödor. Att minska kväveförlusterna genom att förbättra hanteringen av stall-gödseln ger därmed många vinster för miljön och odlaren.

    Surgörning av flytgödsel är en känd metod för att minska ammoniakavgången från stallgödsel i stall, i lager och vid och efter spridning i fält (Petersen, 2012). Metoden praktiseras dock inte i Sverige, till stor del för att tekniken inte är till-gänglig och för att det i stort saknas erfarenheter. Teknik för surgörning finns nu utvecklad i Danmark, där 18 % av all flytgödsel försurades år 2014 (SEGES, 2015). Vid surgörningen minskas förlusterna av kväve genom att den kemiska jämvikten mellan ammonium och ammoniak förskjuts mot större andel ammoniumkväve, som inte kan avgå i gasform.

    Teknik finns för surgörning i stallar, i lager respektive vid spridning. I stallar och lager strävar man efter att pH-värdet i gödseln ska vara mindre än 5,5 för att få effekt under längre tid dvs. under efterföljande lagring och spridning. I test enligt VERA:s testprotokoll minskade ammoniakavgången i medeltal med 64 % från de två studerade svinstallarna när man surgjorde gödseln i stallet med tekniken från JH Forsuring NH4+ jämfört med ingen surgörning (ETA-Danmark, 2011). I ett av de två studerade stallarna kunde man påvisa en årlig luktminskning med 29 procent vid surgörning. För Sverige är det dock inte aktuellt med surgörning i stallar med nuvarande system och lagstiftning. Istället kan system för tillförsel av syra i lager vara aktuellt. Vid tillförsel i lager strax innan spridning eftersträvas pH<6. För att begränsa mängden syra som behöver tillsättas är det då viktigt att snarast möjligt påbörja spridningen efter att svavelsyran blandats med gödseln i lagret, med tanke på gödselns buffrande förmåga (pH stiger). För att surgöra flytgödseln under spridning doseras svavelsyran till gödseln automatiskt under körning i fält med på marknaden olika tekniker. Målet är då att gödseln håller pH <6,4 vid spridningstillfället för att det ska vara godkänt i Danmark som ammoniakbegränsande åtgärd, och ett alternativ till att mylla ner gödseln vid spridning. Enligt VERA:s testprotokoll så minskade ammoniakavgången med 49 % vid surgörning till pH 6,4 vid spridning med tekniken SyreN jämfört med ingen försurning (VERA, 2012). Det gick inte att påvisa någon luktminskning med surgörning.

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  • 7.
    Hagberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Parsteel AB, Sweden.
    Atkinson, Sophie
    Smart djurhantering EF, Sweden.
    Hessle, Anna
    SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Lind, Ann-Kristina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Lindqvist, Fredrik
    SSAB EMEA AB, Sweden.
    Lundquist, Christer
    Parsteel AB, Sweden.
    Olsson, Henrik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Biorefinery and Energy.
    Sundberg, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    Lindahl, Sophie
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Wahlund, Lotten
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Lättviktsgrindar av höghållfast stål för säkrare djurhantering och arbetsmiljö2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Lightweight gates of high-strength steel for improved worker safety and cattle handling This report presents the work with developing a lightweight gate of high-strength steel for the handling of cattle. The project was conducted as a European Innovation Partnership (EIP) project. The project group consisted of co-workers from the unit of Agriculture and Horticulture and the unit of Process and Environmental Engineering at Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE Jordbruk och trädgård och RISE Kretsloppsteknik), Parsteel AB (former Nilssons Plåtindustri AB), SSAB EMEA AB, Sophie Atkinson at Smart Animal Handling, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) in Skara and the cattle farmer Lars Olsson. The main objectives of the project were to develop a lightweight gate weighing at least 50% less and being three times as strong as a traditional gate for cattle handling. The main motive was to improve the ergonomic conditions and working environment for the animal handlers. Additionally, for the safety of both animals and handlers, the gate must withstand the loads from cattle. Other objectives were to design and construct a gate that does not exceed the price of a high-quality gate and not contribute to increased negative environmental impact. A lightweight gate can be made of various materials such as plastic, fiberglass or steel. Regarding the project group's participants and their competencies, in addition to the numerous requirements placed on a lightweight gate, the choice fell on high-strength steel. High-strength steel is characterized by having high yield strengths, up to 1300 MPa, in comparison with traditional construction steel with yield strength of 355 MPa. For the specific lightweight gate, steel pipes with a yield strength of approximately 750 MPa were chosen. These pipes are mainly used in the automotive and engine industry, where high demands are placed on strength while at the same time a light construction is desired. The gate itself was designed during the project and several details were examined and developed in regard to functionality and safety for both cattle and handlers. The work environment legislation states that gates must be dimensioned and anchored so that the animals cannot break out (AFS 2008:17). The gates must also not pose a risk of injury to the cattle. In order to work safely with cattle, knowledge of cattle behavior is essential and consequently the report contains a chapter describing cattle senses and behavior. Both the lightweight gates and the handling system, built up by the gates, must be adapted to the cattle. In the project, the bud box handling system was tested. The handling system was originally developed to make use of the behavioral characteristics of cattle to encourage forward movement in the desired direction. In the project the handling system's functionality and safety, by using lightweight gates and additional equipment and components, were further designed. The handling system was tested in two groups of heifers at the SLU Götala Beef and Lamb Research Centre. The lightweight gates were also tested in a dairy herd and a beef herd, while hoof trimming, and at a small-scale abattoir. Generally, the light weight of the gates was considered an advantage as the handling of the gates is simplified also resulting in more frequent use of the gates, increasing safety for both animals and humans. During the project, several strength tests were performed by building unique test rigs. In one test rig, the weld of the pipes of the lightweight gate was tested. In another test rig, the strength of lightweight gates, compared with traditional gates on the market, were tested. The outcome of the tests confirmed the original aim of the project, a lightweight gate made of high-strength steel, about 50% lighter and at least three times as strong as traditional gates, had been developed and designed during the project period.

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  • 8. J.I., Nagasha
    et al.
    M, Ocaido
    Rajala, E.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Chiwona-Karltun, Linley
    Gender-based approaches for improving milk safety, value addition and marketing among smallholder livestock farmers2024In: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, E-ISSN 2571-581X, Vol. 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of Uganda, this study delves into gender-based strategies aimed at enhancing women's engagement in milk safety, value addition and marketing within smallholder livestock farming. The objectives were twofold: first, to document the current practices of women in milk safety, value addition, and marketing channels; second, to examine the constraints, opportunities, and strategies related to the production of safe milk and milk products, along with accessing sustainable markets. Conducted in four sub-counties of Kiruhura district, this research employed both qualitative participatory methods and structured questionnaires, including twelve focused group discussions and twenty key informant interviews with both women and men. Notably, 217 structured questionnaires were administered. The findings illuminate that women play a central role in milk processing, water provisioning, sanitation, hygiene practices and were the primary contributors to milk value addition, particularly in the production of butter and ghee. Despite their active involvement, women face challenges in accessing adequate milk quantities, employ traditional labor-intensive procedures and encounter difficulties in marketing their processed products. Men, often the household heads, held decision-making authority over milk consumption and control the selling of milk, contributing to gender disparities. Addressing these challenges necessitates comprehensive support, including training and capacity-building initiatives for both men and women in milk value addition, credit access, and market entry. The study underscores the potential for improved women's access to milk quantities, particularly for butter and ghee production, to strengthen rural livelihoods and boost dairy production in Uganda. 

  • 9.
    Karlsson, Niclas
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Övervakningssystem av Grisstall med detektion av blod2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The work in this project demonstrates how a system for monitoring pigs could be handled andtests a camera for this kind of system. Automatic detection of blood will help in a keeper’s dutiesand give him or her a different view of the box. Management of multiple camera modulesis done automatically via a server application that can manage a different number of cameramodules in the system. More camera modules can be included simply by modifying the serverprogram.Display of each box is made web based causing environmental and economic sustainabilitywhen the keeper can handle the daily monitoring by the home instead of on the farms especiallyon weekends. It is also possible to keep check during the night when the night visionapplication on the camera is available and retroactive supervision since the images are savedfor twenty four hours.When young pigs are introduced into the living area they need more food than normally resultingin increased feed supply. By monitoring via a web based application the keeper cansupply an increase or decrease of food if necessary. By continuing to work on this project implementationof more features and more user-friendly details can be included. Detection ofblood can also be extended to the estimate of food levels and manage food delivery via the web application.

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  • 10.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Classon, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuroscience. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Den hjärnvänliga arbetsplatsen: kognition, kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar och arbetsmiljö2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens arbetsliv ställer allt större krav på kognitiva förmågor. Vi arbetar alltmer med information inte bara i traditionellt intellektuella yrken, utan även inom industri, hantverk och sjukvård. Informationsteknologi i form av datorer, avancerad teknisk utrustning och andra komplexa system blir allt viktigare att kunna hantera. Detta ställer nya krav på arbetsmiljöarbetet, något som gäller för alla arbetstagare, men särskilt för de av oss som har en kognitiv funktionsnedsättning.

    I denna rapport sammanfattar vi arbetsmiljörelaterade hinder förknippade med nedsatt funktion inom nio kognitiva områden: språk, exekutiva funktioner, minnesfunktioner, visuospatiala funktioner, snabbhet, uppmärksamhet, emotion/social kognition, mental trötthet samt global kognitiv förmåga/intelligens. Vi uppmärksammar även mental trötthet (”fatigue”) som ett viktigt problemområde i  sammanhanget.

    Den första delen av rapporten ger en bakgrund till området. Avsnittet ger en kort översikt över neuropsykologi och kognitiv neurovetenskap.

    Den andra delen sammanfattar kunskap om omfattningen av problemet: hur vanliga är kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar i arbetslivet? En stor del av de människor som är i yrkesverksam ålder antingen har, eller kommer någon gång under yrkeslivet att drabbas av kognitiva funktionsproblem. Vi uppskattar att detta berör en femtedel till en tredjedel av de yrkesverksamma. Eftersom kognitiv funktionsnivå långt ifrån enbart beror på individens begränsningar till följd av sjukdom eller annan funktionsnedsättning, utan även på miljön och dess krav på individen, är problemen och lösningar på dessa både giltiga och viktiga för alla.

    Rapportens andra del visar att kognitiv nedsättning inte begränsas till ett enstaka funktionellt område, exempelvis minnesbesvär, utan kan innefatta flera av de funktionella områden som berörs. Det finns alltså ingen enkel koppling mellan en sjukdom och vilka kognitiva funktionsproblem den medför för den enskilde arbetstagaren. Problemen måste ses i ljuset av både de erfarenheter och begränsningar den enskilde personen har och den aktuella arbetsuppgiften.

    Rapportens tredje del diskuterar mer ingående arbetsmiljörelaterade konsekvenser av kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar. Den börjar med att sammanfatta en modell för att analysera funktionsnedsättningar som en produkt av fyra samverkande faktorer: individen (till exempel kognitiva funktionsbegränsningar efter en sjukdom), individens förhållningssätt (till exempel motivation), arbetsuppgiften och miljön. En kognitiv funktionsproblematik finns aldrig enbart i en av dessa faktorer utan i skärningspunkten mellan dessa faktorer. Av detta skäl är kunskap om arbetsmiljömässiga aspekter av kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar giltig för alla. Även de som inte har nedsatt kognitiv funktion hamnar i situationer där faktorer kopplade till miljön eller arbetsuppgiften (eller vår inställning till uppgiften) resulterar i att kognitiva förmågor belastas!

    Vidare identifierar och sammanfattar rapportens tredje del praktiska lösningar som stödjer arbetsförmåga vid nedsättning av funktioner inom de nio områden som rapporten omfattar: språk, exekutiva funktioner, minnesfunktioner, visuospatiala funktioner, snabbhet, uppmärksamhet, emotion/social kognition, mental trötthet samt global kognitiv förmåga/intelligens. Särskilt betonas att det idag finns många tillgängliga men sannolikt mindre ofta utnyttjade åtgärder som kan utnyttjas för att mildra eller eliminera arbetsmiljöproblem relaterade till kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar. Rapporten redovisar sju sådana övergripande åtgärder. Därtill diskuteras kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar i samband med arbetstagare som är över 65 år och arbetsgivarens roll. Avslutningsvis identifieras kunskapsbehov för fortsatt arbete inom området.

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  • 11.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Arbetsmiljö och säkerhet vid arbete runt verkstolen2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hoof trimming – work environment and safety around the trimming chuteA regular work task on dairy farms is hoof trimming, which is usually performed 2-3 times a year. Hoof trimming is time consuming, interrupts the daily work routine, and is often perceived as stressful by farmers. In Sweden, hoof trimming is commonly performed by a professional hoof trimmer who brings the trimming chute and other gear to the farm. Usually the farmer or an employee assists the hoof trimmer by moving cows to the trimming chute and also by fixating the cow’s legs in the chute.

    The aim of the study was to investigate Swedish hoof trimmers’ work environment and safety. Furthermore, the aim was to study work routines and the collaboration between the hoof trimmer and the person assisting on the farm. The results of the study will be used as a basis for improving the work environment and routines.

    The study included a literature review, a survey and a field study. The survey was sent to hoof trimmers and included questions on perceived work environment, injury risk, experienced work-related injuries, and working routines. The field study included four farm visits, where both the hoof trimmer and the person assisting on the farm were studied during hoof trimming. A questionnaire was used to estimate perceived strain, stress and energy levels throughout the day. Video recordings of the work around the trimming chute were used to assess working postures, routines and injury risks.

    The results showed that work injuries were common among the hoof trimmers. The most frequent sources of injury were the cows and the grinding machine. Injuries by the grinder were mainly cuts to fingers, hands and arms. Common injuries by cows were fractures from being kicked or crushed. For the assistant, the tasks related to a high injury risk was leading cows to the chute and attaching the rope around the cow’s legs when in the chute. Several hoof trimmers had also experienced musculoskeletal problems and the conclusion from the field study was that some working postures must be corrected to decrease work load and muscle strain. Sufficient knowledge in ergonomics is essential for the hoof trimmers to be able to improve their working postures during hoof trimming to prevent strain injuries.

    The study identified a need for improvements regarding the trimming chute, the grinder and the personal safety equipment. Furthermore, for hoof trimmers to find ways to lower the stress levels during their work may also be an important measure to decrease injury risks and improve the psychosocial work environment. Various advices regarding the safety and work environment during hoof trimming, aimed at both the hoof trimmer and the person assisting at the farm, is presented in the report.

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  • 12.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Occupational Safety Climate in the Swedish Equine Sector2022In: Animals, E-ISSN 2076-2615, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 1-20, article id 438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish equine sector is considered a high-risk work environment, with relatively high injury rates and high severity of injuries. General safety research has identified a correlation between the safety performance and safety culture, but little is known about the intricacies of the safety culture in the Swedish equine sector, especially concerning managers’ and employees’ perceptions of their work environment. The safety climate assessment is recognised as an effective tool for identifying potential problems in the workplace, thus enhancing safety behaviour and decreasing the frequency and severity of injuries. The aim was to evaluate the safety climate at riding schools and trotting stables through the Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire (NOSACQ-50) diagnostic tool, and to get a better understanding of the workers’ perceptions regarding safety and safety management at their workplace through complementary interviews. The results showed that the safety climate was generally positive and that employees were aware of the risks relating to their work. Riding schools commonly had routines in place for risk assessment and work environment management, but such routines were often lacking at trotting stables, indicating inadequate prioritisation of safety by the management. The main area that should be targeted to improve safety in the sector is employees’ prioritisation and non-acceptance of risks. Proactive instead of reactive safety management should be promoted, where safety is an integral part of daily work and all employees are encouraged to identify factors contributing to occupational injuries and develop strategies for injury prevention.

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  • 13.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Occupational Safety Climate in the Swedish Equine Sector2022In: Animals, E-ISSN 2076-2615, Vol. 12, no 4, article id 438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish equine sector is considered a high-risk work environment, with relatively high injury rates and high severity of injuries. General safety research has identified a correlation between the safety performance and safety culture, but little is known about the intricacies of the safety culture in the Swedish equine sector, especially concerning managers’ and employees’ perceptions of their work environment. The safety climate assessment is recognised as an effective tool for identifying potential problems in the workplace, thus enhancing safety behaviour and decreasing the frequency and severity of injuries. The aim was to evaluate the safety climate at riding schools and trotting stables through the Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire (NOSACQ-50) diagnostic tool, and to get a better understanding of the workers’ perceptions regarding safety and safety management at their workplace through complementary interviews. The results showed that the safety climate was generally positive and that employees were aware of the risks relating to their work. Riding schools commonly had routines in place for risk assessment and work environment management, but such routines were often lacking at trotting stables, indicating inadequate prioritisation of safety by the management. The main area that should be targeted to improve safety in the sector is employees’ prioritisation and non-acceptance of risks. Proactive instead of reactive safety management should be promoted, where safety is an integral part of daily work and all employees are encouraged to identify factors contributing to occupational injuries and develop strategies for injury prevention. © 2022 by the authors.

  • 14.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    et al.
    Department of Agriculture and Food, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Occupational Safety Climate in the Swedish Equine Sector2022In: Animals, E-ISSN 2076-2615, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 438-438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish equine sector is considered a high-risk work environment, with relatively high injury rates and high severity of injuries. General safety research has identified a correlation between the safety performance and safety culture, but little is known about the intricacies of the safety culture in the Swedish equine sector, especially concerning managers’ and employees’ perceptions of their work environment. The safety climate assessment is recognised as an effective tool for identifying potential problems in the workplace, thus enhancing safety behaviour and decreasing the frequency and severity of injuries. The aim was to evaluate the safety climate at riding schools and trotting stables through the Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire (NOSACQ-50) diagnostic tool, and to get a better understanding of the workers’ perceptions regarding safety and safety management at their workplace through complementary interviews. The results showed that the safety climate was generally positive and that employees were aware of the risks relating to their work. Riding schools commonly had routines in place for risk assessment and work environment management, but such routines were often lacking at trotting stables, indicating inadequate prioritisation of safety by the management. The main area that should be targeted to improve safety in the sector is employees’ prioritisation and non-acceptance of risks. Proactive instead of reactive safety management should be promoted, where safety is an integral part of daily work and all employees are encouraged to identify factors contributing to occupational injuries and develop strategies for injury prevention.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Lind, Ann-Kristina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Arbetsolyckor vid mjölkning2017Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Lind, Ann-Kristina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Wahlund, Lotten
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Drivning av köttdjur till klövverkning2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to contribute to more extensive knowledge and understanding of the specific risks related to beef cattle handling when moving cattle to hoof trimming. Results obtained can be used to identify measures to increase safety and decrease injuries when handling beef cattle in potentially stressful situations.

    The moving of cattle to hoof trimming were studied on eight Swedish farms with beef production. Behavioural observations of handlers and animals were conducted, and the data was used to identify the type of interactions used to move the animals, the behaviour of the animals, interruptions in animal flow and any potential injury risks to handlers or animals. The animal handling to hoof trimming were studied from three perspectives: the handler, the animals and the handling facilities. The design of the handling facilities was reviewed on e.g. adequacy and safety using a checklist. Interviews were conducted with the farmers and included questions about perceived risks when moving the animals to hoof trimming, factors that impact risks and safety, how the handling facility functioned and possible improvements to ease handling or decrease risks.

    The farms had similar handling system designs during hoof trimming, with the trimming chute placed in a feed alley in the free-stall and waiting pen and transfer alley built of gates. No system was optimally designed based on basic principles of cattle behaviour, e.g. that cattle want to follow each other and go with the herd, that they want to return the way they came and want to see the person who handles them. Shortcomings in the handling systems, observed on several farms, where that transfer alleys and gates were not properly secured, inadequate width of single-filed transfer alleys and that the width of the alleys was not fixed (thus eventually became too wide), and lack of well-functioning solutions to prevent animals from backing out of the single-filed alley. A common problem was also slippery floors, causing animals to frequently slip and even fall during handling.

    The results show that the moving of beef cattle to hoof trimming can involve significant risks of the handler being run over, crushed or kicked. The magnitude of the injury risk associated with the handling depends on the behaviour of the handler and animals as well as the design of the handling system. Calm handling, avoiding putting stress on the animals, is fundamental. By designing the handling facility based on basic principles of cattle behaviour, interruptions in animal flow can be reduced and ease of handling can thereby be promoted. Several of the hazards observed on the farms were possible to prevent with limited efforts, for example by properly securing gates and transfer alleys and reducing the risk of slipping by keeping the floors clean from manure and cover the concrete floors with bedding material (e.g. wood shavings or straw). Many hazardous situations occurred when the animals were moved from the waiting pen to the transfer alley, and solutions to improve the facility design are needed to increase safety. Furthermore, there is a need to increase the farmers’ knowledge on how to attain a safe handling during hoof trimming.

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  • 17.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Lind, Ann-Kristina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Wistrand, Stefan
    Säker Arbetsmiljö Sverige, Sweden.
    Tjurar – en olycksfallsrisk i lösdriften2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There seem to be an increasing trend among Swedish dairy farmers to have bulls in the herd to facilitate estrous detection. However, a bull is involved with increased injury risk to the farmer and the employees, especially if the bull is housed with the dairy cows in the free stall. Of the fatalities in farms, where cattle were involved, an attack from a bull of dairy breed was the most common incident during a 7-year period.The aim of the study was to investigate how bulls are handled and housed on dairy farms, and also to get a deeper understanding of the frequency, character and underlying causes of bull-related incidents. Furthermore, the aim was to investigate the motives behind farmers’ decision to have bulls in the herd and their perception of the risks related to handling the bull.The results showed that farmers had strong arguments, both economical and job-saving, to why they chose to have a bull in the herd. Many used bulls only with the heifers, but it was also common to use the bull on cows where the artificial insemination (AI) was unsuccessful. The bull was seen as an opportunity to save costs for AI. Among the farmers in the study who chose not to have a bull, the injury risk was a major argument.Farmers considered the main injury risks related to handling of bulls to be ignorance by the handler and stressful situations. Other factors mentioned were deficiencies in management systems and routines and the fact that bulls are dangerous animals. It was 29% of farmers who had a bull in the herd, who stated that there had been a work related injury involving a bull on the farm. However, a majority of farmers assessed the injury risk related to bull handling as low.The results indicate that there were shortcomings in the routines for estrous detection in many of the farms. In the farms where the bull was housed in the free stall with the dairy cows, the majority lacked aids and written routine procedures for estrus detection. Some possible alternatives to improve fertility in the herd without the need of a bull are to implement routines for systematic estrus detection, to invest in estrous detection aids (e.g. activity monitors), training staff in estrous signals and to look over the barn environment, feed, etc. to make sure that these factors do not prevent the cows from showing heat. It would be interesting to evaluate these various options economically, to see which measures are the most cost effective.When deciding to have a bull in the dairy herd, it is important that interior fittings and handling systems are adapted to the size and strength of a bull, and that as much work as possible can be done with the handler having minimal contact with the bull. Furthermore, it is important that the working routines are clear and well thought-out for how to handle the bull safely during different working tasks. The results from the survey show that the majority of farmers had pronounced routines for handling of the bull, even though few had written routines. However, the results of the interviews indicate that the routines were insufficient, as they mainly involved not working alone with the bull and always to plan an escape route. For the routines to be applicable and efficient they need to be more specific and preferably describe step-by-step howdifferent work tasks should be carried out when the bull must be handled. This will ensure that all employees follow the same procedures so that the bull can learn and get used to the routines, which will increase safety.

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  • 18.
    Lundqvist, Peter
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Stave, Christina
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Driver and vehicle.
    Göransson, Eva
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Parents' Risk Acceptance and Attitudes Toward the Use of Quad Bikes by Children and Young People in Sweden2022In: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health, ISSN 1074-7583, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 31-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When seeking to explain the many accidents involving children on quad bikes, it is critical to understand the norms and risk perceptions of their parents, because parents are responsible for their children's safety. This study explored attitudes and behavior among parents of rural children using quad bikes and their experiences of incidents and injuries. Information obtained from two focus group discussions, one with young adults and one with parents, and an in-depth interview with a quad bike distributor was used to develop an interview guide. The guide was used in telephone interviews with Swedish parents (n = 41) and some children ages 5 to 14 (n = 9) between autumn 2015 and spring 2016. Analysis of the results revealed eight themes: (1) how quad bikes are used, (2) risk awareness, (3) safety information could help other parents, (4) parents' perception of children's abilities, (5) children's learning, (6) children's perspective, (7) rules and responsibilities, and (8) risk acceptance. Major findings were that parents were aware of the risks and had a strong commitment to children's safety, but also showed risk acceptance. To increase the safety of quad bike use, recommendations to organizations and authorities are presented, such as an age limit for drivers of all adult-size quad bikes and safety labeling of quad bikes, with information clarifying the rules for specific vehicles. © 2022 ASABE.

  • 19.
    Lundström, Markus
    Stockholms universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    “We do this because the market demands it”: alternative meat production and the speciesist logic2019In: Agriculture and Human Values, ISSN 0889-048X, E-ISSN 1572-8366, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 127-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The past decades’ substantial growth in globalized meat consumption continues to shape the international political economy of food and agriculture. This political economy of meat composes a site of contention; in Brazil, where livestock production is particularly thriving, large agri-food corporations are being challenged by alternative food networks. This article analyzes experiential and experimental accounts of such an actor—a collectivized pork cooperative tied to Brazil’s Landless Movement—which seeks to navigate the political economy of meat. The ethnographic case study documents these livestock farmers’ ambiguity towards complying with the capitalist commodification process, required by the intensifying meat market. Moreover, undertaking an intersectional approach, the article theorizes how animal-into-food commodification in turn depends on the speciesist logic, a normative human/non-human divide that endorses the meat commodity. Hence the article demonstrates how alternative food networks at once navigate confines of capitalist commodification and the speciesist logic that impels the political economy of meat.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 20.
    Lundström, Markus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    “We do this because the market demands it”: alternative meat production and the speciesist logic2019In: Agriculture and Human Values, ISSN 0889-048X, E-ISSN 1572-8366, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 127-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The past decades’ substantial growth in globalized meat consumption continues to shape the international political economy of food and agriculture. This political economy of meat composes a site of contention; in Brazil, where livestock production is particularly thriving, large agri-food corporations are being challenged by alternative food networks. This article analyzes experiential and experimental accounts of such an actor—a collectivized pork cooperative tied to Brazil’s Landless Movement—which seeks to navigate the political economy of meat. The ethnographic case study documents these livestock farmers’ ambiguity towards complying with the capitalist commodification process, required by the intensifying meat market. Moreover, undertaking an intersectional approach, the article theorizes how animal-into-food commodification in turn depends on the speciesist logic, a normative human/non-human divide that endorses the meat commodity. Hence the article demonstrates how alternative food networks at once navigate confines of capitalist commodification and the speciesist logic that impels the political economy of meat.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Lundström, Markus
    Stockholms universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    “We do this because the market demands it”: alternative meat production and the speciesist logic2019In: Agriculture and Human Values, ISSN 0889-048X, E-ISSN 1572-8366, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 127-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The past decades’ substantial growth in globalized meat consumption continues to shape the international political economy of food and agriculture. This political economy of meat composes a site of contention; in Brazil, where livestock production is particularly thriving, large agri-food corporations are being challenged by alternative food networks. This article analyzes experiential and experimental accounts of such an actor—a collectivized pork cooperative tied to Brazil’s Landless Movement—which seeks to navigate the political economy of meat. The ethnographic case study documents these livestock farmers’ ambiguity towards complying with the capitalist commodification process, required by the intensifying meat market. Moreover, undertaking an intersectional approach, the article theorizes how animal-into-food commodification in turn depends on the speciesist logic, a normative human/non-human divide that endorses the meat commodity. Hence the article demonstrates how alternative food networks at once navigate confines of capitalist commodification and the speciesist logic that impels the political economy of meat.

  • 22.
    Madsen, Ane Kok
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Environmental/ecological, economic, and social factors inhumanitarian response: A qualitative case study reviewing the humanitarian response delivered by USAID in Haiti with the sustainable dimensions in focus2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decades, there has been an alarming increase in the amount of toxicity on earthdue to pollution and consumerism and the natural environment is faster than everdisappearing due to the extensive activity of humans on planet earth (Nations United,2020; United Nations, 2020). The increased amount of rubbish and non-natural waste hasbeen identified as a major issue in the supply chain and waste management inhumanitarian organizations across the board.

    This thesis has reviewed existing academic research and identified the five commonthemes: Management – training and standardization – stakeholders and donors -transparency - climate change and development, in which the ability to become moresustainable is present. United States Agency for International Development (USAID) hasbeen showing environmental accountability and for that reason, its environmental policyand supply chain have been addressed to understand its waste management and if it issupporting the three sustainable dimensions.

    Plastic pollution is addressed as a humanitarian crisis and arguing that the devastatingeffects that microplastics are having on our ecosystem and it is clearly showing that it iscausing harm to the environment, the economy, and the social effect. Haiti has since theearthquake in 2010 received a variety of aid, majority from USAID but the sustainableaccountability in their action have been hard to identify.

    Reviewing the work of USAID and their collaboration with environmental protectioncompanies makes you likely to say that they are supporting the three sustainabledimensions but with further assessment, it is obvious, that humanitarian waste is doingharm and there must be improvements within the organization’s perspective onwaste/plastic while attending a crisis. 

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    Environmental/ecological, economic, and social factors in humanitarian response
  • 23.
    Nilsson, Bengt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Frivilliga räddningsresurser: livsviktigt entreprenörskap på landsbygden2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi lever i en tid där trygghet står högt på agendan, men vilka frågor som upplevs viktiga skiljer stort mellan stad och land. Tanken är att genom forskning synliggöra rådande förut-sättningar och samtidigt utveckla och sprida kunskap om hur organisationen kring frivillig-resurser kan utvecklas för att vara räddningstjänst och ambulans behjälplig vid stora och små krissituationer på landsbygden.

  • 24.
    Nilsson, Bengt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology. Agunnaryds Frivilliga Brandvärn, Sweden.
    Volunteer fire and rescue brigades: prerequisite for saving lives in rural areas2020In: Presented at CICE Conference 2020, 2020Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Pellbring, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Idén är bra...": en genomlysning och uppföljning av Familjehusen i Motala2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hösten 2010 kontaktades Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier vid Linköpings universitet av Motala kommun med en förfrågan om att genomföra en genomlysning och uppföljning av Familjehusen i Motala. Efter samtal med kommunen kring uppdragets omfattning inleddes ett arbete som under vårterminen 2011 utförts av fil dr Mats Pellbring, som rekryterades från avdelningen för sociologi, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, och fil dr Marie Gustavsson, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier.

    De frågeställningar som bildat utgångspunkt för genomförandet av genomlysningen/uppföljningen är följande:

    1. Hur fungerar samverkan på Familjehusen? Vad fungerar bra och vad kan förbättras, för att uppnå målen?
    2. Hur ser Familjehusens relation till basverksamheterna (skola samt socialtjänst) ut? Vad har basverksamheterna för förväntningar på Familjehusen? Vad fungerar bra och vad kan förbättras i denna relation?
    3. Vilka uppfattningar har brukarna (föräldrar/barn) om Familjehusens service? Vad fungerar bra och vad kan förbättras?

    Genomlysningen bygger främst på beskrivningar av upplevelser och synpunkter från de skilda parter som arbetar i, eller i relation till, Familjehusen (metoderna för genomlysningen är beskrivna i kapitel 2 i rapporten). Förutom intervjuer och fokusgrupper har vi också gjort en genomgång av dokument kring processen som ledde fram till familjehusen, samt en mindre webb-enkät till besökande föräldrar på familjehusen och telefonintervjuer med föräldrar. Arbetet går att se som en uppsamling av ståndpunkter och upplevelser av Familjehusen. Ett värde av genomlysningen är att ställa olika ståndpunkter och upplevelser mot varandra. Dessa resultat kan användas i syfte att utveckla arbetet med Familjehusen i den riktning som kommunen sedan uppfattar som mest önskvärd.

    Rapporten inleds med en beskrivning av processen som ledde fram till familjehusen. Därefter försöker vi sätta Motala kommuns arbete med familjehusen i relation till den nationella kontexten innan vi kommer in på delar av den kunskapsbildning som sedan tidigare är känd kring samverkan och förebyggande arbete. Det mest omfattande kapitlet kring upplevelser och erfarenheter av familjehusen bygger på de intervjuer och fokusgrupper som genomförts. Varje del i detta kapitel inleds med en kursiv sammanfattning. Avslutningsvis diskuteras resultaten i relation till tidigare kunskapsbildning på området.

    En något omarbetad version kommer att publiceras i CKS rapportserie under hösten 2011.

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    "Idén är bra...": En genomlysning och uppföljning av Familjehusen i Motala
  • 26.
    Pyykkönen, Markus
    et al.
    Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, Helsinki.
    Aherin, Bob
    University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA.
    53 Occupational Health and Safety in Agriculture2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, p. 391-401Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 1-53
  • 27.
    Rosendahl, Magdalena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    Underlätta bearbetning av hästskor2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    3

    In the last couple of decades there has not happened much in

    the “farriery”- department. The work procedure, methods and

    farrier´s tools have stayed the same over time, which have led

    to a huge workload that is wearing the active participants out.

    So think if you were able to ease the working process of horseshoeing

    for a farrier. The farriery is still first and foremost a

    profession based on handicraft that has to relay on the farrier´s

    good memory, sight and sense. The workplaces for a farrier

    is most of the time at the hiring horse owner`s stables, which

    makes it harder for the farrier´s to have influence over their

    working situation. In Sweden shoes horses by both educated

    and uneducated people, but there is hopes to legalise the profession

    title by year 2030.

    One of the greatest advantages through this project, has been

    to observe and the participant in a farrier´s everyday work.

    Experimentally mockups and visually shown images have been

    used as the basis for the discussions with people within the

    horse industry. The farrier`s work a ethics and work environment

    are very unexplored subjects in modern time, which influenced

    the work material in the project´s needs and analysis. The

    inspiration for the project’s end-result is, among other things,

    based on horsey´s and the farrier´s ancient origin. As well as the

    requisites of technology in the work.

    The end-result is based to decrease the unnecessary repeating

    work that happens everytime a shoeing emerges. With the help

    of the Hoof scanner, can the farrier´s have a profile for every

    single horse i.e. visually images of the hoof, choice of shoes,

    need of elaboration work, necessary balance adjustments, history

    and clarified pictures. The functions are able to adjust to

    every farrier´s need of scene. Documented and visual information

    can be transcribed (pay it forward) between farrier, veterinary

    and horse owner.

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    fulltext
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