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  • 1.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences; Arish University.
    Tirkaso, Wondmagegn Tafesse
    Tadesse, Elazar
    Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan
    An extended integrative model of behavioural prediction for examining households’ food waste behaviour in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia2022In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 179, article id 106073Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In developing countries, urbanization and demographic changes are increasing food waste generation at household levels. However, it remains unclear how behavioural and personal characteristics influence the behaviours of urban consumers in developing countries regarding food waste. In this study, we extended the integrative model of behavioural prediction to examine the determinants of food waste behaviour amongst a sample of 698 urban dwellers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The empirical results revealed that attitudes and perceived behavioural control were the most important predictors of intention toward food waste reduction. With regard to food waste behaviours, the results showed that the more an individual feels obliged to discard less food, the higher the odds that the quantity of food that gets wasted by the household would be reduced. Likewise, knowledge about the negative impacts of wasting food and an ability to interpret information on labels of food products were associated with decreased quantities of household food waste. In addition, lower psychological distance to food waste was generally associated with lower quantities of wasted food. Finally, sociodemographic characteristics and food-shopping routines were found to be significant predictors of food waste behaviours. Overall, these findings constitute an entry point for more research and policy measures in order to understand determinants of household food waste behaviours in developing countries and to design effective interventions to reinforce their behaviours towards more sustainable food consumption patterns.

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  • 2.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Arbetsrutiner för färre olyckor vid service och reparationer på jordbrukstraktorer, SLO2012Report (Refereed)
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  • 3.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Bra arbetsmiljö lönar sig!: tips för arbetsgivare inom jordbruket, SLA2005Report (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Enkla åtgärder för att minska vibrationsnivåer i jordbrukstraktorer, SLO 9272009Report (Refereed)
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  • 5.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Förbättrad arbetsmiljö i silo, SLO2012Report (Refereed)
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  • 6.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Gödsla med toalettavfall: men certifiera först!2012Report (Refereed)
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  • 7.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Helkroppsvibrationer: Behöver lantbrukaren bry sig? SLO-8972006Report (Refereed)
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  • 8.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Kraftöverföringsaxeln: traktorredskapets farligaste del, SLO2013Report (Refereed)
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  • 9.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Lägre helkroppsvibrationer med en vibrationsindikator i traktorn, SLO2011Report (Refereed)
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  • 10.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Rätt arbetsmiljö i mjölkgropen - SLO 9072008Report (Refereed)
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  • 11.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Säkra hjulbyten på jordbrukstraktorer: i fält och i verkstad, SLO2014Report (Refereed)
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  • 12.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Säkrare jordbruk med kamerasystem som visuellt hjälpmedel i traktorer: SLO 9462010Report (Refereed)
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  • 13.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Ökad barnsäkerhet i jordbrukstraktorer, SLO2012Report (Refereed)
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  • 14.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Geng, Qiuqing
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Exponering för olycksfallsrisk och fysisk belastning vid rid- och travskolor2008Report (Refereed)
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  • 15.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Torén, Anna
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    JTI ger tekniktips till traktorförare2004Report (Refereed)
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  • 16.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Torén, Anna
    Öberg, Kurt
    Biomekanisk analys av belastning i höft och skuldra vid varierande sittställning i hjullastare2002Report (Refereed)
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  • 17.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Torén, Anna
    Öberg, Kurt
    Hälsoeffekter vid automatisk nivellering av stol vid traktorkörning2004Report (Refereed)
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  • 18.
    Adolfsson, Niklas
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Öberg, Kurt
    Torén, Anna
    Förebyggande av belastningsskador vid arbete med armstödsburna reglage i mobila arbetsmaskiner2004Report (Refereed)
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  • 19.
    Adolfsson, Olivia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    Sustainable Food Systems: Leveraging Producer-Retailer Relationships2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: An unsustainable food system in Sweden, marked by power imbalances, limited opportunities for smaller producers, and a lack of collaboration, demands solutions. Many workers in the food system operate as smaller producers, while the retail sector is highly concentrated, dominated by a few major retailers. Due to their significant market share, these retailers have the potential to drive production improvements, sustainability, and innovation by actively supporting smaller producers. However, if these issues remain unaddressed, the entire food system risks becoming increasingly vulnerable to future disruptions. This thesis aims to explain the dynamics within the Swedish food value chain, focusing on the collaboration between established retailers and smaller producers. It seeks to understand how this collaboration can be improved by both parties to foster a more sustainable food system. Through qualitative semi-structured interviews employing a dual-perspective approach from both producers and retailers, it sought an understanding of both actors’ perspectives regarding their current experiences and perceptions. Both producers and retailers acknowledge the need for collaboration, but challenges persist, particularly expressed by the producers. The main theory used, The Ladder of Partnership, highlights the necessity for trust, mutual understanding, and investment in collaboration. While some companies are making efforts, more is required for a sustainable food system. Given the retailer’s market influence, they should lead by creating opportunities for smaller producers, making strategic decisions about market inclusion, and excluding less sustainable options. The thesis advocates for accountability and shared responsibility among all actors in the food system to achieve a sustainable future. The study concludes that the Swedish food value chain relies on collaboration among various actors, and without it, the system's functionality would be compromised. 

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  • 20. Ahlgren, Serina
    et al.
    Baky, Andras
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Bernesson, Sven
    Nordberg, Åke
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Det svenska jordbrukets framtida drivmedelsförsörjning2010Report (Refereed)
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  • 21. Ahlgren, Serina
    et al.
    Baky, Andras
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Bernesson, Sven
    Nordberg, Åke
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Green nitrogen2011Report (Refereed)
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  • 22.
    Ahlgren, Serina
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Behaderovic, Danira
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Edman, Frida
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Wallman, Magdalena
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Laurentz, Martin
    Lantmännen, Sweden.
    Henryson, Kajsa
    Lantmännen, Sweden.
    Berglund, Maria
    Hushållningssällskapet Halland, Sweden.
    Söderberg, Vera
    Agronod, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Anton
    Agronod, Sweden.
    Abrahamsson, Susanna
    Agronod, Sweden.
    Description of the Agrosfär model – a tool for the climate impact assessment of farms, crop and animal production systems in Sweden2024Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The agricultural sector in Sweden needs to cut GHG emissions and contribute to the climate goal of net-zero emissions by 2045. The GHG reduction goal for agricultural emissions is not quantified, but the Swedish climate policy framework states that ‘Swedish food production shall increase as much as possible with as little climate impact as possible’. Multiple key actors within the sector of food and agriculture have developed roadmaps or industry specific goals for reducing GHG emissions from the sector. Consequently, requirements for transparent GHG accounting and reporting are increasing within the agricultural sector, both on a national and international level. The purpose of the Agrosfär tool is to establish an automatic data driven climate calculator used to calculate GHG emissions from agricultural products and on a farm enterprise level. Automation and automatic data collection will save time, increase the accuracy of the calculations, and simplify updates of the tool to keep it aligned with the most recent climate data and climate reporting methodology. It will make it possible to continuously carry out follow-ups on climate performance indicators and measure improvements from climate measures taken. A working group consisting of agricultural life cycle assessment experts has developed the framework of the tool (e.g., setting system boundaries, selecting methodologies and input data). A technical team has developed algorithms, a digital interface and coupled the tool to other existing agricultural databases, providing farm specific information on crop and animal production data, soil characteristics, carbon footprints and amounts of purchased inputs etc. The tool and user interface have been developed based on input from farmers through prototyping and in-depth interviews. The priority guidelines on which the calculation model is based are the Product Environmental Footprint Category Rules (PEFCR), the International Dairy Federation (IDF)’s approach for carbon footprint for the dairy sector, and FAO Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance guidelines (FAO LEAP). From the farm perspective, the Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) Corporate Standard, GHG Protocol Agricultural Guidance (Scope 1 & 2) and GHG Protocol Corporate value chain (Scope 3) Accounting and Reporting Standard are guiding standards. Where standards have diverged or where assumptions have been required, the working group has made expert judgements on which method/guideline to follow or what assumptions to make. A first version of the tool, first described in report version 1, was developed as the basis for further development. The first version contains an animal and a crop module, and can calculate the carbon footprint of crops, milk and beef. This report (version 1.1) has been updated to include the most recent developments of the tool. The main change is that the tool can now also be used to calculate farm climate impact on a yearly basis. Future possibilities to develop the tool and calculation model are described in chapter 7, including suggestions for developing modules for more animal production types, deepening the integration between the crop and animal modules, expanding sources for automatic data collection, developing a carbon sequestration module, and other technical and methodological improvements to ensure alignment with important climate reporting standards. The report will be repeatedly updated as the tool develops, and new versions of the tool are released.

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  • 23.
    Ahlgren, Serina
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Behaderovic, Danira
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Wirsenius, Stefan
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Annelie
    SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Hessle, Anna
    SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Toräng, Per
    SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Seeman, Anett
    Gård & Djurhälsan, Sweden.
    den Braver, Theo
    Gård & Djurhälsan, Sweden.
    Kvarnbäck, Olle
    Naturvisaren, Sweden.
    Miljöpåverkan av svensk nöt- och lammköttsproduktion2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att beräkna miljöpåverkan från olika svenska uppfödningsmodeller för nöt- och lammkött i produktionsområdena Götalands norra slättbygder, Götalands skogsbygder, Nedre Norrland samt del av Götalands mellanbygd (Gotland). Inom nötköttsproduktion har mjölkrastjur, mjölkrasstut, köttrastjur, köttrasstut och köttraskviga studerats. För lammkött har vårlamm, höstlamm och vinterlamm undersökts. Miljöpåverkanskategorier som ingått i studien är klimatpåverkan, markanvändning, kväveutsläpp samt påverkan på biologisk mångfald.

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  • 24.
    Ahlgren, Serina
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Behaderovic, Danira
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Wirsenius, Stefan
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Annelie
    SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Hessle, Anna
    SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Toräng, Per
    SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Seeman, Anett
    Gård & Djurhälsan, Sweden.
    den Braver, Theo
    Gård & Djurhälsan, Sweden.
    Kvarnbäck, Olle
    Naturvisaren, Sweden.
    Miljöpåverkan av svensk nöt- och lammköttsproduktion - en sammanfattning2023Report (Other academic)
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  • 25.
    Ahmad, Bashir
    et al.
    Qurtuba Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Chem & Life Sci, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan..
    Hussain, Fida
    Islamia Coll Peshawar, Dept Bot, Peshawar, Pakistan..
    Shuaib, Muhammad
    Yunnan Univ, Sch Ecol & Environm Sci, Kunming, Peoples R China..
    Shahbaz, Muhammad
    Women Univ Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Dept Zool, Bagh, Pakistan..
    Hadayat, Naila
    Univ Educ, Dept Bot, Div Sci & Technol, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Shah, Muzammil
    Bacha Khan Univ, Dept Bot, Charsadda, Pakistan..
    Yaseen, Tabassum
    Bacha Khan Univ, Dept Bot, Charsadda, Pakistan..
    Rauf, Abdur
    Abdulwali Khan Univ, Dept Bot, Mardan, Pakistan..
    Anwar, Jawad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Khan, Shahid
    Teagasc, Crop Sci Dept, Crops Environm & Land Use Programme, Oak Pk, Carlow R93XE12, Ireland..
    Jabeen, Amber
    Quaid i Azam Univ, Dept Plant Sci, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan..
    Alharbi, Khadiga
    Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman Univ, Coll Sci, Dept Biol, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Effect of Salicylic Acid and Amino Acid on Pea Plant (Pisum sativum) Late Season, Growth and Production2023In: Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, ISSN 1230-1485, E-ISSN 2083-5906, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 1987-1994Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Salicylic acid and amino acid are plant growth promoters. Therefore, the study entitled "Effect of salicylic acid and amino acid on late season peas growth and production" was conducted. The study has two factors: amino acid (Glycine) and salicylic acid each having four levels that were sprayed on peas. Analysis of data showed that maximum germination percentage (92.50 %), plant height (63.16 cm), primary branches plant-1 (2.80), leaves plant-1 (264.27), leaf chlorophyll content (57.25 SPAD), pods plant-1 (49.25), seeds pod-1 (10.41), pod length (11.74 cm) and yield ha-1 (1922.5 kg) having least days to flowering and pod formation (50.13 and 5.12 days) were noted in 225 mg L-1 amino acid. Salicylic acid levels showed that maximum germination percentage (95.83 %) height of plants (71.85 cm), leaves plant-1 (257.13), primary branches plant-1 (3.25), leaf chlorophyll content (55.81 SPAD), pods plant-1 (52.16), seeds pod-1 (10.91), pod length(11.05 cm) and yield ha-1 (1895.0 kg) having least days to pod formation and flowering (5.26 and 48.30 days) were noted in salicylic acid level of 300 mg L-1. The combined effect of 225 mg L-1 amino acid and 300 mg L-1salicylic acid levels positively improved primary branches plant-1 (3.93), pod plant-1 (66.33), pod length (13.77 cm), seeds pod-1 (12.44), leaf chlorophyll content (64.49 SPAD) and maximum yield ha-1 (1942.66 kg). It is concluded that for higher growth and yield pea cultivar Climax when cultivated late could be applied with 225 mg L-1 amino acid and 300 mg L-1 salicylic under Peshawar climatic conditions.

  • 26.
    Ahsan, Murshidul
    et al.
    Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Bangladesh.
    Hasan, Badrul
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. Uppsala University .
    Algotsson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Sarenbo, Sirkku
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Handling and Welfare of Bovine Livestock at Local Abattoirs in Bangladesh2014In: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, ISSN 1088-8705, E-ISSN 1532-7604, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 340-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) allows rope casting and the tying of legs for nonhuman animals laughter without stunning. Thehandling and welfare of bovine livestock (Bosindicus and Bubalus bubalis) were studied in 8 local abattoirs in 5 districts of Bangladesh. A totalof 302 animals were evaluated. At the local abattoirs, approximately 1/3 of the cattle and water buffalo were eithere maciated orinjured/sick. The size and vigor of the animals determined the casting method. Small and weak animals were cast on concrete floors by lifting a foreleg followed by pushing, or simply by twisting the head of the animal and then binding the legs with rope. Vigorous animals such as buffalo were castusing ropes and human force. Bleeding was slow and flaying was sometimes initiated before the animals were unconscious. Pulling and tearing of the trachea and pouring of water into the exposed trache a shortly after cutting were also observed in some cases.The over all animal handling was unnecessarily rough and he OIE standards were not implemented. Animals are subjected to considerable mistreatment, and there is an urgent need for the training nde ducation of the staff in a battoirs concerning humanes laughtering practices as well as a need to build moderns laughtering plants in Bangladesh.

  • 27. Aid, T.
    et al.
    Hyvarinen, S.
    Vaher, M.
    Koel, M.
    Mikkola, Jyri-Pekka
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering, Johan Gadolin Process Chemistry Centre, Åbo Akademi University, Åbo-Turku, Finland.
    Saccharification of lignocellulosic biomasses via ionic liquid pretreatment2016In: Industrial crops and products (Print), ISSN 0926-6690, E-ISSN 1872-633X, Vol. 92, p. 336-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current work focuses on the pretreatment efficiency of ILs combined with heat for woody biomass consisting of spruce, birch and pine as well as winter wheat straw. The latter was investigated as a comparison and with the aim to enhance its digestibility during enzymatic hydrolysis whereby the influence of IL-treatment to cellulose resistance for hydrolysis was investigated. Considering the wood species, the most common and industrially important wood species in Northern Europe were chosen in the present work and the goal was to obtain fermentable sugars and their degradation product, i.e. 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF), which is known valuable platform chemical. Further, the differences in the yields of IL-obtainable carbohydrates between these species were studied. The highest sugar yields were obtained to glucose in the case of spruce and arabinose in the case of pine sapwood, 12.07 and 7.72 mmol/L, respectively. The highest 5-HMF yield was obtained for spruce heartwood (9.18 mmol/L) with longer treatment time, such as 100h. However, regarding woody biomass, the present work was focused more on the study and analysis of the IL-containing liquid part, wood hydrolysate, after IL-treatment aiming to answer the analysis challenges related to this fraction.

  • 28. Albertsson, Johannes
    et al.
    Ekelöf, Joakim
    Råberg, Tora
    SLU, Sweden.
    Subsoiling starch potato [Elektronisk resurs]: higher yields of starch potato and improved water management = Djupluckring i stärkelsepotatis : högre skörd och förbättrad bevattning av stärkelsepotatis2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Soil compaction due to heavy machinery and intensive cultivation causing yield reduction in potato is an increasing problem worldwide today. In this experiment inter-row subsoiling at the depth of 55 cm has been tested as a strategy to loosen the soil after planting and thereby increase the yield in starch potato production. The effects of subsoiling were tested in three different irrigation regimes. The results show that subsoiling can increase the starch potato yield significantly in sandy soils where a compacted plough pan is present. This holds true for all years and all cultivars tested. The effect was greater in dry years and decreased with increasing irrigation intensity. However, the starch content of the tubers was not affected by subsoiling but the total starch yield from the field increased with 0.86 ton/ha to 1.37 ton/ha, depending on year, cultivar and irrigation strategy.

  • 29. Albertsson, Johannes
    et al.
    Ekelöf, Joakim
    Råberg, Tora
    SLU, Sweden.
    Subsoiling starch potato [Elektronisk resurs]: higher yields of starch potato and improved water management = Djupluckring i stärkelsepotatis : högre skörd och förbättrad bevattning av stärkelsepotatis2010Report (Other academic)
  • 30. Alexandridis, Nikolaos
    et al.
    Feit, Benjamin
    Kihara, Job
    Luttermoser, Tim
    May, Wilhelm
    Midega, Charles
    Öborn, Ingrid
    Poveda, Katja
    Sileshi, Gudeta W.
    Zewdie, Beyene
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
    Clough, Yann
    Jonsson, Mattias
    Climate change and ecological intensification of agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa – A systems approach to predict maize yield under push-pull technology2023In: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, ISSN 0167-8809, E-ISSN 1873-2305, Vol. 352, article id 108511Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Assessing effects of climate change on agricultural systems and the potential for ecological intensification to increase food security in developing countries is essential to guide management, policy-making and future research. ‘Push-pull’ technology (PPT) is a poly-cropping design developed in eastern Africa that utilizes plant chemicals to mediate plant–insect interactions. PPT application yields significant increases in crop productivity, by reducing pest load and damage caused by arthropods and parasitic weeds, while also bolstering soil fertility. As climate change effects may be species- and/or context-specific, there is need to elucidate how, in interaction with biotic factors, projected climate conditions are likely to influence future functioning of PPT. Here, we first reviewed how changes in temperature, precipitation and atmospheric CO2 concentration can influence PPT components (i.e., land use, soils, crops, weeds, diseases, pests and their natural enemies) across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We then imposed these anticipated responses on a landscape-scale qualitative mathematical model of maize production under PPT in eastern Africa, to predict cumulative, structure-mediated impacts of climate change on maize yield. Our review suggests variable impacts of climate change on PPT components in SSA by the end of the 21st century, including reduced soil fertility, increased weed and arthropod pest pressure and increased prevalence of crop diseases, but also increased biological control by pests’ natural enemies. Extrapolating empirical evidence of climate effects to predict responses to projected climate conditions is mainly limited by a lack of mechanistic understanding regarding single and interactive effects of climate variables on PPT components. Model predictions of maize yield responses to anticipated impacts of climate change in eastern Africa suggest predominantly negative future trends. Nevertheless, maize yields can be sustained or increased by favourable changes in system components with less certain future behaviour, including higher PPT adoption, preservation of field edge density and agricultural diversification beyond cereal crops.

  • 31.
    Algerbo, Per-Anders
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Lokalt omhändertagande av icke avvattnat avloppsslam1997Report (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Algerbo, Per-Anders
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Dalemo, Magnus
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Sammanfattning av seminariet1997Report (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Algerbo, Per-Anders
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Mattson, Lennart
    Thylén, Lennart
    Skörderelaterad kvävegödsling: teknik, metodik och erfarenheter2003Report (Refereed)
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  • 34.
    Algerbo, Per-Anders
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Ringmar, Anders
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Norén, Olle
    Torén, Anna
    Behandling av ventilationsluft från svinstall med ozon: en utvärdering2003Report (Refereed)
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  • 35.
    Algerbo, Per-Anders
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Ringmar, Anders
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Torén, Anna
    Luktreducering av gödsel med hjälp av ozon: kompletterande mätningar2001Report (Refereed)
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  • 36.
    Algerbo, Per-Anders
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Thylén, Lars
    Utveckling av on-line proteinsensor för skördetröskor2000Report (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 37.
    Algerbo, Per-Anders
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Thylén, Lars
    Mattsson, Lennart
    Mineralkvävevariationer inom fält2000Report (Refereed)
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  • 38.
    Aliakbari, Massume
    et al.
    Department of Crop Production and Plant Breeding, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
    Cohen, Stephen P.
    Department of Plant Pathology, The Ohio State University, USA.
    Lindlöf, Angelica
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, Systems Biology Research Environment.
    Shamloo-Dashtpagerdi, Roohollah
    Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Higher Education Center of Eghlid, Iran.
    Rubisco activase A (RcaA) is a central node in overlapping gene network of drought and salinity in Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and may contribute to combined stress tolerance2021In: Plant physiology and biochemistry (Paris), ISSN 0981-9428, E-ISSN 1873-2690, Vol. 161, p. 248-258Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Co-occurrence of abiotic stresses, especially drought and salinity, is a natural phenomenon in field conditions and is worse for crop production than any single stress. Nowadays, rigorous methods of meta-analysis and systems biology have made it possible to perform cross-study comparisons of single stress experiments, which can uncover main overlapping mechanisms underlying tolerance to combined stress. In this study, a meta-analysis of RNA-Seq data was conducted to obtain the overlapping gene network of drought and salinity stresses in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), which identified Rubisco activase A (RcaA) as a hub gene in the dual-stress response. Thereafter, a greenhouse experiment was carried out using two barley genotypes with different abiotic stress tolerance and evaluated several physiochemical properties as well as the expression profile and protein activity of RcaA. Finally, machine learning analysis was applied to uncover relationships among combined stress tolerance and evaluated properties. We identified 441 genes which were differentially expressed under both drought and salinity stress. Results revealed that the photosynthesis pathway and, in particular, the RcaA gene are major components of the dual-stress responsive transcriptome. Comparative physiochemical and molecular evaluations further confirmed that enhanced photosynthesis capability, mainly through regulation of RcaA expression and activity as well as accumulation of proline content, have a significant association with combined drought and salinity stress tolerance in barley. Overall, our results clarify the importance of RcaA in combined stress tolerance and may provide new insights for future investigations. 

  • 39.
    Allard, Anna
    et al.
    Institutionen för Skoglig Resurshushållning .
    Skånes, Helle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology (INK).
    Miljöövervakning via infraröda flygbilder, ett väl använt verktyg med goda framtidsutsikter i Sverige2010In: Kart- och bildteknik (Mapping and Image Science), Vol. 4, p. 20-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Alling, Teodor
    et al.
    Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Biology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Funk, Christiane
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Gentili, Francesco G.
    Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Nordic microalgae produce biostimulant for the germination of tomato and barley seeds2023In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 3509Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Microalgal biomass may have biostimulating effects on plants and seeds due to its phytohormonal content, and harnessing this biostimulating effect could contribute to sustainable agriculture. Two Nordic strains of freshwater microalgae species Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus obliquus were each cultivated in a photobioreactor receiving untreated municipal wastewater. The algal biomass and the supernatant after algal cultivation were tested on tomato and barley seeds for biostimulating effects. Intact algal cells, broken cells, or harvest supernatant were applied to the seeds, and germination time, percentage and germination index were evaluated. Seeds treated with C. vulgaris, in particular intact cells or supernatant, had up to 25 percentage units higher germination percentage after 2 days and an overall significantly faster germination time (germinated on average between 0.5 and 1 day sooner) than seeds treated with S. obliquus or the control (water). The germination index was higher in C. vulgaris treatments than in the control for both tomato and barley, and this was observed for both broken and intact cells as well as supernatant. The Nordic strain of C. vulgaris cultivated in municipal wastewater thus shows potential for use as biostimulant in agriculture, adding novel economic and sustainability benefits.

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  • 41.
    Alsanius, Beatrix
    et al.
    SLU, Sweden.
    Nicolaidis Lindqvist, Andreas
    SLU, Sweden.
    Vågsholm, Ivar
    SLU, Sweden.
    Green wheel – om målkonflikten rörande tunga batteridrivna vägtransporter och mikrobiella faror samt hållbarhet av bladgrönsaker2022Report (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Alsholm, Maria
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Vegetabiliska oljor som hydrauloljor och deras kompatibilitet med polymera material1996Report (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Amin, Md. Nurul
    et al.
    Bangladesh Agr Res Inst BARI, Bangladesh.
    Islam, Md. Mazadul
    BARI, Bangladesh.
    Rahman, Md. Mushfiqur
    BARI, Bangladesh.
    Naznin, Sauda
    BARI, Bangladesh.
    Naznin, Afroz
    BARI, Bangladesh.
    Sandhi, Arifin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Rahman, Md. Hasan Sofiur
    Bangladesh Inst Agr Res BINA, Bangladesh.
    Madobe, Mustare Ahamed
    Bangladesh Agr Res Inst BARI, Bangladesh.
    Saha, Ashis Kumar
    BARI, Bangladesh.
    Kundu, Bimal Chandra
    BARI, Bangladesh.
    Ahmed, Sharif
    Int Rice Res Inst, Bangladesh.
    Gaber, Ahmed
    Taif Univ, Saudi Arabia.
    Hossain, Akbar
    Bangladesh Wheat & Maize Res Inst BWMRI, Bangladesh.
    Evaluation of Late Blight (Phytophthora infestans L.) Tolerant Potato Varieties for Northern Bangladesh2023In: Gesunde Pflanzen, ISSN 0367-4223, E-ISSN 1439-0345, Vol. 75, no 6, p. 2269-2279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The precarious potato disease known as late blight (LB), which is brought on by Phytophthora infestans, quickly decimates crops and economically detriment growers. The pathogen prefers relatively cold temperatures and that usually prevails in northern Bangladesh. To decrease the number of fungicide sprays with the changing climate, it is necessary to identify potato varieties that are most resistant to late blight. This study aims to assess the growth and production performance of late blight-tolerant potato varieties in the northern part of Bangladesh. The field study was conducted in the crop-growing years of 2017-18 and 2018-19. In this study, three exotic potato varieties [(BARI Alu-90 (Alouette), BARI Alu-91 (Carolus), and BARI Alu-77 (Sarpomira)] and two check varieties [BARI Alu-8 (Cardinal) and BARI Alu-25 (Asterix)] were used. Compared with the two cultivated varieties BARI Alu-8 (Cardinal) and BARI Alu-25 (Asterix), the BARI Alu-90 (Alouette) with the highest level of late blight resistance based on AUDPC scoring (late blight estimated mean value of 5.9). The result showed that the majority of the evaluated variety BARI Alu-90 (Alouette) and BARI Alu-91 (Carolus) were highly resistant and BARI Alu-77 (Sarpomira) is moderately resistant. In contrast, the check varieties were susceptible to late blight. The yield and shelf life (or storage) quality of BARI Alu-90 (Alouette) was also good compared with the other varieties. Considering the yield, yield contributing characters, shelf-life data and disease resistance level BARI Alu-90 (Alouette) can be grown in northern Bangladesh without chemical protection.

  • 44.
    Ammara, Sumbal
    et al.
    Environmental Science Program, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan.
    Rafiq, Muhammad Tariq
    Environmental Science Program, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan.
    Aziz, Rukhsanda
    Environmental Science Program, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan.
    Feng, Ying
    Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Environmental Remediation and Ecological Health, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, China.
    Mehmood, Sultan
    Horticultural Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan.
    Taneez, Mehwish
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Suhaib, Muhammad
    Land Resources Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan.
    Asif, Fatima
    Environmental Science Program, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan.
    Nickel uptake in leafy greens from contaminated soil: an investigation into phytoavailability and health risk assessment using in vitro digestion model2024In: Environmental Monitoring & Assessment, ISSN 0167-6369, E-ISSN 1573-2959, Vol. 196, no 2, article id 171Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45. Anderbrant, Olle
    et al.
    Matteson, Donald S.
    Unelius, C. Rikard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
    Pharazyn, Philip S
    Santangelo, Ellen M.
    Schlyter, Fredrik
    Birgersson, Göran
    Pheromone of the elm bark beetle Scolytus laevis (Coleoptera: Scolytidae): stereoisomers of 4-methyl-3-heptanol reduce interspecific competition2010In: Chemoecology, ISSN 0937-7409, E-ISSN 1423-0445, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 179-187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stereoisomers of 4-methyl-3-heptanol (MH) are pheromone components of several Scolytus bark beetles. The elm bark beetle Scolytus laevis (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) has in previous studies been caught in traps baited with commercial MH containing all four stereoisomers, but the lure has been considered a weak attractant. In this study, we addressed the question whether stereospecific responses by S. laevis to stereoisomers of MH might contribute to its niche separation from other sympatric Scolytus species. Using GC–MS, we analyzed extracts of hindguts and abdomens from male and female S. laevis and the sympatric S. triarmatus. We also tested all four MH-stereoisomers individually and in combinations in the field to determine their role for S. laevis. All four stereoisomers were synthesized via a boronic ester method with 1,2-dicyclohexylethanediol as chiral director. In addition, the (3S,4R)-stereoisomer of MH was prepared through enantioselective, lipase-mediated transesterification of a mixture of the four stereoisomers of MH. Females of both species contained small amounts of syn-MH, and males contained trace amounts of anti-MH. The anti stereoisomer (3R,4S)-MH was attractive to male and female S. laevis, whereas the syn stereoisomer (3S,4S)-MH acted as an inhibitor or deterrent and reduced the catch when added to the attractive isomer. The syn isomer is the main aggregation pheromone component of the larger and sympatric S. scolytus and possibly also of S. triarmatus. The avoidance response of S. laevis to the (3S,4S)-stereoisomer may reduce interspecific competition for host trees.

  • 46.
    Andersdotter, Maria
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Brikettering och torkning av energigräs1984Report (Refereed)
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  • 47. Andersdotter, Maria
    et al.
    Danfors, Birger
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Brytning av frästorv med jordbruksredskap1984Report (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Anderson, Christoffer
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Lundin, Gunnar
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Rensning på gårdsnivå kan öka spannmålens värde, SLA2004Report (Refereed)
  • 49. Andersson, Christoffer
    Behövs regional omfördelning av stallgödsel i Sverige?2004Report (Refereed)
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  • 50. Andersson, Christoffer
    Investering i styrsystem till lantbruksmaskiner2004Report (Refereed)
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