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  • 51.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through a Eurocentric lens: Difference and (de)legitimacy in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2013Inngår i: Ida Blom Conference, 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 52.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through a Eurocentric lens: Difference and (de)legitimacy in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2013Inngår i: Ida Blom Conference, 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 53.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through a post-political gaze: On the ideological loading of democracy in the coverage of Chávez's Venezuela2015Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 54.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through a post-political gaze: on the ideological loading of democracy in the coverage of Chávez's Venezuela2015Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Rooted in ideology critique, this dissertation studies the construction of democracy in the coverage of Venezuela during the era of President Hugo Chávez. The aim of this endeavor is twofold. First, the dissertation aims to understand the relationship between ideology and the construction of democracy in journalism on foreign political phenomena. Second, it attempts to explore the ways in which the relationship between ideology and democracy in journalism serves to legitimize or delegitimize the struggle for social justice in nations in the global South vis-à-vis the political and economic fundamentals of global capitalism.

    The dissertation comprises three articles that study the construction of democracy in depictions of the Venezuelan political system and its key political actors. Article I studies the construction of (il)legitimate democracy in relation to the Venezuelan government, Article II explores the construction of difference between Chávez’s supporters and his opponents, and Article III studies the coverage of the coup d’état against Chávez in 2002. All three articles are methodologically rooted in critical discourse analysis and rely on materials from a sample of three elite newspapers: Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US).

    Across the studies, there are four macro-strategies that in different ways serve to ideologically load the notion of democracy. Three of these strategies – the constructs of populism, of power concentration and of difference – serve to define political deviance and to (de)legitimize political actors in relation to democracy. The fourth macro-strategy, relativization, serves to justify actions that contradict established democratic principles but serve greater politico-ideological goals.

    (De)legitimation in relation to democracy corresponds with the closeness of a group of actors to the dominant political practices and values within global capitalism. Journalistic reporting thus follows a post-political gaze; it is generally in accordance with the political consensus that characterizes the post-Cold War era. Through this gaze, any challenge to the political tenets of global capitalism fails on democratic grounds.

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  • 55.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Through an imperialistic gaze?: Journalism, ideology and the notion of democracy2015Inngår i: Differences, Inequalities and Sociological Imagination: Abstract Book, Prague: Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences , 2015, s. 929-930Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite that the notion of democracy has a central place in the Western self-image, and also in media studies, research that focuses on how democracy is ideologically loaded in journalistic content is still in its infancy. In recent times, democracy has been used with great enthusiasm by Western political leaders, while the meaning of democracy perhaps is more fuzzy than ever. In times of economic and political crisis, and of a weak Left in most European countries, it is important to examine how journalism constructs notions of democracy, and how such notions reflect specific political positions and interests. This study, which is theoretically rooted in ideology critique, and methodologically inspired by critical discourse analysis, examines how news journalism in the coverage of Venezuela and the Ukraine conflict constructs notions of democracy. The study is specially interested in exploring and discussing the ideological interconnections between imperialism and geopolitical interests, and the journalistic construction of democracy.

  • 56.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2016Inngår i: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 94-115Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela’s poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 57.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2016Inngår i: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 94-115Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela's poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

  • 58.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Towards sustainable journalism? On the need for a new common sense on inequality.2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 59.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Lärandepraktiker i och utanför skolan (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU). Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Weeds in the Hegemony: Understanding Journalism on the Renegotiation of Cannabis2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We are witnessing the renegotiation of cannabis substances in many parts of the world. After being classified as narcotics and subjected to a worldwide ban for several decades, cannabis has now been legalized in Uruguay and in several US states, and decriminalized in some other countries. This paper aims to study how the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis, which involves the legalization of the substance in different parts of the world, is constructed in Swedish print news journalism. This is done with the purpose of understanding how news journalism in a context of a traditionally strong drug prohibition (de)legitimizes different positions and perspectives in the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis, and to what extent journalism in such a context offers challenges to the reigning prohibitionist hegemony. Although cannabis and the media has been researched extensively, very few studies have been conducted by media and communication or journalism scholars, and contributions have been placed mainly in areas as for example drug policy, drug use and misuse, and public health. The current study, in contrast, wishes to contribute to the critical study of drug journalism. The paper draws on critical theory, understanding the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis as bringing disequilibrium to the hegemonic view of cannabis as dangerous drug that needs to be banned. Journalism is perceived as playing a key role in this context, since journalism is an arena where different discourses on cannabis struggle for prominence. Journalism can in this sense serve the strengthening of counter-hegemonic discourses on cannabis or the reinforcement of the prohibitionist hegemony. The study uses critical discourse analysis as a method to study 49 print newspaper items. The results show that the studied media invites opposed discourses regarding the health risks and the medical benefits of cannabis to be part of the news pages, which creates a somewhat pluralistic view on cannabis. The study also finds that the construction of cannabis legalization as a means to combat organized crime is given significant framing power. These results suggest that the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis in different parts of the world invites Swedish journalism to broaden the debate on the substance and to provide certain legitimacy to positive discourses on cannabis that are otherwise considered deviant in the Swedish drug debate. This serves as an example of how changes in distant political contexts affect the ways in which journalism ascribes legitimacy to specific discourses on drugs.

  • 60.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    With senior citizens in mind? Affordances and constraints in how Swedish government user interfaces offer different contact channels to its users2023Inngår i: Communication Policy and Technology Section: Abstracts of papers presented at one or both of the 2023 conferences of the International Association for Media and Communication Research, IAMCR Lyon23 – Lyon, France 9 to 13 July, IAMCR OCP23 – Online 26 June to 12 September, IAMCR – International Association for Media and Communication Research , 2023, s. 57-57Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As one of the leading countries when it comes to the access and use of ICTs (OECD, 2018), Sweden has also been on the forefront of the digitalization of government services. The Agency for Digital government, has launched the principal of Digital First, which means that digital encounters should, when relevant, be prioritized in the interaction between government agencies and citizens (Agency for digital government, 2023). At the same time, research has shown a divide in the diffusion and use of ICTs in Sweden, where increased age plays a negative role for access and literacy (Olsson et al, 2019). Against this backdrop, it is therefore important that the praxis of Digital First, thus the increased digitalization of the encounter between government and citizen, is inclusive also for the less digital savvy citizens, as some groups of elderly. This, in order for digitalization to enable rather than restrict citizenship.

    The current study, which is part of a larger project on senior citizens’ encounter with the digital welfare system in Sweden, analyzes the affordances and constrains of government user interfaces. Using multimodal critical discourse analysis, the study focuses on how government agencies, through the semiotic elements of their online user interfaces, offer and limit engagement and interaction with citizens–both digitally and off-screen. Moreover, the analysis has the overall ambition to discern the explicit and latent characteristics that the user interfaces require the users to have. The user interfaces studied belong to the Swedish pensions agency, 1177 (the Swedish healthcare system’s official website), The municipality of Växjö, and the municipality of Älmhult.

    The study discusses the affordances and constraint of the user interfaces in relation to digital citizenship (Schou & Hjelholt, 2018), a figure that is discursively construed by policy and the user interfaces themselves, but that is also materialized by the new forms of governance in advanced capitalist societies, where the slimming of government passes tasks to the citizen. The study argues that the naturalization of digital citizenship risks making senior citizens, an already vulnerable group, even more vulnerable, as the user interfaces require a certain level of digital literacy. Therefore, light needs to be shed on how user interfaces meet the needs of different groups of citizens, which in turn requires more empirical research on the actual encounters between citizens and government user interfaces.

  • 61.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Förenaren och utestängaren: om mediesportkonsumtion och sportpreferenser2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 62. Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Förenaren och utestängaren: om mediesportkonsumtion och sportpreferenser2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 63.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Olika publiker, olika livsstilar: Om idrott, kultur och regional utveckling2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande rapport studeras vilka sociala värden som elitidrotten och kulturen genererar för invånarna i landsortspräglade län som Blekinge, Halland, Kalmar och Kronoberg. Studien syftar till att lämna ett bidrag till den samhällsvetenskapliga idrottsforskningen, och ge ökad kunskap om idrottens och kulturens betydelse för den regionala utvecklingen.

    Studiens material vilar på en postenkät skickad till 1500 slumpmässigt utvalda personer i respektive län. Det sammanlagda antalet besvarade enkäter uppgick till 3181 stycken, vilket ger en nettosvarsfrekvens på 54 procent.

    Rapporten visar bland annat att både idrott och kultur värderas relativt högt och konsumeras i relativt stor utsträckning. Beträffande idrott konsumeras främst breddidrottsliga evenemang, och vad gäller kultur besöks bibliotek och biografer oftare än exempelvis teatrar.

    Studien visar också att de kultur- respektive idrottsintresserade skiljer sig åt vad gäller demografi, men även vad gäller livsstil. De idrottsintresserade har en mer folklig och lantlig prägel, medan de kulturintresserade är att betrakta som en välutbildad kosmopolitisk grupp. Med tanke på de sistnämndas ökade rörlighet är satsningar på kultur ej att förringa. Denna typ av satsningar kan få denna resursstarka grupp att dels stanna kvar i landsorten, dels flytta in till densamma.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 64.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Olika publiker, olika livsstilar: Om idrott, kultur och regional utveckling2008Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande rapport studeras vilka sociala värden som elitidrotten och kulturen genererar för invånarna i landsortspräglade län som Blekinge, Halland, Kalmar och Kronoberg. Studien syftar till att lämna ett bidrag till den samhällsvetenskapliga idrottsforskningen, och ge ökad kunskap om idrottens och kulturens betydelse för den regionala utvecklingen.

    Studiens material vilar på en postenkät skickad till 1500 slumpmässigt utvalda personer i respektive län. Det sammanlagda antalet besvarade enkäter uppgick till 3181 stycken, vilket ger en nettosvarsfrekvens på 54 procent.

    Rapporten visar bland annat att både idrott och kultur värderas relativt högt och konsumeras i relativt stor utsträckning. Beträffande idrott konsumeras främst breddidrottsliga evenemang, och vad gäller kultur besöks bibliotek och biografer oftare än exempelvis teatrar.

    Studien visar också att de kultur- respektive idrottsintresserade skiljer sig åt vad gäller demografi, men även vad gäller livsstil. De idrottsintresserade har en mer folklig och lantlig prägel, medan de kulturintresserade är att betrakta som en välutbildad kosmopolitisk grupp. Med tanke på de sistnämndas ökade rörlighet är satsningar på kultur ej att förringa. Denna typ av satsningar kan få denna resursstarka grupp att dels stanna kvar i landsorten, dels flytta in till densamma.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 65.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Johansson, Håkan
    Lunds universitet.
    Olsson, Tobias
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsforskning.
    Digital inkludering eller exkludering? Arbetslösas användning av arbets­förmedlingens webbplats2010Inngår i: Den ifrågasatte medborgaren - om utsatta gruppers relation till välfärdssystemen / [ed] Torbjörn Hjort, Philip Lalander, Roddy Nilsson, Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet , 2010, s. 69-86Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 66.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Johansson, Håkan
    Olsson, Tobias
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsforskning.
    Emerging patterns in the era of e-governance: A study of users of 'Swedish public employment service' on internet2012Inngår i: Media in the swirl / [ed] Ravi K. Dhar, Pooja Rana, New Delhi: Pentagon Press , 2012, 1, s. 114-125Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 67.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för samhällsanalys (CESAM).
    Johansson, Håkan
    Lunds universitet.
    Olsson, Tobias
    Lunds universitet.
    Emerging Patterns in the Era of E-governance: A Study of Users of 'Swedish Public Employment Service' on Internet2012Inngår i: Media in the Swirl / [ed] Dhar, R.K. & Rana, P., New Delhi, India: Pentagon Press , 2012, s. 114-125Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 68.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Johansson, Håkan
    Olsson, Tobias
    Emerging patterns in the era of e-governance: a study of users of 'Swedish public employment service' on internet2012Inngår i: Media in the swirl / [ed] Ravi K. Dhar, Pooja Rana, New Delhi: Pentagon Press , 2012, 1, s. 114-125Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 69.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle, Centrum för samhällsanalys (CESAM). Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Johansson, Håkan
    Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Olsson, Tobias
    Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden & Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Emerging Patterns of Inclusion and Exclusion in the Era of E-government: A Study of Users of ‘Swedish Public Employment Service’ on the Internet2008Inngår i: Media and Global Divides: abstracts: IAMCR World Congress, Stockholm 20-25 July 2008 / [ed] Ester Pollack, Sigurd Allern, Robert Kautsky, Håkan Lindhoff, Emelie Strand & Andreas Widholm, Stockholm: Organizing Committee for the IAMCR Congress 2008 , 2008, s. 44-45Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the area of governmental information for and services to citizens digitalization has certainly become a buzzword. Framed within the discourses on e-government or e-governance – or differ­ent mixtures of the two – various analyses have tried to point out, or even anticipate possible consequences of the appropriation of digital technologies, mainly the internet, in governmental services.

    On the one hand, these analyses have pointed out a great deal of opportunities connected to the incorporation of the internet into governmental information and services. Policy makers have been quick to point to the increased accessibility as a great opportunity for the citizens; in Sweden this vision of accessibility has even been referred to as ‘24:7-governmental agencies’. Academics, among others, have also suggested that the digitalization of information and services opens up new possibilities for citizen control of governments.

    On the other hand, a number of problems have also been identified. For instance, the digitalization of public registers holding personal information has been interpreted as a threat to the citizens’ integrity: Will digitalization bring a new surveillance society? The most frequently debated prob­lem, however, at least within research, has been the fear of digital divides. Will the internet create digital cleavages between different groups of citizens?

    So far, however, neither the hopeful nor the dystopian analyses have made enough efforts to critically evaluate their claims. Such evaluations can start from different points of departure, and in this paper the starting point is the citizens as users of governmental information and services through the internet: What patterns of inclusion and exclusion emerge as a governmental agency digitalizes its information and services by making them increasingly internet based?

    The paper presents statistical data from a survey of 762 unemployed citizens using the Swedish Public Employment Service, a governmental agency that has come to rely specifically heavy on internet based information and service. The initial analysis of data reveals interesting differences between social groups in terms of both perception and use of the internet – in general – and the resources offered by SPES in particular. For instance, the users’ various degrees of education is a strong, determining factor when it comes to use of internet SPES’ services.

    The paper starts from a conceptual elaboration of various notions of e-government and e-gov­ernance. Thereafter, the survey data is described and elaborated on before moving into a discus­sion of the wider significance of the findings: What does data suggest in terms of patterns of in­clusion in and exclusion from a society in which governmental agencies, to an increasing extent, use the internet for their information and services?

  • 70.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Jacobsson, Diana
    Jönköping University, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Class struggle in the era of post-politics: Representing the Swedish port conflict in the news media2021Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 42, nr 3, s. 20-34Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses how class as a category of conflict and struggle is understood and shaped discursively in mainstream media today. We utilise a case study of how Swedish news media represents the long-lasting conflict in the Swedish labour market between the Swedish Dockworkers’ Union and the employer organisation, Sweden's Ports. Using critical discourse analysis, we show two ways in which class relations are recontextualised in three Swedish newspapers. One is through obscuring class and centring the conflict around business and nationalist discourses, which in the end legitimise a corporate perspective. The other, more marginalised, way is through the critique of class relations that appears in subjective discourse types. This handling of class, we argue, serves the reproduction of a post-political condition.

  • 71.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Nilsson, Johan
    School of Humanities, Education and Social sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Fostering the truthful individual: Communicating media literacy in the comic Bamse2021Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 109-123Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the construction of media literacy in a special issue on source criticism of the Swedish children's comic Bamse – Världens Starkaste Björn [Bamse – The World's Strongest Bear]. This is done with the purpose of understanding what values, perspectives, and practices are promoted when media literacy is communicated via children's edutainment media. Using narrative and discourse analysis, we problematise how notions of truth (such as post-truth) guide much of the discourse on digital media in today's post-political society, and how that and individualisation shape notions of media literacy. This is visible in the analysed case in how source criticism is constructed in relation to notions of truth and falsehood, and as moral lessons aimed at the individual media user. We argue that such an individualised, decontextualised, and depoliticised take on media literacy is problematic and an expression of neoliberalism and a middle-class gaze.

  • 72.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Johan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Fostering the truthful individual Communicating media literacy in the comic Bamse2021Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 109-123Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the construction of media literacy in a special issue on source criticism of the Swedish children's comic Bamse - Varldens Starkaste Bjorn [Bamse - The World's Strongest Bear]. This is done with the purpose of understanding what values, perspectives, and practices are promoted when media literacy is communicated via children's edutainment media. Using narrative and discourse analysis, we problematise how notions of truth (such as post-truth) guide much of the discourse on digital media in today's post-political society, and how that and individualisation shape notions of media literacy. This is visible in the analysed case in how source criticism is constructed in relation to notions of truth and falsehood, and as moral lessons aimed at the individual media user. We argue that such an individualised, decontextualised, and depoliticised take on media literacy is problematic and an expression of neoliberalism and a middle-class gaze.

  • 73.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Olausson, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    An environmental problem in the making: how media logic molds scientific uncertainty in the production of news about artificial turf in Sweden2023Inngår i: Journal of Science Communication, E-ISSN 1824-2049, Vol. 22, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to contribute knowledge about how an environmental issue is discursively forged notwithstanding the prevalence of significant scientific uncertainty. This is done by studying the production of news about artificial turf as a microplastic pollutant in Sweden. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 journalists and editors, public officials, politicians, industry representatives and experts, all involved in the issue of artificial turf. The study shows how media logic, among other factors, informs the interpretations of the uncertainties surrounding artificial turf as an environmental problem and concludes that the power of media logic needs to be considered also in the construction of other scientifically charged issues.

  • 74.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Department of Communication and Behavioural Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Olausson, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies, Jönköping, Sweden.
    An environmental problem in the making: how media logic molds scientific uncertainty in the production of news about artificial turf in Sweden2023Inngår i: Journal of Science Communication, E-ISSN 1824-2049, Vol. 22, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to contribute knowledge about how an environmental issue is discursively forged notwithstanding the prevalence of significant scientific uncertainty. This is done by studying the production of news about artificial turf as a microplastic pollutant in Sweden. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 journalists and editors, public officials, politicians, industry representatives and experts, all involved in the issue of artificial turf. The study shows how media logic, among other factors, informs the interpretations of the uncertainties surrounding artificial turf as an environmental problem and concludes that the power of media logic needs to be considered also in the construction of other scientifically charged issues.

  • 75. Abbas, A.
    et al.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Xiaobao, P.
    Zhao, S. L.
    Chong, R.
    Strategic framework of collaboration in knowledge transfer of high-tech industries2018Inngår i: Quality - Access to Success, ISSN 1582-2559, E-ISSN 2069-2242, Vol. 19, nr 163, s. 74-80Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 76. Abbas, A.
    et al.
    Faiz, A.
    Fatima, A.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro University.
    Reasons for the failure of government IT projects in Pakistan: A contemporary study2017Inngår i: 2017 International Conference on Service Systems and Service Management, IEEE conference proceedings, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After the introduction of information technology (IT), the government needs to take the initiative to start IT projects for the automation of government process to the citizen. Statistics show that a high number of government IT projects fail and only 15 percent e-government projects are successful. In this study, we will answer this research question, what are the reasons for failure of IT projects in the government sector organization in Pakistan and how to overcome these issues? This research was conducted through a literature review, 20 articles from journals and conferences were selected through keywords for the period of ten years from 2003 to 2013. For suggestions, we have followed the same structured search procedure. We found and select articles with our keywords, after reading abstract and conclusion. Our study has described four factors for the failure of IT projects in government sector organizations in Pakistan. These factors are Technology, Management, Politics and Finance. The technology factor can be reduced by providing latest ICT infrastructure with an expert to run and maintain it. Management issues can be resolved by hiring an experienced, skilled and highly motivated project manager to complete a project successfully. Government should make new laws and regulations to help the implementation of these projects and bureaucracy should eliminate any power struggle during and after the implementation. The budget should be allocated before the start of the project to complete it on time. Our research study has provided guidelines to policy makers for automation of government organizations in Pakistan. By considering these suggestions, successful government projects can be achieved.

  • 77.
    Abbas, Abdullah
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it.
    Danielsson, Eddi
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it.
    Distansundervisning under COVID-19-pandemin: En analys av dess påverkan på högskolestudenters upplevelse2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I studien undersöks effekterna av distansutbildning på högskolestudenter under COVID-19-pandemin. Pandemin var en extraordinär händelse som har förändrat utbildningslandskapet över hela världen. I examensarbetet presenteras bakgrundsinformation om pandemins inverkan på högre utbildning, inklusive de utmaningar och möjligheter som uppstått. Syftet är att undersöka högskolestudenters upplevelse av distansundervisning och påverkan av digitala verktyg. För att få en djupare förståelse av universitetsstudenters erfarenheter under övergången till distansundervisning genomförde vi en enkät med hjälp av snöbollsurval. Denna metod valdes eftersom den ger möjligheten att nå en bredare och mer diversifierad population av studenter. Studiens fokus var på könsspecifika skillnader och faktorer som påverkade studenternas akademiska erfarenhet och prestation. Studien undersökte tillgång till teknik, motivation och engagemang, samt hur dessa faktorer påverkade studenternas övergripande tillfredställelse och framgång. Examensarbetets resultat visar att män och kvinnor påverkas olika av distansutbildning, även om det inte finns någon signifikant skillnad i deras erfarenheter när det gällde de flesta faktorer av online-undervisning. I studien framgick att tillgång till teknik är en betydande faktor som påverkar studenternas akademiska erfarenhet och prestation, vilket framhäver vikten av likvärdiga resurser för alla studenter. Studenternas motivation och engagemang spelar en betydande roll för deras framgång i onlinekurser. Avgörande för att förbättra framtida online-undervisning är en bättre förståelse för könsspecifika skillnader.

  • 78. Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    Anam, Fatima
    Sunguh, Khavwandiza
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Zhang, Xuehe
    Digital rights management system in China: Challenges and Opportunities2018Inngår i: Journal of Cases on Information Technology, ISSN 1548-7717, E-ISSN 1548-7725, Vol. 20, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 79.
    Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Chong, Ren
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Framework of Collaboration in Knowledge Transfer of High Technology Industries2018Inngår i: Quality - Access to Success, ISSN 1582-2559, E-ISSN 2069-2242, Vol. 19, nr 163Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The concept of Triple Helix relates to collaboration between universities, governments and industry. Such collaboration can take different forms in different countries. This paper examines collaboration between universities and industry in China, specifically in the city of Hefei in Anhui province, one of the most rapidly developing regions in the country. In so doing, it seeks to address the research question: How does industry collaborate with universities in order to acquire commercialized knowledge?

    Design/ Methodology/ Approach - The study is qualitative, based on interviews with experts in R & D, and Intellectual Property Rights from high-tech companies based in Hefei. We analyzed our findings using a conceptual framework that focuses on Knowledge Transfer and Innovation Diffusion (Liyanage et al, 2012). Our study describes and discusses the entire process, from an initial awareness of new knowledge to its eventual acquisition.

    Findings and implications - We conclude that Chinese high-tech companies design comprehensive strategies for the acquisition of knowledge generated from external sources. These strategies are based on local, provincial and state government industrial policies that aim to support collaboration with universities and implement external knowledge in existing systems.

    Originality - Commercialized knowledge put into practice by industries for their own innovation and commercial purposes.

    Limitation - We interviewed industrial experts from three high-tech companies in the city of Hefei, which is located in an industrial area of Anhui province.

  • 80.
    Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Chang Barker, Katherine
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Xiaobao, Peng
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Process of knowledge transfer from universities to industry through the University of Technology Transfer Offices in China: The case of Anhui province2018Inngår i: Science and Innovation, ISSN 2409-9066, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 5-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This paper focuses on knowledge generation and the way in which it is transferred from universities to industry. Most well reputed universities have several departments and university-run enterprises that engage in research. The purpose of these research units is to help universities provide breakthrough innovation through the generation of new knowledge.

    Problem Statement. For this we chose to study China's University Technology Transfer Offices (UTTOs) to gather concrete evidence of university knowledge generation for commercial use in industry. The objective of this study is get indepth information about the role of UTTOs in the transfer of such knowledge.Purpose. The generation of new knowledge contributes to the field of science and technology; in turn, industry can use this knowledge to produce new innovative products or improve existing ones. This study aims to identify the process of knowledge transfer from universities to industry in China.

    Materials and Methods. Our study was carried out as a qualitative case study in the Anhui province of China. Data was mainly collected through semi-structured interviews with technology transfer experts working in technology transfer offices. Collected data were analyzed using a knowledge transfer model with six phases: 1) awareness, 2) acquisition, 3) transformation, 4) association, 5) application, and 6) feedback.

    Results. In China, universities and their research groups dominate in the generation and commercialization of research results, with UTTOs acting as technology bridges between the two parties, as well as providing legal and business services.

    Conclusions. This paper contributes by offering a detailed description of the knowledge transfer process and specifically the role and activities of UTTOs. This research also helps Chinese and international researchers currently carrying out research on the technology transfer process in China.

  • 81. Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Xiaobao, Peng
    Ming, Wan
    University-government collaboration for the generation and commercialization of new knowledge for use in industry2019Inngår i: Journal of Innovation and Knowledge, ISSN 2530-7614, E-ISSN 2444-569X, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 23-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of Triple Helix relates to collaboration between universities, governments and industry. Such collaboration can take different forms in different countries. This paper describes collaboration between universities and government in China, specifically in the city of Hefei in Anhui province, one of the most rapidly developing regions in the country. The research question is: How can bi-lateral research collaboration be a source of knowledge generation and commercialization for use in industry?

    The study is qualitative, involving individual and group interviews with university team leaders and team members from successful projects. Government representatives in China were also interviewed. We used the SECI knowledge creation method to analyze the findings. We also describe the collaboration process from idea and application through to review, funding, realization and commercialization. Our study shows that the government in China plays a dominant role in the process of knowledge creation and commercialization. We conclude that collaboration is a source of new knowledge generation and that the government plays a key role by funding universities and creating a research environment that meets the policy requirements of industry today. In particular, we show that universities and their research groups use resources, such as skilled manpower, laboratories and equipment, to accomplish tasks within a set timeframe.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 82.
    Abbas, Yasir
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it.
    Effective Cloud Computing Resource Allocation Challenges in Small and Medium Enterprises2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) play a crucial role in the global economy by generating employment opportunities and fostering economic expansion. However, the allocation of cloud computing resources remains a significant challenge for small and mediumsized enterprises (SMEs). The primary objective of this qualitative study was to examine the challenges associated with the allocation of cloud computing resources in small and mediumsized enterprises (SMEs). The research encompassed a comprehensive examination of existing literature and the utilization of semi-structured interviews to gather data from small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) owners and managers. The study focused only on two developed nations, namely the United States of America and the United Kingdom, as well as two developing countries, namely India and Pakistan. The literature review identified many issues that have an influence on the allocation of cloud computing resources in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). These challenges include financial constraints, organizational culture, availability of competent individuals, and advancements in technology. The insights obtained from conducting interviews with small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) owners and managers provided useful information on the current methodologies employed for assigning cloud computing resources, as well as the obstacles faced by SMEs in effectively distributing these resources. The study's findings indicate that the successful operation of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) heavily relies on the efficient allocation of cloud computing resources. Furthermore, addressing challenges in this area necessitates a purposeful and proactive strategy. The findings of this study offer valuable insights into the cloud computing resource allocation tactics employed by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). As a result, policymakers, researchers, and SME owners and managers may utilize these insights to effectively implement successful strategies for allocating cloud computing resources.

  • 83.
    Abbasi, Abdul
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Muftic, Sead
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    CryptoNET: integrated secure workstation2009Inngår i: International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, ISSN 2005-4238, Vol. 12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In most of the current applications security is usually provided individually. This means that various applications use their own security mechanisms and services, applied only to their own resources and functions. Furthermore, procedures to configure security parameters are usually inconvenient and complicated for non-technical users. As an alternative to this approach, we have designed and implemented Secure Workstation, which represents an integrated security environment and protects local IT resources, messages and operations across multiple applications. It comprises five components, i.e. four most commonly used PC applications: Secure Station Manager (equivalent to Windows Explorer), Secure E-Mail Client, Secure Documents System, and Secure Browser. These four components for their security extensions use functions and credentials of the fifth component, Generic Security Provider [5]. With this approach, we provide standard security services (authentication, confidentiality, and integrity and access control) and also additional, extended security services, such as transparent handling of certificates, use of smart cards, strong authentication protocol, SAML based single-singe-on, secure sessions, and other security functions, to all PC applications with the same set of security modules and parameters.

  • 84.
    Abbasi, Muhammad Abbas Khan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    The effect of time pressure on human behavior regarding phishing susceptibility: Human aspects in information security2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Human errors are common in the contemporary cyber ecosystem, and in an organization’s cybersecurity chain, humans are considered the weakest link. Cybercriminals exploit human vulnerabilities using sophisticated attacks such as phishing. Human susceptibility to phishing is a persistent threat, and has a devastating effect on organizational and personal security. Previous researchers found that human susceptibility to phishing increases in presence of some factors such as organizational, individual, and environmental. Various studies highlight time pressure as one of the influencing factors that can negatively or positively impact human behavior. This research study aimed to investigate the effect of time pressure on human cybersecurity behavior regarding the ability to detect phishing. The study used quantitative research and developed a questionnaire comprising interactive phishing emails distributed online to 03 random groups having different time limits to complete the questionnaire. The study received 356 complete responses. The study's result shows a slight change in user behavior under time pressure, and the impact of time pressure can be positive or negative. However, the results are not statistically significant for all demographic groups to accept this slight change in variance. Moreover, this study's results validate previous studies on human susceptibility to phishing and found more than 50 % of respondents vulnerable to phishing.

    Thus, the results of this study indicate that the factor of time pressure itself does not significantly impact the human ability to detect phishing. However, it is essential to note that other work-related tasks or stress associated with time pressure can influence human behavior in detecting phishing attempts.

    In conclusion, the author also proposes further testing and some methodology tweaking by modifying the time given to each tested group and adding more elements to the questionnaire. Finally, the study also suggested conducting the same analysis on physically controlled groups in an organizational or institutional setting. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 85.
    Abbasi, R.
    et al.
    Loyola Univ Chicago, Dept Phys, Chicago, IL 60660 USA.
    Botner, Olga
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Högenergifysik.
    Burgman, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Högenergifysik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, FREIA.
    Glaser, Christian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Högenergifysik.
    Hallgren, Allan
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Högenergifysik.
    O'Sullivan, Erin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Högenergifysik.
    Pérez de los Heros, Carlos
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Högenergifysik.
    Sharma, Ankur
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Högenergifysik.
    Valtonen-Mattila, Nora
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Högenergifysik.
    Zhang, Z.
    SUNY Stony Brook, Dept Phys & Astron, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA.
    Towards Equitable, Diverse, and Inclusive science collaborations: The Multimessenger Diversity Network2022Inngår i: 37th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC 2021) / [ed] Alexander Kappes; Bianca Keilhauer, Sissa Medialab Srl , 2022, artikkel-id 1383Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Multimessenger Diversity Network (MDN), formed in 2018, extends the basic principle of multimessenger astronomy - that working collaboratively with different approaches enhances understanding and enables previously impossible discoveries - to equity, diversity, and inclusion (EDI) in science research collaborations. With support from the National Science Foundation INCLUDES program, the MDN focuses on increasing EDI by sharing knowledge, experiences, training, and resources among representatives from multimessenger science collaborations. Representatives to the MDN become engagement leads in their collaboration, extending the reach of the community of practice. An overview of the MDN structure, lessons learned, and how to join are presented.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 86.
    Abbasi, Sahar
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Tracing the Visibility of Swedish LIS Research Articles by Using Altmetrics2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Scholarly impact and visibility have traditionally been assessed by estimating the number and quality of publications and citations in the scholarly literature. But now scholars are increasingly visible on the Web. Twitter, Mendeley and other social media platforms are quite well-known and interesting tools for sharing research articles among scholars. Based on the capabilities of altmetrics, this thesis analyses the altmetric coverage and impact of LIS articles published by Swedish universities during 2013 to 2017. It also tries to paint a picture of demographic of people engaged with these articles. The most common altmetric sources are considered using a sample of 170 LIS journal articles. The findings were interpreted using two different sociological theories: the normative theory of Merton´s norms and the theory of social constructivism. The result of the study showed that Mendeley has the highest coverage of journal articles (65 percent) followed by Twitter (33 percent) while very few of the publications are mentioned in blogs or on Facebook. Researchers were the main Mendeley readers of articles with 53 percent, followed by the general public at 26 percent. This study, on the other hand, found out that public users were the main group that shared articles on Twitter. The list of articles with a high number of tweets showed that most topics in the field of LIS are associated with bibliometrics and citation impacts. The results demonstrate that the adoption of altmetric methods within the LIS fields is inevitable, but several issues must be considered to identify their potential.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 87.
    abbes, cyrine
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Online Digital Media Practices on Twitter By Korean Pop Idol BTS and Fans:  A Case on BTS (방탄소년단) and their Fans2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The research conducted focused on the media practices by a South Korean band « BTS » and the named fandom « A.R.M.Y ». Through the use of Twitter, the research consisted in making use of BTS’s Twitter posts to study what they are doing on social media in order to engage fans, as well as the type of practices that are being executed. The second part of the study investigated the fandoms’ interaction, participation, and online engagement in regard to the media content tweeted by the south Korean band. Mix methods were used in order to answer the three research questions that were presented for this research. An analysis of media practices was conducted through a content analysis then followed by an online survey. The analysis highlighted that shared practices and regular media use were an important factor in the creation of a participatory culture. Culture was also shown to be an important component to the generation of fan engagement and artist interaction with their respective fandom. In addition, through fans high participation in online activities, the investigation was able to demonstrate that fans developed shared practices and shared identities, which were emerged from their activities. Furthermore, BTS members have shown that their cultural habits were important for engaging fans.

    Overall, the results of this study concluded that media practices are various and are executed in ways that allow the South Korean band to keep an online relationship with their fans through diverse media content that is published on their own personal managed Twitter account. In response to that, fans have shown a constant interactions and engagements by liking, retweeting, commenting to the bands’ tweets, along with other different activities that have been demonstrated in the analysis chapter. 

     

    Keywords: Social Media, K-pop, Fandom, Digital media practices, Participatory culture, engagement and interaction, Twitter

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 88.
    Abd Alwaheb, Frida
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Svenska.
    From Clown to Hero: The construction of Volodymyr Zelensky in Swedish newspapers 2019 and 20222022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the linguistic construction of the president of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskyj, in Swedish newspapers in 2019 and 2022. Using the framework of Critical Discourse Studies along with Cognitive Linguistics the aim of the study is to gain an understanding of what constructs a heroism discourse surrounding Zelensky. Utilizing the Discourse-Historical Approach as the main method allows for a certain qualitative analysis of news texts which illuminate discursive strategies and possible conceptual metaphors. Findings suggest there has been a shift in the discourse concerning Zelensky, and that he in march 2022 is part of a heroism discourse in which he symbolizes change.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 89.
    Abdallah, Dalia
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Medier och kommunikation.
    Engström, Madlén
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Medier och kommunikation.
    So Far Away, Yet So Close: A Study on How Intimacy Is Attempted to Be Produced in Girlfriend Roleplay ASMR Videos on YouTube2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how ASMRtists, people that create ASMR videos, attempt to create intimacy in their videos on YouTube. ASMR stands for Audio Sensory Meridian Response and is a tingling sensation within the body that can be triggered by various stimuli, such as visuals and sounds. This study processes girlfriend roleplay ASMR, which is when female ASMRtists roleplay being the viewer's girlfriend. ASMR and girlfriend roleplay ASMR are relatively new phenomena which have emerged through digitalization and its reconstruction of the concept of intimacy. It has yet to be scientifically researched and this study contributes to the research gap. Through conducting semiotic video analyzes, this study explores how the ASMRtists attempt to produce intimacy in their girlfriend roleplay ASMR videos. The result landed in that the ASMRtists attempt to produce intimacy in various creative ways that override the screen. It is likely that the ASMRtists attempt to generate both an emotional and physical connection to the viewer through combining elements from real-life relationships and different ASMR triggers. Through making use of theories of dramaturgy, the male gaze and gender displays, the study has analyzed the material and uncovered norms and structures in society that the ASMRtists arguably rely on. The number of people that consumes these videos shows that there is a demand for new ways of creating intimacy. The development of digitalization will most likely continue to open up new forms of digital intimacy which makes it an exciting topic to conduct further research on.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 90.
    Abdelgalil, Mohammed Saqr
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Människocentrerad teknologi, Medieteknik och interaktionsdesign, MID.
    Lopez-Pernas, Sonsoles
    Univ Politecn Madrid, ETSI Telecomunicac, Dept Ingn Sistemas Telemat, Madrid, Spain..
    Toward self big data2021Inngår i: International Journal of Health Sciences (IJHS), ISSN 1658-3639, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 1-2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 91.
    Abdel-Halim, Adam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Danielsson, Max
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Arlitt, Martin
    Univ Calgary, Canada.
    Carlsson, Niklas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, Databas och informationsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Temporal Analysis of X.509 Revocations and their Statuses2022Inngår i: 7TH IEEE EUROPEAN SYMPOSIUM ON SECURITY AND PRIVACY WORKSHOPS (EUROS&PW 2022), IEEE , 2022, s. 258-265Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the X509 public key infrastructure (PKI) being essential for ensuring the trust we place in our communication with web servers, the revocation of the trust placed in individual X509 certificates is neither transparent nor well-studied, leaving many unanswered questions. In this paper, we present a temporal analysis of 36 million certificates, whose revocation statuses we followed for 120 days since first being issued. We characterize the revocation rates of different certificate authorities (CAs) and how the rates change over the lifetime of the certificates. We identify and discuss several instances where the status changes from "revoked" to "good", "unauthorized" or "unknown", respectively, before the certificates expiry. This complements prior work that has observed such inconsistencies in some CAs behavior after expiry but also highlight a potentially more severe problem. Our results highlight heterogeneous revocation practices among the CAs.

  • 92.
    Abdelki, Fadi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Kakar, Hasib
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Det digitala gränssnittet i en restaurangverksamhet: En fallstudie om utmaningar och möjligheter när det digitala gränssnittet ersätter det mänskliga gränssnittet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization has increased over the past decade and changed our ways of solving problems. Studies have shown that digitalization has made a dramatic change in our lives and it's a huge challenge for government, organization, company and citizens. In about 15 years half of today's job will be disappears and will be replaced by digitalization, automatization and robotization. The purpose of the study is to describe and create an understanding of the new digital service that has been implemented in restaurant businesses, a new way of interaction between customers and company. A literature study has been made to give a fair picture of the theory and interviews with the purpose to gathering new information on how the digital restaurant works and get the knowledge of efficiency in business. Qualitative material has been analyzed and compared to theories from the literature study. The results of the study showed that there is immense difference between the employees view and company view of digital service in restaurant.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Abdelki_kakar
  • 93.
    Abd-Ellah, Mahmoud Khaled
    et al.
    Electronics and Communications Department, Al-Madina Higher Institute for Engineering and Technology, Giza, Egypt.
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system. Faculty of Engineering, Al-Alzhar University, P.O. Box 83513, Qena, Egypt.
    Hamed, Hesham F. A.
    Department of Telecommunications Eng., Egyptian Russian University, Cairo, Egypt. Department of Communications and Electronics, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.
    Khalaf, Ashraf A. M.
    Department of Communications and Electronics, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.
    Parallel Deep CNN Structure for Glioma Detection and Classification via Brain MRI Images2019Inngår i: IEEE-ICM 2019 CAIRO-EGYPT: The 31st International Conference on Microelectronics, IEEE, 2019, s. 304-307Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Although most brain tumor diagnosis studies have focused on tumor segmentation and localization operations, few studies have focused on tumor detection as a time- and effort-saving process. This study introduces a new network structure for accurate glioma tumor detection and classification using two parallel deep convolutional neural networks (PDCNNs). The proposed structure is designed to identify the presence and absence of a brain tumor in MRI images and classify the type of tumor images as high-grade gliomas (HGGs, i.e., glioblastomas) or low-grade gliomas (LGGs). The introduced PDCNNs structure takes advantage of both global and local features extracted from the two parallel stages. The proposed structure is not only accurate but also efficient, as the convolutional layers are more accurate because they learn spatial features, and they are efficient in the testing phase since they reduce the number of weights, which reduces the memory usage and runtime. Simulation experiments were accomplished using an MRI dataset extracted from the BraTS 2017 database. The obtained results show that the proposed parallel network structure outperforms other detection and classification methods in the literature.

  • 94.
    Abd-Ellah, Mahmoud Khaled
    et al.
    Al-Madina Higher Institute for Engineering and Technology.
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Khalaf, Ashraf A. M.
    Minia University, Egypt.
    Hamed, Hesham F. A.
    Minia University, Egypt.
    Classification of Brain Tumor MRIs Using a Kernel Support Vector Machine2016Inngår i: Building Sustainable Health Ecosystems: 6th International Conference on Well-Being in the Information Society, WIS 2016, Tampere, Finland, September 16-18, 2016, Proceedings / [ed] Hongxiu Li, Pirkko Nykänen, Reima Suomi, Nilmini Wickramasinghe, Gunilla Widén, Ming Zhan, Springer International Publishing , 2016, s. 151-160Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of medical images has been continuously increasing, which makes manual investigations of every image a difficult task. This study focuses on classifying brain magnetic resonance images (MRIs) as normal, where a brain tumor is absent, or as abnormal, where a brain tumor is present. A hybrid intelligent system for automatic brain tumor detection and MRI classification is proposed. This system assists radiologists in interpreting the MRIs, improves the brain tumor diagnostic accuracy, and directs the focus toward the abnormal images only. The proposed computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system consists of five steps: MRI preprocessing to remove the background noise, image segmentation by combining Otsu binarization and K-means clustering, feature extraction using the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) approach, and dimensionality reduction of the features by applying the principal component analysis (PCA) method. The major features were submitted to a kernel support vector machine (KSVM) for performing the MRI classification. The performance evaluation of the proposed system measured a maximum classification accuracy of 100 % using an available MRIs database. The processing time for all processes was recorded as 1.23 seconds. The obtained results have demonstrated the superiority of the proposed system.

  • 95.
    Abd-Ellah, Mahmoud Khaled
    et al.
    Al-Madina Higher Institute for Engineering and Technology, Giza, Egypt .
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system. Faculty of Engineering, Al-Azhar University, Qena, Egypt.
    Khalaf, Ashraf A. M.
    Minia University, Minia, Egypt .
    Hamed, Hesham F. A.
    Egyptian Russian University, Cairo, Egypt. Minia University, Minia, Egypt .
    Deep Convolutional Neural Networks: Foundations and Applications in Medical Imaging2020Inngår i: Deep Learning in Computer Vision: Principles and Applications / [ed] Mahmoud Hassaballah, Ali Ismail Awad, CRC Press, 2020, 1st, s. 233-260Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 96.
    Abd-Ellah, Mahmoud Khaled
    et al.
    Electronic and Communication Department Al-Madina Higher Institute for Engineering and Technology, Giza.
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Khalaf, Ashraf A. M.
    Faculty of Engineering, Minia University.
    Hamed, Hesham F. A.
    Faculty of Engineering, Minia University.
    Design and implementation of a computer-aided diagnosis system for brain tumor classification2017Inngår i: 2016 28th International Conference on Microelectronics (ICM), 2017, s. 73-76, artikkel-id 7847911Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems have become very important for the medical diagnosis of brain tumors. The systems improve the diagnostic accuracy and reduce the required time. In this paper, a two-stage CAD system has been developed for automatic detection and classification of brain tumor through magnetic resonance images (MRIs). In the first stage, the system classifies brain tumor MRI into normal and abnormal images. In the second stage, the type of tumor is classified as benign (Noncancerous) or malignant (Cancerous) from the abnormal MRIs. The proposed CAD ensembles the following computational methods: MRI image segmentation by K-means clustering, feature extraction using discrete wavelet transform (DWT), feature reduction by applying principal component analysis (PCA). The two-stage classification has been conducted using a support vector machine (SVM). Performance evaluation of the proposed CAD has achieved promising results using a non-standard MRIs database.

  • 97.
    Abd-Ellah, Mahmoud Khaled
    et al.
    Electronics and Communications Department, Al-Madina Higher Institute for Engineering and Technology, Giza, Egypt.
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap. Faculty of Engineering, Al-Azhar University, Qena, Egypt.
    Khalaf, Ashraf A.M.
    Electronics and Communications Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.
    Hamed, Hesham F.A.
    Electronics and Communications Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.
    A Review on Brain Tumor Diagnosis from MRI Images: Practical Implications, Key Achievements, and Lessons Learned2019Inngår i: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, ISSN 0730-725X, E-ISSN 1873-5894, Vol. 61, s. 300-318Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The successful early diagnosis of brain tumors plays a major role in improving the treatment outcomes and thus improving patient survival. Manually evaluating the numerous magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images produced routinely in the clinic is a difficult process. Thus, there is a crucial need for computer-aided methods with better accuracy for early tumor diagnosis. Computer-aided brain tumor diagnosis from MRI images consists of tumor detection, segmentation, and classification processes. Over the past few years, many studies have focused on traditional or classical machine learning techniques for brain tumor diagnosis. Recently, interest has developed in using deep learning techniques for diagnosing brain tumors with better accuracy and robustness. This study presents a comprehensive review of traditional machine learning techniques and evolving deep learning techniques for brain tumor diagnosis. This review paper identifies the key achievements reflected in the performance measurement metrics of the applied algorithms in the three diagnosis processes. In addition, this study discusses the key findings and draws attention to the lessons learned as a roadmap for future research.

  • 98.
    Abd-Ellah, Mahmoud Khaled
    et al.
    Electronics and Communications Department, Al-Madina Higher Institute for Engineering and Technology, Giza, Egypt.
    Khalaf, Ashraf A. M.
    Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system. Faculty of Engineering, Al-Azhar University, Qena, Egypt.
    Hamed, Hesham F. A.
    Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.
    TPUAR-Net: Two Parallel U-Net with Asymmetric Residual-Based Deep Convolutional Neural Network for Brain Tumor Segmentation2019Inngår i: Image Analysis and Recognition: 16th International Conference, ICIAR 2019, Waterloo, ON, Canada, August 27–29, 2019, Proceedings, Part II / [ed] Fakhri Karray, Aurélio Campilho, Alfred Yu, Springer, 2019, s. 106-116Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The utilization of different types of brain images has been expanding, which makes manually examining each image a labor-intensive task. This study introduces a brain tumor segmentation method that uses two parallel U-Net with an asymmetric residual-based deep convolutional neural network (TPUAR-Net). The proposed method is customized to segment high and low grade glioblastomas identified from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. Varieties of these tumors can appear anywhere in the brain and may have practically any shape, contrast, or size. Thus, this study used deep learning techniques based on adaptive, high-efficiency neural networks in the proposed model structure. In this paper, several high-performance models based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have been examined. The proposed TPUAR-Net capitalizes on different levels of global and local features in the upper and lower paths of the proposed model structure. In addition, the proposed method is configured to use the skip connection between layers and residual units to accelerate the training and testing processes. The TPUAR-Net model provides promising segmentation accuracy using MRI images from the BRATS 2017 database, while its parallelized architecture considerably improves the execution speed. The results obtained in terms of Dice, sensitivity, and specificity metrics demonstrate that TPUAR-Net outperforms other methods and achieves the state-of-the-art performance for brain tumor segmentation.

  • 99.
    Abdellah, Nadia
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.
    Berglund, Josefin
    Örebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.
    En studie i rött: En socialsemiotisk analys av Socialdemokraternas valbroschyrer från 1960, 1985 och 20062008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet är att undersöka hur Socialdemokraternas valbroschyrer har förändrats i sättet att presentera sig själva för potentiella väljare under de senaste 50 åren.

    Metod: Socialsemiotik

    Teorier: Uppsatsen tar avstamp utifrån teorier om förmoderna, moderna och postmoderna kampanjer samt amerikaniseringsteorier, men även hur trenderna enligt forskare ser ut i Sverige och andra europeiska länder.

    Huvudresultat: Undersökningen visar såväl likheter som skillnader mellan de analyserade åren. Reklamdiskursens växande inverkan på broschyrerna gör sig tydlig, vilket kan ses som en del i den växande kommersialiseringen av politiken. Tendenser till en amerikanisering kan skönjas men dessa är vaga. Uppdelningen av kampanjer som förmoderna, moderna och postmoderna anser vi vara diskutabla.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 100.
    Abdelmoez, Joel
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Avdelningen för mellanösternstudier.
    “The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Sends its Condolences”: Rhetorical criticism of Saudi Arabian governmental authorities’ social media responses to foreign acts of terror and violence2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at exploring the rhetorical processes underpinning condolences, as expressed by Saudi Arabian governmental authorities on social media, with a focus on Twitter. Taking its starting point in January of 2015, when the Charlie Hebdo shooting took place in Paris, this study looks comparatively at several acts of terror in order to answer whether these different attacks elicited different responses, and if so, what knowledge can be drawn from this conclusion. Furthermore, this study examines the role of social media in public diplomacy, and in the production and distribution of political discourse, especially as it relates to statements of condolences and expressions of solidarity mediated through twitter. In order to explore this, rhetorical criticism (Mral 2008; Foss 2004; Peirce 2003) is combined with pentadic criticism (Burke 1945) and performativity theory (Rosenberg 2018; Zivi 2016; Gregson and Rose 2014) to form the methodology. A key theoretical concept in this study is “grievability,” which aims at understanding why some deaths are grieved and others are not (Butler 2009; Butler 2004; Butler 2003). As this study shows, mourning itself can be understood as rhetoric, serving political and diplomatic functions rather than being an expression of actual, sincere solidarity or grief. This study also shows that tweets from official government sources can be seen as a performance of public diplomacy, and as performative of the official’s own position. Lastly, it is argued that offering condolences are a way to purchase “humanitarian capital,” which is becoming increasingly important in global politics.

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