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  • 3051.
    Zenobi, Diego
    et al.
    Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Baez Ullberg, SusannFörsvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier). Göteborgs universitet.Camargo da Silva, TelmaFörsvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier). Universidade Federal de Goiás, Brasilien.
    Traces: Mémoires et politiques des désastres en Amérique Latine2016Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [fr]

    Ces quatre études s'inscrivent dans le champ de l'anthropologie des désastres : en 1987, au Brésil, des habitants sont contaminés au césium 137 ; le 29 avril 2003, une inondation catastrophique se produit dans la ville de Santa Fe ; le 3 décembre 2004, à Buenos Aires, un incendie durant un concert coûte la vie à 194 jeunes ; un dépotoir, à Buenos Aires, est le lieu de passage vers le cirujeo, devenir ramasseur d'ordures pour survivre. Ces études posent la question de la mémoire : comment l'organiser et la garder ?

  • 3052.
    Zenobi, Diego
    et al.
    Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Baez Ullberg, SusannCRISMART ISSL Försvarshögskolan.Camargo da Silva, TelmaUniversidade Federal de Goiás.
    Traces: Mémoires et politiques des désastres en Amérique Latine2016Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [fr]

    Ces quatre études s'inscrivent dans le champ de l'anthropologie des désastres : en 1987, au Brésil, des habitants sont contaminés au césium 137 ; le 29 avril 2003, une inondation catastrophique se produit dans la ville de Santa Fe ; le 3 décembre 2004, à Buenos Aires, un incendie durant un concert coûte la vie à 194 jeunes ; un dépotoir, à Buenos Aires, est le lieu de passage vers le cirujeo, devenir ramasseur d'ordures pour survivre. Ces études posent la question de la mémoire : comment l'organiser et la garder ?

  • 3053.
    Zhang, Chenyanqiu
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för design (DE).
    Better Passing Waste: First Step to Cultivate Pro-environmental Behaviour for Chinese Individuals2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    With the economy developing in China, there is an intense struggle between industrial development and environmental sustainability where improving the individuals’ performance upon waste disposal is one of the crucial aspirations. The main concern for the Chinese government to address the phenomenon is to cultivate the individuals’ habits to classify domestic waste. Although this is a complicated field involved in long-term behaviour change, the author believes that small attempts can gradually affect the people and finally make a big difference. For a stronger impact in society, the Chinese Post-90sgenerationwas selected to be the pilots for this project outcome. To seek for the potential opportunities, the research was conducted to understanding how they view the phenomenon and what are their perceptions and expectations. Social-demographic factors, external factors, and internal factors of recycling and pro-environmental behaviour were all evaluated by the respondents for determining the most influencing factors for waste classification. Moreover, their response towards purchasing factors and preferred ideas helped target the top three among the six concept proposals generated from mind mapping. The opinions and feedback from the individuals and two recycling companies in China and Sweden instructed the concept selection. The final concept was outlined in a plan which is named “Restart” for further implementation. The “Restart” means to restart the waste’s life and restart people’s lifestyles, which will bring life into a new journey. The “Restart” Plan visualized how the social actors are involved and supervised by each other for the effort put into practice. This enables the surrounding actors to facilitate the individuals’journey for dispose of the waste, which in return connects the individuals more close to other actors for further development. Since the concept developed is a universal service, it can be adapted for all the generations.

  • 3054.
    Zhao, Xiang
    Institute of Psychology, University of Klagenfurt, Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Experiencing the Pandemic: Narrative Reflection about Two Coronavirus Outbreaks2021Ingår i: Health Communication, ISSN 1041-0236, E-ISSN 1532-7027, Vol. 36, nr 14, s. 1852-1855Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a narrative reflection about my experience of the ongoing coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreaks across countries between January and early March 2020. My recalled memories showed the shifting and contingent thoughts and emotions. Contextual factors such as my ethnic identity and local anti-coronavirus policies also constructed my perceptions of the pandemic. While my story is unfinished as the coronavirus outbreak is still happening, the narratives provide a novel perspective to understand public health practices in a global context. As the health knowledge construction is infused with identity and personal meanings, this reflection also shows that people from a racial group may face unfair treatment in a pandemic. My narratives suggest the need for a more globally synchronized health communication in pandemics.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Experiencing the Pandemic: Narrative Reflection about Two Coronavirus Outbreaks
  • 3055.
    Zhao, Xiang
    et al.
    Educational Science and Management, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming, China.
    Davey, Gareth
    Educational Science and Management, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming, China.
    Contesting modernity: Tobacco use and romanticism among older Dai farmers in Xishuangbanna, China2015Ingår i: Sociology of Health and Illness, ISSN 0141-9889, E-ISSN 1467-9566, Vol. 37, nr 8, s. 1173-1190Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of research about tobacco use in China focuses on Han Chinese, the main ethnic group comprising over 90 per cent of the population, and a paucity of research exists on ethnic minorities. The present study elucidates tobacco use among the Dai people, an ethnic group in Yunnan Province, Southwest China. The study design consisted of interviews and grounded theory methodology in a symbolic interactionist theoretical framework. The categories of the grounded theory revealed tobacco consumption was weaved in a complex web of meanings: social practices, perceptions of health, and work lives as agriculturalists, situated in Dai cultural and social milieu. An important finding was the stage-managing of tobacco as a symbol of 'tradition' versus 'modernity': Through a process of contested modernity, the older men championed long-standing tobacco customs as representative of Dai heritage and thus their own tobacco use as upholding traditions amid encroaching cultural and societal change in China. These findings are important because little is known about Dai people's tobacco use and how they are responding to social change. There are also implications for the development of culturally-appropriate tobacco control strategies.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Contesting modernity: Tobacco use and romanticism among older Dai farmers in Xishuangbanna, China
  • 3056.
    Ziker, John
    et al.
    Boise State Unviersity, USA .
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Anderson, David
    University of Tromsö.
    Indigenous peoples and demography2010Ingår i: Anthropology News, ISSN 1541-6151, E-ISSN 1556-3502, Vol. 51, nr 5, s. 10-12Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3057.
    Zink, Eren
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Flexible Science: An Anthropology of Scientists, Society and Nature in Vietnam2011Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Eren Zink explores the conditions of doing science in Vietnam. The scientists included in this study were engaged in local and international efforts to conserve nature, establish the fact of climate change, and carry out scientific research in Vietnam. In most instances they had received some of their higher education outside of Vietnam, and later returned to positions within Vietnamese government ministries, universities, research institutes or (to a lesser extent) nongovernmental organizations.

    Paying close attention to cultural and historical influences, the thesis reveals a politics of science whereby actors deftly navigate intricate webs of social and political networks. Partnerships amongst local and foreign actors become possible as a result of the ‘slippery spaces’ where misunderstandings are carefully cultivated and maintained. And, in combination with increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases and international development aid, these actor-networks support the arrival of climate change in Vietnam.

    Nevertheless, Vietnamese scientists are much more than intermediaries between local and foreign interests. Where the Red River meets the sea, scientists compete with national plans for aquaculture expansion in an effort to conserve an idea of nature that has roots in the rural villages of their remembered past. Meanwhile, in their own research institutions there are struggles over both the purpose of doing science, and the authority to practice it. With different degrees of success, the Vietnamese scientists studied here use the resources at hand to realize personal and professional ambitions, as well as to contribute to the (re)production of Vietnamese society.

    The study is based upon eleven months of anthropological fieldwork that took place in Vietnam during 2007 – 2009. Study sites included Vietnamese research institutions, universities, ministries, embassies, and non-governmental organizations, as well as shrimp ponds and national parks in the coastal zone.

  • 3058.
    Zink, Eren
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Foreign Research Partners:: Supporting or subtracting from academic freedom in Developing Countries?2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 3059.
    Zink, Eren
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Hot Science, High Water: Assembling Nature, Society and Environmental Policy in Contemporary Vietnam2013Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Hot Science, High Water explores the work of different generations of Vietnamesescientists as they engage with local and international efforts to conserve nature, address climate change, and carry out scientific research. Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork in universities, government offices, and foreign embassies, as well as the muddy intertidal zones of coastal Vietnam, the study reveals scientists engaged in a politics of nature that is local and global, contemporary and historical, and natural and social. More generally, this book is an ethnography of science in a developing country grappling with the local implications of global networks of knowledgeproduction, and shifting trends in international development policy.

  • 3060.
    Zink, Eren
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Research training, international collaboration, and the agencies of Ugandan scientists in Uganda2016Ingår i: North–South Knowledge Networks: Towards equitable collaboration between academics, donors and universities / [ed] Tor Halvorsen and Jorun Nossum, Cape Town: African Minds, 2016, s. 57-84Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3061.
    Zink, Eren
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    The Government Of Mistrust: Illegibility and Bureaucratic Power in Socialist Vietnam. New Perspectives in Southeast Asian Studies. By Ken MacLean2015Ingår i: Pacific Affairs, ISSN 0030-851X, Vol. 88, nr 3, s. 733-735Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 3062.
    Zink, Eren
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    The Science of Returning Home: A Study of Vietnamese Scientists with Advanced Internatiional Degrees2013Ingår i: Mind and Time, ISSN 2291-5893, nr 2, s. 1-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present work addresses the internationalization of higher educat-ion and its links with the practice of science in Vietnamese universities and research institutions. Using qualitative data from ethnographic case studies of Vietnamese scientists shortly after their return from PhD studies abroad, the paper reveals the fragile links between international science training and the production of scientific knowledge in Vietnam. Using five cases, I show that upon returning to their home institutions in Vietnam, scientists become agents of change in the politics of science and knowledge production. However, as a result of the interaction between Vietnamese and foreign influences, their agency and their scientific habitus (re)encounter social, cultural, economic and political flows in the local contexts that challenge their ambitions to implement effectively ideas and practices learned abroad.

    The case study of five scientists presented here argues for a more nuanced explanation of the power of internationalization to create (positive) change in the local contexts of developing countries. It reveals how scientific production be- comes inseparable from the broader webs of social, political, economic and cultural relationships that characterize scientists’ particular local working environment.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The Science of Returning Home
  • 3063.
    Zink, Eren
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Ugandan Scientists, Scandinavian Collaborations, and the Cultural Economy of Science2018Ingår i: Postcolonial Directions in Education, E-ISSN 2304-5388, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 85-106Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Money and cultural economies of science are imbuedwith multiple meanings for actors involved in internationalscientific research and research training collaborations inUganda. This article uses economic anthropology to explore someof the tensions and misunderstandings that arise from Ugandan-Scandinavian partnerships in science. Using ethnographicexamples drawn from the experiences of Ugandan scientistsand their Scandinavian counterparts, the article describeshow the positions and actions of Ugandan scientists producedifferent, and at times contradictory meanings, for themselves,their kin, local colleagues, and Scandinavian counterparts.Compassion for a grieving sibling, a gift to a charity fundraiser,the extraction of personal savings from an international researchproject, and the strategic construction of a countryside homeare just a few examples of actions and relations that shapeactors’ understandings of Ugandan-Scandinavian scientificcollaborations. The article finds that pre-existing tensions inscientific collaborations resulting from dependency upon foreigndonors for research and research training funding are furtherexacerbated by foreign actors’ partial understandings of themeanings and moralities of scientific work in Uganda. The articleconcludes that greater recognition of the patterns of culturaleconomy that make money and labor in science meaningful arenecessary for mitigating mistrust and misunderstanding acrossSouth-North scientific collaborations.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3064.
    Zink, Eren
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Whose Priorities Count?: Empowering Scientific Capacities for Locally Relevant and Sustainable Solutions2017Ingår i: Pre-conference report: Tackling Infectious Disease Threats: Prevent, Detect, Respond with a One Health Approach, Uppsala, Sweden: Uppsala Health Summit , 2017, , s. 6s. 32-37Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3065.
    Zink, Eren
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Whose Priorities Count?: Empowering Scientific Capacities for Locally Relevant and Sustainable Solutions2017Ingår i: Post Conference Report: Tackling Infectious Disease Threats: Prevent, Detect, Respond with a One Health Approach, Uppsala, Sweden: Uppsala University, 2017, s. 38-41Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3066.
    Zotevska, Emilia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Bylund, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för lärande, estetik och naturvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    How to do things with food: The rules and roles of mealtime things in everyday family dinners2022Ingår i: Children & society, ISSN 0951-0605, E-ISSN 1099-0860, Vol. 36, nr 5, s. 857-876, artikel-id e12543Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the local enactment of mealtime rules during everyday family dinners. The data is approached through multimodal interaction analysis and through concepts which reconceptualize materiality and agency. The study found that mealtime rules were generated and sometimes sustained in the continuous interaction between parents, children and food and mealtime things, especially in relation to material textures, for example liquid, solid, can roll, elastic. Family mealtime rules moreover affected how family morality emerged. The study found that family morality was about much more than parental concerns with childrens eating, rather, it was likewise about play and enjoyment.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3067.
    Zougouri, Sita
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Derrière la vitrine du développement: Aménagement forestier et pouvoir local au Burkina Faso2008Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Cette étude se base sur des recherches ethnographiques menées dans un village nuni autour d’un projet de développement au Burkina Faso. Elle se situe dans une dynamique relationnelle « homme-société-ressources » qui met en lumière des enjeux socio-politiques et économiques, qui sont notamment des espaces de pouvoir, de complémentarité et d’exclusion d’acteurs. L’aménagement forestier dit participatif introduit par ce projet de développement repose de nos jours sur une gestion locale officiellement dirigée par l’Union de groupements de gestion forestière (UGGF), mais simultanément supervisée par un pouvoir local, représenté par un chef de village, prêtre du fétiche principal (Kwere Aniaba) du village de Bougnounou. L’étude nous plonge au cœur de dynamiques politiques entre individus, entre groupes, et entre les groupes et le pouvoir local. Elle décrit et analyse les rapports étroits entre ce pouvoir local et l’aménagement forestier. Ce travail démontre que aussi bien l’UGGF, que le prêtre du fétiche ont intérêt à ce que ce chantier d’aménagement forestier fonctionne bien. Car, ce dernier tire sa légitimité non seulement de son statut religieux au niveau local d’être le protecteur omnipotent, mais aussi de l’extérieur auprès des structures politiques publiques et des structures de développement d’être le garant de la réussite des actions de développement. C’est pourquoi, l’objectif de cette étude a été de comprendre les interactions entre les acteurs locaux derrière une vitrine du développement, et de voir en quoi ces interactions sont le produit de processus d’exclusion et d’inclusion qui, finalement, modèlent et organisent ce projet. Les principaux résultats de l’étude indiquent que les structures préexistantes, qu’elles soient politiques, sociales ou culturelles de ce contexte nuni de Bougnounou, établissent effectivement des privilèges et des structures de façon inéquitable pour les acteurs locaux. Cela introduit ainsi des situations d’exclusion de ces structures entre femmes et hommes sur le marché du bois, entre autochtones nuna et migrants moose autour de l’accès à l’aménagement forestier, entre Tiogolia « gens du village » et Tiogotian « propriétaires du village » basé sur une autochtonie qui s’exprime dans tous les rapports socio-religieux et politiques entre des groupes d’acteurs nuna. Ces situations d’exclusions entrevoient cependant l’inclusion de certains acteurs (les migrants) grâce à leurs rapports fonciers avec les Nuna. Par ailleurs, divers groupes d’acteurs se donnent la possibilité de produire différents modes de résistance pour échapper aux règles du jeu entretenues par ces situations.

    Ladda ner (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 3068.
    Zuiderent-Jerak, Teun
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Situated Intervention: sociological experiments in health care2015Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this book, Teun Zuiderent-Jerak considers how the direct involvement of social scientists in the practices they study can lead to the production of sociological knowledge. Neither “detached” sociological scholarship nor “engaged” social science, this new approach to sociological research brings together two activities often viewed as belonging to different realms: intervening in practices and furthering scholarly understanding of them. 

    Just as the natural sciences benefited from broadening their scholarship from theorizing to experiment, so too could the social sciences. Additionally, Zuiderent-Jerak points out, rather than proceeding from a pre-set normative agenda, scholarly intervention allows for the experimental production of normativity. Scholars are far from detached, but still may be surprised by the normative outcomes of the interactions within the experiment.

    Zuiderent-Jerak illustrates situated intervention research with a series of examples drawn from health care. Among the topics addressed are patient compliance in hemophilia home care, the organization of oncology care and the value of situated standardization, the relationship between standardization and patient centeredness, the development of patient-centered pathways, value-driven and savings-driven approaches to the construction of health care markets, and multiple ontologies of safety in care for older adults. 

    Finally, returning to the question of normativity in sociological research, Zuiderent-Jerak proposes an ethics of specificity according to which research adapts its sociological responses to the practices studied. Sociology not only has more to offer to the practices it studies; it also has more to learn from them.

    Ladda ner (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 3069.
    Zvar Hurtig, Robert
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Food Habit Transitions in the Urban Areas of Low-Income Countries: A study on how globalization and urbanization influence food habits among primary pupils in Babati town, Tanzania2009Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 3070.
    Ågren, Axel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier. Linköpings universitet.
    Livet i en global familj: - Innebörden av att leva i ett transnationellt släktskap för unga vuxna -2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna etnografiska studie kommer fokus att ligga på hur unga vuxna ser på livet i en transnationell familjekonstellation. Genom data från fem kvalitativa intervjuer och användning av tidigare forskning kommer olika aspekter av globalisering och dess inverkan på familjer att lyftas fram. Hur identitetsprocessen går till när man har släkt i olika länder kommer också att belysas. En viktig del av studien är även hur man kommunicerar och upprätthåller ett transnationellt släktskap.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 3071.
    Ågren Hertz, Rasmus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    (In)visible bodies: An Anthropological Study on Systematic Ableism, Embodiment, and Identity2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Uppsala is the fourth biggest city in Sweden and is known for having a rich cultural life, beautiful landscapes, and a long history. Because of how Uppsala is built, infrastructure and urban planning limit people with mobility restrictions from being able to access shops, and well-visited locations due to the absence of accessibility adjustments or poorly constructed routes. This ethnographic study takes a phenomenological approach to emphasize the experiences and perspectives of those affected by mobility restrictions and those who feel peripheral in society in multiple areas, ranging from infrastructure to social stigma due to a society built upon systematic ableism. The thesis thus explores the body as a symbol and the experience of being (in)visible. The physical body's presence is acknowledged while the stigma of being disabled, and the social and environmental barriers one encounters when navigating public areas designed for normative bodies, remain invisible.Keywords: Embodiment, ableism, impairments, identity, agency.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    (In)visible bodies
  • 3072.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Aytar, Osman
    School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Intra- and inter-generational perspectives on youth participation in Sweden: a study with young people as research partners2015Ingår i: Children & society, ISSN 0951-0605, E-ISSN 1099-0860, Vol. 29, nr 2, s. 134-145Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, intra- and inter-generational perspectives on youth participation are combined and compared. Young people were invited to participate as research partners in an interactive research circle and conducted a survey about participation with other young people as respondents. The discussion concerns how an interactive methodology contributes to the understanding of the concept of participation. It is suggested that political definitions of participation be amended to include having a sense of being recognised in a communicative context, taking responsibility and share with other people one's experiences. This is based on the perspectives of young people.

  • 3073.
    Åkerström, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för Socialantropologi.
    Utan rödvin och körsång är livet inte värt att leva: Kören i människan2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    People have different hobbies. The people we are going to meet here share the same interest - choir singing. Singing together in different choirs is their hobby (leisure time interest).

    What brings them together is the singing, getting an opportunity to sing together with people they otherwise would not meet. In this essay you will learn some of the reasons behind the fact that choir singing is a big movement in Sweden (reasons behind choir singing having a great number of practitioners). You will get a direct link to the informants, without having to read answers that have been tampered with. The choir singers who participate will speak directly to you.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 3074.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links. Department of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Making migrants responsible for development: Cape Verdean returnees and Northern migration policies2011Ingår i: Africa Spectrum, ISSN 0002-0397, E-ISSN 1868-6869, Vol. 46, nr 1, s. 61-83Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, there has been a surge of “Northern” policy documents concerned with increasing the positive effects of international migration in countries of origin. This article contrasts some basic assumptions in policies on migration, return and development with an anthropological study of Cape Verdean returnees, and it reveals some important disparities between the returnees’ experiences and the ideas underpinning policy documents. The article analyses the role returnees’ savings and skills play in local change in Cape Verde, and in particular it looks into entrepreneurial activities. This is related to a discussion of the conditions that must be fulfilled in order to make it possible for return migrants to contribute to positive social change. In conclusion, the article shows that structural conditions have a fundamental impact on individual migrants’ abilities to support development, a perspective often left out of contemporary policies.

  • 3075.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. Göteborgs universitet.
    Multi-sited accumulation of capital: Cape Verdean returnees and small-scale business2015Ingår i: Global Networks, ISSN 1470-2266, E-ISSN 1471-0374, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 112-129Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 3076.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    The queue outside the embassy: Remittances, inequality and restrictive migration regimes2013Ingår i: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 51, nr s1, s. e1-e12Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article juxtaposes theoretical notions concerning the relationship between migrant remittances and socio-economic inequality with an anthropological case study of remittances in Cape Verde. Contemporary theorizing involves, firstly, the idea that remittances do not benefit the poorest; secondly, the conclusion that the impact of remittances changes over time; thirdly, the notion that family structure influences the distribution of remittances; and fourthly the proposition that remittances have a stronger impact on social stratification when linked to the return of a migrant. The primary aim of the article is to use these theoretical notions as entry-points for analysing how remittances interplay with patterns of inequality in Cape Verde. A second aim is to examine the explanatory power of the theories through applying them to this specific case. The article demonstrates that remittances in some cases benefit the poorest in Cape Verde and that this has to do with the long history of migration, which means that nearly everyone, irrespective of class, has a close relative abroad. It also shows that Cape Verdeans generally receive quite small amounts of money, which implies that they are seldom able to improve their economic situation in a more substantial way.In conclusion, the article contends that in order to fully appreciate the complex relationshipbetween remittances and socio-economic inequality it is necessary to take into account theimportance of other sources of income. Moreover, it argues that the contemporary restrictiveimmigration regimes in receiving countries have a fundamental impact on the socio-economic distribution of remittances. In studies of the relationship between remittances and inequality, this is an aspect that has been left out. Instead, theorizing tends to focus on factors that are internal to the countries of origin, and on the migrants’ links to these countries.

  • 3077.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. School of Global Studies, the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Eriksson Baaz, MariaNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. School of Global Studies, the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Africa's return migrants: the new developers?2015Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many African migrants residing abroad nurture a hope to one day return, at least temporarily, to their home country. In the wake of economic crises in the developed world, alongside rapid economic growth in parts of Africa, the impetus to 'return' is likely to increase. Such returnees are often portrayed as agents of development, bringing with them capital, knowledge and skills as well as connections and experience gained abroad. Yet, the reality is altogether more complex.

    In this much-needed volume, based on extensive original fieldwork, the authors reveal that there is all too often a gaping divide between abstract policy assumptions and migrants' actual practices. In contrast to the prevailing optimism of policies on migration and development, Africa's Return Migrants demonstrates that the capital obtained abroad is not always advantageous and that it can even hamper successful entrepreneurship and other forms of economic, political and social engagement.

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  • 3078.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. Göteborgs universitet.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Introduction: [Africa's return migrants]2015Ingår i: Africa's return migrants: the new developers? / [ed] Lisa Åkesson and Maria Eriksson Baaz, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2015, s. 1-22Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3079.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg; Nordic Africa Institute.
    Erikssson Baaz, MariaSchool of Global Studies; University of Gothenburg; Nordic Africa Institute.
    Africa's return migrants: The new developers?2015Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
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    fulltext
  • 3080.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Gillette, Maris Boyd
    University of Gothenburg.
    Putting Swedish Anthropology to Work2020Ingår i: kritisk etnografi: Swedish Journal of Anthropology, ISSN 2003-1173, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 11-20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3081.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    "Ekot från gårdagen": de jugoslaviska invandrarnas bakgrund och dess betydelse för deras nuvarande erfarenheter1978Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, there are some 14* millioh migrant wörkérs in Ëurope. They are people whose position as "gastarbeiter" - with all the complex sociokul» turai problems it implies - stimulates ä lot of scientific research*The following pages are yet another contribution to the literature conoer4 nilig the enormous problems associated with thië ekodùs, The problems I discussed here concern Yugoslav thigrahtâ arid theif experiences in the p£öcess óf social changeiMore than one million Yugoslavs li\e and work in Western Europe« In looking for appropriate methods to explore the complex of social change involving Yugoslav migrants, I have reached the standpoint that an understanding of this process presupposes a knowledge of their cultural heritage. The difficulties in the transformations they have to undergo in the process of social change can only be understood by connecting the "culture of yesterday" with the "conditions of today".Migration research often lacks a dynamic perspective, i.e. it is seldom possible to find systematic studies in this field that include the socio-cultural origin of migrants. Such studies as there are overemphasize information on the present experiences of immigrants in their adopted contries or, which is equally unsatisfactory, they deal with mechanical dichotomies such as "before" and "after" experiences. In both cases, the process of social change is left out.This report is an attempt towards a more complete understanding of the connection between yesterday, today and tomorrow in the life of migrants. The report contains a collection of articles from a research project entitled: "Migration and Social Change". Other reports in the project areiNo 42 Intereuropean Migration (after World War II):Part 1. YugoslaviaPart 2. Emigration and structural change in the local community: VrlikaNo 44 Migration and the process of social change.

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    "Ekot från gårdagen": de jugoslaviska invandrarnas bakgrund och dess betydelse för deras nuvarande erfarenheter
  • 3082.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för migration, etnicitet och samhälle (REMESO). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för migration, etnicitet och samhälle (REMESO). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle.
    Multikulturalismens paradoxer2022Ingår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 347-358Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3083.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för migration, etnicitet och samhälle (REMESO).
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för migration, etnicitet och samhälle (REMESO).
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörns högskola, Sverige.
    Home-making: youth and urban unrest in multiethnic Sweden2017Ingår i: Reimagining Home in the 21st Century / [ed] Justine Lloyd, Ellie Vasta, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing , 2017, s. 135-150Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary welfare state restructuring in Sweden has led to increased ethnic and residential segregation in larger cities but also to the emergence of urban unrest. Following violent youth rebellions in Swedish suburbs during 2009 a plurality of new dialogue oriented activist groups have emerged among youth, profiled as ‘urban justice movements’. They represent a grassroots mobilization that interconnects spatial with social (in-) justice and addresses issues of segregation, racism and welfare transformation in Swedish cities. The article discusses agency, claims and the meaning of home-making among two generations of activists in multiethnic Swedish suburbia. The authors argue that emergence of new urban justice movements as a public voice expresses politics in making, relating the local with the national and connecting rights to the city with rights to home and belonging.

  • 3084.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Schierup, Carl-UlrikLinköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.Neergaard, AndersLinköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Nation i ombildning: essäer om 2000-talets Sverige2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har länge betraktats som en demokratisk förebild och ett öppet och solidariskt välfärdssamhälle. Under 2000-talet har social ojämlikhet och boendesegregering ökat, åtföljd av rasism och en allt mer restriktiv flyktingpolitik. Sverige är en nation i ombildning. Åtstramningspolitik och högerpopulism har fått bred förankring i partipolitiken. Samtidigt uppstår motrörelser, där civilsamhälleliga aktörer kräver en fördjupad demokrati och social rättvisa. Vi står inför ett skifte. Kommer en nyliberal ekonomisk politik att smälta samman med en auktoritär, rasistisk populism? Eller är de nya rörelserna en öppning mot ett mer inkluderande, jämlikt och rättvist samhälle, där visionen för framtiden byggs på hopp och optimism — inte rädsla och hot?

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  • 3085.
    Ånséhn, Ludvig
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Going ALL Ink: An anthropological phenomenology study of a moral self, individuality, and embodiment through the practice of tattoos2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Habitus is a type of order that explains how an individual becomes a member of a society or a culture and can be studied to learn about that society or culture. Daniel Miller is introducing a similar approach to order of individuals’ material relationships through which one can learn about meaningful representation of the individual subjects themselves. These relationships could be interpreted as being highly subjective and be seen in the form of a practice of self-construction. In a search for an anthropology of morality authors such as Mattingly (et.al) are complementary using virtue ethics and Foucault´s notion of “a care of the self” as a moral practice to study moral subjectivity and its formation. Strathern and Stewart claim that embodiment, as a theoretical concept, can show how the mind, body, and experience come together and provide insight into personhood. This thesis focuses on tattoos as a moral practice, by studying individuals through a narrative of a moral being, with the aim to understand its formation of moral subjectivity and its embodiment of individuality. In conclusion, there will be argued that the practice of tattoos creates a negotiation between the individual mind and body, and between the practice itself and the society where it takes place.

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    Going All Ink
  • 3086.
    Århem, Kaj
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Pastoral man in the garden of Eden: the Maasai of the Ngorongoro conservation area, Tanzania1985Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Ngorongoro Highlands and the serengeti Plains in nothern Tanzania are renowed for their abundant wildlife and scenic beauty. Ngorongoro is also the home of some 15,000 semi-nomadic Maasai pastorialists. Together with their herds of domestic stock they have for generations coexisted peacefully with the wildlife in the area.

    This book is an account of the pastoral community in Ngorongoro. Against the backdrop of national development policies and the history of wildlife conservation in the area, the book describes resource utilization and living conditions among the Ngorongoro Maasai.

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    Download the book here.
  • 3087.
    Århem, Nikolas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    A Spirit-Ruled Landscape: Ecology, Cosmology, and Change Among Katuic Upland Groups in the Central Annamites of Laos2023Ingår i: The History and Environmental Impacts of Hunting Deities: Supernatural Gamekeepers and Animal Masters / [ed] Richard J. Chacon, Springer, 2023, 1, s. 111-153Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3088.
    Århem, Nikolas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Forests, Spirits and High Modernist Development: A Study of Cosmology and Change among the Katuic Peoples in the Uplands of Laos and Vietnam2015Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores how Katuic-speaking indigenous groups in the Central Annamitic Cordillera of Vietnam and Laos understand their environment – hills, streams and forest. Katuic eco-cosmology assumes that the natural landscape is imbued with spirit agents, with whom people must continuously communicate lest misfortune will strike and their livelihoods fail. The thesis posits the hypothesis that these spirit beliefs, and a variety of taboo notions accompanying them, can be interpreted as expressions of a complex socio-environmental adaptation. Today, the indigenous groups in the study region are confronted with a massive development- and modernisation push on two fronts – that of the global development industry on the one hand, and the implementation of national development policies and programs as part of the high-modernist state project in communist Vietnam and Laos, on the other.

    A second objective of the thesis, then, is to examine the effects of this multi-layered and multi-scaled confrontation on indigenous cosmology, livelihood and landscape. It is argued, this confrontation at the development frontier can be conceived of as an interface between different ontologies or reality posits – one animist, articulated in a relational stance towards the landscape; the other, a naturalist or rationalist ontology, expressed as an objectivist stance towards nature and embodied in the high-modernist development schemes and programs unfolding in the region with the aim of re-engineering its indigenous societies and exploiting its natural resources.     

    Large parts of the Central Annamites were severely impacted by the Vietnam War; uncounted numbers of minority people were killed, or had their villages destroyed or relocated while defoliants, bombs, and forest fires ravaged the landscape. In the decades that followed the war, the entire social and natural landscape has been reshaped by national development policies and the modernist visions that underpin them. The thesis attempts to understand this physical and cultural transformation of the landscape, focusing particularly on the gradual breakdown of the complex indigenous socio-religious institutions that appear to have played an important functional role in maintaining the pre-war structure of the landscape.

    The thesis is based primarily on fieldwork carried out between 2004 and 2009 in the provinces of Quảng Nam and Thừa Thiên–Huế in Vietnam and Sekong in Laos. 

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  • 3089.
    Århem, Nikolas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    In the Sacred Forest: landscape, livelihood and spirit beliefs among the Katu of Vietnam2009Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3090.
    Århem, Nikolas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    The Katu Spirit Landscape: Forests, Ecology, and Cosmology in the Central Annamites2022Ingår i: Sacred Forests of Asia: Spiritual Ecology and the Politics of Nature Conservation / [ed] Chris Coggins; Bixia Chen, Abingdon; New York: Routledge, 2022, s. 217-230Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 3091.
    Århem, Nikolas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Wrestling with sprits, escaping the state: Animist ecology and settlement policy in the Annamite Mountain2016Ingår i: Animism in Southeast Asia / [ed] Arhem, Kaj, Sprenger, Guido, London: Routledge, 2016Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 3092.
    Çıdık, Mustafa Selçuk
    et al.
    The Bartlett School of Sustainable Construction, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 7HB, UK, 1-19 Torrington Place.
    Garfias Royo, Margarita
    Engineering for International Development Centre, The Bartlett School of Sustainable Construction, University College London, UK.
    Mulligan, Joe
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Strategiska hållbarhetsstudier.
    K'oyoo, Allan Ouko
    dKounkuey Design Initiative (KDI), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Parikh, Priti
    bEngineering for International Development Centre, The Bartlett School of Sustainable Construction, University College London, UK.
    Political ecology perspective for a new way of understanding stakeholders and value in infrastructure projects2024Ingår i: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 42, nr 2, s. 102565-, artikel-id 102565Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The long-term goals and objectives that infrastructure projects aim to deliver are contextualised by complex grand challenges, which involve an entanglement of economic, social, and ecological issues. However, there have been criticisms that infrastructure projects fall short of delivering equitable value to effectively address grand challenges. These criticisms underpinned the recent calls for rethinking the purpose and definition of infrastructure projects. This essay argues that adopting a political ecology perspective can be useful to start identifying the limitations of the current understandings of external stakeholders and value in infrastructure projects, which lead to the criticised shortcomings. Political ecology considers social, ecological, and economic issues as an assemblage that manifests through power relations. Thus, for project studies, it implies a reconceptualization of external stakeholders and project value around the notions of agency, vulnerability, and empowerment. This reconceptualization provides new theoretical and practical directions for project formation, stakeholder management and project leadership in the pursuit of rethinking the purpose and definition of infrastructure projects for effectively tackling the grand challenges of our times.

  • 3093.
    Öberg, Klara
    Institute of Interdisciplinary Research on Social Issues (IRIS), Paris, France.
    Le rôle et les enjeux des réseaux interethniques dans l'état-nation : l'exemple des immigrés de sexe masculin en Suède2015Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [fr]

    Cette thèse étudie la situation des migrants de sexe masculin à Göteborg en Suède. Ces derniers sont soit demandeurs d'asile soit ont été demandeurs d'asile tout en étant migrants en situation irrégulière. Je cherche à savoir comment leur situation a évolué, ce qu'ils sont devenus.  Qu'en est-il de la participation de ces hommes dans les réseaux sociaux interethniques au sein du marché du travail informel et de leurs relations sociales et leurs transactions avec les employeurs. Sont étudiées, en particulier les transactions au sein des réseaux sociaux et les significations de celle-ci,  ainsi que les relations sociales entre les travailleurs et les employeurs. Le sentiment de sécurité et de contrôle sont créés par d'autres moyens tels que l’établissement de relations de réciprocité et des transactions débouchant sur des accords; des relations de type clientélisme.  Quelles sont les réalisations effectuées par ces réseaux sociaux ? Comment les hiérarchies de l'économie informelle et ses relations sociales sont-elles façonnées par la déportabilité ? Comment la déportabilité est-elle produite localement ? L'argument central de cette thèse est lié aux relations sociales et aux négociations qui ont lieu au sein des réseaux sociaux interethniques de l'économie informelle et du marché du travail. La thèse soutient l'importance de la perspective locale quand on regarde les significations du statut juridique et de la déportabilité. Ces significations sont à trouver dans les structures socio-économiques locales et nationales qui vont au-delà de simples questions de migration. Et pas uniquement au sein de la problématique migratoire.

  • 3094.
    Öberg, Olivia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Negotiating Space: A Study of the Production of Banlieues in Paris through Media Representations of Urban Youth Violence2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 3095.
    Öberg, Olivia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Negotiating Space: A Study of the Production of Banlieues in Paris through Media Representations of Urban Youth Violence2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 3096.
    Öbom, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    NEW ROADS TAKEN BY FEW: Motorcycle-taxi drivers and neoliberal development in rural Uganda2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Kisoro, a rural district in Uganda, is undergoing various transformations which could be

    summarized under the term neoliberal development. This qualitative study, which is based on

    six weeks of anthropological fieldwork, is focused on how a few individuals working as

    motorcycle-taxi drivers in the area experience these transformations, and how they deal with

    them. The results indicate that while they tend to describe them as “development”, they see

    them as constituting an uneven form of development - not beneficial to all, something which,

    in their view, makes this development less genuine. It is commonly associated with various

    “others”; carried out by and for others, while the informants have to live off the leftovers from

    it, were the motorcycle-taxi job is seen as such a leftover; neither enabling much upward - nor

    geographical - mobility. In some cases, they feel included in transformations which makes

    things worse, so it all constitutes not only a limited, but a somehow distorted development,

    and there is nostalgia around better pasts. But simultaneously, many also feel free, and as their

    hopes for inclusion in a genuine development erodes while they wait for it, inspiration from

    an external world makes them strive for a more individualized prosperity.

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  • 3097. Öborn, Ingrid
    et al.
    Bengtsson, Jan
    Hedenus, Fredrik
    Rydhmer, Lotta
    Stenström, Maria
    Vrede, Katarina
    Westin, Charles
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Magnusson, Ulf
    Scenario Development as a Basis for Formulating a Research Program on Future Agriculture: A Methodological Approach2013Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 42, nr 7, s. 823-839Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To increase the awareness of society to the challenges of global food security, we developed five contrasting global and European scenarios for 2050 and used these to identify important issues for future agricultural research. Using a scenario development method known as morphological analysis, scenarios were constructed that took economic, political, technical, and environmental factors into account. With the scenarios as a starting point future challenges were discussed and research issues and questions were identified in an interactive process with stakeholders and researchers. Based on the outcome of this process, six socioeconomic and biophysical overarching challenges for future agricultural were formulated and related research issues identified. The outcome was compared with research priorities generated in five other research programs. In comparison, our research questions focus more on societal values and the role of consumers in influencing agricultural production, as well as on policy formulation and resolving conflicting goals, areas that are presently under-represented in agricultural research. The partly new and more interdisciplinary research priorities identified in Future Agriculture compared to other programs analyzed are likely a result of the methodological approach used, combining scenarios and interaction between stakeholders and researchers.

  • 3098.
    Ömar, Amanda
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Den ofrivilliga ensamheten i den ensamma frivilligheten…: En etnografisk studie om incels-fenomenet i det svenska samhället2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ensamhet blir allt mer normalt i det svenska samhället, paradoxalt nog är det inte normativt att vara ensam. Det blir tydligt när det kommer till unga mäns intersubjektiva förståelse för ensamhet och hur det uttrycks på Flashbacks incels-forum. Denna uppsats syftar till att genom antropologiska metoder och men en socialkonstruktivistisk analys med förankring i kritisk mansforskning och queerteori utforska incels uttryckta upplevelse av ensamhet i det svenska samhället. Det finns samhällsstrukturer om relationskapande och maskulinitet som skapar, påverkar och reproducerar ensamhet, vilket denna studie avser att förstå. Incel-fenomenet ifrågasätts därmed i denna studie som en social konstruktion, det vill säga, istället för att utgå från att det är ett hälsoproblem eller säkerhetsproblem, så ifrågasätter studien huruvida dessa benämningar, och de diskurser som dem bygger på, återspeglar fenomenets sociala förutsättningar. Fokuset är således inte att värdera eller förringa incels. Uppsatsen bygger främst på intervjuer med självidentifierade incels och netnografiska observationerna från Flashbacks forum, vilket ligger till grund för analysen. Det huvudsakliga resultatet pekar på att det inte finns någon entydig definition av incel men att det existerar en tydlig bild av incels-typen som har olika associationer beroende på kontexten i vilken det studeras. Den uttryckta upplevelsen av ensamhet bland svenska incels varierar men gemensamt är att samtliga behöver förhålla sig till maskulinitetsnormer och heteronormativa strukturer för samlevnad i Sverige. De som inte uppfyller samhällets förväntningar utsätts för sanktioner i form av marginalisering, patologisering och exkludering. Vilket i sin tur skapar förutsättningar för unga män att relatera till incels genom genmanskapen av det lidande ensamheten frambringar hos dem.

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  • 3099.
    Örestig, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Occupy Wall Street: en reaktion mot & ett barn av nyliberalismen?2023Ingår i: Röda Rummet, ISSN 1403-3844, nr 2-3, s. 13-15Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    När en rörelse tappar luften är det lätt att fastna i uppgivenhet och cynism. Men det ger också möjligheter att stanna upp och kritiskt reflektera över vad som gjordes rätt och vad som gjordes fel och vilka lärdomar som kan göra oss rustade att lyckas bättre när nästa uppsving kommer. Johan Örestig har läst boken Hegemony How-To: A Roadmap for Radicals där Jonathan Matthew Smucker formulerar en sådan kritik av Occupy Wall Street.

  • 3100.
    Östberg, Wilhelm
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Göra kultur: Hur det blir midsommar i Vamlingbo2016Ingår i: Från Gutabygd 2016 / [ed] Annika Melin, Visby: Gotlands hembygdsförbunds förlag , 2016, s. 66-77Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Midsommarfirandet i Norrbyn i Vamlingbo är inte så gammalt, inte ens 40 år. Samtidigt är det förstås urgammalt. Sommarsolståndet har man alltid firat. Men den gamla och den nya midsommaren liknar inte varandra och det är just därför som byns midsommarfirande är så livskraftigt idag. Det är inte en gammal tradition man håller vid liv utan Midsommaren i Vamlingbo skapas just nu.

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