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  • 301.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The politics of urban displacement and emplacement in Overcome Heights: a reply to ‘Surviving in Overcome Heights: living in and alongside crisis in Cape Town’ by Steffen Bo Jensen and Nanna Schneidermann2022Ingår i: Global Discourse: A Developmental Journal of Research in Politics and International Relations, ISSN 2326-9995, E-ISSN 2043-7897, Vol. 12, nr 3-4, s. 611-615Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 302.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Erdman Vigh, Henrik
    University of Copenhagen.
    Introduction: The Dialectics of Displacement and Emplacement2016Ingår i: Conflict and society: Advances in research, ISSN 2164-4543, E-ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 9-15Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Wars unsettle our commonsense understandings of movement and mobility. Simultaneously entropic and inertial, they conjure up images of rampant disorder and chaos as well as strained and crippled formations locked in negative tension. On the one hand, detrimental movement; on the other, deadly stalemate. Both mobility and immobility are, as such, associated with the iconography of warfare and conflicts. They may be presented as out of time through pictures of empty streets, ruins, trenches, and dead bodies frozen in contorted positions, yet, conversely, some of the most archetypical images of war connote speed, flows, and movement, seen in images of troop advances or retreats, rows of traveling refugees, and hauls of humanitarian aid shipped or flown into airports and harbors from afar. In temporal terms, conflict and violence are oft en represented in the lethargy of decay or the entropy of aggression.

  • 303.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Utas, Mats
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Introduction Urban kinship: the micro-politics of proximity and relatedness in African cities2018Ingår i: Africa, ISSN 0001-9720, E-ISSN 1750-0184, Vol. 88, nr Suppl. 1, s. S1-S11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 304.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Utas, MatsUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Urban Kinship: special issue of the journal Africa2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 305.
    Bjerhagen, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Sävfors, Ingemar
    L'habitat traditionnel dans la république populaire du Congo: étude de trois villages1972Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 306.
    Björk, Elin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    ”Det är inte gay om man inte ser varandra i ögonen”: en kritisk undersökning av maskulinitet, våld och intimitet inom MMA2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreställningar kring maskulinitet och våld är i dagens samhälle nära sammankopplade och har så varit även historiskt. Denna studie har som mål att undersöka hur dessa sammankopplingar påverkar män som tränar och tävlar MMA och hur det påverkar deras maskulinitetskonstruktioner. Genom att undersöka dessa mäns inställning till våld, maskulinitet och intimitet inom MMA, syftar studien till att tydliggöra den diskurs som vuxit fram på en kampsortsklubb i Sverige. Slutsatsen av denna undersökning är att en tillsynes motsägelsefull bild kring våld och intimitet konstruerats inom denna diskurs. Inom MMA-diskursen finns utrymme för fysisk intimitet på ett sätt som sällan accepteras mellan män i samhället utanför. Samtidigt kan inställningen till våld förklaras genom att utövarna skiljer våldsamma handlingar från aggressivitet och därför inte ser utövandet som våld. 

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  • 307.
    Björk, Elin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    "Ett hav av vithet": Om betydelsen av etnicitet vid identitetddkapande.2011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det nutida västerländska samhället är frågor kring etnicitet, identitet och vithet ständigt aktuella. Politiska framgångar i många europeiska länder för högerextrema partier lyfter återigen fram frågor kring etnisk tillhörighet och vad detta faktiskt innebär och får för konsekvenser i samhället. Denna undersökning syftar till att undersöka hur fyra unga kvinnor med sitt eget eller sina föräldrars ursprung i ett annat land upplever processer av identitetsskapande utifrån föreställningar om etnicitet och vithet. Genom intervjuer med dessa kvinnor analyseras om de upplevt etnicitet som viktigt i identifikationsprocessen, hur de upplevt utanförskap och hur de ser på framtiden i ljuset av denna politiska utveckling. Slutsatsen av denna undersökning är i korthet att etnicitet inte alltid varit viktigt för dem, men att det gjorts viktigt av samhället när de blev äldre. Vidare är att det inte handlar om etnicitet utan om avvikande kroppar och att framtiden handlar mycket om tankar kring ett ”hemland” som andra ser som deras men som de själva inte ser som sitt eget.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 308.
    Björk, Emma
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle.
    Hand i hand mot gemenskap: Invånares deltagande för trygghet och relationsskapande i ett “särskilt utsatt område”2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen har för avsikt att undersöka vad invånares samhällsengagemang i ett ”särskilt utsatt område” i form av trygghetsvandringar och samrådsmöten kan säga om integration. Genom etnografiskt fältarbete och deltagande observation ämnar studien fånga deltagarnas perspektiv på sitt engagemang, undersöka vad engagemanget har för inverkan på lokalsamhället och invånarnas känsla av trygghet, samt vad samhällsdeltagandet och dess inverkan kan säga om integration. Det empiriska materialet analyseras och diskuteras utifrån relevanta teorier om gemenskap, sociala gränser, trygghet samt social respektive strukturell integration. Invånarnas verksamhet och engagemang syftar till att öka tryggheten i stadsdelen, och skapar parallellt ett forum för språkövande och personliga möten över sociala och etniska gränser. Relationsskapandet bland invånare i stadsdelen tycks i sig indirekt leda till ökad trygghet, samt en känsla av gemenskap. Strukturella faktorer på makronivå uppenbarar sig emellertid som barriärer för invånarnas deltagande och delaktighet i en övergripande samhällelig och nationell gemenskap.

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    Emma Björk Kandidatuppsats
  • 309.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Black work: Justifying purchases of services illegal in contemporary Sweden2009Ingår i: Economic Sociology: the European Electronic Newsletter, ISSN 1871-3351, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 39-40Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 310.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Buy or barter? Illegal yet licit purchases of work in contemporary Sweden2013Ingår i: Focaal: European Journal of Anthropology, ISSN 0920-1297, E-ISSN 1558-5263, Vol. 2013, nr 66, s. 75-87Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the tensions between buying and bartering a ser vice in contemporary Sweden by analyzing the acceptable purchase of svart arbete —informal exchanges of work. It is a commonplace phenomenon, but also widely debated, as it is seen as detrimental to welfare society, eroding taxpaying morals and solidarity with fellow citizens. Settling the svart deal with money makes the links to market and state domains more pertinent. Even cash-settled deals are therefore often referred to as barters to create a reverse disentanglement, away from the formal market and moved closer to the realm of social exchanges. The informants express a verbal creativity in a joking manner. Exploring synonyms and metaphors reveals the informality, but the talk also shows that, as exchanges, they are part of everyday life. The article thus describes how illegal yet licit exchanges of work are articulated.

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    fulltext
  • 311.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Cleaning (in) the Swedish Black Market2012Ingår i: Anthropology in Action, ISSN 0967-201X, E-ISSN 1752-2285, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 8-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Hiring home cleaning is a contested phenomenon in Sweden and increasingly so when informally recompensed. During the last decade, pigdebatten (the maid debate), a proposal for subsidized, paid home cleaning has divided the public debate along political lines as well as in terms of gender and class. Drawing on the historical notions of what type of work an economy includes (and excludes), this article addresses the contestation of paid home cleaning as a transaction of work. How do buyers negotiate and justify svart (black market) cleaning as an acceptable transaction in time and space when separating the public from the private? This case study is based on interviews with a group of women indicted for having bought cleaning services from an immigrant without a working permit, a case that created a heated media debate in 2003 and 2004.

  • 312.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    ‘Common sense‘ at the Swedish Tax Agency.: Transactional boundaries separating taxable and tax-free income.2015Ingår i: Critical Perspectives on Accounting, ISSN 1045-2354, E-ISSN 1095-9955, Vol. 31, s. 1-23Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    How does a tax collecting agency distinguish between taxable and tax-free income when the law says that all that all exchanges having value, regardless of compensationmode, are seen to constitute income? ‘‘By using our common sense’’ proposed one of the Swedish Tax Agency’s legal experts. Common sense is here used as a frame for the boundary work that the Agency engage in-based on legislation, courtroom decisions, and praxis-while it pays attention to what Swedish taxpayers see as legitimate to tax. Six transactional boundaries are proposed that in different constellations distinguish the taxable trade from a helping hand. The analysis is based on an ethnography of publicly available documentation, rules, and regulations regarding income tax at the Agency’s website. An ethnographic approach to these documents that are available to all taxpayers represents an apprehension of, and empathy for, the analytical concerns of both Agency and taxpayers. These documents represent the Agency as a collective of voices with a diligent aim to convey the same message for all taxpayers.

  • 313.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Illegal yet Licit: Justifying Informal Purchases of Work in Contemporary Sweden2010Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Svart arbete, informal purchases of work, is a widely debated societal phenomenon in Sweden. It is often seen as detrimental to contemporary welfare society, eroding taxpaying morals, fair competition and solidarity with fellow citizens. Acknowledged as wrong, it is in many instances also an acceptable and commonplace exchange practice. This study addresses this incongruity and aims to show how these inconspicuous exchanges of work are distinguished in terms of legality and licitness.

    Methodologically, the study is based on ethnographic interviews with a group of people in all walks of life, who have their roots in a small town in southern Sweden. In the midst of life and work, they address situations where living in accordance with moral standards becomes difficult. The study aims to illuminate multifaceted reasonings about the illegal but licit purchases made and how people make sense and meaning of them in retrospect and in the larger context of societal economy. The ways in which these purchases of svart arbete are justified illustrate inherent tensions in contemporary welfare society.

    Purchases of svart arbete are often justified as rational economic decisions in terms of being cheap and simple. The study shows that purchasing work informally is not only a rational economic decision, but can also be the result of resolving necessities in daily life due to societal bottlenecks and/or probing tax legislation. As an economic phenomenon, these purchases are therefore not seen as set apart from the formal structures of the Swedish economy, but as co-existing with them. Justifying the illegal but licit svart arbete, purchasers are seen to emphasise a reciprocal relationship with the provider of the work and also with the state. In this way, a sense of balance and justice is achieved.

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  • 314.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Mind the (tax) gap: an ethnography of a number2017Ingår i: Journal of Cultural Economy, ISSN 1753-0350, E-ISSN 1753-0369, Vol. 10, nr 5, s. 419-433Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article looks carefully at the making of the tax gap as a calculative practice at the Swedish Tax Agency. It points to the challenges with assessing tax gap numbers and reveals examples of its careless usage by various stakeholders in Swedish society in order to impact the discourse on tax compliance. Based on an ethnographic study of documents, it is an example of a number that performs a dual function: on the one hand mobilizing people’s morals and subsequent commitments and on the other hand measuring such commitments. On a more general level, the tax gap is an example of how a number that describes a complicated reality is calculated with many caveats attached to it, yet used with certainty in society. I thus challenge the metaphor of the ubiquitous ‘black box’. The Swedish tax gap number is a calculated device and can be unpacked as a specific number. But if we think about what a tax gap ought to contain, we have to think outside the box and beyond: what was not included in the published tax gap number and why there was no room for it.

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  • 315.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Moulding Knowledge into a Legal Complex: Para-ethnography at the Swedish Tax Agency2013Ingår i: Journal of Business Anthropology, E-ISSN 2245-4217, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 209-231Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The foundation of a functioning welfare state is a tax system that is widely accepted and considered to be fair and legitimate. How and by what means a tax collecting agency interprets the laws are thus seen to have an impact on taxpayers’ willingness to pay. This article addresses the various practices, knowledge and forms of data that the Swedish Tax Agency applies in a risk assessment project, against a background of the Agency’s on-going endeavour for legitimacy. This article shows how its methods not only entail taking account of massive amounts of Tax Agency regulations, research, and statistical results to follow, but also reveals how stories, hunches and examples from media and everyday life coalesce to affect those methods. So, too, with the ethnographer’s role: how is she to deal with knowledge production within a governmental organization whose employees read, and also learn from, what she writes.

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  • 316.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Om städning. Hur svart blir vitt: Hur svart blir vitt2005Ingår i: Fiffelsverige: Sociologiska perspektiv på skandaler och fusk / [ed] Glenn Sjöstrand, Malmö: Liber , 2005, 1, s. 48-65Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Gråzonen mellan skattepliktiga och skattefria inkomster beskrivs ofta som ett gränsland (t.ex. RRV 1997:27) där ideer om lagar, regler och moral tänjs. För att förstå innebörden av vad en gräns omsluter, måste man förstå de processer som upprätthåller gränserna (Barth 1994:119). Denna artikel bygger ett fall från 2003 där sex kvinnor i Göteborgs södra förorter åtalades för att ha betalat en litauisk kvinna för att ha städat hemma hos dem. För att komma närmare en förståelse för vad som påverkar acceptansen av att köpa städning svart, utforskas i denna artikel hur gränslandetreproduceras. Detta gränsland befinner sig mellan det som strukturen, i detta fall offentliga svenska myndigheter, definierar som svart arbete och hur dessa lagar och regler i praxis används samt å andra sidan den svarta städningens köpares handlingar och argument

  • 317.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Robin Hood och rättvisan: Om småfiffel i det moderna samhället2003Ingår i: Moderna människor: Antropologiska perspektiv på samtiden / [ed] Christina Garsten & Kerstin Sundman, Malmö: Liber , 2003, s. 19-38Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta kapitel handlar om ekonomiskt småfiffel – varför människor anser sig kunna småfiffla och hur de rättfärdigar dessa handlingar. Ekonomiskt småfiffel avser att för egen vinning spara pengar här och nu på ett sätt som samhället, i form av myndigheter, media och medmänniskor, egentligen inte godtar, men som av den fifflande människan anses moraliskt försvarbart. Småfiffel är att ”låna” och ta från arbetsgivare och andra institutioner för privat bruk. Det rör sig om att ta med sig kontorsmaterial och annat förbrukningsmaterial hem, att ta arbetstid i anspråk för privata ändamål eller att använda företagsbilen för eget bruk. Det kan gälla svartarbete, skattefusk, så kallade lägenhetsbyten, överdrivna skadeanmälningar till försäkringsbolag eller att bokföra fritidsbåtar och möbler till hemmet som arbetsutrustning.

     

  • 318.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Shaping Taxpayers: Values in action at the Swedish Tax Agency2017Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    How do you make taxpayers comply? This ethnography is a vivid account of one of the most esteemed Swedish bureaucracies – the Swedish Tax Agency. In its aim to collect taxes and minimize tax faults, the Agency mediates the application of tax law while it strives vigorously to obtain legitimacy in society. The book follows one risk assessment project up-close; from its inception, through the research phase, in presentations throughout the Agency to its final abandonment as the results and conclusions reached did not align with the Agency’s strategies. Following this project reveals how diverse knowledge claims – legal, economic, cultural – compete to shape taxpayer behaviour.

    Ladda ner (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 319.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Svart arbete and Informal Economy: Fiscal Anthropologist Lotta Björklund Larsen. Interview by Ritu Khanduri.2011Ingår i: Anthropology News, ISSN 1541-6151, E-ISSN 1556-3502, Vol. 52, nr 7, s. 36-39Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 320.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Svart arbete, vitt arbete eller hur lite skit i hörnen blev ett rent helvete2006Ingår i: Tidskriftet antropologi, ISSN 0906-3021, Vol. 52, s. 39-58Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel handlar om ett fall av så kallad svart städning där de inblandade, både städerskan och köparna, åkte fast. Studien baseras på dessa köpares argumenterande och handlingar och hur de påvisar en ekonomisk rationalitet, både i förhållande till deras syn på arbete men även till de legala och etiska restriktioner och möjligheter som omvärlden bjuder dem. Frågor som adresseras är hur köparna ser på vit respektive svart städning och varför just städning i hemmet är kontroversiellt som köpt arbete? Varför tillåter de sig att köpa städning svart och hur rättfärdigar de ett medvetet lagöverträdande? Hur skapar och reproducerar de en för dem acceptabel gråzon på fel sida av lagen? Slutligen, var tar gråzonen slut - under vilka förhållande är det fel att köpa svart städning? Hur definierar de gränsen mot det oacceptabla, felaktiga och kriminella?

  • 321.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Svarta tjänster - att ge, få och ge igen2010Ingår i: Känslan för det allmänna: Medborgarnas relation till staten och varandra. / [ed] Kerstin Jacobsson, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2010, 1. uppl.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 322.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    SWEDEN: Failure of a Cooperative Compliance Project?2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report outlines the Swedish  cooperative  compliance  project Fördjupad  samverkan  - FS (enhanced collaboration) introduced in 2011 and the modified initiative relaunched as Fördjupad dialog – FD (enhanced dialogue) in 2014. It describes how the Swedish Tax Agency proposed an initiative that carried with it international success stories from similar projects, but in the Swedish version and context met with strong resistance and is now put on hold awaiting proposed changes in the law. This chronological trajectory teases out issues that impact tax compliance among large corporations and perhaps also among ordinary taxpayers in Swedish society. Based on these issues, I suggest eight aspects that have to be paid attention to when implementing cooperative compliance initiatives. These aspects seldom stand alone but are drawn upon in various combinations making criticism possible.

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    SWEDEN: Failure of a Cooperative Compliance Project?
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    presentationsbild
  • 323.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change, Linköping University.
    SWEDEN: failure of a cooperative compliance project?2016Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This report outlines the Swedish cooperative compliance project Fördjupad samverkan  - FS (enhanced collaboration) introduced in 2011 and the modified initiative relaunched as Fördjupad dialog – FD (enhanced dialogue) in 2014. It describes how the Swedish Tax Agency proposed an initiative that carried with it international success stories from similar projects, but in the Swedish version and context met with strong resistance and is now put on hold awaiting proposed changes in the law. This chronological trajectory teases out issues that impact tax compliance among large corporations and perhaps also among ordinary taxpayers in Swedish society. Based on these issues, I suggest eight aspects that have to be paid attention to when implementing cooperative compliance initiatives. These aspects seldom stand alone but are drawn upon in various combinations making criticism possible.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 324.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The making of a ‘good deal’: dealing with conflicting and complementary values when getting the car repaired informally in Sweden2013Ingår i: Journal of Cultural Economy, ISSN 1753-0350, E-ISSN 1753-0369, Vol. 6, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic rationality and reciprocal help are values that are often posed as contradictory within exchanges. However, there are instances when these values work in tandem, such as when justifying informal purchases of work, svart arbete, in contemporary Sweden. Svart arbete are omnipresent exchanges in Swedish society, and there are many reasons for performing them. On the one hand, a good deal is part of everyday social life when people help each other. On the other hand, a good deal also reinforces views that economic rationalities are values that do not exclusively adhere to formal markets. This article focuses on the values that construct the ‘good deal’ when getting your car fixed informally. These overlapping and somewhat contradictory values in theory, but commonplace in practice, illustrate how notions of reciprocity and economic calculations interweave and are difficult to entangle one from the other. The ‘good deal’ thus concerns how illegal, yet licit purchases of services are made acceptable when posing them as cheap and simple transactions that simultaneously invoke a realm of closer relations.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 325.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Boll, Karen
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Brögger, Benedicte
    BI Norwegian Business School.
    Kettunen, Jaana
    University of Jyväskylä.
    Potka-Soininen, Tuulia
    University of Jyväskylä.
    Pellinen, Jukka
    University of Jyväskylä.
    Brehm Johansen, Mette
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Aziz, Kiran
    BI Norwegian Business School.
    Nordic Experiences of Co-Operative Compliance Programmes: Comparisons and Recommendations2018Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For the last decade a major trend within tax administrations has been to shift from a roughly one size fits all approach—where close to all taxpayers experience a deterrence approach—to a more responsive and collaborative approach as in co-operative compliance programmes. Such programmes build on the idea that the participating corporations disclose relevant information including their tax risks and are transparent to the tax administrations and in return will tax administrations provide real-time predictability and clarity concerning taxation issues of relevance for the corporation. In brief, co-operative compliance builds on the slogan: “…certainty in exchange for transparency” (OECD 2016, 7). Co-operative compliance has increasingly become a core concern and way of organizing the relation between tax authorities and large corporate tax payers when it comes to securing tax compliance.

    This working paper is the result of research by Work Package 6 in EU’s Horizon 2020 funded programme FairTax that has been running for the four-year period 2015-2019. Our research in Work Package 6 addresses how proactive engagements with large corporate taxpayers have affected regulation of tax collection and administrative processes, changed relationships between stakeholders and tax administrations, and influenced tax compliance in the Nordic countries. The aim of this working paper is to provide a comparison of the experiences in four of the Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden and to propose recommendations.

    The Nordic countries are considered similar and so were the co-operative compliance programmes that were implemented in each country, yet the outcomes were very different. We thus dealt with various case characteristics (Flyvbjerg 2006) where the outcomes hinged on a complexity of elements. We argue that the Swedish case is an extreme case due to its turbulent life and concomitantly with only a handful of participants that have very little activity. The Norwegian case, in contrast, is an example of a maximum variation case because of the much longer history of collaborative relationships and the outcome of the work with tax risk. The combination of a collaborative way of working and systematic risk management and monitoring may either reflect a most likely scenario of future tax administration—or perhaps the least likely. Lastly, we argue that the Danish and Finnish cases represent paradigmatic cases because both of these align largely with the standards set by the OECD and because they therefore present more ordinary or regular ways of working with co-operative compliance. Analyzing a wide variety of case characteristics means that our findings can be of general interest, beyond the Nordic countries.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 326.
    Björklund, Ulf
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    North to another country: the formation of a Suryoyo community in Sweden1981Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 327.
    Björnsdotter Teppo, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Afrikaners and the Boundaries of Faith in Post-Apartheid South Africa2022 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 328.
    Blache, Pauline
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen.
    Imbroglio, Flawed Procedure or a State Scandal?: Untangling the Complexities of the 2020 Restitution of Human Remains from France to Algeria2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In July 2020 France returned 24 human remains to Algeria, designating it as a ‘loan’ renewable every five years. These human remains, identified as skulls, by some considered as “war trophies”, were believed to belong to Algerian soldiers and tribal chiefs who fought against the French army’s invasion in the early 19th century. They are today buried in the Carré des Martyrs in Algiers, alongside other prominent figures from Algerian independence and politics. However, a New York Times investigation revealed in October 2022, that only 6 out of the 24 skulls had been clearly identified as belonging to resistance soldiers, while the rest were either of uncertain provenance or imprisoned thieves, and three were of soldiers of Algerian origin who had fought in the ranks of the French Army. 

    This thesis explores the intricate details, perspectives and interpretations that led to this contentious restitution. It argues that, while few people theoretically opposed the restitution, numerous complicated factors made the restitution multilayered and complex, and culminated in the oxymoronic notion of a permanent ‘loan’. The thesis analyses the various reasons behind the conclusions presented by The New York Times article. Three major groups significantly influenced the outcome of restitution: civil society, museums, and governments. The central argument revolves around the general taboo that has long existed regarding the crimes committed in the former French colonies, the reluctance of museums and the Ministry of Culture to accept restitutions, and the political exploitation of restitutions of cultural property and human remains for diplomatic, nationalistic and economic purposes. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 329.
    Blanes, Ruy Llera
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Cardoso, Carolina Valente
    University of Gothenburg.
    Bahu, Helder Alicerces
    ISCED-Huíla.
    Fortuna, Cláudio
    UCAN.
    Drought Terroirs: Debating anthropological territorialities in the study of climate change and environmental disasters2022Ingår i: kritisk etnografi: Swedish Journal of Anthropology, ISSN 2003-1173, Vol. 5, nr 1-2, s. 115-132Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner (jpg)
    preview image
  • 330.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier. Etnologi.
    Lokal kultur?: Refleksjoner om presentasjon og oppfatning av kulturtrekk som lokalspesifikke1990Ingår i: Norsk antropologisk tidsskrift, ISSN 0802-7285, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 79-81Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this commentary the idea of local culture is questioned. It is argued that localness is relative, and that this should be clearly recognized. On the other hand, local can also be used in a more basic sense. Phenomena can be local simply by virtue of existing in a specific geographical setting. The mere use of the word local does not therefore imply that the phenomena described represent a specific local culture.

  • 331.
    Blumi, Isa
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien- och Mellanösternstudier (IAM).
    Chaos in Yemen: Societal Collapse and the New Authoritarianism2010Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Chaos in Yemen challenges recent interpretations of Yemen’s complex social, political and economic transformations since unification in 1990. By offering a new perspective to the violence afflicting the larger region, it explains why the ‘Abdullah ‘Ali Salih regime has become the principal beneficiary of these conflicts.

    Adopting an inter-disciplinary approach, the author offers an alternative understanding of what is creating discord in the Red Sea region by integrating the region’s history to an interpretation of current events. In turn, by refusing to solely link Yemen to the "global struggle against Islamists," this work sheds new light on the issues policy-makers are facing in the larger Middle East. As such, this study offers an alternative perspective to Yemen’s complex domestic affairs that challenge the over-emphasis on the tribe and sectarianism.

    Offering an alternative set of approaches to studying societies facing new forms of state authoritarianism, this timely contribution will be of great relevance to students and scholars of the Middle East and the larger Islamic world, Conflict Resolution, Comparative Politics, and International Relations.

  • 332.
    Bodin, Sara
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    ”REPRESEN(TANTEN)”: Det heteronormativa livsmanuset och förväntningar på ett kvinnligt åldrande2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 333.
    Bodén, Daniel
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Etnologi.
    Från vällingklocka till minutjakt: Övervakning och styrning av arbetet från dagsverken till gigekonomi2023Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt samhälle säger sig värna om individensfrihet, men friheten upphör varje gång vi stämplar in. Aldrig förr har arbetsgivare haft så stor möjlighet att idetalj styra sina arbetstagare. Men viljanatt kontrollera arbetskraften går som en röd tråd genom historien. I den här boken anlägger etnologen Daniel Bodén ett socialhistoriskt perspektivpå samtidens diskussioner om övervakning i arbetslivet. Han undersöker de tekniker som använts för att i allt högre grad kontrollera arbetet och vilka konsekvenser utvecklingen har fått. Resultatet är en kärnfull berättelse om Sveriges ekonomiska omvandlingar från sent 1700-tal till idag, om misstro och om en tilltagande minutjakt.

  • 334.
    Bodén, Daniel
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Etnologi.
    The future of creative work– creativity and digital disruption2021Ingår i: The International Journal of Cultural Policy, ISSN 1028-6632, E-ISSN 1477-2833, Vol. 27, nr 6, s. 848-851Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 335.
    Boll, Karen
    et al.
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Brehm Johansen, Mette
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Tax Governance: Corporate experiences with Cooperative Compliance in Denmark2018Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper presents an analysis of the experiences of Cooperative Compliance in Denmark. Cooperative Compliance denotes a specific kind of collaborative program for the regulation of large corporate taxpayers by the tax authorities. Cooperative Compliance programs have been implemented in several countries worldwide. In Denmark the program is called Tax Governance. Tax Governance has been studied using qualitative method and the analyses of the working paper build on an extensive base of in-depth interviews – primarily with tax directors from corporations participating in the program. The working paper shows as a general stance that the corporations are supporting the ideas behind Tax Governance and are generally satisfied with their participation. However, the working paper also shows that most of them explain to be stretched between this willingness to participate and the different challenges and contradictions they told to experience in the everyday work practices related to the Tax Governance program. The working paper zooms in at these various everyday experiences from the corporations. Yet, it also zooms out and shows that the Tax Governance program in different ways relate to wider international trends within tax administration, especially concerning the development of risk assessments and internal control in the corporations and a greater focus on monitoring of these elements by the tax authorities. Overall, the working paper concludes that Tax Governance as a model for a collaborative regulatory relationship between Skat and large corporations comes with both possibilities and challenges.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 336.
    Borgström, Bengt-Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    The patron and the panca: village values and pancayat democracy in Nepal1976Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 337.
    Borgwardt, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för religion och kultur.
    Den riktiga jakten: ett livslångt lärande2005Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis in social anthropology is based on interviews with four hunters from the middle of Sweden. It is about how the hunters get their traditional knowledge and how important it is to grow up and live in rural areas for the knowledge and understanding of hunting. The essay is also about the difference between the hunters from rural areas and the hunters from urban areas. It also examines how the rural hunters speak about the true and real hunter.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 338.
    Borén, Thomas
    Svenska Sällskapet för Antropologi och Geografi.
    Foreword2018Ingår i: kritisk etnografi: Swedish Journal of Anthropology, ISSN 2003-1173, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 5-5Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 339.
    Boström, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The social life of mass and excess consumption2020Ingår i: Environmental Sociology, ISSN 2325-1042, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 268-278Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article uses social science theory and literature to theorize mass and excess consumption. The purpose is to contribute a conceptual framework for studying how institutions and mechanisms of social life drive and reproduce patterns of mass/excess consumption, and to discuss the potential for bottom-up transformative processes to move us away from excess consumption. The article discusses material and non-material institutions and focuses in particular on how mechanisms in social life reproduce patterns of mass/excess consumption. The concept of social life is divided into four dimensions. The social-relational dimension includes everyday interaction rituals of consumption and relationship confirmation, as well as social comparison, including the role played by identity and social status. The temporal dimension stresses novelty and rapidity. The spatial dimension focuses on sites of mass/excess consumption such as the home and the shopping mall. The cognitive dimension deals with normalization of mass/excess consumption as well as mass ignorance of its social and ecological consequences. Bottom-up processes of transformative change and their potential to challenge patterns of excess consumption are analysed through the lens of transformative learning.

  • 340.
    Bovin, Mette
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Nomads who cultivate beauty: wodaabe dances and visual arts in Niger2001Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do young men use mirrors and make-up more than girls? Why do the Wodaabe nomads of West Africa have beauty parades for men? Wodaabe's extraordinary and unique live performances are often misunderstood by outsiders. The book provides some answers about these aesthetic activities. One answer is courtship and "wife-stealing ceremonies" involving enemy clans, another is ethnic identity. Beauty and existence are linked. Wodaabe dances and visual arts are not "exotic" but are arenas for social action and identity politics in the largely agricultural society of the arid regions of Niger, Nigeria and Chad.

    The author describes Wodaabe cultural choices as "active archaisation". Different art forms are analysed in the light of identity construction by the Wodaabe. Their elaborate cultivation of beauty in make-up, tattoos, body paintings, calabash carvings, embroideries, and architecture all follow the principle of symmetry and order in the cosmos. The author emphasizes the gendered aspects of social life and identity construction and explores masculinity among nomadic Wodaabe men, who are living sculptures displaying their beauty as a spiritual act, full of honour and dignity.

    The book has many colour photographs and examples of Wodaabe art.

     

    Ladda ner (pdf)
    Book cover
  • 341.
    Boyd Gillette, Maris
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Arias Schreiber, Milena
    University of Gothenburg.
    Siegrist, Nathan
    University of Gothenburg.
    Sweden’s good fishers: Skills and values in a transforming social-ecological field2022Ingår i: kritisk etnografi: Swedish Journal of Anthropology, ISSN 2003-1173, Vol. 5, nr 1-2, s. 37-58Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner (jpg)
    preview image
  • 342.
    Boyd Gillette, Maris
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Grasseni, Cristina
    University of Leiden.
    Introduction: Is Europe skilling for sustainable food?2022Ingår i: kritisk etnografi: Swedish Journal of Anthropology, ISSN 2003-1173, Vol. 5, nr 1-2, s. 9-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner (jpg)
    preview image
  • 343.
    Boyko, Kateryna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Valkyries and Madonnas: Constructing Femininity During the Russo-Ukrainian War2023Ingår i: Post-Soviet Women: New Challenges and Ways to Empowerment / [ed] Ann-Mari Sätre; Yulia Gradskova; Vladislava Vladimirova, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2023, s. 203-224Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘We are the Kyiv Valkyries and we will send you all to hell’. This is how armed young women in camouflage from a female territorial defence unit video-addressed the Russian military in late February 2022. The rapid intensification of the Russo-Ukrainian War, ongoing since 2014, to a full-scale invasion, not only posed multiple new challenges for Ukrainian women but also became a moment of crisis that has led to rearticulating of the current femininity models.

    The chapter focuses on the visual representation of women’s war experience in Ukraine and the implications it had for Ukrainian women’s identity. In particular, it discusses how femininity is constructed through images disseminated via social media during the wartime and what cultural references have been applied, contested and rearticulated there.

    Semiotic analysis of the visuals shows that Ukrainian women are usually portrayed as a triad—three characters with different functions. First of all, the aggressive, militarist and simultaneously eroticised Valkyrie; then Madonna—a protective figure; third is the Witch—a chthonic entity with supernatural powers able to rule the fate. All the three roles merge in metaphoric visual depictions of Ukraine itself making women a symbol of Ukrainian resistance. The images tend to redefine traditional female roles and emphasise women’s agency and empowerment in the times of crisis. 

  • 344.
    Brandshaug, Malene K.
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences.
    Water, Life, and Loss: Aguasociality and Environmental Change in the Peruvian Andes2021Ingår i: kritisk etnografi: Swedish Journal of Anthropology, ISSN 2003-1173, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 51-66Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 345.
    Brandström, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Mhola – The Utopia of Peace: An Ethnographic Exploration of the Sungusungu Movement in Tanzania2021Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the formation and spread of the Sungusungu movement in Tanzania that arose in the early 1980s among the Sukuma-Nyamwezi people in west-central Tanzania, south of Lake Victoria. In the wake of the international oil crisis in the 1970s, aggravated by the costly war with Uganda that led to the demise of Idi Amin’s regime in 1979, the country experienced a period of deep economic and social crisis with inflation, collapsing markets, a shortage of basic commodities and a breakdown of law and order, signified by increasing levels of violent crime, such as organized cattle theft and banditry in the rural areas. It was against this backdrop that people began to organize and arm themselves to cope with the disintegrating and malevolent forces they were experiencing, not only as an existential threat to their daily lives but to society at large. The quest for everyday peace, mhola, among people was omnipresent and the movement swept like a bush-fire from village to village over the large Sukuma-Nyamwezi area and beyond. Within only a couple of years several million people were involved in or affected by it. The emergence of Sungusungu in its particular sociocultural context constitutes a generic moment that sparks a process with, over time, many different far-reaching social, political and judicial repercussions. Based on long-term fieldwork engagements and an extensive literature review, the study sets out to trace the trajectory of the movement in its various cultural, social and political details from its early emergence as a genuine localized popular movement and then, over time until the present, through a series of various interventions that gradually transformed it into institutionalized forms of community policing under state supervision and control, emulated all over Tanzania and spread even to parts of Kenya.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 346.
    Brandström, Per
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hultin, Jan
    Lindström, Jan
    Aspects of agro-pastoralism in East Africa1979Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 347.
    Bredström, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO – Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Gruber, Sabine
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Socialt arbete. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Language, Culture and Maternity Care: "Troubling" Interpretation in an Institutional Context2015Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 58-66Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses language interpretation in the context of maternity health care. By scrutinising how maternity health care staff reflects upon their experiences from the everyday institutional setting, the article shows that they are caught between a discourse on language interpretation as migrants’ rights and a racialised discourse where language is intertwined with notions of ‘otherness’. As such, language interpretation becomes subsumed into a range of different practices that seek to discipline migrant women to meet the demands from Swedish society. In the article, therefore, the everyday practice by the health care staff is looked upon as a form of citizenship-making, and the article emphasises how racialised discourses take different shapes in different institutional contexts. Thus, the article shows that the practice of language interpretation cannot, in this context, be fully understood without including the larger socio-political context.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 348.
    Bredström, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle.
    Gruber, Sabine
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Language, Culture and Maternity Care: "Troubling" Interpretation in an Institutional Context2015Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 58-66Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses language interpretation in the context of maternity health care. By scrutinising how maternity health care staff reflects upon their experiences from the everyday institutional setting, the article shows that they are caught between a discourse on language interpretation as migrants’ rights and a racialised discourse where language is intertwined with notions of ‘otherness’. As such, language interpretation becomes subsumed into a range of different practices that seek to discipline migrant women to meet the demands from Swedish society. In the article, therefore, the everyday practice by the health care staff is looked upon as a form of citizenship-making, and the article emphasises how racialised discourses take different shapes in different institutional contexts. Thus, the article shows that the practice of language interpretation cannot, in this context, be fully understood without including the larger socio-political context.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 349.
    Broccolo, Gianella
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Våld i nära relationer, en jämställdshetsproblematik ur en normativ synvinkel: En antropologisk studie med fokus på mannen som den utsatte2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The main topic of this study is IPV (Intimate Partner Violence) with a focus on the men that are exposed. The empirical data was examined from a stigma and a gender perspective. The purpose of my thesis was to investigate how different beliefs and social norms about male and female affect how men exclude themselves and are excluded, for example, from social safety nets. I started my study with inspiration from internet-based material about a woman and a man's experience with IPV. I fetched empirical data by attending a seminar on Youth IPV and in semi-structured interviews of two professionals, one who works with male victims of IPV and one who works with violence victims in generally. I also interviewed four men who has been exposed to IPV. Through my informants' stories I was able to investigate whether there were social circumstances that could affect IPV, which came about through varying concrete examples. Also how IPV distinguishes itself when the man is the vulnerable instead of the woman because most of the information and material available in Sweden is about the woman's over-represented vulnerability. With the help of previous research and literature that I used in my study, I came to the conclusion that the most effective method of analyzing IPV among men is through the personal meeting in an interview because the subject is otherwise taboo. My study showed that IPV differs where the practitioner is male or female because women use more mental violence while men use most physical violence and since the mental violence is easier to hide, the subject remains unlit partly because of the men's own silence and partly because the environment is not equipped to emphasize this kind of problem.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Vald i nara relationer, en jämställdhetsproblematik ur en normativ synvinkel
  • 350.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Domestication reconsidered: towards a new dialogue between women-oriented aid and feminist research1995Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The publication is available for download here
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