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  • 301.
    Amolo, Ritah
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Stress and pregnancy: the mother's perspectives. Mukono district, Uganda2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of maternal health raises overwhelming concern whenever mentioned, this is because of the natural desire to bear children yet every pregnancy is a lifetime risk for the mother. Several factors contribute towards the risk of dying during childbirth, stress is one such factor. The aim of the study is to understand the perspectives of pregnant mothers regarding stress during pregnancy and childbirth. Factors affecting daily life, that is, health facilities, work and income, social support and transport were chosen as the main themes of study. It is my belief that, if stressful circumstances are avoided through these factors, then pregnant mothers will experience better health. A qualitative approach was used. Thirteen in-depth interviews and 1 focus group discussion were conducted. A grounded theory approach   was used to analyze the data.

    The findings indicate that mothers are aware of the causes of stress during pregnancy. They mention lack of care from husbands, insensitive nurses and midwives, poverty and unplanned pregnancies. The pregnant mothers mention miscarrriage, sickness, death, low birth weight, ceasarian birth as some of the effects of stress, though some mothers said they don't know any effect. Some of the strategies they use to cope with stress are; talking to a friend, counselor, accepting one's financial situation, listening to music and finding work to do.

  • 302.
    Amundin, Mats
    et al.
    Kolmården Wildlife Park.
    Hållsten, Henrik
    Filosofiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Eklund, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Karlgren, Jussi
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Molinder, Lars
    Carnegie Investment Bank, Swedden.
    A proposal to use distributional models to analyse dolphin vocalisation2017In: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Vocal Interactivity in-and-between Humans, Animals and Robots, VIHAR 2017 / [ed] Angela Dassow, Ricard Marxer & Roger K. Moore, 2017, 31-32 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper gives a brief introduction to the starting points of an experimental project to study dolphin communicative behaviour using distributional semantics, with methods implemented for the large scale study of human language.

  • 303.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Efterord (fri översättning av japanska titeln)2003In: Who Cares? Culture, Structure and Agency in Caring for the Elderly in Japan: Japanese family and care seen with Swedish eyes (fri översättning av japanska titeln) / [ed] Hitoshi Asano & Kayoko Minemoto, Tokyo: Chuohoki (Japaneese); Institute of Oriental Languages (English) , 2003, 189-204 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Existential issues in later-life care, a Swedish case study2008In: Kwansei Gakuin University Social Sciences Review, ISSN 1342-8861, Vol. 13, 63-99 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 305.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    From "Who Cares?" to "Why Care"? Linking a Socio-Cultural Research project in Japanology to Missiology2003In: Swedish Missiological Themes [Svensk Missionstidskrift], ISSN 0346-217X, Vol. 91, no 4, 633-648 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article begins with a short personal presentation, in order to provide some background to my research and its possible relevance to missiology. After this introduction, the abstract of my Ph.D. thesis is quoted followed by a presentation of additional results of that study. After this, I look more closely into part of the concluding chapter of the thesis, where I discuss the concept of honouring ones parents - from the perspective of ancient Judeo- Christian and Confucian texts respectively: Genesis and Deuteronomy (in the Bible) and Nihon no meicho, Great Books of Japan no. 14, which is about Confucian values. I also quote some pages from my dissertation thesis and this excerpt provides the basis for raising the following two questions. Firstly, are there any inferences to be drawn from this small piece of comparative analysis for the general analysis of post-modern society in a worldwide context? Secondly, can missiology learn any lessons from crosscultural and comparative research and, if so, which ones?

  • 306.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Policy language in the care for the aged in Japan and Sweden: does in reflect or steer ideology2013In: New tools in welfare research / [ed] Ellinor Brunnberg, Elisabet Cedersund, Uppsala: NSU press , 2013, 255-293 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Researching Home Help Services for the Elderly in Japan and Sweden: How Cultural Concepts Affect the Research Design2004In: Changing worlds and the ageing subject: dimensions in the study of ageing and later life / [ed] Britt-Marie Öberg, Anna-Liisa Närvanen, Elisabet Näsman, Erik Olsson, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004, 96-114 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Considers the humanistic-historical dimension of ageing and substantiates new perspectives on family roles and intergenerational relationships. Also examines age discrimination, the impact of the increase in early retirement, the effect of old and new technology on older people's lives, and more.

  • 308.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Sociology.
    Home Help Services in Combination with Rehabilitation Activities for Elderly. Comparisons Japan - Sweden. International Hospital Federation1999In: International Hospital Federation,1999, 1999Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Home Help Services in Combination with Rehabilitation Activities for Elderly

  • 309.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Sociology.
    One hundred Japanese study visitors' perspective on Swedish welfare.1998In: Nordic Symposium on Japanese and Korean Studies,1998, the Institute of Oriental Languages, Department of Japanese Studies, Stockholm University , 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 310.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Asano, Hitoshi
    Kwansei Gakuin University, Japan.
    Minemoto, Kayoko
    Osaka University of Human Sciences, Japan.
    "What can be learned from Sweden" (fri översättning av japanska titeln)2003In: Who Cares? Culture Structure and Agency in Caring for the Elderly in Japan: "Japan`s family and care seen with Swedish eyes" (fri översättning av japansk titel) / [ed] Hitoshi Asano och Kayoko Minemoto, Tokyo: Chuohoki , 2003, 159-187 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 311.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hashimoto, Masaaki
    Rikkyo University, College of Community and Human Services.
    Inagaki, Mikako
    Ibaraki Christian University, Deptm of Human Welfare.
    Yamamoto, Etsuko
    Keisen University, Deptm of International Social Studies.
    Hellström, LInda
    Linköping University.
    Nilsson, Karin
    Linköping University.
    Voices from inside: A study of nursing home residents`views of life, ageing and care in Japan and Sweden2008In: Older people in an international local context; The cases of Japan and Sweden / [ed] Els-Marie Anbäcken & Yasuhito Kinoshita, Stockholm: Vårdalstiftelsen www.vardal.se , 2008, 1, 214-255 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 312.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nitta, Masako
    Sapporo Gakuin University, Japan.
    "Until death do us part?" Experienced institutionalisation: couples  experiences in a spouses`placement process in Sweden and Japan2008In: Older people in an international local context; The cases of Japan and Sweden / [ed] Els-Marie Anbäcken & Yasuhito Kinoshita, Stockholm: Vårdalstiftelsen , 2008, 1, 165-213 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 313.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Care for dementia in group home - a study of a case in Sweden1993In: the care for elderly, Tokyo: Chuo Hoken Publishing Co , 1993, 120-145 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The organization of care for people with the diagnosis Dementia

  • 314.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Sociology.
    Community Care for Elderly in Sweden - Health & Welfare Policies1993In: Health Care, Medicine Community,1993, 1993Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 315.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hälso- och sjukvården i Japan1991In: Sjukvård i andra länder: vad kan Sverige lära? / [ed] Göran Arvidsson och Bengt Jönsson, Stockholm: SNS (Studieförb. Näringsliv och samhälle) , 1991Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I boken undersöks sju andra länder, där sjukvården är organiserad och finansierad på andra sätt än i Sverige. Länderna är: Storbritannien, Kanada, Tyskland, Nederländerna, Schweiz, USA och Japan.

  • 316.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Sociology.
    Japanese Hospitals - Culture and Competition: A study of ten hospitals.1994In: International Journal of Health Planning and Management, ISSN 0749-6753, E-ISSN 1099-1751, Vol. 9, 87-101 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 317.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Sociology.
    Learning Organization in the Primary Care2003In: European Healthcare Management,2003, Dublin: EHMA , 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A study of change processes and learning in the primary care.

  • 318.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    T1/Ullstämma - Delaktighet, Gemenskap och Ansvar i framtidens boende?1993Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fyra forskare studerar olika aspekter på boendet i ett tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv.

  • 319.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Sociology.
    Dahlgaard Park, Su Mi Fel Pnr
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    The Implementation of a Quality System in the Care sector for Elderly and Handicapped People - a Swedish case study2005In: Abstracts ... annual convention / International Reading Association, ISSN 1060-2011, Vol. 6, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents the empirical research results conducted in a Swedish care organization for elderly and handicapped. The objective of the research was to empirically assess the implementation and practices of a quality system (ISO 9000) from an organizational change and development perspective.

  • 320.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Sociology.
    Ericsson, Mats
    Linköpings kommun.
    Bygga för en ny generation2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förändring och lärande på deltagarnas villkor inom kommunal omsorgsverksamhet.

  • 321.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Sociology.
    Hugozon, Jan-Olov
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    A Life with Dignity - Care of Dementia Patients in Sweden1998In: European Healthcare Association,1998, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 322.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Sociology.
    Klöfver, Helena
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Implementering av ett kvalitetssystem. En studie inom omsorgsverksamheten i Åtvidaberg.2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Implementeringsprocessen av ett kvalitetssystem inom omsorgsverksamhet studeras.

  • 323.
    Anderberg, Stefan
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Bergbäck, Bo
    Kalmar högskola.
    Lohm, Ulrik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Accumulated environmental impact: The case of cadmium in Sweden1994In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 145, 13-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 324.
    Anderberg, Stefan
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Bergbäck, Bo
    Tema V LIU.
    Lohm, Ulrik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Flow and distribution of chormium in the swedish environment: A new approach to studying environmental pollution1989In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 18, 216-220 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 325.
    Anderberg, Stefan
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Bergbäck, Bo
    Tema V LIU.
    Lohm, Ulrik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Pattern of lead emissions in Sweden 1880-19801990Report (Other academic)
  • 326.
    Andersen, Anders Johan W
    et al.
    University of Agder, Norway .
    Svensson, Tommy
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Internet-based Mental Health Services in Norway and Sweden: Characteristics and Consequences2013In: Administration and Policy in Mental Health, ISSN 0894-587X, E-ISSN 1573-3289, Vol. 40, no 2, 145-153 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet-based mental health services increase rapidly. However, national surveys are incomplete and the consequences for such services are poorly discussed. This study describes characteristics of 60 Internet-based mental health services in Norway and Sweden and discusses their social consequences. More than half of the services were offered by voluntary organisations and targeted towards young people. Professionals answered service users questions in 60% of the services. Eight major themes were identified. These characteristics may indicate a shift in the delivery of mental health services in both countries, and imply changes in the understanding of mental health.

  • 327.
    Andersen, E. S.
    et al.
    BI Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Söderlund, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. BI Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Vaagaasar, A.
    BI Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Projects and politics: exploring the duality between action and politics in complex projects2010In: International Journal of Management and Decision Making, ISSN 1462-4621, E-ISSN 1741-5187, Vol. 11, no 2, 121-139 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional research and literature on project management and organisation theory tend to view project organisations as non-political bodies and purely action-oriented endeavours. In contrast, this paper presents an alternative analysis drawing on the idea of projects as political and emergent processes. Based on in-depth, case-study findings of a complex development and implementation project, we suggest an analytical framework that focuses on the interrelatedness of action and political processes and which explains how project management deals with the two processes simultaneously. We identify and analyse three separate but nested organisational logics applied by the project management team to cope with the dual challenges of politics and action. The general idea is to illustrate the notion of projects as emergent processes involving both politics and action. The three logics are: 1) balancing openness and closure; 2) reformulating tasks to seek solutions; 3) relating to improve action capacity. Our findings add to the literature on the role and practice of project management in complex projects that entail both stakeholder and technological challenges.

  • 328. Andersen, E.
    et al.
    Söderlund, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    Vaagaasar, A.
    Projects, politics and practice; organizing complex development processes2006In: EIASM Conference Making project critical,2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 329.
    Andersen Helland, Wenche
    et al.
    Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Biringer, Eva
    Helse Fonna HF, Norge.
    Helland, Turid
    Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Heimann, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Developmental Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Exploring language profiles for children with AD/HD and children with Asperger syndrome2012In: Journal of Attention Disorders, ISSN 1087-0547, E-ISSN 1557-1246, Vol. 16, no 1, 34-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aims of the present study was to investigate communication impairments in a Norwegian sample of children with ADHD and children with Asperger syndrome (AS) and to explore whether children with ADHD can be differentiated from children with AS in terms of their language profiles on the Norwegian adaptation of the Children’s Communication Checklist Second Edition (CCC-2). Method: The CCC-2 was completed by the parents, and altogether, 77 children aged between 6 and 15 years participated in the study. Results: Communication impairments were as common in a group of children with ADHD as in a group of children with AS. Although a similar pattern appeared on most CCC-2 scales, children with ADHD and children with AS could be distinguished from each other in terms of their language profiles on the subscales assessing stereotyped language and nonverbal communication. Conclusion: Language abilities should be taken into account when standard assessments of ADHD and AS are performed and before therapies are initiated

  • 330.
    Andersen Helland, Wenche
    et al.
    Stord Hospital.
    Biringer, Eva
    Haugesund Hospital.
    Helland, Turid
    University of Bergen.
    Heimann, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Developmental Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The usability of a Norwegian adaptation of the Childrens Communication Checklist Second Edition (CCC-2) in differentiating between language impaired and non-language impaired 6-to 12-year-olds2009In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, ISSN 0036-5564, Vol. 50, no 3, 287-292 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The usability of a Norwegian adaptation of the Childrens Communication Checklist Second Edition (CCC-2) in differentiating between language impaired and non-language impaired 6- to 12-year-olds. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology.

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate if the Norwegian adaptation of the Childrens Communication Checklist-2 (CCC-2) differentiates between a language impaired and a non-language impaired population and to make a first evaluation of the psychometric qualities of the questionnaire on a Norwegian sample. A total of 153 children aged 6-12 years participated in the study (45 language impaired and 108 non-language impaired). The Norwegian adaptation of the CCC-2 distinguished language impaired from non-language impaired children and thus seems to provide a useful screening tool for communication impairments in Norwegian children. The reliability of the CCC-2 appeared to be reasonable with internal consistency values ranging from 0.73 to 0.89.

  • 331.
    Andersen Helland, Wenche
    et al.
    Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Helland, Turid
    Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Heimann, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Language profiles and mental health problems in children with specific language imapirment and children with AD/HD2014In: Journal of Attention Disorders, ISSN 1087-0547, E-ISSN 1557-1246, Vol. 18, no 3, 226-235 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This study aimed to explore whether children with specific language impairment (SLI) and children with ADHDcan be differentiated from each other in terms of their language profiles, and also to investigate whether these two clinicalgroups differ regarding mental health problems. Method: A total of 59 children in the age range 6 to 12 years participatedin the study. The parents completed the Children’s Communication Checklist–Second Edition and the Strengths andDifficulties Questionnaire. Results: Communication impairments were as prominent in the ADHD group as in the SLIgroup; however, the groups were separable from each other in terms of their language profiles. Furthermore, the ADHDgroup experienced significantly more mental health problems compared with the SLI group. Conclusion: Language shouldbe assessed in children with ADHD and instruments sensitive to ADHD should be included when assessing children withSLI. Mental health should be an area of concern to be addressed in both groups. (J. of Att. Dis. 2012; XX(X) 1-XX)

  • 332.
    Andersen Helland, Wenche
    et al.
    Stord Hospital, Norway; University of Bergen, Norway.
    Lundervold, Astri
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Heimann, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Posserud, Maj-Britt
    Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
    Stable associations between behavioral problems and language impairments across childhood - the importance of pragmatic language problems2014In: Research in Developmental Disabilities, ISSN 0891-4222, E-ISSN 1873-3379, Vol. 35, no 5, 943-951 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated language function associated with behavior problems, focusing on pragmatics. Scores on the Children’s Communication Checklist Second Edition (CCC-2) in a group of 40 adolescents (12–15 years) identified with externalizing behavior problems (BP) in childhood was compared to the CCC-2 scores in a typically developing comparison group (n=37). Behavioral, emotional and language problems were assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and 4 language items, when the children in the BP group were 7–9 years (T1). They were then assessed with the SDQ and the CCC-2 when they were 12–15 years (T2). The BP group obtained poorer scores on 9/10 subscales on the CCC-2, and 70% showed language impairments in the clinical range. Language, emotional and peer problems at T1 were strongly correlated with pragmatic language impairments in adolescence. The findings indicate that assessment of language, especially pragmatics, is vital for follow-up and treatment of behavioral problems in children and adolescents.

  • 333.
    Andershed, Helena
    et al.
    APEL.
    Larsson, Kjerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Sociology .
    Svensson, Lennart
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Sociology . Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Arbetsplatslärande i vård och omsorg: arbetsgivare och arbetstagare i samverkan kring lokal metodutveckling2007Report (Other academic)
  • 334.
    Anderson, Anita
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of History. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Backman, Stina
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of History. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Far gifter sig : Individ, struktur och föräldradeprivation i Åtvids och Skeda socken 1848-1864 / Från svartvitt allvar till färgglad folklighet1998Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Far gifter sig: Individ, struktur och föräldradeprivation i Åtvids och Skeda socken 1840-1864 Av Anita Andersson

    Den här uppsatsen skall handla om hur människor från brukssocknen Åtvid och jordbrukssocknen Skeda under mitten av 1800-talet hanterade den situation som förlusten av en förälder försatte dem i, och om det fanns något i själva den samhällsstruktur som dessa människor tillhörde som innebar möjligheter eller begränsningar för hur och varför de handlade som de gjorde.

  • 335.
    Andersson , Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Clinical and Social Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Using the Internet to provide cognitive behaviour therapy2009In: BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY, ISSN 0005-7967 , Vol. 47, no 3, 175-180 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new treatment form has emerged that merges cognitive behaviour therapy with the Internet. By delivering treatment components, mainly in the form of texts presented via web pages, and provide ongoing support using e-mail promising outcomes can be achieved. The literature on this novel form of treatment has grown rapidly over recent years with several controlled trials in the field of anxiety disorders, mood disorders and behavioural medicine. For some of the conditions for which Internet-delivered CBT has been tested, independent replications have shown large effect sizes, for example in the treatment of social anxiety disorder. In some studies, Internet-delivered treatment can achieve similar outcomes as in face-to-face CBT, but the literature thus far is restricted mainly to efficacy trials. This article provides a brief summary of the evidence, comments on the role of the therapist and for which patient and therapist this is suitable. Areas of future research and exploration are identified.

  • 336.
    Andersson, Agneta
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Carstensen, John
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Levin, Lars-Åke
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health Technology Assessment and Health Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Emtinger, Bengt Göran
    The National Board of Health and Welfare.
    Costs of informal care for patients in advanced home care: a population based study2003In: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, ISSN 0266-4623, E-ISSN 1471-6348, Vol. 19, no 4, 656-663 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Several studies have sought to analyze the cost-effectiveness of advanced home care andhome rehabilitation. However, the costs of informal care are rarely included in economic appraisals ofhome care. This study estimates the cost of informal care for patients treated in advanced home careand analyses some patient characteristics that influence informal care costs.Methods: During one week in October 1995, data were collected on all 451 patients in advanced homecare in the Swedish county of O¨ stergo¨ tland. Costs were calculated by using two models: one includingleisure time, and one excluding leisure time. Multiple regression analysis was used to analyze factorsassociated with costs of informal care.Results: Seventy percent of the patients in the study had informal care around the clock during theweek investigated. The patients had, on average, five formal care visits per week, each of which lastedfor almost half an hour. Thus, the cost of informal care constituted a considerable part of the costof advanced home care. When the cost of leisure time was included, the cost of informal care wasestimated at SEK 5,880 per week per patient, or twice as high as total formal caregiver costs. Whenleisure time was excluded, the cost of informal care was estimated at SEK 3,410 per week per patient,which is still 1.2 times higher than formal caregiver costs (estimated at SEK 2,810 per week per patient).Informal care costs were higher among patients who were men, who were younger, who had their ownhousing, and who were diagnosed with cancer.Conclusions: Studies of advanced home care that exclude the cost of informal care substantiallyunderestimate the costs to society, regardless of whether or not the leisure time of the caregiver isincluded in the calculations.

  • 337.
    Andersson, Agneta
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Wiréhn, Ann-Britt
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ölvander, Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Stark Ekman, Diana
    Karolinska Institute.
    Bendtsen, Preben
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in the West of Östergötland, Department of Medical Specialist.
    Alcohol use among university students in Sweden measured by an electronic screening instrument2009In: BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 9, no 229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Electronic-based alcohol screening and brief interventions for university students with problem drinking behaviours forms an important means by which to identify risky drinkers. Methods: In this study an e-SBI project was implemented to assess drinking patterns, and to provide personalised feedback about alcohol consumption and related health problems, to students in a Swedish university. In this study, third semester university students (n = 2858) from all faculties (colleges) at the University were invited to participate in e-SBI screenings. This study employed a randomised controlled trial, with respondents having a equal chance of being assigned to a limited, or full-feedback response. Results: The study shows that high risk drinkers tend to underestimate their own consumption compared to others, and that these high risk drinkers experience more negative consequences after alcohol intake, than other respondents. There was a strong belief, for both high-and low-risk drinkers, that alcohol helped celebrations be more festive. This study also confirms findings from other study locations that while males drank more than females in our study population; females reached the same peak alcohol blood concentrations as males. Conclusion: Obtaining clear and current information on drinking patterns demonstrated by university students can help public health officials, university administration, and local health care providers develop appropriate prevention and treatment strategies.

  • 338.
    Andersson, Anita
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Estetik på klinik: Den estetiska kirurgins legitimerande retorik2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with how esthetic surgery as a phenomenon and as a pursuit has been constructed to attain cultural legitimacy, that is, how esthetic surgery has been presented, advocated, and shaped so as to make it seem a possible, reasonable, acceptable, and meaningful practice in the contemporary culture and in people-s lives. Temporally, the study period ranges from the early 1980s to the early 2000s. During that period, esthetic surgery made its breakthrough in Sweden as a practical pursuit and as a cultural phenomenon. Cultural legitimacy is a pivotal concept in the study. It is used here to denote that a pursuit or a phenomenon - in this case esthetic surgery - has attained a status in the public discourse that makes it seem conceivable and acceptable. In this dissertation, I study how this cultural legitimacy is established through expressions in media. I analyze the work of construction that is leading to esthetic surgery reaching that position from a focus on the rhetoric of legitimization, that is, how esthetic surgery is talked about so that cultural legitimacy can be attained. It is a matter of appealing to the public so that esthetic surgery is accepted as a body modification practice, available and relevant to everyone. The work with the material showed that creating justification, appeal, and credibility plays a prominent role in this construction. The promise inherent in esthetic surgery has to be presented as realistic and realizable, while simultaneously referring to culturally anchored values and defining these as associated with esthetic surgery. In this process justification, appeal and credibility have been linked to such dominating values as freedom, health and naturalness.

  • 339.
    Andersson, Anita
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    Sänk tempot! Stress som retorisk figur i svensk reklam2005In: Reklam och hälsa: Levnadsideal, skönhet och hälsa i den svenska reklamens historia / [ed] Roger Qvarsell & Ulrika Torell, Stockholm: Carlsson bokförlag , 2005, 1, 176-196 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Författarna, akademiker verksamma vid Linköpings universitet, diskuterar här reklamen och dess koppling till hälsa, från förra sekelskiftet till i dag. Tesen att det reklamen säljer är just skönhet, hälsa och välbefinnande drivs.

  • 340.
    Andersson, Caroline
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nyman, Emelie
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Intern kontroll i svenska storbanker: En studie av kommunikation och integration av intern kontroll2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Problem: It was shown that the lack of internal control was a common denominator among the reasons for the recent financial crisis. It was also one of the reasons that a Swedish bank in August 2010 went bankrupt and this can be seen as highly unexpected due to the developed rules, frameworks and reviews that exist for the Swedish banks today. In order for a company to accomplish a well functional internal control it must be integrated throughout the whole organization. In the current situation there is evidence confirming an existence of a gap between the internal control a board request and what is accessible to employees in the bank.

    Aim: The purpose of this thesis is to study how the four major Swedish banks are operating the internal control today, also, analyzing the communication and integration of the internal control within the organization. We also wish to contribute to an understanding of how internal control is integrated and how it becomes a part of the daily work in the bank.

    Method/Empirics: Since this study examines how communication and integration of internal control appears in the major Swedish banks, a purely qualitative approach with interviews of people who actively work with the internal control was not considered as sufficient. Therefore, the empirical data consists of interviews with employees who are actively working with internal control in the four major Swedish banks and additionally, a survey was sent to the employees working in the daily business.

    Conclusions: The work with internal control in the major Swedish banks is well functioning and it is possible to notice a tendency for increased focus for the subject. An overall assessment and comparison of responses from the interviews and the survey indicates a gap in communication regarding internal control. Thus, there is a lack of integration of the internal control.

  • 341.
    Andersson, Christoffer
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mesopotamiens gudomligförklarade kungar: En undersökning av teologiska perspektiv på två gudomligförklarade kungar i det forntida Mesopotamien2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ämnet för denna undersökning är de teologiska perspektiven runt två gudomligförklarade kungar i det forntida Mesopotamien, nämligen den gammalakkadiske kungen Naram-Sin (ca. 2254-2218 f.kr.) och den nysumeriske kungen Shulgi (ca. 2094-2047 f.kr.). De teologiska perspektiven behandlas här med hjälp av en induktionsbaserad historisk undersökning som utgår från vad olika forskare har skrivit i ämnet. Eftersom detta är en c-uppsats och det inte har varit möjligt att använda sig av primärkällor såsom arkeologiskt material och historiska källor på originalspråk så utgår denna undersökning uteslutande från forskningslitteratur. Undersökningen består av tre delar, i de två första delarna behandlas de teologiska perspektiven på kungarna var för sig och i det tredje görs en jämförelse mellan perspektiven. Undersökningens upplägg ser ut på så sätt att först har det gjorts observationer av vad som står om de teologiska perspektiven på monarkerna i de olika forskarnas verk. Sedan har perspektiven brutits ner i olika delämnen och därefter har informationen om dem sorterats in i de olika delämnena. Utifrån detta försöker sedan undersökningen att skissa fram en bild av de teologiska perspektivens karaktär. Uppsatsens tyngdpunkt ligger framförallt på att peka på olika tendenser i de religiösa föreställningarna runt dem med avseende på vilka teman de kretsar kring. I undersökningen framkommer det att perspektiven är ganska spretiga och går i många olika riktningar och även att det finns skillnader och likheter i perspektiven mellan kungarna. Två teman som dock ofta återkommer är fruktbarhet och himlen.

  • 342.
    Andersson, Dag
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nilsson, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    BRACE-modellen: Ett företagsspecifikt avkastningskrav för mindre onoteradebolag2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In ten to twelve years, 40 % of Sweden's 500 000 family- and owner led firms will be up for sale according to an estimation done by PwC in 2012. Many small and medium sized firms will therefore need to be valued within the near future. The models and theories used in todays' business valuations are not applicable for small private firms why the authors chose to conduct this study.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to design a practically useful model in terms of assessing the owners' required rate of return in a small private firm. The model should include the firm-specific risks that are linked to private firms.

    Methodology: This study uses a qualitative research method where data is collected through interviews with people who on a daily basis, work with, value and advise small private firms. From the data collected through the interviews as well as theories regarding the subject the authors have designed a practical model with the intentions to support private firm valuations.

    Conclusion: The BRACE-model (Business Risk Adjusted Cost of Equity) consists of two main components, a CAPM-premium and a firm-specific risk premium. The firm-specific risk premium is derived from the firm's size and illiquidity and is further quantified with a point system where a small private firm's specific risks are considered.

  • 343.
    Andersson, David
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Deciding Fast and Slow: How Intuitive and Reflective Thinking Influence Decision Making2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Paper I “Intuition and cooperation reconsidered”: Does intuition make people more cooperative? Rand et al. (Rand, Greene, & Nowak, 2012) reported increased cooperation in social dilemmas after forcing individuals to decide quickly. We test the robustness of this finding in a series of five experiments involving about 2,500 subjects in three countries. None of the experiments confirms the Rand et al. (2012) finding, indicating that their result was an artefact of excluding about 50% of the subjects who failed to respond on time.

    Paper II “Intuition and moral decision-making – the effect of time pressure and cognitive load on moral judgment and altruistic behavior”: Do individuals intuitively favor certain moral actions over others? This study explores the role of intuitive thinking — induced by time pressure and cognitive load — in moral judgment and behavior. Overall we find converging evidence that intuitive states do not influence moral decisions. Across all samples and decision tasks men were more likely to make utilitarian moral judgments and act selfishly compared to women, providing further evidence that there are robust gender differences in moral decision-making.

    Paper III “Public views on policies involving nudges”: When should nudging be deemed as permissible and when should it be deemed as intrusive to individuals’ freedom of choice? The main objective of this study is to elicit public views on the use of nudges in policy. In particular we investigate attitudes toward two broad categories of nudges that we label pro-self (i.e. focusing on private welfare) and pro-social (i.e. focusing on social welfare) nudges. Results show that the level of acceptance toward nudge-policies was generally high. Nudge polices classified as pro-social had a significantly lower acceptance rate compared to pro-self nudges.

    Paper IV “The effect of fast and slow decisions on financial risk-taking”: Are individuals financial risk taking influenced by time available? We experimentally compare fast and slow decisions in a series of experiments on financial risk taking in three countries involving over 1,700 subjects. We find that time pressure increases risk aversion for gains and risk taking for losses compared to time delay; implying that time pressure increase the reflection effect of Prospect Theory.

    Paper V “Incidental effect and financial risk-taking – a neural investigation: This study builds on the results from Paper IV. Here I explore the influence of incidental negative emotions on financial risk-taking in an fMRI environment in order to assess underlying neural mechanisms. I experimentally compare neutral and unpleasant valence framing on gambles involving pure monetary gain and pure monetary loss. I find a significantly increased BOLD response in left amygdala and bilateral visual cortex when contrasting when showing unpleasant pictures, a neural effect which is in line with previous neuroimaging studies on negative emotions. However the neural effect of showing unpleasant pictures did not affect choices in the risk tasks. Consequently, I did not find any support for the hypothesis that the reflection effect of Prospect theory should be more pronounced when making risky choices influenced by incidental negative emotions.

  • 344.
    Andersson, David E.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ekeström, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Economic effects and social implications of a dual currency and exchange rate system: A study of the Cuban case2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1994 the Cuban regime started a gradual introduction of a new currency, the convertible peso (CUC), which could be exchanged for USD at par. In the beginning the circulation of CUC was limited, but in 2003 the CUC replaced the USD in state owned enterprises and in 2004 the USD was replaced by the CUC in all transactions made by the population and foreigners in Cuba. Two exchange rates also exist between these currencies, one for the population (unofficial exchange rate of 24:1) and one for companies and institutions (official exchange rate of 1:1). Both currencies suffer from a lack of convertibility and have created an unusual and segmented monetary environment in Cuba.

    The aim of the study is to analyze the effects of the dual currency and exchange rate in the economy in terms of economic costs and in terms of how the capabilities of the population are affected. In order to do this, a Minor Field Study was conducted in Havana where different agents of the Cuban economy were interviewed and available data collected.

    The results show that the dual monetary system creates several distortions in the Cuban economy. The dual exchange rate implicitly subsidizes imports and at the same time creates an indirect tax on exports. A system of converting both domestic currencies to one “unique currency” further complicates calculation of the productivity and profitability of state owned companies. Additionally, capital controls and segmentations of markets weaken the connections between foreign and Cuban companies and also decrease much needed inflow of foreign currency. Capital controls also leads to Cuban companies being restricted diachronically in the use of their capital in that way hampering necessary investment.

    Furthermore, the dual monetary system affects the Cuban people’s capabilities, which to a large extent depend on the direct access to CUC. Direct access to CUC in turn does not depend on productivity but on factors outside of a person’s control, such as having family abroad or being self-employed. Cuban’s with only a salary in CUP and without access to CUC has difficulties reaching a reasonable standard of living. This creates the perception that someone with direct access to CUC is richer than someone without, which leads to rent-seeking activities with people trying to work in the CUC sector even if they are highly educated and qualified for important occupations in the CUP sector.

  • 345.
    Andersson, David E.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Tell, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Teknologimarknader: idéer som ekonomiska tillgångar2016In: Öppen innovation: i teori och praktik / [ed] Nicolette Lakemond, Fredrik Tell, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 95-109 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 346.
    Andersson, David
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, General Practice. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Magnusson, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Physiotherapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Carstensen, John
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Borgquist, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, General Practice. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in West Östergötland, Research & Development Unit in Local Health Care.
    Co-morbidity and health care utilisation five years prior to diagnosis for depression: A register-based study in a Swedish population2011In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 11, 552- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Depressive disorders have been associated with a number of co-morbidities, and we   hypothesized that patients with a depression diagnosis would be heavy users of health   care services, not only when first evaluated for depression, but also for preceding   years. The aim of this study was to investigate whether increased health care utilisation   and co-morbidity could be seen during five years prior to an initial diagnosis of   depression.

    Methods

    We used a longitudinal register-based study design. The setting comprised the general   population in the county of Östergötland, south-east Sweden. All 2470 patients who   were 20 years or older in 2006 and who received a new diagnosis of depression (F32   according to ICD-10) in 2006, were selected and followed back to the year 2001, five   years before their depression diagnosis. A control group was randomly selected among   those who were aged 20 years or over in 2006 and who had received no depression diagnosis   during the period 2001-2006.

    Results

    Predictors of a depression diagnosis were a high number of physician visits, female   gender, age below 60, age above 80 and a low socioeconomic status.

    Patients who received a diagnosis of depression used twice the amount of health care   (e.g. physician visits and hospital days) during the five year period prior to diagnosis   compared to the control group. A particularly strong increase in health care utilisation   was seen the last year before diagnosis. These findings were supported with a high   level of co-morbidity as for example musculoskeletal disorders during the whole five-year   period for patients with a depression diagnosis.

    Conclusions

    Predictors of a depression diagnosis were a high number of physician visits, female   gender, age below 60, age above 80 and a low socioeconomic status. To find early signs   of depression in the clinical setting and to use a preventive strategy to handle these   patients is important.

  • 347.
    Andersson, Dennis
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Swedish Def Research Agency, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Rankin, Amy
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Diptee, Darryl
    Naval Postgrad Sch, USA.
    Approaches to team performance assessment: a comparison of self-assessment reports and behavioral observer scales2017In: Cognition, Technology & Work, ISSN 1435-5558, E-ISSN 1435-5566, Vol. 19, no 2-3, 517-528 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human factors research popularly employs perception-based techniques to investigate team performance and its dependency to cognitive processes. Such studies frequently rely upon either observer-based or self-assessment techniques to collect data. In this study, we examined behavioral observer ratings and self-assessment ratings for measuring team performance in virtual teams, with team performance regarded as a combination of task outcome and team cognition. Juxtaposing self-assessments and observer ratings from a quasi-experiment comparing team performance rating techniques reveals that they indeed produce overall similar results, with both singling out teamwork effectiveness ratings as the strongest contributor to overall team performance. However, the comparisons show remarkably low correlation on individual questionnaire items. The most striking difference is that the team members self-assessments of workload are lower than the corresponding observer ratings. In particular, the self-assessments do not correlate at all with overall team performance, whereas the observers workload ratings are more consistent with contemporary research that suggests a strong correlation between workload and team performance, suggesting that observer-based techniques are more reliable than self-assessments for assessing workload. For other ratings, the results show that the two techniques are fairly equal, suggesting that the choice between methods to employ can be deferred to other considerations such as obtrusiveness, accessibility, and resource availability.

  • 348.
    Andersson, E
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Enander, J
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden Uppsala University, Sweden .
    Andren, P
    Uppsala University, Sweden .
    Hedman, E
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Ljotsson, B
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Hursti, T
    Uppsala University, Sweden .
    Bergstrom, J
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden Stockholm University, Sweden .
    Kaldo, V
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Lindefors, N
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ruck, C
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder: a randomized controlled trial2012In: Psychological Medicine, ISSN 0033-2917, E-ISSN 1469-8978, Vol. 42, no 10, 2193-2203 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) but access to CBT is limited. Internet-based CBT (ICBT) with therapist support is potentially a more accessible treatment. There are no randomized controlled trials testing ICBT for OCD. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of ICBT for OCD in a randomized controlled trial. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethod. Participants (n=101) diagnosed with OCD were randomized to either 10 weeks of ICBT or to an attention control condition, consisting of online supportive therapy. The primary outcome measure was the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (YBOCS) administered by blinded assessors. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults. Both treatments lead to significant improvements in OCD symptoms, but ICBT resulted in larger improvements than the control condition on the YBOCS, with a significant between-group effect size (Cohens d) of 1.12 (95% CI 0.69-1.53) at post-treatment. The proportion of participants showing clinically significant improvement was 60% (95% CI 46-72) in the ICBT group compared to 6% (95% CI 1-17) in the control condition. The results were sustained at follow-up. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions. ICBT is an efficacious treatment for OCD that could substantially increase access to CBT for OCD patients. Replication studies are warranted.

  • 349.
    Andersson, E
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Steneby, S
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Karlsson, K
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Ljótsson, B
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hedman, E
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Enander, J
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kaldo, V
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindefors, N
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rück, C
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Long-term efficacy of Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder with or without booster: a randomized controlled trial.2014In: Psychological Medicine, ISSN 0033-2917, E-ISSN 1469-8978, Vol. 44, no 13, 2877-2887 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: As relapse after completed cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is common, many treatment protocols include booster programs to improve the long-term effects. However, the effects of booster programs are not well studied. In this study, we investigated the long-term efficacy of Internet-based CBT (ICBT) with therapist support for OCD with or without an Internet-based booster program.

    METHOD: A total of 101 participants were included in the long-term follow-up analysis of ICBT. Of these, 93 were randomized to a booster program or no booster program. Outcome assessments were collected at 4, 7, 12 and 24 months after receiving ICBT.

    RESULTS: The entire sample had sustained long-term effects from pre-treatment to all follow-up assessments, with large within-group effect sizes (Cohen's d = 1.58-2.09). The booster group had a significant mean reduction in OCD symptoms compared to the control condition from booster baseline (4 months) to 7 months, but not at 12 or 24 months. Participants in the booster group improved significantly in terms of general functioning at 7, 12 and 24 months, and had fewer relapses. Kaplan-Meier analysis also indicated a significantly slower relapse rate in the booster group.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that ICBT has sustained long-term effects and that adding an Internet-based booster program can further improve long-term outcome and prevent relapse for some OCD patients.

  • 350.
    Andersson, Emelie
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Inspiration i skapande arbete: Hur beskrivs begreppet av skapande människor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka hur skapande människor beskriver inspiration i sina skapandeprocesser genom att analysera texter skrivna utav fem olika skapande människor själva. Birger Gerhardsson (2014) har skrivit i Nationalencyklopedin att inspiration är ett andligt fenomen som övergår människans förmåga. Vidare i uppsatsen beskrivs den tidigare forskning och teori som funnits inom inspiration och kreativitet. Metoden som använts är textanalys och det för att kunna analysera vad det är författarna verkligen menar. Uppsatsen tar även upp kreativitet i relation till inspiration då de är två begrepp som relaterar till varandra. I resultatanalysen har Helene Billgren (2011) skrivit om hur hon kan titta på klippdockor för att hitta inspiration medan flera av de andra författarna inte har skrivit om inspiration med just det begreppet utan har skrivit mer om sina skapandeprocesser på ett sätt som går att tolka som inspiration. I summeringen av resultatanalysen beskrivs kortfattat vad uppsatsens resultat är, bland annat att det finns många olika sätt att beskriva inspiration och att alla beskrivningar kommer ifrån olika utgångspunkter. Diskussionsdelen diskuterar och argumenterar kring varför valet av metod var bra, hur frågeställningen blev besvarad och hur en vidare forskning på ämnet inspiration skulle kunna se ut.

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