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  • 301.
    Andersson, Lotta
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Olsson, Johanna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Arheimer, Berit
    SMHI.
    Participatory modelling as a tool for public participation in water resource management2006In: XXIV Nordic Hydrological Conference: Experiences and Challenges in Implementation,2006, 2006, 226- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 302.
    Andersson, Lotta
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    Lepistö, A.
    Links Between Runoff Generation, Climate and Nitrate-N Leaching from Forested Catchments1998In: Water, Air and Soil Pollution, ISSN 0049-6979, Vol. 105, no 1-2, 227-237 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 303.
    Andersson, Lotta
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Wilk, Julie
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Todd, Martin
    University College of London.
    Hughes, Denis
    Research Rhodes University, South Africa.
    Earle, Anton
    University of Pretoria, South Africa.
    Kniveton, Dominic
    University of Sussex, UK.
    Layberry, Russel
    University of Sussex, UK.
    Savenije, Hubert
    Delft University of Technology, Netherlands.
    Impact of climate change and development scenarios on flow patterns in the Okavango River2006In: Journal of Hydrology, ISSN 0022-1694, E-ISSN 1879-2707, Vol. 331, no 1-2, 43-57 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper lays the foundation for the use of scenario modelling as a tool for integrated water resource management in the Okavango River basin. The Pitman hydrological model is used to assess the impact of various development and climate change scenarios on downstream river flow. The simulated impact on modelled river discharge of increased water use for domestic use, livestock, and informal irrigation (proportional to expected population increase) is very limited. Implementation of all likely potential formal irrigation schemes mentioned in available reports is expected to decrease the annual flow by 2% and the minimum monthly flow by 5%. The maximum possible impact of irrigation on annual average flow is estimated as 8%, with a reduction of minimum monthly flow by 17%. Deforestation of all areas within a 1 km buffer around the rivers is estimated to increase the flow by 6%. However, construction of all potential hydropower reservoirs in the basin may change the monthly mean flow distribution dramatically, although under the assumed operational rules, the impact of the dams is only substantial during wet years. The simulated impacts of climate change are considerable larger that those of the development scenarios (with exception of the high development scenario of hydropower schemes) although the results are sensitive to the choice of GCM and the IPCC SRES greenhouse gas (GHG) emission scenarios. The annual mean water flow predictions for the period 2020-2050 averaged over scenarios from all the four GCMs used in this study are close to the present situation for both the A2 and B2 GHG scenarios. For the 2050-2080 and 2070-2099 periods the all-GCM mean shows a flow decrease of 20% (14%) and 26% (17%), respectively, for the A2 (B2) GHG scenarios. However, the uncertainty in the magnitude of simulated future changes remains high. The simulated effect of climate change on minimum monthly flow is proportionally higher than the impact on the annual mean flow. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 304.
    Andersson, Malin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Den mobila arbetsplatsens måltid: lastbilschaufförers upplevelser av mat, måltider och stress under arbetstid2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to examine truck drivers’ view on food and meals. What they value in food choices and meal situation and what affects how the meal is implemented in the mobile work. How food and eating habits are influenced by the perceived stress and time pressure at work is also studied, as well as strategies to deal with this. A further aim is to highlight the management’s and the union’s view on and their work with food and meal issues.

    This is a qualitative study, and semi-structured interviews were conducted with four truck drivers and a transport leader/personnel manager from a haulage company in southeast Sweden, and with a union safety representative.

    The newly hired and inexperienced drivers seemed to be most vulnerable to the negative aspects of stress. The ability to find the way in their routes came with experience and along came new strategies to manage and prevent stress. All participating drivers described themselves to be experienced by their profession and did not think that stress was a problem for them.

    Three aspects of the work meal were especially valued by the drivers; the social element, the healthy food and the meal as a time for recovery. The social element of the meal - to socialize with colleagues while eating, was considered the most important element in a pleasant meal.

    A transport leader/personnel manager from the haulage company and a union safety representative were also interviewed. Questions about food and meal were barely worked with at the time. These questions were still seen as important. Although, it was not clear who was responsible for the work related food and meal issues.

  • 305.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Bolander, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Förtroendeskapande och dess konstanta spel: En kritisk diskursanalys2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Massmedium utgör en viktig informationskanal för individen i samhället av idag. Det är allmänt känt att massmedier påverkar opinionsbildningen i samhället, dock inte i vilken utsträckning. Massmediers nyhetsförmedling öppnar antalet olika tolkningsmöjligheter vilka kan påverka förtroendet både positivt och negativt beroende på individens egna erfarenheter och i vilken utsträckning individen är beroende av massmedier i sin åsiktsbildning. Då förtroende konstant och regelbundet måste omförhandlas och aldrig får tas för givet har journalisten och massmediumet en avgörande betydelse i individens åsiktsbildning. Detta i och med att journalistens makt att genom språk och framställning i massmedier kan påverka den allmänna opinionen, vilken sedermera utgör en av grunderna i förtroendeskapandet.

  • 306.
    Andersson, Marika
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Health Science.
    Hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck: En kartläggning hos Värmlands läns berörda verksamheter och ideella organisationer2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kartläggningen var från början en del av ett uppdrag från regeringen till länsstyrelsen. Uppdraget innebar att Länsstyrelserna på regional nivå ska ansvara för kompetensstöd när det gäller våldsutsatta kvinnor, barn som har bevittnat våld och våldsutövare, däribland hedersrelaterat våld. Det fastställdes att länsstyrelserna ska lämna in en samlad redovisning av insatserna som vidtagits i varje län. En samlad bild av länet ska kunna redovisas september 2012. Syftet med denna undersökning var att se över vilken kunskap och vilket stöd verksamheter och ideella organisationer erbjuder personer som utsätts för hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck. För att uppnå syftet genomfördes en kvantitativ enkätundersökning i Värmland. Utifrån resultatet kunde det inte uteslutas att hedersrelaterat våld förekommer i länet, kunskapen var inte så stor gällande hedersrelaterade fall men ändå hade verksamheterna stöd och hjälp att erbjuda personer som utsätts för denna typ av våld.

  • 307.
    Andersson, Markus
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Arbetets värde. Om ungdomars uppfattningar kring arbetets betydelse.2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the perception of work of young men and women. A central problem that the study focus on is how young men and women value work, what do they expect to get out of work, and what are their experiences of work. The study also examines what work value and work mean for them. Eight young men and women between the ages of 22-25, currently working in different field, were interviewed. The individuals interviewed had different educational backgrounds. Verbatim-transcribed thematized interviews were analyzed from a phenomenographic perspective. This perspective is generally used to describe people’s variation views, experience and perceptions of a phenomenon.

    The result of the study is presented using two major categories with subcategories. The two main categories are work condition and social values of work. The category work conditions and related subcategories describe different aspect of what the participants in the study perceive is/are valuable with work or working, in other words, what they expect to get out of work. The other category, social values of work and related subcategories, touché different areas such as the participants perception of significance of work in a society, status of different professions, and the significance of work as an indicator of social position.

  • 308.
    Andersson, Niklas
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Environmental Science.
    Att hantera sopor i Ringdansen: En studie av hushållens perspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ringdansens bostadsområde som är del av Hyresbostäder i Norrköping miljöanpassades under slutet av 1990-talet. Sopstationer med fraktioner för olika avfall infördes. För många hushåll har detta system inneburit problem. Hyresbostäder vill försöka åtgärdaproblemen genom att göra bättre och tydligare information i soprummen.

    Genom intervjustudier undersöks hushållens önskemål och klagomål på det nuvarande systemet, den egna hanteringen av sopor samt motivationen bakom deras handlande. Resultaten visar atthushållen efterfrågar bättre och tydligare information. Vissa av soprummen upplevs som skräpiga och ofräscha. Hushållen sorterar mestadels av pliktkänsla samt av ekonomiska och miljömässiga orsaker.

  • 309.
    Andersson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Värdet av reell och formell kompetens2014In: Lärande i arbetslivet: möjligheter och utmaningar : en vänbok till Per-Erik Ellström / [ed] Henrik Kock, Linköping: Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande , 2014, 8-19 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    i detta kapitel diskuteras begreppen reell och formell kompetens och hur dessa är relaterade till varandra. Speciellt läggs fokus på hur den reella, faktiska, kompetens som utvecklas i olika sammanhang ges erkännande och värde på varierande sätt, och hur den reella kompetensen även kan ”omvandlas” till formell kompetens genom sådana processer som ofta kallas för validering. I detta sammanhang lyfts även begreppen bruksvärde och bytesvärde upp för att ringa in vad det är för slags värde som kunskap och kompetens har och tilldelas. Kompetensens värde relateras även till det som brukar betecknas kvalifikationer i arbetslivssammanhanget. Kapitlet tar därmed bland annat sin utgångspunkt i den modell för yrkeskunnande som Per-Erik Ellström beskrev 1992, och som fortfarande är värdefull för att förstå värdet av reell och formell kompetens.

  • 310.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Ellegård, Kajsa
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Everyday life of teachers in compulsory schools and folk high schools2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The teacher profession has certain conditions when it comes to time use. On the one hand, teaching is normally strictly scheduled during the day and week. Increasingly, at least in the Swedish context, also other duties are scheduled, like formal meetings and planning with colleagues. On the other hand, there is still a high degree of freedom when it comes to teachers’ use – in time and space – of the rest of the working hours. What is teachers’ everyday life like in a week perspective?

    In this paper we analyse and visualize the activity rhythm of teachers in compulsory school and non-formal adult education in the folk high school. The analysis is based on two data sets with similarities and differences. 3626 compulsory-school teachers filled in a one-day time diary each, on one of the weekdays Monday–Friday. 94 folk high school teachers filled in seven time diaries each, during a week Monday-Sunday. As data on compulsory-school teachers’ weekends are lacking, the focus will be activity patterns during weekdays, Monday–Friday.

    We use the data for an analysis based on basic time-geographic concepts (activities, projects and constraints) and methods (visualizations). We also discuss weaknesses and strengths of the whole week data collection and the one-day diaries, and the consequences of these different approaches for the analysis. E.g., the work rhythm of the week, in this paper focussing on the weekdays, can be identified on an individual level for the folk high school teachers, and the interweaving of work and private activities can be revealed in a week perspective. For the compulsory-school teachers, the data based on one-day diaries from different individuals mean that the rhythm of the week can be identified at aggregated level and day by day only, while the important day-to-day sequential flow of activities is lost.

    The results will show similarities and differences between teachers work in compulsory school and folk high school when it comes to the interweaving of teaching, planning, and administrative work-activities, and of work and private life. The influence of the schedule will also be identified in relation to time for breaks and recovery during the day.

  • 311.
    Andersson, Peter
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Deregulation and Internet: New challenges to postal services in Sweden2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The postal system is an old communication technology, now subject to internal competition from potential entrants and external from technological substitutes. This is a study of how the postal industry in Sweden responds to the dual challenge from deregulation and the Internet.

    The liberalisation process lasted throughout the 1990's. The role of actors for change is found to be crucial. The Post Office and the world's first new entrant on the postal market, City Mail, were the entrepreneurs working for change in the institutional framework. In the background were changing conditions in terms of increasing demand for postal services and a shift towards mass letters, technological improvements that made pre-sorting in computers possible and an ambiguous construction of the legal monopoly in Sweden. The most crucial issues after deregulation in 1993-94 have been access to common services and facilitates and the dominant incumbent's right to differentiate prices.

    The effects of the Internet and the use of e-mail on postal volumes are studied. Some substitution has already occurred and a further potential for it exists, particularly in certain segments like fmancial information. At the same time, communication in general is increasing, which appears to outweigh the negative effect on the demand for postal services. The evidence does not support the hypothesis of declining postal volumes.

    The effects on postal efficiency of the dual challenge are found to be positive but modest. The price structure has changed. The threat from the Internet has spurred some product innovation and strategic change whilst potential postal competition has been met by price adjustmentsand process innovation. The major effect is redistribution and the net effect on welfare is little. Owing to actual and potential competition, postal firms may not prosper in the future, but Post as a technology for communication probably will.

  • 312.
    Andersson, Petronella
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    När en höna har en räv bakom örat: reaktioner på interaktiva agenter när visuellt och verbalt uttryck inte passar ihop2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att ta reda på hur användare påverkas av gränssnittsagenter vars personlighet inte passar ihop med det visuella intryck de ger. Gränssnittsagenterna bestod i den här studien av en räv och en höna och de har testats på användare i ett deklarationssammanhang. Personligheten uttrycktes genom vad agenterna sade, och detta visades på datorskärmen i form av text i pratbubblor. Agenterna har manipulerats så att de vid hälften av betingelserna fått byta personlighet med varandra, alltså att hönan har presenterats med rävens personlighet och tvärt om. En kontrollgrupp har genomfört uppgiften utan att någon agent varit närvarande på skärmen. Efter genomförd deklaration har användarna fått fylla i en enkät där de ombetts uppskatta olika aspekter av agentens beteende. Försöket har avslutats med en intervju.

    Resultatet visar att närvaron av en agent påverkade användarens upplevelse av att deklarera. Agentens utseende och agentens personlighet var för sig påverkade olika aspekter av användarensupplevelse av till exempel tillit och attraktionsvärde. Dock kunde inga tydliga skillnader konstateras när agentens personlighet inte passade ihop med det visuella intryck agenten gav.

  • 313.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Fackförening i internationalisering. En studie av sex fackklubbars gränsöverskridande.2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This rapport examines six Swedish workplace unions, in manufacturing internationalised companies, degree of internationalised trade union work. The report is based on interviews with local shop stewards. All local workplace unions were in some form internationalised. They were placed in three different groups of strategies: Passive, Tactical and Strategic. The Passive union only tried to get information; the Tactical unions were reactive against initiative from company management and used the channels provided of Industrial Relation laws. The Strategic unions where acting from an analysis that demanded collaboration with foreign trade unions and were active in trying to build contacts.In discussing why a local workplace trade union become internationalised three explaining factors was constructed: A relation to the company which gave the union more information and resources than the minimum level of required legislation. Second; a strategic analysis involving a threat against the employees. And third; a belief that the trade union could make a difference.

  • 314.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mainstreaming av integration: Om översättning av policy och nätverksstyrning med förhinder inom den regionala utvecklingspolitiken, 1998 – 20072011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a case study of how the Swedish migrant policy is cross-sectorally translated into the regional development policy area: at national, regional and municipal levels. The study describes and analyzes first how the idea of integration through mainstreaming is translated into the regional development policy. Secondly it conducts an in-depth analysis of the Regional Growth Partnership in the region of Östergötland as well as various municipality based growth partnerships. Finally, the results are compared with the development of other Regional Growth Partnerships (21 in total) in Sweden.

    The thesis shows that there were high ambitions for implementing the idea of mainstreaming integration, including the use of network governance. This also was reflected in other objectives and decisions. But when these goals and decisions were to be transformed into activities, the mainstreaming they were not completed. All actors refrained from implementing the proposed mainstreaming model; but some did implement various forms of side-stream measures for migrants. The thesis reveals large differences between different actors and contexts. In some cases, they were close to meeting the requirements of mainstreaming, in others they chose not to try at all. The thesis also shows that hindrances to translations were negatively related to the categorizations of immigrants, lack of management skills and resources and a lack of knowledge about how to mainstream integration of immigrants.

  • 315.
    Andersson, Réka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gränsdragningar i Vårdens Vardag: Hanteringen av arbetsrelaterad psykisk ohälsa i det svenska välfärdssystemet2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mental ill health in working life is a major and growing problem in the welfare society. The problem is multifaceted and raises many questions about who is responsible, what kind of phenomenon it is and how it should be managed. This study examines how care professionals manage work-related mental ill health. Focusing on occupational healthcare and primary care, interest is directed towards how care professionals argue about workrelated mental illness, what dilemmas they face and the strategies they rely on in managing them. It also seeks to answer the question of responsibility regarding this complex problem, not least in the light of the privatization of occupational healthcare.

    The study uses a multidisciplinary perspective, combining concepts from technology and science studies (STS), sociology of professions and organizational theory in order to analyze various aspects of care management of work-related mental ill health. The empirical material is mainly based on interviews with physicians, psychotherapists, counsellors, occupational therapists, psychologists, rehabilitation coordinators and behavioral scientists, but also includes observations in primary care and occupational health care. The management of work-related mental ill health in everyday healthcare practice is characterized by the fact that the cause of the problem is complex, the division of responsibility unclear and that psychosocial causes of disease are controversial. The study discusses the challenges and possibilities of managing this complex problem in a broad sense. The analysis pays attention to the drawing of boundaries by the care professionals regarding both responsibility and the phenomenon of work-related mental illness. The concept of knowledge infrastructure is used to explain and understand the knowledge and material structures that the care professionals work within. The analysis shows that the care professionals have a pragmatic approach and use different strategies to create scope for dealing with work-related mental health.

  • 316.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Det dolda hotet2014In: Mooria Magasin, Vol. 1, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 317.
    Andersson, Sebastian
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Semantisk spegling: En implementation för att synliggöra semantiska relationer i tvåspråkiga data2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Semantiska teorier inom traditionell lingvistik har i huvudsak fokuserat på relationen mellan ord och de egenskaper eller objekt som ordet står för. Dessa teorier har sällan varit empiriskt grundade utan resultatet av enskilda teoretikers tankemödor som exemplifierats med ett fåtal ord. För användning inom översättning eller maskinöversättning kan ett ords betydelse istället definieras utifrån dess relation till andra språk. Översättning av text lämnar dessutom analyserbart material efter sig i form av originaltext och översättning som öppnar möjlighet för empiriskt grundade semantiska relationer. En metod för att försöka hitta enspråkiga semantiska relationer utifrån tvåspråkiga översättningsdata är semantisk spegling. Genom att utnyttja att ord är tvetydiga på olika sätt i källspråk och målspråk kan semantiska relationer mellan ord i källspråket hittas utifrån relationen till målspråket. I denna uppsats har semantisk spegling implementerats och applicerats på tvåspråkiga (svenska ochengelska) ordboksdata. Eftersom de enspråkiga relationerna i semantisk spegling tas fram utifrån ett annat språk har detta utnyttjats i arbetet för att även ta fram tvåspråkiga semantiska relationer. Resultatet har jämförts med befintliga synonymlexikon, utvärderats kvalitativt samt jämförts med ursprungsdata. Resultaten är av varierande kvalitet men visar ändå på potential hos metoden och möjlighet att använda resultatet som lexikal resurs inom till exempel lexikografi

  • 318.
    Andersson, Sofia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Mhamutovic, Naida
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Skyddszoner som fosforfällor: En studie om skyddszonernas förmåga att förhindra fosforläckage2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Phosphorus leaking from our fertilized arable land contributes to eutrophication of lakes and seas and travels among other things, with particles from fertilized soil. Straightening of rivers and ditching helps drained water travel quickly from the arable land lakes and seas. To avoid phosphorus leaking there are buffer zones that are placed between the field and the streams with the purpose of captivating the phosphorus. One previous study has shown that a risk occurs for phosphorus saturation on the lands adjacent to the streams (Borggaard, Moberg & Sibbesen 1991; Vought et al 1994; Svanbäck et al 2013).   

      

    This thesis aims to see if today’s buffer zones are saturated or can take up more phosphorus and if the difference in the type of soil matter to the result. The effects of pH and organic matter on the phosphorus content are also examined. The soils clay, moraine  and sand are studied in this thesis. The work also aims to demonstrate the changes in the landscape and history of the buffer zones.  

      

    Soil samples were collected from 15 buffer zones around Kristianstad. The samples were dried, sieved and then shaken with water containing a known amount of phosphorus. Uptake of phosphorus was then measured. Historical and contemporary maps were also studied to see the landscape change.  

      

    The analysis showed that nine out of fifteen zones were saturate. The three soil types each had three saturated zones and two unsaturated and the difference was not significant between the soil types. For the soil clay results showed that pH and organic matter content influenced the amount of phosphorus in which, a higher pH, showed a higher phosphorus content and the higher organic matter reviled a lower amount if phosphorus. For moraine results showed same as in clay but the relation between the organic matter and how it affected the phosphorus content was not significant. The result for the sand was that higher pH in the soil resulted to higher phosphorus content. The same effect was seen for the organic matter in sand which means that the phosphorus content rises with higher organic matter.   

    The buffer zones that we studied occur mostly on land that has been used as arable land for at least 100 years, while others have previously been used as wet- or other meadows or pastures. The areas that have been arable lands a long time have probably been fertilized heavily during the postwar period. Establishing buffer zones may therefore have contributed to recreate the landscape as it was before the rationalization of agriculture in the late 1950s. Buffer zones prevent erosion and help to preserve biodiversity both in the stream and buffer zone. Today's eligible zones may only be grassed but one could imagine future protection zones with salix / tree where the phosphorus is removed through the wood.  

  • 319.
    Andersson, Sten
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of History.
    Mellan SAP och Komintern : lokala kommunistiska strategier i Linköping och Norrköping2001In: Arbetarhistoria : meddelande från Arbetarrvrelsens arkiv och bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, Vol. 25, no 4, 64-68 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 320.
    Andersson, Stöt Ulrika
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Ekologiska återhämtningstider: Akvatiskt ekologiska återhämtningstider i ytvatten utifrån restaurering av fem svenska metallförorenade områden2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vattendirektivet som trädde i kraft år 2000, innebär ett helt nytt sätt att arbeta med vattenfrågorna i Sverige. Omfattande arbete pågår i Sverige för att ta fram underlag som de kommande vattenmyndigheterna kommer att behöva för att kunna arbeta enligt direktivets bestämmelser. En central del som måste utredas är hur lång den akvatiskt ekologiska återhämtningstiden är när restaureringar och efterbehandlingsåtgärder genomförts. Fem svenska efterbehandlingsprojekt med avseende på metallföroreningar har undersökts i en fallstudie. En översiktsstudie har genomförts på hur fterbehandlingssituationen för metallföroreningar ser ut i Sverige genom att personer vid samtliga av landets länsstyrelser har kontaktats. Överlag är uppföljningen av genomförda projekt ofullständiga och i de flesta fall har inga studier på den akvatiska ekologin gjorts. De fem projekten visar på att en återhämtning kan ske på ca fyra år. Om invandring av arter från mindre påverkade lokaler är begränsad eller om genomförda åtgärder inte är tillräckliga kan återhämtningen ta mer än tio år. Kraftigt skadade ekosystem kan bli obalanserade med dominerande arter som följd, vilket kan förlänga återhämtningstiden med flera år.

  • 321.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Eriksson, Miriam
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Närliten blir stor: ett företag på väg ut på den globala marknaden2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study about a company in Norrköping, called Stadium AB, and its first steps into the global market. We have studied how the conditions of the company have changed during their expansion.

    This study is not written from the viewpoint of business economics, it is rather a study from a cultural and social studies perspective.

    The study deals with subjects such as the globalization of society, organizational theories and leadership.

    The empiric material consists of Stadium’s staff magazine Tracks, the company’s swedish homepage on the Internet and an interview with Sussi Calås-Jonsson, Chief of the Department of Information at Stadium AB.

    A primary conclusion is that companies like Stadium have to adjust themselves to the demands of the customers. Stadium has chosen to create a “Code of Conduct”, which indicates the company’s standpoint when it comes to environmental issues. It also indicates that fur is no longer used in the company’s products. Another conclusion is that the companies on the global market should be aware of the fact that their outgoing information can be interpreted different in different parts of the World.

  • 322.
    Andersson, Sven
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Social scaling and children's graphic strategies: A comparative study of children's drawings in three cultures1994Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This cultural comparative study examines social scaling in children's drawings and whether children's formal graphic strategies follow the lines of traditional develop­mental stage models. Moreover, an attempt is made to develop methodological tools for comparative cultural research on children's social worlds.

    For this purpose, children in three communities were asked to make drawings of classroom life (fourth-graders) and their future family (fifth-graders). In total, 591 children were recruited from three settings: a Tanzanian town, a refugee settlement in Tanzania of the African National Congress, South Africa and a Swedish small-town. These settings were chosen in order to involve cultural variation in terms of pedagogical practices and child-rearing ideologies. Instead of absolute measures, relative rating scales (within drawings) were developed for the scoring of children's drawings and for the comparison of drawings between cultures.

    The findings of the present work lend support to the notion of social scaling, that is, social space in drawings (relative size, distances and degree of detailing, etc.) reflects children's hierarchies of importance. Thus, children's self-representations in relation to teacher representation vary with pedagogical practices across cultures. Swedish children produced more self-centered (child-centered) representations of classroom life than any of the African groups. The children in the traditional respect-oriented culture (Tanzanian town group) drew the most sociocentric and least child-centered representations, whereas children from South Africa produced drawings that were intermediate. Differences in social scaling were thus related to cultural differences in pedagogical practices and child-rearing ideologies. Likewise, children's social worlds, as reflected in family figure drawings, vary with child-rearing ideologies in the three different settings.

    The analyses of graphic strategies for both tasks indicated that the African groups employed X-ray strategies to a greater extent than the Swedish children. Quite contradictorily, if viewed from stage-type theorising, the African children simultaneously employed advanced projection systems to a greater extent than the Swedish children. Moreover, the children in the two African settings would in many cases combine these theoretically incompatible drawing strategies. A second analysis of formal graphic strategies showed that children in the two African settings independently employed the same specific local drawing conventions by depicting buildings in a non-representational way. Such local conventions are of theoretical interest in that they question representational models of drawing development. The present results challenge claims for universal or stage-type models in the way children's drawing develops. Instead, the results can be seen to support sociocultural approaches to child development.

  • 323.
    Andersson Tallec, Nina
    Department of Child and Youth Studies, Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies, Centre for the study of children's culture.
    BARNS TANKAR OM LYCKA: En kvalitativ undersökning av barns subjektiva uppfattning om lycka2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka vad lycka är och betyder för barn, enligt hypotesen att lyckan tenderar vara en central del i livet, där barns föreställningar kan tänkas ligga närmre psykologernas uppfattningar om lycka än filosofernas, då dessa de senares uppfattningar är mer komplicerade och mångdimensionella. Ansatsen är att jämföra barns uttalanden med forskningsrön kring lycka. Studien har sin utgångspunkt i ett filosofiskt frågeställande förhållningssätt, med den positiva psykologin som ram. Undersökningen presenteras i form av en deskriptiv studie av 121 barns reflektioner kring lycka. Den är huvudsakligen disponerad kring tre centrala delar: Vad lycka är, vilka förutsättningarna är för att bli och vara lycklig samt vad som medverkar till individens lycka. Studiens resultat visar till stor del på ett bekräftande av tidigare forskning. Barnens tankar om lycka är tätt sammanhängande med livsbejakande positiva känslor. Resultaten visar på vikten av det oumbärliga i nära relationer samt individens behov av aktivitet. Ytterligare visar resultaten på att människans inre upplevelser samt den egna inställningen inverkar på individens upplevelse kring lycka mer än vad påverkan från de omgivande yttre omständigheterna gör. Barnen uttrycker också i motsvarighet till flertalet vetenskapliga studiers utfall, att lyckans betydelse är så högt värderad att den i övervägande antal fall ses vara skäl till att leva. I studien redovisas också relativt nya resultat inom neurobiologisk forskning samt inom den positiva psykologins fält avseende lycka. Dessa visar på den tämligen entydiga slutsatsen att den mänskliga lyckonivån skapas och är påverkbar genom individens egna ageranden samt inre påverkan av de mentala processerna, hela livet. Studiens resultat visar att barnens uppfattningar inte befinner sig nära psykologernas resonemang, vilket inledningsvis var studiens antagande, utan snarare överensstämmer dessa med filosofernas tankegångar.

  • 324.
    Andersson, Therese
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Comparing ISO 14001 and ecoBUDGET as models for environmental management systems in municipal environmental management2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years several municipalities in Sweden and elsewhere have or are implementing environmental management systems (EMS) in parts of their organisation. The most common model to use for Swedish municipalities implementing an EMS is ISO 14001. Today EMS in municipalities is mainly focussing on the administrative aspect of environmental management- the internal environmental work in the municipalities. It is argued that ISO 14001 do not fit a political aspect of environmental management in municipalities but primarily fit and support the administrative perspective. ICLEI (International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives) has developed the ecoBUDGET manual as a model for implementing an EMS that specially would fit a political organisation like a municipality. In this context it is interesting to investigate similarities and differences between ecoBUDGET and ISO 14001 as models for EMS. The ambition of the study is to contribute to an understanding of what possibilities and limitations these models can have when working with EMS in a municipality.

    The overall aim of this study is to analyse and compare the effects of the two different EMSs, ecoBUDGET and ISO 14001, on municipal environmental management. Drawing from earlier research on effects of New Public Management reforms in Swedish municipalities, this study focuses on tree strongly connected dimensions of effects on the municipal environmental management as a consequence of implementing and using an EMS. The dimensions of effects studied are organisational borders, organisational structures and roles. Each of the EMS is studied from a theoretical as well as practical point of view. This means that ISO 14001 and ecoBUDGET are compared to each other, partly from standards texts and handbooks, partly from how they are applied in practise intwo Swedish municipalities, Växjö and Kalmar.

    Concerning EMS in municipalities according to ISO 14001 and ecoBUDGET as models similarities as well as differences could be found. Both of the models are based on the Deming concept the PDCA-cycle (Plan, Do, Check, Act). There is however no requirements on reducing environmental negative impacts in absolute terms. ISO 14001 and ecoBUDGET however have different focus and also therefore have different effects on municipal environmental management concerning organisational borders, organisational structures and environmental municipal roles.

  • 325.
    Andersson, Therése
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Costume Cinema and Materiality: Telling the Story of Marie Antionette through Dress2011In: Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 3, no 1, 101-112 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 326.
    Andersson, Therése
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Fashion, Market and Materiality: Along the Seams of Clothing2011In: Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 3, no 1, 13-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 327. Andersson, Åsa G.
    et al.
    Kamwendo, Kitty
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Appelros, Peter
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Fear of falling in stroke patients: relationship with previous falls and functional characteristics2008In: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, E-ISSN 1473-5660, Vol. 31, no 3, 261-264 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of this study were to determine the relationship between fear of falling and functional characteristics of patients after stroke as well as to determine what characterizes fallers who score high fall-related self-efficacy, and nonfallers who score low fall-related self-efficacy. Patients (n=140) treated in a stroke unit during a 12-month period were included. On follow-up, fallers were identified and patients answered the questions in the Falls Efficacy Scale, Swedish version (FES-S). Assessments of motor capacity, functional mobility and balance were also made. In univariate analysis, low fall-related self-efficacy was significantly associated with increased age, female sex, earlier falls, visual and cognitive impairment, low mood and impaired physical function. In multivariate analysis, only earlier falls and physical function remained significant. Twenty percent of the patients scored low fall-related self-efficacy without having experienced a fall, and 11% who experienced a fall scored high fall-related self-efficacy. Impaired physical function was significantly associated with scoring low fall-related self-efficacy, for both fallers and nonfallers. Fear of falling is significantly associated with poor physical function and earlier falls. Falls Efficacy Scale, Swedish version could add useful information to a fall risk analysis. Patients scoring low fall-related self-efficacy should be offered fall prevention measures whether they have fallen or not.

  • 328.
    Andersson-Sköld, Yvonne
    et al.
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Fallsvik, Jan
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Hultén, Carina
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Glaas, Erik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Climate change in Sweden - geotechnical and contaminated land consequences2008In: WSEAS International Conference on Environmental and Geological Science,2008, 2008, 52-57 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

         

  • 329.
    Andersson-Sköld, Yvonne
    et al.
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Fallsvik, Jan
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Hultén, Carina
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning.
    Glaas, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning.
    Climate change in Sweden - geotechnical and contaminated land consequences2008In: WSEAS International Conference on Environmental and Geological Science,2008, 2008, 52-57 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

         

  • 330.
    Anderzén-Carlsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Clinical Medicine.
    Kihlgren, Mona
    Skeppner, Gunnar
    Sörlie, Venke
    How physicians and nurses handle fear in children with cancer2007In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 22, no 1, 71-80 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on fear in children with cancer has often focused on interventions to alleviate fear related to medical procedures and less on how to meet the challenges related to existential fear. This study aimed to describe how experienced nurses and physicians handle fear in children with cancer. Ten nurses and physicians with more than 10 years of experience in child oncology from a university hospital in Sweden were interviewed, and a qualitative content analysis was performed on the data. Nurses' and physicians' handling of fear encompasses commitment and closeness and yet also a distancing from fear and its expressions

  • 331.
    Anderzén-Carlsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Clinical Medicine.
    Kihlgren, Mona
    Svantesson, Mia
    Örebro University, Department of Clinical Medicine.
    Sörlie, Venke
    Children's fear as experienced by the parents of children with cancer2007In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 22, no 3, 233-244 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is known that children with cancer experience and express fear, but little is found in the literature about how the parents experience their child's fear. This study aimed to highlight the parents' lived experience and understanding of their child's fear. Focus group interviews with 15 parents were performed. Data were analyzed through a phenomenological hermeneutic method. Fear in children with cancer is described by the parents as a multidimensional phenomenon, which is somehow difficult to identify. It appears in contrast to the absence of fear. The comprehensive understanding of the results reveals that the parents experience their children's fear as both a suffering and an ethical demand for the parents to answer.

  • 332.
    Andiloro, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Propagaming: Uncovering Propaganda In War Videogames2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the issue of propaganda in contemporary war themed videogames. Considering the current geopolitical situation on one hand, and the pervasiveness and widespread use of the videogame medium in general, and war videogames in particular, together with the collaboration between the military and the videogame industry, part of the wider military-entertainment complex, on the other hand, it cannot be excluded that military propaganda might be present in such digital media.

    This study explores through which persuasive techniques is propaganda manifest in war-themed videogames. The answer is achieved using theories of rhetoric and persuasiveness in videogames and by conducting a textual game analysis of 10 different war-themed videogames.

    A great number of persuasive techniques at work were found within the videogames, each of them working based on certain principles identified by previous literature. Through a limited set of options, players are exposed to the normalization of morally questionable acts such as civilian shooting and torture of enemy prisoners. The war videogames in question are not neutral in their playworld, mechanics, and playformance, and heavy and widespread use of propaganda can be found within them.

  • 333.
    Andin, Josefine
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fransson, Peter
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Dahlström, Örjan
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rudner, Mary
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Multiplication engages phonological networks in Broca's area differently for deaf signers and hearing non-signers2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In hearing individuals, multiplication relies mainly on the phonological loop while subtraction relies on the visuo-spatial sketchpad (VSSP; Lee & Kang, 2002). Little is known about arithmetic neural networks in deaf signers (DS). Since DS often perform worse than hearing non-signers (NH) on arithmetic in general and multiplication in particular (Traxler, 2000), we hypothesized that there are strategic differences between how groups recruit the phonological loop in multiplication, but not in subtraction, leading to differential activation of phonological processing areas in left inferior frontal gyrus (Broca’s area). We investigated this using a blocked fMRI-design in which nine DS and 17 HN matched on age, gender, education and non-verbal intelligence (Raven & Raven, 1998) were tested on tasks of multiplication, subtraction and phonology (rhyme). The contrasts rhyme versus multiplication and rhyme versus subtraction were examined across groups within the region of interest defined by a probability map of Broca’s area (Amunts, 1999). We observed a significant interaction between task (multiplication and rhyme) and group (F = 12.64, p = .034, FWE-corrected), where the HN showed higher activation for rhyme than for multiplication (T = 4.55, p = .001, FWE-corrected) whereas there were no differences in activations between tasks for DS. For subtraction versus rhyme no interaction with group was found. These results suggest that there are differences between DS and HN in the phonology dependent neural networks in Broca’s area used during multiplication, which may be part of the explanation for poorer performance in DS.

  • 334. Andreas, Ekvall
    The search for sustainability within humanitarian action – A case study on the environmental impact of the Dadaab refugee camp2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 335. Andrews, RA
    et al.
    Austin, C
    Brown, R
    Chen, YZ
    Engindeniz, Z
    Girouard, R
    Leaman, P
    Masellis, M
    Nakayama, S
    Polentsov, YO
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Sharing international experiences in disasters: summary and action plan2001In: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, ISSN 1049-023X, E-ISSN 1945-1938, Vol. 16, no 1, 42-45 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The discussions in this theme provided an opportunity to share specific experiences with disasters that occurred outside of the Asia-Pacific Rim. METHODS: Details of the methods used are provided in the preceding paper. The chairs moderated all presentations and produced a summary that was presented to an assembly of all of the delegates. Since the findings from the Theme 7 and Theme 3 groups were similar, the chairs of both groups presided over one workshop that resulted in the generation of a set of action plans that then were reported to the collective group of all delegates. RESULTS: The main points developed during the presentations and discussion included: (1) disaster response planning, (2) predetermined command and organizational structure, (3) rapid response capability, (4) mitigation, and (5) communications and alternatives. DISCUSSION: The action plans presented are in common with those presented by Theme 3, and include: (1) plan disaster responses including the different types, identification of hazards, training based on experiences, and provision of public education; (2) improving coordination and control; (3) maintaining communications assuming infrastructure breakdown; (4) maximizing mitigation through standardized evaluations, creation of a legal framework, and recognition of advocacy and public participation; and (5) providing resources and knowledge through access to existing therapies, using the media, and increasing decentralization of hospital inventories. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the problems that occurred outside the Asia-Pacific rim relative to disaster management are similar to those experienced within it. They should be addressed in common with the rest of the world.

  • 336.
    André, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Brunge, Johanna
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    The Swedish Insurance Sector’s View on Climate Risks - Adaptation Strategies to the consequences of current weather variations and expected climate change2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years Sweden has been struck by several cases of weather related property damage resulting from the severe flooding in 2000, 2002 and the storm Gudrun at the beginning of 2005. The importance of strategies enabling society to adapt to coming changes in weather patterns has been confirmed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as well within the international and national policy arena. It is reasonable to believe that the insurance sector would be among the first within the financial realm to feel the effects of expected climate change. This qualitative study aims to investigate how the Swedish insurance sector relates and deals with the consequences of current weather variations and expected climate change. Research areas of importance concern 1.The role of the insurance sector. 2. Knowledge and other actors and 3. Adaptation strategies, current and future.

    Comprehensive theories regarding adaptive strategies have been applied to the insurance company’s operations. The empirical material is based on interviews with relevant employees at the four largest insurance companies in Sweden as well with the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) and the Swedish Insurance Federation. The overall results show that the insurance sector considers the climate issue to be important to future operations; however, since Sweden has not yet been affected by climate change, they prefer, at this time at least, to monitor developments and gather knowledge. Due to their position on this matter, the insurance sector’s role in the climate debate is, generally speaking, considered to be minor whereas the more important actors are authorities, municipalities and the government. Reinsurance companies are seen as a significant player in the market due to many factors; most note ably that they indirectly have the capacity to affect the entire Swedish insurance sector by raising the costs for reinsurance premiums. However, the climate change issue is of importance yet, of higher relevance is adaptation to present weather variations.

  • 337.
    André, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Simonsson, Louise
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, Umeå.
    Gerger Swartling, Åsa
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Method development for identifying and analysing stakeholders in climate change adaptation processes2012In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 14, no 3, 243-261 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is now widely recognized that stakeholder interaction and dialogue is essential to improve decisions about and awareness of climate change. The term ‘stakeholder’ is broad and researchers and practitioners may have interrelated and contrasting views on who is a stakeholder or who is (or should be) responsible for adaptation to climate change. To engage stakeholders in research or other projects on adaptation thus requires a careful mapping of the stakeholder landscape and identification of relevant actors at different levels. Through a case study approach, based on studies of two Swedish urban regions, Stockholm and Gothenburg, this paper proposes a systematic method to analyse and identify roles and responsibilities in the stakeholder landscape. The initial mapping exercise was complemented by participatory studies of local and regional stakeholders’ perceptions of who is, or should be, involved in adaptation and their significance for climate change adaptation in the respective regions. The results indicate the value of careful stakeholder analysis for sustainable, effective, planned adaptation that is flexible, but also systematic enough to fulfil practical and scientific requirements for the study and advancement of ongoing adaptation processes and implementation.

  • 338.
    Andréasson, Ester
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Förändring, organisering och makt –en studie av teknikens roll i en lokal offentlig organisation2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Papperet utgör ett första utkast till slutsatskapitel i min licentiatavhandling. I papperet ges även en kort presentation av licentiatavhandlingens övriga delar.

     

    Det empiriska material som ligger till grund för licentiatavhandlingens analys utgörs av en fallstudie av införandet av ett integrerat IT-system i ett svenskt landsting. Genom en rik empirisk beskrivning av detta strategiskt utvalda fall och en analys av empirin utifrån teorier kring implementering och strukturering har kunskap och förståelse för samspelet mellan teknik och organisation i en offentlig vårdorganisation utvecklats.

     

    I papperet presenteras avhandlingens slutsatser samlade under tre kritiska teman som har identifierats i den studerade processen. Dessa rör spänningen mellan värderingar i den privata och offentliga sektorn, synen på tekniken som en aktör möjlig att känna tillit till samt interaktionen mellan sociala och tekniska system.

     

    Ett av licentiatavhandlingens bidrag är att den dragit fram en i statsvetenskapliga sammanhang ofta dold aktör –tekniken– och därmed visat på teknikens betydelsefulla roll i offentlig verksamhet. Avhandlingen har också bidragit med ett konkret exempel på hur gränserna mellan privat och offentlig sektor suddas ut i informationssamhället, och vilka konsekvenser detta får för organisering och arbetsvardag i en lokal offentlig organisation.

  • 339. Andrén, Thomas
    et al.
    Lindeberg, Greger
    Andrén, Elinor
    Evidence of the final drainage of the Baltic Ice Lake and the brackish phase of the Yoldia Sea in glacial varves from the Baltic Sea2002In: Boreas, ISSN 0300-9483, E-ISSN 1502-3885, Vol. 31, 226-238 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A clay-varve chronology based on 14 cross-correlated varve graphs from the Baltic Sea and a mean varve thickness curve has been constructed. This chronology is correlated with the Swedish Time Scale and covers the time span 11 530 to 10 250 varve years BP. Two cores have been analysed for grain size, chemistry, content of diatoms and changes in colour by digital colour analysis. The final drainage of the Baltic Ice Lake is dated to c. 10800 varve years BP and registered in the cores analysed as a decrease in the content of clay. This event can be correlated with atmospheric D 14 C content and might have resulted in an increase in these values recorded between 11565 and 11545 years BP. The results of the correlation between the varve chronology from the Baltic Sea, the Greenland GRIP ice core and the atmospheric D 14 C record indicate that c. 760 years are missing in the Swedish Time Scale in the part younger than c. 10 250 varve years BP. A change in colour from a brownish to grey varved glacial clay recorded c. 10 770 varve years BP is found to be the result of oxygen deficiency due to an increase in the rate of sedimentation in the early Preboreal. The first brackish influence is recorded c. 10 540 varve years BP in the northwestern Baltic Sea and some 90 years later in the eastern Gotland Basin.

  • 340.
    Angelstam, Per
    et al.
    Faculty of Forest Sciences, School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skinnskatteberg.
    Andersson, Kjell
    Faculty of Forest Sciences, School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skinnskatteberg.
    Annerstedt, Matilda
    Department of Work Science, Business Economics & Environmental Psychology, Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp.
    Axelsson, Robert
    Faculty of Forest Sciences, School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skinnskatteberg.
    Elbakidze, Marine
    Faculty of Forest Sciences, School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skinnskatteberg.
    Garrido Rodriquez, Pablo
    Faculty of Forest Sciences, School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skinnskatteberg.
    Grahn, Patrik
    Department of Work Science, Business Economics & Environmental Psychology, Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Man and Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Pedersen, Simen
    Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Faculty of Applied Ecology and Agricultural Sciences, Hedmark University College, Evenstad.
    Schlyter, Peter
    Environmental and Resource, Dynamics Group, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University.
    Skärbäck, Erik
    Department of Work Science, Business Economics & Environmental Psychology, Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp.
    Smith, Mike
    Forest Research, Northern Research Station, Centre for Human and Ecological Sciences, Roslin.
    Stjernquist, Ingrid
    Environmental and Resource, Dynamics Group, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University.
    Solving problems in social-ecological systems: definition, practice and barriers of transdisciplinary research2013In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, Vol. 42, no 2, 254-265 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Translating policies about sustainable development as a social process and sustainability outcomes into the real world of social-ecological systems involves several challenges. Hence, research policies advocate improved innovative problem-solving capacity. One approach is transdisciplinary research that integrates research disciplines, as well as researchers and practitioners. Drawing upon 14 experiences of problem-solving, we used group modeling to map perceived barriers and bridges for researchers' and practitioners' joint knowledge production and learning towards transdisciplinary research. The analysis indicated that the transdisciplinary research process is influenced by (1) the amount of traditional disciplinary formal and informal control, (2) adaptation of project applications to fill the transdisciplinary research agenda, (3) stakeholder participation, and (4) functional team building/development based on self-reflection and experienced leadership. Focusing on implementation of green infrastructure policy as a common denominator for the delivery of ecosystem services and human well-being, we discuss how to diagnose social-ecological systems, and use knowledge production and collaborative learning as treatments.

  • 341.
    Angen Rye, Ståle
    et al.
    Høgskolen i Agder.
    Simonsen, Pål Aarsand
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies.
    IKT i skolens utvikling2003In: IKT som prosjekt i skolen, Bergen: Fagbok forlaget , 2003, 122-138 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 342.
    Angen Rye, Ståle
    et al.
    Høgskolen i Agder.
    Simonsen, Pål Aarsand
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies.
    Mellom tradisjon og ny teknologi2004Report (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    International Relations Theory and the Problem of Internal Order after the Cold War2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 344.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The International Dimensions of Ethnic Conflict2001In: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, ISSN 1057-610X, E-ISSN 1521-0731, Vol. 24, no 1, 59-69 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 345.
    Angstrom, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The sociology of Studies of Ethnic Conflict2000In: Civil Wars, ISSN 1369-8249, Vol. 3, no 3, 23-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 346.
    Ankarloo, Bengt
    Lunds universitet.
    Revisionister och nyjakobiner: En historikerstrid inför tvåhundraårsminnet av 17891989In: Kronos : historia i skola och samhälle, ISSN 1100-1208, no 1, 39-42 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Om den stora franska revolutionen har Francois Furet nyligen sagt, att den nu äntligen efter två sekel har blivit ett "kallt" objekt, som man kan studera utan politisk lidelse.- Redan hans egna arbeten visar emellertid, att liket fortfarande kan sprattla. Furet tillhör den inflytelserika grupp av anti-marxistiska "revisionister", som på sistone har levererat ett generalangrepp mot den etablerade bilden av revolutionen som en i första hand socialt betingad omvälvning, en borgerskapets triumf över den gamla ordningen. Den bilden var mycket riktigt Marx', men den har också sedan decennier ingått i våra elementäraste läroböcker och förmodligen också i det allmänna medvetandet långt ut på den svenska högerkanten. Med en viss förenkling kan man säga, att den i sin moderna, lite allmänt historiematerialistiska form härrör från Albert Mathiez, Georges Lefebvre och Albert Soboul, efter varandra innehavare av professuren i revolutionshistoria vid Sorbonne, Soboul tillika aktiv inom clet franska kommunistpartiet. Och det är alltså i harnesk mot dessa nyjakobiner, som motståndarna under de senaste decennierna har slutit sig samman och knutit an till den revisionistiske pionjären, engelsmannen Alfred Cobban.

  • 347.
    Anmyr, Lena
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Olsson, Mariann
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Larsson, Kjerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation.
    Freijd, Anders
    Children with hearing impairment: living with cochlear implants or with hearing aids2011In: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, ISSN 0165-5876, E-ISSN 1872-8464, Vol. 75, no 6, 844-849 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    The aim of this study was to enhance knowledge about the life circumstances of children with cochlear implants or hearing aids, regarding daily functioning and attitude to the impairment.

    Methods

    Data were obtained from 36 children with cochlear implants and 38 children with hearing aids via study-specific questionnaires with fixed answer alternatives. The questions covered (1) usage of aids and related factors, (2) hearing in different everyday situations, (3) thoughts about the children's own hearing and others’ attitudes to it, and (4) choice of language. The data were analyzed using SPSS, and presented via the theoretical frame of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Child and Youth version (ICF-CY).

    Results

    Children with CI and HA functioned equally well in daily life, but there were also certain differences. Symptoms from neck and shoulders were more common among children with hearing aids than among children with cochlear implants (p < .001). Children with hearing aids used their aids significantly less often than those with cochlear implants (p < .001). The participation variables showed that children with hearing aids had significantly more hearing problems in team sports (p = .033) and outdoor activities (p = .019), in comparison to children with cochlear implants. The two groups had similar thoughts regarding their own hearing, mostly considering it not to be a problem. They also did not generally think that other people found their hearing to be a problem.

    Conclusions

    Children with cochlear implants and children with hearing aids have, in some aspects, equally good functioning in everyday life situations. However, certain differences were found in dimensions of functioning, regarding neck and shoulder pain, usage of aids and sign language, and hearing problems in some activities.

  • 348.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Blomé, Gunnar
    Malmö Högskola, Urbana studier.
    Uthyrningspolicys och förmedlingsstrategier i kommuner och bostadsföretag2015In: Social hållbarhet med fokus på bostadsrenovering. En antologi: Uthyrningspolicys och förmedlingsstrategier i kommuner och bostadsföretag / [ed] Hans Lind och Kristina Mjörnell, Sustainable Integrated Renovation, Rapport 2015:4 , 2015, 1, 151-168 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antologin om social hållbarhet har skrivits inom ramen för den starka forskningsmiljön om hållbar integrerad renovering, SIRen. De som bidragit till antologin kommer både från akademi, institut och näringsliv och representerar olika discipliner och aktörer. Vi vill främst tacka alla författare som har varit med och bidragit med sin värdefulla kunskap och sina perspektiv på vad social hållbarhet kan innebära. Vi vill också passa på att tacka de deltagande företagen och organisationerna som aktivt deltar med sin kompetens, erfarenhet och egen tid. Sist men inte minst vill vi tacka Forskningsrådet Formas för värdefullt stöd som gjorde det möjligt att författa bidragen, redigera texter och trycka antologin. Hans Lind, professor på KTH och Kristina Mjörnell, senior forskare på SP och adjungerad professor på LTH har ansvarat för redigering och sammanställning av antologin. Margareta Widegren har lagt in texterna i en gemensam form och Louise Quistgaard och Jenny Lööf på SP har gjort framsidan så att antologin har fått en fin layout.

  • 349.
    Annosi, Maria Carmela
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
    FOSS, Nicolai J
    Martini, Antonella
    Magnusson, Mats
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
    A Multilevel Framework for Organizational Learning in Self-Managed Team Organizations: an abductive micro-foundations studyManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on the social cognitive learning perspective, this study advances a multilevel theory of organizational learning for team-based organizations, which integrates principles of cognition and motivation through team-level self-regulation mechanisms. We highlight and unpack these mechanisms, which have long been treated as black boxes in organizational learning research. We describe them using an empirical case from a multinational company, and we reveal their potential to affect motivation and socio-cognitive functions in self-managing teams. We also clarify the complexity of their relationships through a set of propositions and provide a definition of the team-level self-regulation mechanisms constructs.

  • 350.
    Annosi, Maria Carmela
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
    Hemphälä, Jens
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
    Magnusson, Mats
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Integrated Product Development.
    Martini, Antonella
    Peonia, Laura
    The dual control systems of agile teams: exploring knowledge management issues2014In: IFKAD 2014: 9th International Forum on Knowledge Asset Dynamics, 2014, 1907-1931 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - This paper aims to contribute to the exploration of micro-foundations for innovation in autonomous team-based firms. It describes how different types of management control systems influence the innovation performance of teams through an extensive field study of a large scale agile implementation. It reveals the moderating role played by different kinds of managerial control systems and by perceived time pressure on teams in the relationship between a team's absorptive capacity and its innovation performance. Design/methodology/approach - A total of 44 individual semi-structured interviews were used to collect data over three separate data collection stages conducted from August to November 2013. All data were triangulated with the qualitative content analysis results of free comments from 121 people, covering different agile roles in the same organizations as above, and embedded in a survey performed in August 2013. Due to the complexity of the topic and the lack of prior studies investigating the effect of agile implementation on team learning and innovation capabilities, an abductive research approach (Peirce, 1931) was selected as a suitable method. Originality/value - The empirical results indicate that a team's beliefs on the importance of learning strongly influence its self-regulated learning behaviours. They represent the configuration of AC meta-routines underlying the concept of absorptive capacity (Lewin et al., 2011) at the team-level, conducive to teams' exploration activities. Moreover, the antecedents for a team's exploitative and exploratory innovation activities are presented and two types of managerial controls for driving exploitative innovation activities are identified. Additionally, team-level absorptive capacity was analysed, since it is a less explored, but important construct, leading to a team's exploitative product innovation. Practical implications - This study's findings have a number of implications for practice. The results imply that autonomous team-based organizations may be better off not using one single standard control system to manage all their teams. In fact, beyond securing a team's access to knowledge, management needs to provide teams with differentiated means to develop necessary competencies and capacities for understanding, assimilating and using the knowledge they retrieve. In addition, management should influence a team's beliefs by valuing the tasks requiring innovation and transmitting sustainable values to teams through their mission and vision statements.

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