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  • 29201.
    Österman, Marcus
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Palme, Joakim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ruhs, Martin
    European University Institute.
    Free Movement versus European Welfare States?: Variations of the Fiscal Effects of EU Migrants across Welfare State Regimes2023Ingår i: Politics & Society, ISSN 0032-3292, E-ISSN 1552-7514Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Strong claims have been made about the incompatibility between large-scale migration and advanced welfare states. The free movement of workers within the European Union (EU) offers an interesting case for the study of the fiscal effects of unrestricted labor migration in different types of welfare states This article therefore investigates the alleged tension between advanced welfare states and liberal migration policies by analyzing how the fiscal effects of EU migrants vary across European welfare state regimes. In contrast to arguments commonly made in public debates, we argue and explain why theoretical reasoning should lead us to expect limited differences in fiscal effects of EU migrants in different welfare states. The empirical analysis, covering twenty-nine countries during 2004–15, shows that the net fiscal impact of EU migrants in the different welfare state regimes of West European countries is positive, and we find no major differences in the fiscal impacts of EU migrants across Western regimes. These results from the EU case cast doubts on the claim that advanced welfare states are incompatible with large-scale immigration because of adverse fiscal effects, and on the idea that broad institutional characteristics of welfare states have substantial consequences for the fiscal impact of migration.

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    ÖstermanPalmeRuhs_FreeMovement
  • 29202.
    Österman, Marcus
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS).
    Robinson, Darrel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Educating Democrats or Autocrats?: The regime-conditional effect of education on support for democracy2023Ingår i: Political Studies, ISSN 0032-3217, E-ISSN 1467-9248, Vol. 71, nr 4, s. 1298-1320Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Political science has long viewed education as an instrumental factor in developing support for democracy and beneficial for democratization. However, governments, both democratic and authoritarian, have substantial control over the curriculum and develop education institutions with the specific aim to instill in students the norms and values that underpin the regime. With this in mind, this study asks, does the effect of education vary by the political regime in which education was undertaken? We use a quasi-experimental approach exploiting European compulsory schooling reforms, implemented under both democratic and authoritarian regimes, to answer this question. We find that education has no effect on principle and functional support for democracy, but that education’s effect on satisfaction with democracy is conditional on regime type. For those educated under a democratic regime, education led to greater satisfaction with democracy, whereas those educated under an authoritarian regime became less satisfied with democracy.

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    fulltext
  • 29203.
    Östervall, Albin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Belief in Karma and Political Attitudes2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Many scholars have discussed the sociopolitical consequences of belief in karma but few have investigated such relationships quantitatively. This study aims to establish empirical patterns concerning the connection between karmic beliefs and attitudes related to (i) political ideology, (ii) ableism, and (iii) views on the death penalty. The study’s theoretical framework is based on a Weberian approach to the study of beliefs (viewing beliefs as having attitudinal implications) and the theory of motivated social cognition. It uses original survey data from an MTurk sample of 330 Indians, which is analyzed through a series of regression models. When using demographic variables as controls, karmic beliefs are shown to correlate significantly (p<0.001) with three conservative dispositions (status quo conservatism, laissez-faire conservatism, authoritarianism); political approval of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party; ideological self-placement; ableist attitudes, and with disapproval of the death penalty. Karmic beliefs are also shown to correlate significantly with social class, and with right-wing views across both social classes and castes. Given these findings, I argue that karmic beliefs are likely to affect various political outcomes in India via their role in shaping the moral and political frameworks of the Indian population.

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  • 29204.
    Östervall, Albin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Den fria viljans politik: En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan tro på fri vilja och politiska uppfattningar2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Is there a relationship between how one views free will – a concept related to issues of moral responsibility and agency – and one’s political opinions? To answer this question, I constructed a survey based on questions from the SOM Institute’s opinion polls and the FAD-Plus index for measuring free will beliefs. The survey asked a sample of 348 Swedish speakers about their views on free will, political ideology, party preferences, and policy preferences regarding punishment and redistribution. Responses were analyzed through a series of regression models. The results show that a stronger belief in free will is positively correlated with party preference and ideology, with right-leaning voters having a generally stronger sense of free will. Furthermore, the study also finds that stronger belief in free is positively correlated with retributive views on punishment, support for harsher sentencing, and support for capital punishment, while negatively correlated with support for a proposal that the state should increase its efforts to reduce income inequality. The adjusted R2 values of the regression models illustrate that views on free will explain a greater deal of variance in self-assigned ideological placement and party preference than common demographic variables often used to predict political leanings, such as gender, age, income, and education level. The study concludes by pointing out possible directions for future research.

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    Den fria viljans politik
  • 29205.
    Östevik, Elise
    Försvarshögskolan.
    An examination of local resilience against violent Islamic extremism in Sweden2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis seek to examine the area of resilience in the context of violent Islamic extremism in Sweden. Its goal is to probe a theoretical typology of resilience to explore its contribution to a more precise description of local resilience against violent Islamic extremism in Sweden. The aim is explored through the systematization of four resilience approaches believed to be useful in the context of violent extremism; the Homeostatic approach, the Autopoietic approach, the Micro-politics approach and the Civic approach. Local resilience is analyzed within a single case study by using nine interviews, national and local strategies against violent extremism as well as a grounded theory approach to qualitative data analysis. The research identifies that the most prominent factors perceived to characterize local resilience consist of work to promote democracy, human rights and equality. Another finding is that the systematization of the field can contribute to a clearer description of perceived characteristics and local resilience, enabling the realization of differences in resilience approaches and the division of them connected to different levels in society. Another finding is the potential difference in resilience perceptions which can be identified between actors forming strategies and actors implementing the same strategies.

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  • 29206.
    Östevik, Elise
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Just War Tradition and the War on Terror: A Discourse Analysis of the American response to September 11, 20012017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to assess the applicability of the Just War Tradition to a declaration of war on terrorism. The specific content that the paper will be analysing is the U.S. decision to declare war on terror in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks. I will be focusing on three conditions used to justify preemptive attacks, which are essential to the Just War Tradition. (i.e. the scope of the self, the existence of evidence, and military intervention as a last resort). The method used, will be discourse analysis, focusing on how the United States justified their decision to go to war on terror. This study suggests that the U.S. justification was built upon their knowledge and use of the principles of the JWT. The findings shows that the conditions of a justified preemptive attack can be applied to the U.S. justification to declare war on terror. However, when the three conditions are applied, some important questions and implications arise. The main interpretation of the findings is that problems arise when the scope of the self is defined too widely. This, in combination with further implications, indicates that there is a need for a more structured framework in which terrorism can be analysed.

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  • 29207.
    Östgren Gustafson, Daniel
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Förtroendeklyftan: politiskt deltagande och förtroende i Europa och Sverige2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to study causes for the lack of political trust in Europe and especially in Sweden. The essay starts with a presentation of two theories about the reasons for low political trust. Robert D. Putnam among others presents a theory that gives social capital an important role when viewing the low political trust. As Putnam sees it a person that participates in any kind of organization, political or not, develop trust for other human beings that in the long run affects political trust. Pippa Norris on the other hand is convinced that political trust is connected to the performance of political institutions. She claims that for example corruption is strongly relates to political trust. The citizens of a country in which corruption is common will not trust politicians as much as the citizens in a nation where corruption is lower. In this essay, I present the current levels of trust in politicians and parliament in the countries that participate in the cross-national public opinion survey European social Survey (ESS). The investigation shows that Denmark, Finland and Switzerland have got the highest levels of political trust and that Poland, Czech Republic and Portugal have got the lowest. My analysis shows that neither gender nor age makes any difference in political trust. The comparison between political trust and participation leads to the conclusion that citizens that participate in politics have more political trust irrespective of which kind of organization they participate in. I also compare political trust and a corruption index. That comparison shows that a high level of corruption is related to a lowlevel of political trust.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 29208.
    Östgård, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Mottagande av ensamkommande flyktingbarn i Bromölla kommun: ett fall av misslyckad integration?2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Integration är en diskussion som är högt på agendan i Sverige. Mitt syfte har med denna uppsats varit att ta reda på hur ensamkommande flyktingbarn får chans att integreras i Bromölla kommun. Mina frågeställningar har varit: I vilken grad har integrationsmålen uppnåtts? Hur kan implementeringsresultatet förklaras? På vilka sätt skulle man kunna utveckla verksamheten till det bättre i Bromölla?

     

    Jag har valt att använda mig av implementeringsteori och har mätt hur integrationsmålen implementerats i verkligheten. Implementeringsteorin jag har valt att använda är ”uppifrån och ner”. Kvalitativ fallstudie har varit min metod. Jag har inte kunnat generalisera, men jag har fått en överblickssyn som jag har kunnat jämföra med tidigare forskning. Min uppsats tar reda på om integrationsmålen har implementerats på ett tillfredsställande sätt för ensamkommande flyktingbarn som kommer till Bromölla kommun. Jag intervjuar flyktingbarn, gode män, före detta personal på HVB-boendet, socialsekreterare och överförmyndare. De får ge sin personliga bild av mottagandet i kommunen.

     

    Jag kommer fram till att det finns brister i mottagandet av ensamkommande flyktingbarn som kommer till Bromölla. Det råder en samstämmighet bland mina respondenter angående rådande brister och vad man skulle kunna göra för förbättringar. Med mina kvalitativa intervjuer kan jag inte generalisera, men utifrån materialet jag fått fram ter det sig så. 

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    fulltext
  • 29209.
    Östhol, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Politisk integration och gränsöverskridande regionbildning i Europa1996Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study starts out with the hypothesis that the integration process in Europe is connected to cross-border régionalisation, a process which supports the institutionalization of subnational cross-border cooperation - region-building. Cross-border régionalisation is characterized by the decentralisation of vertical links and enhanced opportunities for horizontal links across state borders. In addition, political integration is expected to have some impact on the cross-border institutional forms that emerge at the subnational level. Three different approaches are utilized in order to establish the empirical connection between political integration and region-building. These are: an analysis of the factors which determine the general pattern of cross-border cooperation in Europe, an analysis of the policy network related to the regional and structural policies of the European Union (EU), and case studies of cooperation in the heartland of Europe, the Regio Basiliensis along the external border of the EU, and the EUREGIO along one of the internal borders.

    Two institutional factors are found to have a significant impact on the number of subnational cross-border cooperations, EU-membership and centrality. Federal constitution was shown not to be significant. It is suggested that the interaction between actors at different politico- administrative levels creates network relations, which typically bring both private and public actors together. More precisely, region-building is described as the outcome of the interaction which takes place between actors. A closer examination of the emerging policy network shows that community initiatives, the Interreg-programme in particular, improve the prospects for multi­level interaction. The EU plays a crucial role in providing the incentives for cooperation by increasing resource dependency and by establishing direct ties between the European Commission and a large number of subnational actors through partnerships. It appears as if the Commission wishes to demonstrate its capacity to deal with problems relevant to individual citizens. By, in part, bypassing central governments, it seems to increase its own importance vis- à-vis member states. The modus vivendi of cross-border region-building and régionalisation is the degree to which institutional actors at different levels share the same objectives. As shown by the case studies, there is a common interest in cross-border cooperation up to the point were public statues are introduced. Interests seem to coincide as long as the structures and contents of cross-border cooperation do not ultimately challenge the authority of state institutions. Therefore, it is not surprising that it seems impossible to give cross-border regions any rights under international law. Functional cooperation, rather than regionalist manifestations of cultural or political unity across borders, constitutes the backbone of region-building. Activities transcending borders are less controversial than those that may contribute to the establishment of new borders.

    It is concluded that region-building is a process which is embedded in the institutionalization of a multi-level interaction pattern. More favourable multilevel relations have been achieved through the transfer of some authority to the supranational level. This is the main reason why traditional integration theory fails to explain why there is a connection between political integration and cross-border cooperation.

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    Politisk integration och gränsöverskridande regionbildning i Europa
  • 29210.
    Östin, Emma
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Desynchronized pathways of contentious politics: The interplay between digital social movements and political parties on the digital electoral arena2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the interplay between digital social movements and political parties on social media. The overarching aim of the thesis is to contribute to the understanding of how the digitalization of the electoral arena has transformed social movements, and how this affects the political parties' perceptions of them. The theoretical framework consists of three analytical lenses to conceptualize this interplay, these are George and Leidner’s (2019) categorization and classification of digital activism, Gunnar Sjöblom’s (1968) theory on partystrategies in a multiparty system, and Anne Kaun’s (2017) concept desynchronization. Acombination of methods is used, including network analysis and interviews, to explore this interplay. The results of the study indicate that there is a desynchronization in the practices of digital social movements and Swedish political parties.

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    fulltext
  • 29211.
    Östin, Emma
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Gräsrotskulturens roll i en kulturhuvudstad: En undersökning av motdiskursen mot Umeå20142019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    En av EU:s största största satsningar för att sammanföra européerna är det årliga utnämnandet av en europeisk kulturhuvudstad. Målet med projektet är att lyfta Europas kulturella mångfald och rikedom. Men i dessa kulturhuvudstäder som ämnar att främja den lokala kulturen finns en trend där gräsrotskulturen gör motstånd, ett sådant exempel finns i Umeå som var kulturhuvudstadsår 2014. Denna uppsats undersöker med stöd av T.V. Reeds teori om sociala rörelser samt med Laclau och Mouffes diskursanalys den motdiskurs och kulturella aktivism som bildades inom Umeås gräsrotskultur. Därtill utreds vikten av det gemensamma skapandet av kulturella produkter som ett verktyg för bildandet av rörelser. Resultatet av undersökningen är att två huvudsakliga teman kan identifieras inom motdiskursen samt en bekräftelse på att de kulturella produkter som skapades hade en förenande effekt på en annars heterogen gräsrotskultur.  

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  • 29212.
    Östling, Anders
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Varsamhetskravet och förvanskningsförbudet: Gällande rätt med utgångspunkt i MÖD 2019:252024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Plan- och bygglagstiftningen i Sverige är utformad för att värna om kulturvärden i byggnader och byggnadsområden. Detta ställer högre krav på fastighetsägare till dessa byggnader, då de omges av fler regler än konventionella byggnader och byggnadsområden. En byggnad med höga värden får inte förvanskas, och ändringar av byggnader generellt ska utföras varsamt. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur rättstillämpningen av förvanskningsförbudet och varsamhetkravet i Plan- och bygglagen har sett ut historiskt, med fokus på ett avvikande rättsfall, MÖD 2019:25 för att undersöka dess eventuella prejudicerande verkan.

    Åtta rättsfall, som har behandlats i Mark- och Miljööverdomstolen mellan 2019-2024, har analyserats. Resultatet indikerar ett visst prejudikatvärde i MÖD 2019:25, tillsammans med ett förtydligande.

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  • 29213.
    Östling, Axel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Internationell moral enligt realismen: En tolkning av traditionens ursprung i antiken2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    What is morality’s place within realist theories of international politics? Often realism is disregarded for having little to offer on the matter. Whilst recent research suggests this is something of a misconception, seldom have realists themselves been asked if and where any moral philosophy belongs inside their perspectives, respectively, on world politics. This is probably unfair, and not a little strange, as several realists throughout the history of international political thought have in fact had much to say about what becomes of morality between states. This paper presents a small selection of those most important contributions to the realist literature, with a particular view towards what has been said on morality within them. Identified are a handful of instances where influential realists have indeed commented on what becomes of morality in international politics, with each example then taken to be useful in some way. Next is proposed something like a complement to them, by way of reading differently the origins of the classical realist tradition. This alternative reading requires first that we consider the ancient Greek sophist Protagoras as having had something important to say about morality and about human nature in Plato’s dialogue named after him. Second, we must ask whether Protagorean moral philosophy can at all be considered relevant to the development of realist theory. I argue that it can, and suggest that we ought therefore to revisit the realist tradition's ancient Greek origins, adding next to the name Thucydides that of his contemporary Protagoras as having been first to exemplify realist theory in the history of Western international political thought.

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  • 29214.
    Östling, Johan
    Försvarshögskolan.
    En känsla av utsatthet ger ett starkare försvar!2024Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The willingness to defend the nation is high in Sweden. This thesis explores the links between the willingness to defend the country and perceptions of vulnerability. Utilizing a survey administered to members of the Swedish Home Guard, pertinent data was collected and analyzed. The findings of this study demonstrate a positive association between the degree of perceived threat and the sense of vulnerability experienced. Consequently, heightened feelings of vulnerability correspond with an increased willingness to engage in defensive actions and safeguard the nation. Moreover, regional disparities in geographical settings influence attitudes towards direct involvement in conflict; individuals residing in rural areas exhibit lower apprehension towards direct engagement and elevation in the willingness to participate in defensive endeavors, compared to their urban counterparts. These observations underscore the imperative for targeted dissemination of defense-related information to effectively enact positive societal change.

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  • 29215.
    Östling, Johan
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Uppdragstaktik i Flygvapnet: hur används teorin i praktiken?2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur mycket uppdragstaktik är det inom stridsflyget i Försvarsmakten? Om Flygstaben bestämmer vem som gör vad och varför, känns det mer som direktstyrning. Med denna frågeställning påbörjades min undersökning om Flygvapnets orderstruktur och hur den ser ut.

    Problemet ligger i att uppdragstaktiken får stå oemotsagd idag och att alla förväntas följa den. Det anses fult att ge order och därmed inskränka på den underställdes frihet till egen kreativitet.

    För att kunna analysera orderstrukturen inleddes en teorigenomgång syftandes till att klargöra de olika begreppen uppdrags- och ordertaktik. Båda begreppen har sina för- och nackdelar och teorin visar också att de överlappar varandra till del. En modell skapades och användes sedan vid jämförelse mellan vad Flygvapnets taktiska reglemente förespråkar och vad personalen på olika nivåer anser. Genom att jämföra teori med verklighet skulle studien utvisa om och hur uppdragstaktik används inom stridsflyget.

    Resultatet i studien påvisar att uppdragstaktik används inom Flygvapnet men att begreppet tolkas på lite olika sätt beroende på var i organisationen du befinner dig. Även om den som ger en order anser att den är av direkt karaktär, kan den av mottagaren ses som uppdragstaktik ändå. Så länge den som utför uppgiften finner att den har frihet, till någon del av lösandet, är det inom ramen för vad studien anser vara uppdragstaktik.

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  • 29216.
    Östlund, Camilla
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Klimatfrågan i dagspressen: En analys av den bild svenska dagstidningar förmedlar genom sina ledarartiklar när det gäller klimatförändringarna2005Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Climate Change in the Daily Press

    An Analysis of the Representation Swedish Daily Papers Convey Through Their Editorials About the Climate Change

    The purpose of this essay is partly to present how swedish daily papers describe the climate change through their editorials and partly to examine if their politcal affiliation effect their point of view about the climate change. The search incluedes editorials from 6 daily papers (Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen, Göteborgstidningen, Nerikes Allehanda and Svenska Dagbladet) from the year 1997 to the year 2003. Three discourses and the order between them, found by a former analysis (Adger and others, 2001) of the international politics of climate change, are used as types of ideal in a form of an analysis of idea.

    The analysis reveals that the swedish daily papers don’t give the problem any major attention. Only a total of 65 editorials about the climate change could be found even though the papers produces several thousands during the period. Most attention occurs at the years 2000 and 2001, both are years of conflicts and demands on taking up a stand in important questions. Further the analysis shows that the representation of climate change in the editorials is being in accordance with the three discourses, and it also reproduce the order between them. The majority of the daily papers, 3 papers, dominates by the manegerial discourse, the challenger, the profligacy discourse, dominate 2 papers and the denial discourse dominate only 1 paper.

    When it comes to the political aspect the konservative paper is, as presumed, the one and only that dominates by the denial discourse and the social democratic paper dominates by the profligacy discourse, also as presumed. However, the liberal papers do not confirm the presumption of them all being dominated by the manegerial discourse. Three of them are, but one is dominated by the profligacy discourse. The reason is presumably the difference between traditional liberalism and neoliberalism.

    Keyword: climate change, discourse, daily press, editorial, Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen, Göteborgstidningen, Nerikes Allehanda, Svenska Dagbladet, the manegerial discourse, the profligacy discourse, the denial discourse.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 29217.
    Östlund, Camilla
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Medborgardialog i Rasbobygden: En fallstudie i Uppsala kommun2006Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Citizendialogue in the District of Rasbo

    A Case Study in the Municipality of Uppsala

    Author: Camilla Östlund

    Supervisor: Stig Montin

    The essay is written inside the scope of Örebro Universitys evaluation of the new organisation in the municipality of Uppsala.

    The purpose of this essay is to study the citizendialogue in the district of Rasbo. This will be done partly by an examination of how the participants themselves

    perceive citizendialogue. Their descriptions are put in relation to deliberative democracy and its critics amongst other. Partly by study how those involved have choosen to put it into practice. The opponents of the reorganization chose to start a non-profit association, Rasbo in co-operation, to carry on local mobilization and it will be compared with other similar groups. The municipality of Uppsala arranged a citizens forum in the district of Rasbo and the essay will examine how the participants experienced it.

    The study is based upon a total of 19 semistructured interviews with politicians and officials in the municipality of Uppsala and also working members of Rasbo in co-operation.

    The overall result of the analysis is that the politicians and the officials as well as the members of the association support the form of actions that endorse the representative system and look att citizendialogue as a tool to regenerate it and make it better. Rasbo in co-operation has almost everything in common with similar groups including a contradictory view on politics. The association has the important requirements for local mobilization, dedicated people, a positive collective identity and a constructive relation to the municipality. The participants of the citizens forum liked the way the forum was arranged and enjoyed the evening. But there was some problem between the unicipality and the association in connection with the preliminaries before the event. There is also some deficiency in the follow-up.

    Keyword: local democracy, citizendialogue, deliberative democracy, local mobilization, citizens forum, Uppsala, Rasbo, Rasbokil, Stavby, Tuna.

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  • 29218.
    Östlund Groop, Nadja
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Vem bestämmer över skogen?: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av intresseorganisationers inflytande på Sveriges nationella skogsprogram2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As the effects of climate change worsen, the role and importance of forests in climate mitigation strategies seem to be growing. However, key actors have different views of how the forests should be used in order to curb the consequences of climate change. The future use of forest will therefore depend on these actors’ ability to realize their visions in the political arena. This thesis sets out to investigate how and to what extent a certain type of actor, in this case interest groups, influences forest policy. This is accomplished through a qualitative content analysis of the process toward Sweden’s first national forest program, using preference attainment as the theoretical approach to measure the influence of each interest group. The main finding is that interest groups representing economic values had a larger amount of influence on the policy-making process than interest groups representing environmental values. The study’s primary contribution to the interest group research field is hence empirical.

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  • 29219.
    Östlund, Pernilla
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The power of friendship: Can friendship between ethnic groups reduce prejudices in multi-ethnic Suriname?2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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    Bachelors thesis Pernilla Ostlund
  • 29220.
    Östlund, Rosanna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Går det att stympa kärlek?: Den liberala och radikala feminismens syn på kvinnlig könsstympning i Etiopien2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of my work is to understand and examine the reasons why Ethiopia has not developed a larger decline of female genital mutilation, despite their ban on it? A ban that has been operating for ten years should reasonably have reached a greater change than the one Ethiopia has developed today. Based on two different branches of feminist theory, the liberal feminist theory and radical feminist theory, I will try to understand the potential power relationship that can be a immense reason for Ethiopia's continued practice with regard to female genital mutilation.

     

    I will examine the liberal feminist approach when it comes to seeing the state as the source of the balance of power that generate inequality in the world between men and women. I will also apply the radical feminist theory on my case study and understand the problem of patriarchy and its already set roles for men and women that we are following in the society today, resulting in gender inequality.

     

    The result shows that the radical feminist approach with patriarchy as essential explanation, which articulates that because of ancient traditions and the exercise of power, the amendment must be the changing of power relations between men and women in the private sphere rather than the liberal feminist approach which applies that the state repair the problem.

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  • 29221.
    Östlund, Sandra
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Elevers upplevelser och tankar om sex- och samlevnadsundervisning inom samhällskunskap2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Sex and relations has an important role in society. Students have the right to sex education. Studies have shown that Swedish sex education is inadequate. It is important to strengthen youth’s ability to conscious and responsible choices regarding sexuality and relationships.

    To raise a student perspective on how the education can be improved. The study was conducted using qualitative, semi-structured interviews. Six students were interviewed, and the data was later analyzed through a content analysis. The result showed that students are satisfied with the biological aspects of sex education. However, the students lacked a psychological perspective. Few students had received sex education in other subjects than biology. Students want more time for sex education, and that the education has a greater depth. They believe that young adults need to learn more about consent, sexuality, relationships and how to talk about sex. Students want to study the subject from a broader perspective. Students also want to have a greater influence over the education they are given. Teachers have an important role to play in counteracting the fact that sex is a taboo area, and they need to talk more with students about these topics.

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  • 29222.
    Östlund, Sofie
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    DELEGATIONSMAKT: En studie om delegationsordningar för byggnämnder i 20 kommuner2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelors thesis will cover the subject of power distribution between civil servants and politicians. The aim is to empirically study who the power and influence belongs to in the delegation documentation. Delegation as a policy will be empirically studied to discover potential differences by the municipalities normative power-decision. The study will focus on the delegations’ documentations from 21 administrational boards of building regulations in Sweden.

    The research questions are: • To what degree do officials have the power to make decision through delegation in Swedish municipalities? •    How does delegation of authority impact the formation of legal certainty?

    The main method used is a quantitative content analysis and to make sure the study can dig deeper into its findings, a qualitative content analysis has been used in addition.

    The result of the study shows a pattern how power shifts from politicians to civil servants. The management model delegation will be observed hence thought the survey clearly will show how economy values like efficiency sometimes tend to be more important than democratic values as legal certainty.

  • 29223.
    Östman, Andreas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    En studie om tillit under covid-19-pandemin: Finns det ett samband?2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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    fulltext
  • 29224.
    Östman, Cecilia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kommuner lär sig om EU: En studie av Ö-viks kommun och Lidköpings kommun1996Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 29225.
    Östman, Ira
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Pride or Prejudice?: Voters’ Penalization of an LGBTQ Candidate in the 2024 Finnish Presidential Election2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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    fulltext
  • 29226.
    Östman, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    En jämförande studie av demokratins konsolidering i Brasilien och Uruguay2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 29227.
    Östman, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Fjällkommunernas syn på problematik kring överlappande markrättigheter2005Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 29228.
    Östmar Landmark, Paula
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Har svenska nyhetstidningars rapportering om SD förändrats mellan 2009 och 2017?2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been an on-going discussion in the Swedish society about the media’s news reporting regarding the political party the Sweden democrats (Sverigedemokraterna.) Some claim that the party has been disfavored by systematically negative reports, others claim either that this is not the case or argue that the party is an extreme right wing party with racist tendencies, hence should not be treated like any other party. The report investigates news articles from four well known Swedish newspapers (Dagens Nyheter, Aftonbladet, Svenska Dagbladet and Ex- pressen) during two separate years - 2009 and 2017 (the years before an election year). In the period between these years the support for the Sweden Democrats increased fast, they entered the Swedish Parlia- ment and became one of the biggest partys. A content analysis has been used to answer the main question of the thesis: "Has the news reports by swedish newspapers regarding the Sweden Democrats changed be- tween 2009 and 2017?" The results show a possible slight increase of negative articles in 2017 as well as an increase of articles that presents the party as turbulent and violent, while the articles that presents the party as xenophobic or rasist decrease in comparison. 

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  • 29229.
    Övermo, Niclas
    Karlstads universitet.
    Civilbefolkningens roll i det svenska totalförsvaret: - Vad förväntas civilbefolkningen göra?2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this essay is to find out what role the Swedish civilian population is expected to have in the country's total defense and what the civilians are expected to do in cases where there is a high level of preparedness, crisis, or war. This purpose includes finding out if the authorities questioned have varying views of said role.

     

    Method: The research method on which this essay is based in an interview study and a document analysis. The informants are made up by five different Swedish authorities and one municipality.

     

    Material: All the policy documents that this essay analyzes are taken from the government's data base and deal with the various proposals that came about during the closing down of total defense at the turn of the millennium and the rearmament around the mid 2010's. Furthermore, the material also consists of interviews as mentioned above.

     

    Conclusion: The analysis of the various policy documents and the interviews resulted in a clarification of the civilian population's role in total defense. This is because the authorities gave tangible examples of what they believe the civilian population should do in the event of heightened alert, crisis, or war. The previous ambiguity of the role is explained with the help of the policy documents and reflections from the informants. The study is concluded with a discussion about the role of the civilian population and offers suggestions for further research on the role of the civilian population in the Swedish total defense.

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  • 29230.
    Özalp, Sema
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd.
    Jung, Mwanaheri
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd.
    Skillnader mellan privat och offentlig äldreboende: En kvalitativ jämförande studie om privata och kommunala äldreboenden, utifrån arbetstagarens perspektiv med New Public Management teorin som utgångspunkt2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kandidatuppsatsen är en komparativ studie som handlar om skillnader och likheter mellan privata och kommunala äldreboenden utifrån arbetstagarnas perspektiv. Uppsatsen har haft New Public Management teorin som utgångspunkt samt tre olika aspekter som kvalité, effektivitet och arbetsvillkor under arbetsgång. Vi har även undersökt vilket äldreboende, det vill säga privat respektive kommunal som har mer inslag av NPM teorin i deras verksamhet. Informationen hämtades från femton semistrukturerade intervjuer som bestod av arbetstagare från privata och kommunala äldreboenden i Borås Stad. Undersökningens teori och tidigare forskning har utgått ifrån New Public Management. Resultatet av studien har visat att privata äldreboenden har ett större inslag av NPM- teorin i sina verksamheter. Studien har det även framkommit att det finns en del skillnader samt likheter mellan dem privata och kommunala äldreboenden utifrån dem aspekterna vi har utgått ifrån. 

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    A-K2020:29
  • 29231.
    Özdemir, Hale
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Road to Women’s Empowerment in a Man's Crop: A field study of Ugandan women's empowerment process in the coffee farming industry2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years the concept of empowerment has flourished to a large extent, not least in development studies. Empowering marginalised communities, poor people and women has become a priority for development agencies and organisations. This thesis aims to assess how women are empowered by a top-down approach through International Women’s Coffee Alliance (IWCA) and a bottom-up approach through the women themselves. The paper is based on a field study that took place in the coffee farms of Uganda where women face enormous challenges as they work in an exploited industry and live with husbands who often withhold the income of the work the women have done. Drawing on Naila Kabeer’s definition of empowerment, this paper looks at if and how the resources, agency and achievements of the women have led to empowerment in the levels of household, workplace and community. The research strategy used for this paper is data collected from semi-structured interviews with women working in coffee farms in Uganda. The results show that women become empowered to a large extent in the workplace and community levels but struggle in the household level. There is not sufficient transformative power from IWCA and the women themselves to change the structures regarding gender-norms that are vastly embedded in the culture. There is a need to raise more awareness and knowledge, not only for women and organisations but for the men as well, in order to reach women’s empowerment and gender equality.

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    The Road to Women's Empowerment in a Man's Crop
  • 29232.
    Özge, Esra
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Känslan av delaktighet och inkludering i Flemingsberg: En kvalitativ studie om inkludering, delaktighet och tillhörighet i Flemingsberg enligt unga vuxnas subjektiva perspektiv2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    At present, many people are discussing how to include young adults in vulnerable societies. This isa qualitative study that aimed to find out young adults' experiences of participation and inclusion inFlemingsberg. The study identified the factors that influence increased inclusion and participation.A strategic selection has been made and 12 respondents between the ages of 18-25 fromFlemingsberg participated in the qualitative interviews. The theoretical framework of the study hasfollowed Robert Putnam's perspective on social capital and its defined concepts on which the theoryis based. An insight and comparison of Pierre Bourdieu's perspective on social capital has beentaken up during the study's theoretical framework and analysis part of the empirical material. Theresults were presented and analyzed in four different themes: inclusion, political engagement,participation and formal networks. The results have shown that there is low social capital amongyoung adults in Flemingsberg due to the weak trust in politicians and actors in the area, reducedcivic engagement and the lack of a supportive network. The lack of meeting places or platforms forthe young adults in different social contexts has been a strong factor for reduced participation andinclusion. The results show that there are driven young adults that wants to get involved, becomemore included and make a social change with the help of knowledge and guidance from themunicipality and those in power.

  • 29233.
    Öztürk, Ebru
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Finding a new home through conversion: the ontological security of Iranians converting to Christianity in Sweden2022Ingår i: Religion, State and Society, ISSN 0963-7494, E-ISSN 1465-3974, Vol. 50, nr 2, s. 224-239Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Extant scholarship on ontological security in sociology has focused on the significance of home as a source of security. In this article, I argue that when Iranian asylum-seeking converts lose faith in mainstream primary institutions (such as the public and political institutions formed and shaped by Iran's religious autocracy), they turn to Christianity to find a source of such significance. This conversion is a secondary institution that shields them from existential anxiety and homelessness, while the primary institution has become meaningless. The new home that this secondary institution offers increases their sense of ontological security and minimises their existential anxiety. Through conversion, they have become 'at home' in the secondary institution, and the self has been reinstitutionalised.

  • 29234.
    Öztürk, Ebru
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Serdar, Ayse
    Istanbul Tech Univ, Dept Humanities & Social Sci, Istanbul, Turkey..
    Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    The veil as an object of right-wing populist politics: A comparative perspective of Turkey, Sweden, and France2022Ingår i: Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, ISSN 1070-289X, E-ISSN 1547-3384, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 538-555Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we comparatively analyse radical right-wing parties' intervention into the veil debate in Turkey, Sweden, and France which are characterised by different understandings of legal and normative secularism. We explore the intersection of gender and religion in the dynamic formation of populist categories and how they can be mobilised differently along the vertical and the horizontal axes by the example of the veil. In all three countries we have analysed capitalise on gender, religiosity and secularity, and the veil is exploited in drawing boundaries between the People and non-People but also between the People and the Elites. In this way, the meanings attributed to the veil are used as a mechanism of exclusion and of drawing the boundaries through gendered narratives of who belongs to the People.

  • 29235.
    Öztürk, Elif
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Waste Trade and The Role of NGOs2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to understand the role of non-state actors, particularly NGOs, in global environmental governance by spotlighting the EU’s policies on waste trade. To understand the role of NGOs in waste trade, the study traces the waste trade problematisation of the EU and discovers NGOs' strategies and frames to influence the policies of the EU on waste trade. The study uses mixed methods with the help of constructivist and post-structuralist approaches. According to the study, the EU historically approaches the waste trade as an environmental subject outside of the EU with the contribution of NGOs. On the other hand, changes in the global waste trade scene are shifting the EU’s waste trade problematisations within the EU as an economic dependency problem. In this context, by taking a dialogue builder and voice articulator role and creating alliances, NGOs try to change the EU's this two-way approach.  They work to create a global environmental problem understanding for waste trade using mixed frames, which contain both technical and political frames.

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  • 29236.
    Ørbeck,, Morten
    et al.
    Östlandsforskning, Hamar, Norge.
    Olsson, Eva
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper.
    Hauge, Atle
    Östlandsforskning, Hamar, Norge.
    Ericsson, Birgitta
    Östlandsforskning, Lillehammer, Norge.
    Att göra regionala skillnader till en styrka: en introduktion2012Ingår i: På gränsen – interaktion, attraktivitet och globalisering i Inre Skandinavien / [ed] Eva Olsson, Atle Hauge och Birgitta Ericsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, 1, s. 17-26Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 29237. Čekal, Cornelia
    "Förenade i mångfalden": FRONTEX verkan för en kollektiv EU-identitet2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding identities as socially and collectively constructed, this study aims to show how FRONTEX, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, takes part in the construction of a collective EU-identity. Through practises of bordering, differentiation, as well as the construction of the Other, FRONTEX plays an important and previously neglected role in the construction of a common EU-identity shared among the member states. By promoting theimportance of the EU’s external borders and the dangers of the outside world, FRONTEX reproduces the narrative where the EU is seen as a community of common values and ideas in need of protection.

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  • 29238.
    Červenka, Zdenek
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Libya: Socialist People's Libyan Arab Great Jamahiriya : basic facts : brief historical background : survey of current events : outlook for the future1988Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Download the publication here.
  • 29239.
    Şahin-Mencütek, Zeynep
    et al.
    Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul.
    Barthoma, Soner
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om religion och samhälle (CRS).
    Gökalp-Aras, N. Ela
    Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul.
    Governance of Migration in and through Crisis: A Comparative Report on RESPOND Research2021Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the meta-analysis of thematic country and comparative reports produced in the EU Horizon 2020 RESPOND project, this report seeks to revisit multilevel governance as a theoretical framework in comparative migration research. Focusing on the period of 2011-2018 where the governance of migration has been very much affected by the ‘crisis’ climax, we question the adaptability of multilevel governance in describing main patterns in governance, their drivers and consequences. The report problematizes the generalized notions of local, nationalist, centralist turn in migration management, instead offering more nuanced understanding that highlights the dynamism and tensions within spatial and temporal axes.Firstly, we propose that when migration is managed through and in a crisis, such as in mass migration or protracted refugee situations, actors at multilevel governance settings choose from a repertoire of possible and available actions, including strict non-admission, deterrence, restriction, ad hoc or welcoming responses.Second, we contend that four characteristics have increasingly marked the inscription of ‘crisis’ in the multilevel governance of migration, including: 1) complicated and fragmented legal systems, 2) multiplicity of actors, 3) re-nationalisation and restrictiveness and 4) increased complexity and uncertainty.Lastly, we conclude that multilevel governance in and through crisis inevitably leads to temporary governance models that become visible through policy convergence in strengthening restrictive measures, sophistication of remote controls, eradication of the norms and rights-based procedures of the refugee regime. The temporality of these governance modes runs the risk of governance failure and gridlocks in developing common solutions (for example, the EU’s internal solidarity crisis or problems in relocation quotas).

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  • 29240.
    Šilenskytė, Aušrinė
    et al.
    University of Vaasa, School of Management, Wolffintie 34, P.O. Box 700, FI-65101 Vaasa, Finland.
    Kohtamäki, Marko
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Industriell ekonomi. University of Vaasa, School of Management, Wolffintie 34, P.O. Box 700, FI-65101 Vaasa, Finland; University of South-Eastern Norway, USN Business School, Norway.
    Dhanaraj, Charles
    Daniels College of Business, University of Denver, 2101 S. University Blvd., Denver, CO 80210, United States.
    Strategy implementation in the transnational MNC: A critical realist investigation of European and Indian unit collaboration2022Ingår i: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 152, s. 276-289Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Inter-unit collaboration in transnational multinational corporations (MNCs) is central to unlocking MNCs’ competitive advantage. We find that managing multilevel interaction of macro-level (social structures within and outside the MNC) and micro-level (individual interpretations and behaviors) factors ensures the implementation of strategic goals regarding inter-unit collaboration. In a case study of Finnish, Russian, and Indian unit collaboration in one European-origin transnational MNC, we observe that individual ascriptions of social identity to Indian colleagues (micro-level factor) affect the MNC’s strategy implementation (SI) process and outcomes (macro-level factors). Building on the latter observations, critical realist theory of identity, and the idiosyncratic Indian context, we develop the currently inadequate multilevel theorization on the SI process in the MNC and expand perspectives on social identity in International Business literature. For MNC managers from Western countries, the paper offers insights into factors that should be considered to succeed in strategic and operational inter-unit collaboration with India.

  • 29241.
    Трувборст, Ари
    et al.
    Тилбургский университет, Тилбург, Нидерланды; Северо-Западный университет, Потчефструм, Южная Африка.
    Линнелл, Джон
    Норвежский институт исследования природы, Тронхейм, Норвегия; Университет прикладных наук Внутренней Норвегии, Эвенстад, Норвегия.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Закон и конфликт между человеком и дикой природой2024Ingår i: Руководство КВВ МСОП по конфликтам и сосуществованию человека и дикой природы: первое издание, Gland: IUCN , 2024, 1, s. 157-160Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 29242.
    Циммерманн, Александра
    et al.
    Группа специалистов по конфликтам и сосуществованию человека и дикой прирды КВВ МСОП (Председатель); Оксфордский университет, Оксфорд, Великобритания.
    Пули, Саймон
    Биркбек-колледж, Лондонский университет, Лондон, Великобритания.
    Линнелл, Джон
    Норвежский институт исследования природы, Тронхейм, Норвегия; Университет прикладных наук Внутренней Норвегии, Эвенстад, Норвегия.
    Гликман, Дженни А.
    Институт социальных исследований IESA-CSIC, Испания.
    Марчини, Сильвио
    ESALQ, Университет Сан-Паулу, Пирасикаба, Бразилия.
    Хилл, Кэтрин
    Университет Оксфорд Брукс, Оксфорд, Великобритания.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Введение2024Ingår i: Руководство КВВ МСОП по конфликтам и сосуществованию человека и дикой природы: первое издание, Gland: IUCN , 2024, 1, s. 2-10Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 29243.
    10 fakta om Norden og det nordiske samarbejde2018Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [da]

    Det nordiske samarbejde er en af verdens mest omfattende regionale samarbejdsformer. Samarbejdet omfatter Danmark, Finland, Island, Norge og Sverige samt Færøerne, Grønland og Åland.

    Det nordiske samarbejde er både politisk, økonomisk og kulturelt forankret og en vigtig medspiller i det europæiske og internationale samarbejde. Det nordiske fællesskab arbejder for et stærkt Norden i et stærkt Europa.

    Det nordiske samarbejde ønsker at styrke nordiske og regionale interesser og værdier i en global omverden. Fælles værdier landene imellem er med til at styrke Nordens position som en af verdens mest innovative og konkurrencedygtige regioner.

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  • 29244.
    A Common Path: Iceland's Presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 20192018Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Young people, sustainable tourism and ocean affairs are in focus under Iceland’s Presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2019. Nordic emphases on gender equality, digitalisation and sustainable development are incorporated into the Presidency projects, together with the UN Global Goals.

    The theme of the Presidency refers to the Nordic countries’ friendship, as it is manifest in mobility and strong mutual co-operation. They also share common paths to the rest of the world, where the Nordic countries present themselves jointly and make their contribution to international co-operation for peace, security and environmental protection. The common paths of the future lie through the digital world.

    There is deep-rooted respect for the principles of democracy and rule of law in the Nordic countries. We are determined to continue to be peaceful and diverse welfare societies, where culture and education flourish, and everyone is entitled to enjoy life’s opportunities. Societies where innovation goes hand-in-hand with the interests of nature, employment and a vital economy.

    Nordic co-operation has shown that it is better to build bridges than walls. There is nothing old-fashioned about co-operation, friendship and respect. These basic Nordic values are always at the forefront.

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  • 29245.
    Agenda kulturarv: slutrapport2004Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 29246.
    Byggnadsvård och byggnadshytta: viktigast i ämbetets petita1980Ingår i: Kulturminnesvård, ISSN 0346-9077, nr 4, s. 24-26Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Regeringen har ålagt riksantikvarieämbetet, liksom andra myndigheter, att göra 2-procentiga besparingar för nästa budgetår. Trots detta för ämbetet fram byggnadsvårdsutredningens förslag om ökade bidrag till byggnadsvård i sin anslagsframställning för 1981/82. Här följer den inledande sammanfattningen till denna framställning.

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  • 29247.
    Bättre begagnade bostäder1984Ingår i: Kulturmiljövård, ISSN 1100-4800, Vol. [9], nr 2, s. 38-38Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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  • 29248.
    Codice di condotta di Trafikverket2022Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [it]

    Tutti noi che lavoriamo presso Trafikverket siamo responsabili per preservare la fiducia nei confronti della pubblica amministrazione. Danneggiare un rapporto di fiducia è facile, ma ricostruirlo è un compito difficile che richiede tempo. In Trafikverket non costruiamo solo infrastrutture, costruiamo anche relazioni, basate su rispetto e responsabilità. Per questo abbiamo bisogno di un codice di condotta, che sottolinei l’approccio adottato all’interno dell’agenzia e nei nostri contatti con le parti contraenti e la società in generale. Pertanto, richiediamo ai nostri fornitori e altre parti contraenti di applicare i principi che derivano da questo codice di condotta.

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  • 29249.
    Contributors2019Ingår i: Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Johansson, Karl Magnus, & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, University of Gothenburg , 2019, s. 263-264Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 29250.
    Código de conducta de Trafikverket2022Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [es]

    Todos los que trabajamos en Trafikverket somos responsables de preservar la confianza pública en nuestras actividades. Dañar la confianza resulta fácil, reestablecerla es difícil y requiere de mucho tiempo. En Trafikverket no construimos solo infraestructuras, sino también relaciones basadas en el respeto y la responsabilidad. Por eso necesitamos un código de conducta, que pone de relieve el comportamiento a observar en el seno de nuestra institución y en nuestros contactos con socios y con la sociedad en general. Por eso exigimos a nuestros proveedores y demás socios que apliquen los principios establecidos en este código de conducta.

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