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  • 251.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Dovemark, Marianne
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Making Right Choices: an Ethnographic Investigation of Creativity and Performativity in Four Swedish Schools2009Ingår i: Oxford Review of Education, ISSN 0305-4985, E-ISSN 1465-3915, Vol. 35, nr 6, s. 689-704Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses ethnographic research from two Year 8 classes in two middle-sized secondary schools about a kilometre apart in a Swedish west-coast town to examine how new policies for personalised learning have developed in practice, in the performative cultures of modern schools in a commodity society. One school stands in a predominantly middle-class area of privately owned 'low-rise' houses. The other is in an area of 'high-rise' rented accommodation, where the first language of many homes is not Swedish. The differences are important. According to the article, personalised learning mobilises material and social resources in these schools that support new forms of individualistic, selfish and private accumulations of education goods from public provision and a valorisation of self-interest and private value as the common basis for educational culture. The article describes this cultural production in school and links it to processes of cultural and social reproduction.

  • 252.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Dovemark, Marianne
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    New schools and new pedagogy? Ethnographic Investigations of Creativity and Performativity Discourses in Four Swedish Schools.2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 253.
    Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Gordon, TuulaHögskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.Lahelma, ElinaHögskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Democratic education: ethnographic challenges2003Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of democratic schooling with its emphasis on equality is seriously attacked by the marketisation of education. New policies of educational restructuring emphasise accountability and close links between school and industry, where schools and students become targets of constant evaluation and competition. This book challenges such policies and practices through analyses of their negative consequences for social justice and democracy. It explores the effects of restructuring on everyday life in schools and other educational institutions and presents analyses of how differences based on gender, social class, ethnicity, nationality and embodiment are dealt with in educational settings. The authors draw on a range of theories, including poststructuralist, postcolonial, feminist and Marxist perspectives, and the localised ethnographies are contextualised in changing educational politics. How policies are contradicted by practices is discussed in relation to the classroom, teacher education and issues of inclusion and exclusion. A critical gaze is directed at Nordic countries where restructuring processes contradict a political discourse based on equality and comprehensive education. It is the immersion in the daily life of institutions and their participants that gives ethnography a particular edge in obtaining insights into what changes and what stays the same. This book provides a looking glass into the tensions and contradictions that New Right policies have introduced in educational institutions. Actors in the field experience frustration in introducing changes and controlling the direction of those changes. It is their voices that ethnographers try to hear and disseminate. Most ethnographers do not simply tell a (more or less) gripping story about the field - they aim to analyse the practices they encounter, and endeavour to render them into analytical narratives that tell different stories than those produced through policy research or questionnaires and interviews. Although these are not necessarily better stories, we suggest that they are particularly relevant in demonstrating the organisation and practice of producing difference. (Description by the publisher).

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 254.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Contributions to Circumpolar Studies1986Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 255.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Devitalization and Revitalization of TraditionalSaami Dwellings in Sweden2013Ingår i: About the Hearth: Perspectives on the Home, Hearth and Household in the Circumpolar North / [ed] Robert Wishardt, Virginie Vaté, and David Anderson, Berghahn Books, 2013Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 256.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Linking Essentialist and Constructivist Ethnicity2013Ingår i: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 129-153Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that the essentialist and the constructivist positions within theories of ethnicity are in fact compatible if one introduces a concept here called "internalized fluid capacities", connoting that which is inherently (genetically) dispositional — and in that sense biologically "anticipated" — but which remains to be developed into observable social characteristics through sociocultural impact. This perspective is based on the genetic capacity to mold or "instruct" the development of an organism from its embryonic state and onwards by using prior stages as points of departure for further instructions. In this way, certain fluid capacities become imprinted in individuals and collectivities through reinforcing interaction with the ambient society. These capacities may then harden and develop into apparent "essentials", forming a group's collective self-image. The article concludes with the suggestion that this explanatory model can be usefully applied to the debate around Swedish governmental definitions of Saamihood.

  • 257.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Milk and Antlers: A System of Partitioned Rights and Multiple Holders of Reindeer in Northern China2012Ingår i: Who Owns The Stock?: Collective and Multiple Property Rights in Animals / [ed] Anatoly M. Khazanov and Günther Schlee, Berghahn Books, 2012, s. 121-138Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 258.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Nordic Reflections on Northern Social Research2012Ingår i: A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe / [ed] Ullrick Kockel, Mairead Nic Craith, and Jonas Frykman, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012, s. 32-50Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 259.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Nordic reindeer governance in the context of contemporary protected areas and species2014Ingår i: Arctic Human Development Report II: Regional Process, Global Linkages / [ed] J.N. Larsen and G. Fondahl, Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers , 2014, s. 269-313Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 260.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Reindeer Ears: calf marking during the contemporary era of extensive herding in Swedish Saamiland2007Ingår i: Annales Societatis Litterarum Humaniorum Regiae Upsaliensis, ISSN 0349-0416, s. 91-118Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 261.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Self-determining the Self: Aspects of Saami Identity Management in Sweden2007Ingår i: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 24, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 262.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Social and economic aspects of climate change in Arctic regions: Keynote address to the Arctic Science Summit Week2000Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 263.
    Beach, Hugh
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Funk, DmitriSillanpää, Lennard
    Post-Soviet Transformations: politics of ethnicity and resource use in Russia2009Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 264.
    Beach, Hugh
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Lewis, David
    Survey design and sampling problems2015Ingår i: SLiCA: Arctic living conditions Living conditions and quality of life among Inuit, Saami and indigenous peoples of Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula / [ed] Birger Poppel, Nordic Council fo Ministerws , 2015, s. 324-341Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 265.
    Beach, Hugh
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Lewis, David
    Rasmussen, Rasmus
    Roto, Johanna
    The Survey of Living Conditions in the Arctic (SLiCA) as deployed in Sweden – initial issues.2015Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 266.
    Beach, Hugh
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus
    How might gender matter?2015Ingår i: SLiCA: Arctic living conditions Living conditions and quality of life among Inuit, Saami and indigenous peoples of Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula / [ed] Birger Poppel, Nordic Council of Ministers, 2015, s. 360-384Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 267.
    Beach, Hugh
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Stammler, Florian
    Human-Animal Relations in Pastoralism2006Ingår i: Journal of Nomadic Peoples, ISSN 0822-7942, Vol. 10, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 268.
    Becker, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för journalistik, medier och kommunikation (JMK).
    Att synliggöra fältet: Fotografi och reflexiv etnografi2004Ingår i: Nutida etnografi: Reflektioner från mediekonsumtionens fält, Nya Doxa, Nora , 2004, s. 149-172Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 269.
    Becker, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier.
    Brecevic´, Geska
    Historier från Santa Ana: Berättelser om konst och tro i en mexikansk by2016Ingår i: Fiktion och verklighet: mångvetenskapliga möten / [ed] Anna Bohlin, Lena Gemzöe, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2016, s. 171-194Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Texten följer hur figuren Santa Ana, Marias moder och katolskt skyddshelgon, framställs i olika sammanhang, medier och föreställande former i en by i södra Mexiko som bär helgonets namn. På vilka olika sätt kan Santa Ana - helgonfiguren såväl som platsen - träda fram i mötet mellan två skilda sociokulturella sammanhang där de relitiösa och politiska axlarna korsas? Tolkningarna som Santa Ana-berättelserna ger upphov till skifter mellan olika medietyper och lokaliteter, i vilka olika varianter av religiositet och konstnärligthet flätas ihop. 

  • 270.
    Becker, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för journalistik, medier och kommunikation (JMK).
    Wulff, Helena
    Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Visuella kulturstudier2007Ingår i: Kulturstudier i Sverige, Studentlitteratur, Stockholm , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 271.
    Becskei, Merlin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    40 Years in the Desert: Orthopraxy instead of Orthodoxy in an Anarchist Kibbutz2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    With over 40 years of direct democratic organization and one shared bank account amongst 102 members, kibbutz Samar is a community which stands for an alternative life style compared to the historical development of the Kibbutzim Movement in Israel. In the development of the traditional kibbutzim, from communist/socialist organization to a partly forced privatization and capitalist renewal of the communist/socialist ideals, kibbutz Samar comes to represent an alternative entity through its exclusion of written and formalized rules. Tracing the ways that members of kibbutz Samar have been organizing their life alternatively in regard of the traditional and the renewal kibbutzim, I investigate how the findings of David Graeber's analysis of bureaucracy helps to understand notions of hierarchy, freedom, cooperation, shared economy, direct democracy, and anarchism. This study finds that the members of Samar conduct themselves, comprehensively, in terms of a particular kind of egalitarian management, which is identified as an anarchic orthopraxy (a way-seeking paradigm orientation) opposed to an orthodox (truth-seeking-paradigm) orientation. Given the tendency for globalized, neoliberal, economic, bureaucratic organization to concentrate power and thus constrict the potential means and possibilities of human organization, members of Samar create meaning and the transformation of social life by replacing the principal of formalized rule with that (principle) of social utility.

  • 272.
    Bedford, Sofie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Everyday Islam in Post-Soviet Central Asia2007Ingår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, Vol. 21, nr 4, s. 517-519Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 273.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen. Södertörns högskola, Sweden.
    Høyer Leivestad, Hege
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    The "stranger" among Swedish "homo academicus"2019Ingår i: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 77, nr 2, s. 213-228Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with individuals of immigrant background in Swedish higher education—i.e., those who have a PhD and work in Swedish universities. The aim of the study is to examine whether and how factors other than academic qualifications—such as gender and migrant background—may affect the individual’s ability to find employment and pursue a successful career in a Swedish institution of higher education. The data used in the first section are Swedish registry data (LISA database and population), administered by Statistics Sweden. The second part of the paper is based on semi-structured interviews with 19 academics of migrant background. The results show that, given the same work experience and compared to the reference group (born in Sweden with at least one Swedish-born parent), individuals born in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America are, firstly, more likely to be unemployed and, secondly, if they are employed, to have a lower income (lower position). The ways in which such gaps arises are also examined.

  • 274.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Olsson, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    The Performance of Early Age Migrants in Education and the Labour Market: a Comparison of Bosnia Herzegovinians, Chileans and Somalis in Sweden2014Ingår i: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 40, nr 5, s. 778-795Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how early age immigrants to Sweden from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chile and Somalia perform in education and the labour market in comparison with the children of natives. As the results demonstrate, the socio-economic position of the parents, family structure and other demographic characteristics of individuals only partially explain the differences between the descendants of natives and young immigrants from these countries. A further analysis demonstrates that the socio-historical contexts into which these immigrant children arrive and settle, that is the processes of migration, are equally likely to have an impact on young immigrants' performance.

  • 275.
    Bellini, Francesca
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Living in the container: Space and relationships inside Lipa Temporary Reception Center2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Lipa Temporary Reception Centre is a transit camp, located in the North-West part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, for only single men who cross the Balkan Route to enter the European Union territory through the Croatian border.

    This thesis aims to describe the life inside the camp, combining an analysis of Lipa architecture with the experiences of the people who transited through there. A focus on space and relationships will then drive this thesis, reflecting on how the transit camp features and stylistic decisions affected people's experiences: discussing how places and individuals mutually influenced each other in such a context. More specifically, it will highlight the broad political implications that led to the opening of migrant reception centres like Lipa and discuss their hypothetical temporary nature, studying the roles played by European Union Institutions and non-governmental organizations within the field.

    This research is the outcome of ethnographic fieldwork conducted inside the Lipa Temporary Reception Centre from November 8th until December 19th and from the investigation of the existing literature regarding the design of camps and the Balkan Route. 

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    fulltext
  • 276.
    Benedictsson, Elin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Connected on a heart level: An anthropological discussion about interracial relationships in post-apartheid South Africa2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout history South Africa has been dominated by a white race group and during the era of apartheid racial segregation was encouraged as well as an idea of racial order was established through institutionalised racism. Marriage across racial borders was prohibited according to the Mixed Marriages Act. The end of apartheid and the transition to democracy in 1994 meant a radical political change within the country, but the issue of race became a question of social and economic inequality. In this essay I study the approaches and experiences of interracial couples in the post-apartheid society, and interracial couples impact on the South African society. I am particularly interested in the South Africans idea of social order today and whereas racial thinking is still present in the postapartheid society. I use qualitative content analysis to discuss ideas of order in relation to race and my material consist in audio files from interviews with interracial couples, as well as literature, books and articles. In my analysis I discuss cultural and social norms, fear of race pollution, prejudice and racial stereotypes as well as thoughts about unity and humanness. Racial thinking is still present in the South African society although the development of relationships across racial borders has increased since the end of apartheid. The interracial couples in my study notice a certain uncomfortableness among the people in their surroundings, some more than others, because people are still getting used to the thought of interracial couples. Although racist beliefs and power relations are still implied by the surroundings the couples appear to feel increasingly at home in South Africa, even though they live in an in-between world, in a New South Africa. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Connected on a heart level
  • 277.
    Benettsson, Holger
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Östafrikansk verklighetsuppfattning och människosyn1965Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 278.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-Building Project of Peace Building in the Horn of Africa2008Ingår i: Post Conflict Peace-Building in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson Dahre, Lund: Lund University , 2008, first, s. 37-53Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 279.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Eritrean Diaspora: Myth and Reality2007Ingår i: The Role of Diasporas in Peace, Democracy and Development in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson, Lund: Lund University , 2007, firstKapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 280.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Ethnic and Civic Basis of Citizenship in the Horn of Africa2009Ingår i: Faith, Citizenship, Democracy and Peace in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Sthlm Policy Group, Lund: Lund University , 2009, first, s. 131-148Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 281.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Reflexive ethnography in gender research2023Ingår i: Feminist ethnographies: methodological reflections in gender research / [ed] Linda Berg, Umeå: Umeå University , 2023, s. 10-23Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 282.
    Berg, Martin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Fors, Vaike
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Workshops as Nodes of Knowledge Co-production: Beyond Ideas of Automagical Synergies2017Ingår i: Theoretical Scholarship and Applied Practice / [ed] Sarah Pink, Vaike Fors & Tom O'Dell, New York: Berghahn Books, 2017, s. 53-72Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 283.
    Berglund, Eeva
    et al.
    Aalto University, Espoo, Finland.
    Kohtala, Cindy
    Aalto University, Espoo, Finland.
    Knowing and imagining with sustainable makers2021Ingår i: In search of lost futures: anthropological explorations in multimodality, deep interdisciplinarity, and autoethnography / [ed] Magdalena Kazubowski-Houston; Mark Auslander, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, 1, s. 151-172Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Materialist Activist Communities (MACs) concern themselves with material flows in a politically engaged form of maker culture. They speculate, design and make collectively, with a marked environmental orientation, often developing impossible forms of bio-hacking and bio-art. The futures animating them grow out of technoscientific and mundane presents, but as they make knowledge on the sidelines, materializing the existing and the improbable, such groups render the Anthropocene and more-than-human futures tangible. While “maker culture” has been prone to techno-utopian hype, MACs embrace dirt, mess and bodies nurturing a “dirt way” of learning, a principled way of being in situated and partial confusion. We imagine alongside them, also in the dirt way, through ethnography, an explicitly messy way of working out what is important and why.

  • 284.
    Bergman, Ann
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan (from 2013).
    Disasters and Social Change2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 285.
    Bergman, Ann
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan (from 2013).
    The future matter matters: Disasters as a (potential) vehicle for social change - It is about time2019Ingår i: Disaster upon Disaster: Exploring the Gap Between Knowledge, Policy and Practice / [ed] S. M. Hoffman & R. E. Barrios, New York: Berghahn Books, 2019, 1, s. 356-377Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter is a theoretical discussion about disasters and vulnerability in relation to time, and predominantly in relation to the future. It is critically scrutinizing disaster management strategies and the organization of recovery work by shedding light over (power) relations between rescuers and victims and between local knowledge and expert knowledge. In doing so, the chapter suggests alternative ways of how to gain knowledge trough participation. By exceeding the notions of recovery and resilience using concepts as utopia and dystopia the chapter is a gentle reminder of that we are responsible for a future that is not ours – but “theirs”.

  • 286.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Jordbruk och livsmedel.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, Sweden.
    The double-sided nature of lifestyle-oriented work in the Swedish equine industry2021Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The equine industry faces problems in terms of recruitment and retention of employees when it comes to fostering decent working conditions and sustainable employments, despite the obvious advantage of offering a lifestyle-oriented work with the privilege of personal leisure interests. The overall aim is to gain knowledge of how employees in the equine industry – here including riding schools and trotting stables – experience their work and work environment. The study is part of two larger research projects, financed by the Swedish-Norwegian Foundation for Equine Research and AFA Insurance, where the purpose is to, in close collaboration with the equine industry, identify and implement methods and tools for a systematic work environment management. The study includes data from a questionnaire, individual interviews and observations. The results showed that the employees considered their work as one of the most important things in life, that they primarily worked for self-realization and good quality of life and that they perceived their current work both attractive and meaningful. Love of horses, passion for the sport, practical work in an outdoor setting, significant, stimulating and varied tasks as well as workplace relations, are the most important factors for the attractiveness and meaningfulness of the work. Nevertheless, imbalance between work and leisure time as well as high physical workload and lack of adequate equipment challenges the experience of an attractive, meaningful and sustainable work. The experiences differed somewhat between the two groups examined, i.e. employees in riding schools and trotting stables.

  • 287. Bergström, Ola
    et al.
    Garsten, Christina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Det nya arbetets tid och rum2007Ingår i: Organisation: Teorier om ordning och oordning, Liber, Malmö , 2007, s. 45-64Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 288.
    Berlin, Johan
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Synchronous work - myth or reality?: a critical study of teams in health and medical care2010Ingår i: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 16, nr 6, s. 1314-1321Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Rationale, aims and objectives  In this article, ideal conceptions about teamwork are tested. The research question posed is: How are teams in psychiatry formed? Three theoretical concepts that distinguish groups from teams are presented: sequentiality, parallelism and synchronicity. The presumption is that groups cooperate sequentially and teams synchronously, while the parallel work mode is a transitional form between group and team. Methods  Three psychiatric outpatient teams at a university hospital specialist clinic were studied. Data were collected through 25 personal interviews and 82 hours of observations. The data collection was carried out over 18 months (2008–2009). Results  Results show: (1) that the three theoretical distinctions between group and team need to be supplemented with two intermediate forms, semiparallel and semisynchronous teamwork; and (2) that teamwork is not characterized by striving towards a synchronous ideal but instead is marked by an adaptive interaction between sequential, parallel and synchronous working modes. Conclusions  The article points to a new intermediate stage between group and team. This intermediate stage is called semiparallel teamwork. The study shows that practical teamwork is not characterized by a synchronous ideal, but rather is about how to adaptively find acceptable solutions to a series of practical problems. The study emphasizes the importance of the team varying between different working modes, so-called semisystematics.

  • 289.
    Berner, Boel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Effektivare vård på distans med multidisciplinära medicinska videokonferenser?2014Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 23-37Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Användning av telemedicin förväntas möjliggöra access till expertråd oavsett var patienten eller läkaren befinner sig geografiskt. I artikeln analyseras, utifrån intervjuer med specialistläkare vid ett universitetssjukhus, hur en form av telemedicin, multidisciplinära videokonferenser mellan olika sjukhus, påverkar beslut och relationer i vården. Begrepp som ”artikuleringsarbete”, ”tyst integrering” och ”skript” används för att förstå beslutsfattandet på distans. Artikeln visar att effektivitet i vården kan tolkas på olika sätt, tar upp hur samarbete mellan specialområden uppfattas samt visar på ambivalenser vad gäller centralisering eller decentralisering av medicinsk kunskap mellan sjukhus med teknikens hjälp.

  • 290.
    Bernhardt, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Goldscheider, Calvin
    Goldscheider, Frances
    Bjerén, Gunilla
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Immigration, Gender, and Family Transition to Adulthood in Sweden2007Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the profound issues for the future is the extent to which immigrants and their children will become part of Swedish society or remian politically, culturally and economically distinctive. Therefore, the study of transition to adulthood among the adult children of immigrants is critical in understanding the direction of changes over time in the families of young women and men. In particular, this book discusses if the children of immigrants in Sweden choose to cohabit as do those of Swedish origin, or not? Are they more likely to select partners from their own group? And do they construct families that are egalitarian as do those of Swedish origin or conform to more male-dominated relationships?

  • 291.
    Bertilsson, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och historia, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Bevattningens biopolitik: Lågt grundvatten som ett regeringsbart problem i Sverige2024Ingår i: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 33, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In several parts of Sweden, difficulties arise regarding access to water. In this article, I explore the biopoliticsthat take shape when low groundwater levels are turned into an object of government. Firstly, I examinethe formation of a so-called anatomical politics which refers to a disciplining form of power in which theresponsibilities and actions of the population are at the center. Secondly, I explore the priorities that are madein the political work where human life, health, and well-being are to be protected and other life forms that arenot vital for human living are instead deprioritized or allowed to die. The problems have clear consequencesbut do not pose a threat to human survival. Political efforts aim to bring about changes in people’s everydaylives and affect the use and decoration of households and public spaces. Empirically, I attach particularsignificance to the irrigation bans that Swedish municipalities can introduce to reduce water consumption.

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    fulltext
  • 292.
    Bertilsson, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och historia, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Politics, industry, and tourism: The conceptual construction of the Blue Highway2021Ingår i: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 42, nr 2, s. 277-298Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to the research on the expansion of the Swedish post-war road network by illuminating the role of tourism in addition to political and industrial agendas. Specifically, it examines the “conceptual construction” of the Blue Highway, which currently stretches from the Atlantic Coast of Norway, traverses through Sweden and Finland, and enters into Russia. The focus is on Swedish governmental reports and national press between the 1950s and the 1970s. The article identifies three overlapping meanings attached to the Blue Highway: a political agenda of improving the relationships between the Nordic countries, industrial interests, and tourism. Political ambitions of Nordic community building were clearly pronounced at the onset of the project. Industrial actors depended on the road for the building of power plants and dams. The road became gradually more connected with the view of tourism as the motor of regional development.

  • 293.
    Bertilsson, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och historia, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Source Criticism as a Technology of Government in the Swedish Psychological Defence: The Impact of Humanistic Knowledge on Contemporary Security Policy2021Ingår i: Humanities, E-ISSN 2076-0787, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 13-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    “Source criticism” (källkritik) has become an essential part of the Swedish government’s activities against false information, deception campaigns, and propaganda, which are viewed as fundamentally destabilising forces that can potentially undermine the democratic system, the public debate, and political decision-making. The purpose of this article is to explore source criticism as a technology of government focusing on the Swedish Psychological Defence. I analyse the way in which source criticism is brought to bear on Swedish national security policy in the light of Foucauldian theories about modern governmentality and technologies of the self. Source criticism is seen as an example of a contemporary form of government that entails a redistribution of responsibility from the state to the individual, who is provided with certain “technologies of self” to master an unpredictable political environment. With this case study as empirical example, the aim of the article is to contribute to the research on the influence of humanistic knowledge in security and defence policy domains. This prompts further discussion about what happens with the democratic and critical potential of humanistic knowledge as it is enrolled in government operations.

  • 294.
    Beshir, Mohamed Omer
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Diversity regionalism and national unity1979Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report is concerned with the irrelation between cultural diversity and continental and national unity.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 295.
    Birkeland, Jacob
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Antropologens roll på slagfältet: En studie av den etiska debatten angående Human Terrain System2009Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien syftar till ett belysa och problematisera kring antropologins närmande av det militära sammanhanget. 2007 utformade USA:s armé en plattform som skulle koordinera och hantera civil kompetens inom områdena antropologi och statsvetenskap. Ämnen som på olika sätt analyserar den ”mänskliga terrängen”. Konceptet ”Human Terrain System” lanserades där akademiker från samhällsvetenskaperna fick söka sig till den militära kontexten för att hjälpa militära beslutsfattare att förstå kulturen, de socioekonomiska förhållandena och religionens roll mm.

    Hur förhåller sig antropologer till Human Terrain System? Vilka perspektiv finns på antropologin som en del i en militär kontext? Genom att svara på dessa frågeställningar belyses olika resonemang på den tillämpbara antropologin i en militär kontext utifrån den rådande etiska debatten som återfinns inom disciplinen.

    Implementerandet av antropologiska kunskaper i en den militära kontexten har föranlett till en debatt inom den antropologiska disciplinen. En debatt som lyfter etiska betänkligheter och problematiserar kring vilket antropologins uppdrag är, kan vara och bör vara. Studien granskar det traditionella förhållandet till villkor inom disciplinen, detta illustrerat genom den etiska debatten kring projektet Human Terrin System.

    Studien slår fast att oavsett hur den enskilde antropologen väljer att förhålla sig till ämnets närmande av det militära så är kontraktet mellan forskare och informant lika centralt som det mellan forskare och uppdragsgivare.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 296.
    Birnudóttir Sigurðardóttir, Júlía
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Practicing creativity: Landscape architects make future Stockholm2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Green urban spaces are a vigorous part in cities development, all over the world (Swanwick, Dunnet, & Wooley, 2003). These spaces are persistently constructed and negotiated over a creative process, which includes a network of actors, such as clients, designers, constructors, and users. This thesis addresses this process - with a case study of landscape architects in Stockholm, and their practice of creativity. The landscape architects present one group of actors involved in the process, where they design urban spaces for the future through their creative work. It begins with a mental image, an idea, and ends with a built site, a designed space.

    In reference to practice theory (Ortner, 1984 and 2006) and the biosocial becomings approach (Ingold, 2013), I analyze how creativity as a practice is socially produced by history, culture and power, through the biosocial growth of the creative agent, the landscape architect. Referring to Hallam and Ingold ́s definition (2007, p. 3), I understand creative practice as an improvisational process. I argue that creativity is accumulated, i.e. a becoming practice amongst becoming creative agents. While investigating the practice of creativity through a traditional participant observation, I primarily focus on sounds, where I listen to the practice, and use it as a method of collecting empirical data. With that method, I enrich the registration of sensor impressions (Borneman & Hammoudi, 2009, p. 19) during my fieldwork, providing a sonic dimension to the knowledge of creative practice amongst landscape architects. 

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    fulltext
  • 297.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Between Labor Migration and Forced Displacement: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2016Ingår i: Conflict and society: Advances in research, ISSN 2164-4543, E-ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 52-67Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The significant number of involuntary returns of labor migrants to Burkina Faso is a relatively neglected aspect of the armed confl ict in Côte d’Ivoire. Between 500,000 and 1 million Burkinabe migrants were forced to leave Côte d’Ivoire between 2000 and 2007, placing tremendous pressure on local communities in Burkina Faso to receive and integrate these mass arrivals, and causing those returning labor migrants an acute sense of displacement. Th is article analyzes the experiences of displacement and resettlement in the context of the Ivorian crisis and explores the dialectics of displacement and emplacement in the lives of involuntary labor migrant returnees; their young adult children; and Burkinabe recruits returning aft er their service in the Forces Nouvelles rebel forces in Côte d’Ivoire.

  • 298.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Diaspora at Home?: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2013Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the period 1999-2007, more than half a million Burkinabe returned to Burkina Faso due to the persecution of immigrant labourers in neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire. Ultranationalist debates about the criteria for Ivorian citizenship had intensified during the 1990s and led to the scapegoating of immigrants in a political rhetoric centred on notions of autochthony and xenophobia. Having been actively encouraged to immigrate by the Ivorian state for generations, Burkinabe migrant labourers were now forced to leave their homes and livelihoods behind and return to a country they had left in their youth or, as second-generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire, had never seen.

    Based on 12 months of ethnographic fieldwork in Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire, the thesis explores the narratives and everyday practices of returning labour migrants in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second-largest city, in order to understand the subjective experiences of displacement that the forced return to Burkina Faso engendered. The analysis questions the appropriateness of the very notion of “return” in this context and suggests that people’s senses of home are multiplex and tend to rely more on the ability to pursue active processes of emplacement in everyday life than on abstract notions of belonging, e.g. relating to citizenship or ethnicity.

    The study analyses intergenerational interactions within and across migrant families in the city and on transformations of intra-familial relations in the context of forced displace-ment. A particular emphasis is placed on the experiences of young adults who were born and raised in Côte d’Ivoire and arrived in Burkina Faso for the first time during the Ivorian crisis. These young men and women were received with scepticism in Burkina Faso because of their perceived “Ivorian” upbringing, language, and behaviour and were forced to face new forms of stigmatisation and exclusion. At the same time, young migrants were able to exploit their labelling as outsiders and turn their difference into an advantage in the competition for scarce employment opportunities and social connections.

  • 299.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Diaspora at Home?: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2013Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the period 1999-2007, more than half a million Burkinabe returned to Burkina Faso due to the persecution of immigrant labourers in neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire. Ultranationalist debates about the criteria for Ivorian citizenship had intensified during the 1990s and led to the scapegoating of immigrants in a political rhetoric centred on notions of autochthony and xenophobia. Having been actively encouraged to immigrate by the Ivorian state for generations, Burkinabe migrant labourers were now forced to leave their homes and livelihoods behind and return to a country they had left in their youth or, as second-generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire, had never seen.

    Based on 12 months of ethnographic fieldwork in Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire, the thesis explores the narratives and everyday practices of returning labour migrants in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second-largest city, in order to understand the subjective experiences of displacement that the forced return to Burkina Faso engendered. The analysis questions the appropriateness of the very notion of “return” in this context and suggests that people’s senses of home are multiplex and tend to rely more on the ability to pursue active processes of emplacement in everyday life than on abstract notions of belonging, e.g. relating to citizenship or ethnicity.

    The study analyses intergenerational interactions within and across migrant families in the city and on transformations of intra-familial relations in the context of forced displace-ment. A particular emphasis is placed on the experiences of young adults who were born and raised in Côte d’Ivoire and arrived in Burkina Faso for the first time during the Ivorian crisis. These young men and women were received with scepticism in Burkina Faso because of their perceived “Ivorian” upbringing, language, and behaviour and were forced to face new forms of stigmatisation and exclusion. At the same time, young migrants were able to exploit their labelling as outsiders and turn their difference into an advantage in the competition for scarce employment opportunities and social connections.

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  • 300.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    The ambivalence of neighbourhood in urban Burkina Faso2015Ingår i: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, nr 3-4, s. 331-343Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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