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  • 251.
    Andersson, Helena M.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Bøhn, S. K.
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo.
    Raastad, T.
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Paulsen, G.
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Blomhoff, R.
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo.
    Kadi, Fawzi
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Differences in the inflammatory plasma cytokine response following two elite female soccer games separated by a 72-h recovery2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 20, no 5, 740-747 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated changes in a large battery of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in elite female soccer players following two 90-min games separated by a 72-h active or passive recovery. Blood samples were taken from 10 players before, within 15-20 min, 21, 45 and 69 h after the first game and within 15-20 min after the second game. The leukocyte count was analyzed, together with several plasma pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, using a multiplex bead array system. After the first and second game, the total leukocytes and neutrophils increased significantly. Likewise, increases (P<0.05) in pro-inflammatory cytokines [interleukin (IL)-12, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interferon-gamma (INF-gamma), IL-17], chemokines [monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), IL-8 and monokine induced by gamma interferon (MIG)], anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-2R, IL-4, IL-5, IL-7, IL-10, IL-13, INF-alpha) and the mixed cytokine IL-6 were observed. Leukocyte and cytokine levels were normalized within 21 h. Active recovery (low-intensity exercises) did not affect the cytokine responses. A dampened cytokine response was observed after the second game as only IL-12, IL-6, MCP-1, IL-8 and MIG increased (P<0.05). In conclusion, a robust pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine response occurs after the first but not the second soccer game. The implications of the dampened cytokine response in female players after the second game are unknown.

  • 252.
    Andersson, Helena M
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Ekblom, Björn
    Krustrup, Peter
    Elite football on artificial turf versus natural grass: movement patterns, technical standards, and player impressions2008In: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, Vol. 26, no 2, 113-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to examine the movement patterns, ball skills, and the impressions of Swedish elite football players during competitive games on artificial turf and natural grass. Time - motion analyses (36 observations) and technical analyses (16 team observations) were performed and 72 male and 21 female players completed a questionnaire. No differences were observed between artificial turf and natural grass in terms of total distance covered (mean 10.19 km, s = 0.19 vs. 10.33 km, s = 0.23), high-intensity running (1.86 km, s = 0.10 vs. 1.87 km, s = 0.14), number of sprints (21, s = 1 vs. 22, s = 2), standing tackles (10, s = 1 vs. 11, s = 1) or headers per game (8, s = 1 vs. 8, s = 1), whereas there were fewer sliding tackles (P < 0.05) on artificial turf than natural grass (2.1, s = 0.5 vs. 4.3, s = 0.6). There were more short passes (218, s = 14 vs. 167, s = 12) and midfield-to-midfield passes (148, s = 11 vs. 107, s = 8) (both P < 0.05) on artificial turf than natural grass. On a scale of 0-10, where 0 = "better than", 5 = "equal to", and 10 = "worse than", the male players reported a negative overall impression (8.3, s = 0.2), poorer ball control (7.3, s = 0.3), and greater physical effort (7.2, s = 0.2) on artificial turf than natural grass. In conclusion, the running activities and technical standard were similar during games on artificial turf and natural grass. However, fewer sliding tackles and more short passes were performed during games on artificial turf. The observed change in playing style could partly explain the male players' negative impression of artificial turf.

  • 253.
    Andersson, Helena M.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Karlsen, A.
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo.
    Blomhoff, R.
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo.
    Raastad, T.
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Kadi, Fawzi
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Plasma antioxidant responses and oxidative stress following a soccer game in elite female players2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 20, no 4, 600-608 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We aimed to investigate markers of oxidative stress and levels of endogenous and dietary antioxidants in 16 elite female soccer players in response to a 90-min game (average intensity 82+/-3% HRpeak). Blood samples were taken before, immediately and 21 h after the game. Plasma-oxidized glutathione, the ratio of reduced to oxidized glutathione (GSH:GSSG) and lipid peroxidation measured by d-ROMs were used as markers of oxidative stress. Plasma endogenous [uric acid, total glutathione (TGSH)] and dietary antioxidants (alpha-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, total carotenoids and polyphenols) were analyzed using liquid chromatography and the Folin-Ciocalteu method. Exercise induced an acute increase (P<0.05) in GSSG, uric acid, TGSH, alpha-tocopherol, and ascorbic acid. In parallel, the GSH:GSSG ratio and polyphenols decreased (P<0.05). GSSG, GSH:GSSG ratio, uric acid, TGSH, and ascorbic acid returned to baseline at 21 h, while polyphenols and alpha-tocopherol remained altered. Total carotenoids increased above baseline only at 21 h (P<0.05). Lipid peroxidation, measured by d-ROMs, remained unchanged throughout the study. Thus, intermittent exercise in well-trained female athletes induces a transient increase in GSSG and a decrease in the GSH:GSSG ratio, which is effectively balanced by the recruitment of both endogenous and dietary antioxidants, resulting in the absence of lipid peroxidation measured by d-ROMs.

  • 254.
    Andersson, Helena M.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Raastad, Truls
    Nilsson, Johnny
    Paulsen, Göran
    Garthe, Ina
    Kadi, Fawzi
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Neuromuscular fatigue and recovery in elite female soccer: effects of active recovery2008In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, ISSN 0195-9131, E-ISSN 1530-0315, Vol. 40, no 2, 372-380 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: To investigate the time course of recovery from neuromuscular fatigue and some biochemical changes between two female soccer matches separated by an active or passive recovery regime. METHODS: Countermovement jump (CMJ), sprint performance, maximal isokinetic knee flexion and extension, creatine kinase (CK), urea, uric acid, and perceived muscle soreness were measured in 17 elite female soccer players before, immediately after, 5, 21, 45, 51, and 69 h after a first match, and immediately after a second match. Eight players performed active recovery (submaximal cycling at 60% of HRpeak and low-intensity resistance training at < 50% 1RM) 22 and 46 h after the first match. RESULTS: In response to the first match, a significant decrease in sprint performance (-3.0 +/- 0.5%), CMJ (-4.4 +/- 0.8%), peak torque in knee extension (-7.1 +/- 1.9%) and flexion (-9.4 +/- 1.8%), and an increase in CK (+ 152 +/- 28%), urea (15 +/- 2), uric acid (+ 11 +/- 2%), and muscle soreness occurred. Sprint ability was first to return to baseline (5 h) followed by urea and uric acid (21 h), isokinetic knee extension (27 h) and flexion (51 h), CK, and muscle soreness (69 h), whereas CMJ was still reduced at the beginning of the second match. There were no significant differences in the recovery pattern between the active and passive recovery groups. The magnitude of the neuromuscular and biochemical changes after the second match was similar to that observed after the first match. CONCLUSION: The present study reveals differences in the recovery pattern of the various neuromuscular and biochemical parameters in response to a female soccer match. The active recovery had no effects on the recovery pattern of the four neuromuscular and three biochemical parameters.

  • 255.
    Andersson, Helena
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Wilhelmsson, Sara
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Utställningsdokumentär?2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Utställningsdokumentär? består av två delar: dels den vetenskapligt orienterade studie som redovisas här, dels en praktisk gestaltning i form av en serie experimentella utställningar. Projektets syfte som helhet är att belysa utställningsmediets förmåga att gestalta ett dokumentärt innehåll, samt diskutera och experimentera med dokumentära arbetsmetoder i utställningssammanhang. Denna explorativa studie är gjord på kvalitativa grunder och består av intervjuer med professionella dokumentärmakare och museimänniskor, kortfattade analyser av tre aktuella museiutställningar samt en serie utställningsexperiment. Ett försök görs att lägga grunden för ett nytt begrepp och en ny typ av utställningsmetod. Studien visar att utställningsdokumentärer kan vara ett sätt för museet att mer aktivt delta i samhällsdebatten. Utställningarna behöver inte vara objektiva utan ska ge utrymme för personliga tolkningar av ämnen, historiska eller samtida, problematiska, vinklade, med laddade föremål eller helt utan föremål. Kort sagt subjektiva utställningsdokumentärer. Något som är grundläggande för dokumentären är verklighetsanknytningen och ofta är det just den aspekten, att det som visas faktiskt har hänt på riktigt, som berör och fascinerar. Men det räcker inte bara med materialet, en tydlig avsändare som tolkar och berättar, pekar ut riktningar och anger sammanhang, ett subjekt med personlig anknytning till ämnet måste också till för att utställningen ska bli en dokumentär. I denna form blir utställningsdokumentären ett komplement till museets övriga utställningar och ett forum för aktuell samhällsdebatt - något som saknas på svenska museer idag.

  • 256.
    Andersson, Henrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301).
    Perception of Own Death Risk: A Reassessment of Road-Traffic Mortality Risk2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines individuals' perception of their own road-mortality risk. Swedish data on respondents' subjective risk beliefs is used and compared with objective risk estimates. The objective risk is defined as the risk of the respondent's own age and gender group, and it is found that low and high risk groups over- and underassess their risk levels, respectively. This study replicates the analysis used by Andersson and Lundborg (2007) and the pattern of over- and underassessment found confirms their findings. As in their study, risk beliefs are updated in line with the Bayesian learning model, a relationship not statistically significant in this study, though. Regarding results of individual characteristics and risk beliefs in both studies, whereas, e.g., gender effects are robust, other results suggest a weak relationship between the perception of own road-mortality risk and individual characteristics.

  • 257.
    Andersson, Henrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301).
    Private and Public WTP for Safety: A Validity Test2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To elicit an affected population's preferences for, e.g., better health or environment stated preference (SP) methods are often used. SP methods are based on hypothetical market settings which necessitates validity tests of the results. This study describes a validity test on the basis of theoretical predictions and empirical findings for private and public safety measures. According to the test, public willingness to pay (WTP) should exceed private WTP.

  • 258.
    Andersson, Janicke
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    The Ageing Cyborg and the Phlegmatic Ancestor2003In: European Sociological Association,2003, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 259.
    Andersson, Janicke
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    The Discourse of Prolongevity and the Holy Gene2004In: Ageing Societies and Ageing Sociology,2004, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Andersson, Janicke
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity.
    Lukkarinen Kvist, Mirjaliisa
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Avdelningen för sociala studier, Karlstads universitet.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att leva med tiden: Samhälls- och kulturanalytiska perspektiv på ålder och åldrande2011 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att leva med tiden handlar om vad ålder och åldrande kan betyda i olika sammanhang och hur betydelsen förändras över tid och rum. I boken diskuteras olika samhälls- och kulturvetenskapliga perspektiv på ålder och åldrande. Boken belyser vilka konsekvenser vetenskapliga sätt att se på åldrande kan få i analys av, och relation till, vardagsliv, vetenskaplig verksamhet och i det offentliga livet. Förutom historiska tillbakablickar presenteras också teorier om ålder, normalitet och identitet samt ålder ur ett intersektionellt perspektiv.

  • 261.
    Andersson, Jennie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Luthra, Renee
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Hurtig, Peter
    Research and Development, Misa AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Employer attitudes toward hiring persons with disabilities: A vignette study in Sweden2015In: Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, ISSN 1052-2263, E-ISSN 1878-6316, Vol. 43, no 1, 41-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Individuals with disabilities are often far removed from the labour market and research shows that employers’ negative attitudes toward persons with disabilities create a barrier to attaining employment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate Swedish employers’ experiences and attitudes toward hiring persons with various disabilities. METHODS: A vignette method with accompanying questions was used. A total of 212 employers, who were actively seeking to hire, were recruited via an online employment site and participated in the study. RESULTS: The results indicated that there is some interest for employers to hire persons with disabilities and that this depended on the type of disability a person has. Other results demonstrated that previous experience of employing persons with disabilities was linked to greater interest in hiring, that employers had greater interest to hire than they thought other employers had, and that openness about the disability was deemed as an important factor in the hiring process. CONCLUSION: The novelty of this study is its use of a vignette design to investigate employers’ attitudes in Sweden. Moreover, the results are much in line with international research. This contributes to knowledge and development of increasing employment for persons with disabilities. © 2015 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

  • 262.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Environmental Impacts of Contaminated Site Remediation: a Comparision of two Life Cycle Assessments2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The decision process of which technique to choose for remediation of contaminated sites has traditionally focused on the clean up level, the time required and the economical resources. The environmental costs of the remediation are seldom taken into consideration. With a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) it is possible to receive an overall picture of the environmental impacts caused by a remediation technique. In this thesis a comparison of two LCA methods has been made. The methods are named REC and Uva and are used in the Netherlands and Germany. Two remediation techniques, the adsorption technique and the bioremediation technique, were compared and data from a discontinued petrol station were used. The output from the REC method indicated that the adsorption technique causes more environmental costs then the bioremediation technique. The main reason is because the adsorption technique consumes more groundwater and energy. The UvA method presented a different result. According to this method the bioremediation technique causes more environmental costs. This is because the bioremediation technique consumes more energy and causes more emissions. The main reasons of the difference between the REC and the UvA methods are that they use diverse ways to calculate the consumption of energy, have different system boundaries and consider different impact categories. A conclusion of the present study is that a decision process of which remediation technique to use at a contaminated site could be dependent on which method is used as a decision support tool.

  • 263.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Synen på implementeringen av EU:s vattendirektiv hos olika aktörer i den svenska vattenförvaltningen2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom EU är vattnet ett resursproblem, både med avseende på kvalitet och kvantitet. För att komma till rätta med dessa problem utarbetades EU:s ramdirektiv för vatten. Det övergripande syftet med direktivet är att allt vatten ska uppnå ”god status” senast 2015. Direktivet antogs 2000 och utgör en grund för Europas framtida vattenstrategi. För Sveriges del kommer det att innebära en förändring i den nuvarande vattenförvaltning och många aktörer kommer att påverkas. Syftet med denna studie är att få en uppfattning om olika aktörers i den svenska vattenförvaltningen syn på implementeringen av vattendirektivet. Studien omfattar åtta kvalitativa intervjuer med personer som var och en representerar olika aktörer i dagens vattenförvaltning. Resultatet från intervjuerna visar att aktörerna anser att det finns en klar fördel med att hantera vattenfrågorna avrinningsområdesvis, som direktivet föreskriver. Andra fördelar med direktivet är att det kommer att skapas en ny organisation som på ett strategiskt sätt hanterar vattenfrågorna. Direktivet ses som ett bra verktyg för att förbättra vattnets kvalitet, men hur framgångsrikt direktivet kommer att bli, beror i stor utsträckning på hur Sverige väljer att arbeta med implementeringen. Att få till stånd en fungerande samverkan mellan aktörerna ses som svårt. Detta kan bero på att vattnet är en allmän resurs, som många aktörer riktar resursanspråk på. För att få allmänheten involverade i vattenarbetet krävs en bland annat en arena där alla kan komma till tals.

  • 264.
    Andersson, Johnn
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Environmental Systems Analysis Department of Energy and Environment, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Perez Vico, Eugenia
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hammar, Linus
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The critical role of informed political direction for advancing technology: The case of Swedish marine energy2017In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 101, 52-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Marine energy technologies can contribute to meeting sustainability challenges, but they are still immature and dependent on public support. This paper employs the Technological Innovation Systems (TIS) framework to analyze the development and diffusion of Swedish marine energy up until 2014. While there were promising device developers, relevant industrial capabilities, and world-class research, the system suffered from weaknesses in several important innovation processes. Finally, the analysis identifies the lack of informed political direction as a critical blocking factor and highlights its connection to domestic market potential. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

  • 265.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Pop-culture icons as agents of change?: The roles and fucntions of celebrity activists in peace- and development related global issues2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the possible theoretic and (f)actual role(s) of pop-culture icons in peace and evelopment-related global issues, using the qualitative research methods of text- and discourse analysis. Do pop-culture icons have a role to play at all in this field? If so, what is that role? What are these celebrity activists currently saying and doing on the international development scene and what are their analyses like? What are their current and historical functions? There is support in the academic literature suggesting that celebrity activists can possess vast power resources (scope of influence), (soft) power and (charismatic) authority, which in turn enables them to influence the attitudes and values of (especially young, receptive) people. The findings also show that the most successful celebrity activists have a global reach, as well as access to the international arenas of political power (e. g. the G8 and the World Economic Forum). Celebrity activists seem to be able to "sell" messages in a way that the politicians and officials of today cannot. When they speak, people listen. They further employ a two-level outreach, as they connect with political and economical elite groups as well as with the masses of world citizens in a way that politicians and officials, whose influence is more often limited by traditional nation state boundaries, cannot. I argue that the celebrity activists should be seen as a complement to the civil society and the work of NGO's and INGO's, since it is by further enhancing their work and strengthening their agendas that most of them act.Celebrity activists offer an alternative to the political establishment, which is viewed by suspicion by large groups of citizens, and can play a role in empowerment, inspiration, education, information, awareness raising, fundraising, opinion building and lobbying and function as diplomats, spokespersons, ambassadors, entrepreneurs, convenors and heroic voices.

  • 266.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Design.
    Kulturmiljövärden i besluts- och planeringsprocesser: Röster om kompensation som styrmedel mellan bevarande och förändring2014Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kommunala besluts- och planeringsprocesser omfattar till olika grad särskilda åtgärder (kompensation), som syftar till att moderera konsekvenserna av en föreslagen förändring på befintliga värden i kultur- eller naturmiljö. Förutom det etablerade samrådsförfarandet, som beskrivs i Plan- och Bygglagen, PBL (SFS 2010:900), aktiveras två andra lagrum, dels Kulturmiljölagen, KML (SFS1988:950), som värnar värden i kulturmiljöer, dels Miljöbalken, MB (SFS1998:808), som skyddar värden i naturmiljöer. Medan PBL och KML hanterar kulturmiljövärden under allmänna skrivningar om hänsyn och varsamhet i förhållande till omgivande bebyggelse, innehåller MB tydliga föreskrifter att påtagliga skador på riksintressanta kultur- och naturmiljövärden ska balanseras genom kompensatoriska strategier. Denna obalans skapar en otydlighet i hanteringen av kulturmiljövärden i kommunala besluts- och planeringsprocesser.

         Inom ramen för ett forskningsprojekt kring begreppen kompensation och styrmedel, finansierat under 2014 av Riksantikvarieämbetet, RÄA, inbjöds sju planerare med erfarenhet av kommunal planering till en workshop för att diskutera begreppens innebörd närmare. Workshoppen genomfördes på Arkitekturskolan, KTH, och i diskussionen deltog även åtta deltagare, knutna till forskningsprojektet. Deltagarnas professionella bakgrund var en form av en arkitektkompetens: 4 deltagare var utbildade till arkitekt med specialisering på hus- eller stadsbyggnad, 2 landskapsarkitekter, 1ingenjör, 2 deltagare var arkeologer samt 1 bebyggelseantikvarie. Fem deltagare hade forskarkompetens inom arkeologi, arkitektur och samhällsplanering. Syftet med workshoppen var att diskutera praktikens förståelse av begreppen i olika kommunal besluts- och planeringsprocesser. Som ett pedagogiskt exempel användes besluts- och planeringsprocessen för åren 2009-2013 kring Ångfärjestationen i Helsingborg, belägen i Stortorgets förlängning och med utsikt över sundet. Kompensation och styrmedel diskuterades under 5 timmar i två olika sammanhang, dels deltagarnas egna tidigare erfarenheter av sådana kompensatoriska åtgärder, dels speglat genom den utvalda skånska fallstudien.

         Workshoppen ger underlag för fem huvudsakliga slutsatser kring kompensation och styrmedel i samband med kulturmiljövärde i kommunala besluts- och planeringsprocesser: (1) Begreppen är beroende av ett sammanhang, en kontext, för att bli användbara och operationella. (2) Kompensation och styrmedel är mindre kända i förhållande till besluts- och planeringsprocesser, som handlar om ingrepp i bebyggelsemiljöer med kulturmiljövärden. (3) Kompensation och styrmedel avseende kulturmiljö behöver skräddarsys genom ett scenariotänkande, som lyfter fram konsekvenser av att anpassa eller bevara kulturmiljövärden i en förändringssituation. (4) Kompensation och styrmedel hänger samman med en problematik som måste bearbetas från de tidigaste skedena av en kommunal besluts- och planeringsprocess. (5) Kompensation sträcker sig från att vara rena ekonomiska transaktioner för förlust av värden till sin enklaste form, till att bli kompensatoriska styrmedel, som detaljerar användning och utformning av bebyggelse inom en intressant kulturmiljö på en övergripande nivå. 

  • 267.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    Myndigheten för delaktighet/ Swedish Agency for Participation.
    Axelson, von, Hans
    Lindén, Arvid
    Skehan, Terry
    Equalization and Participation for All: Swedish Disability Policy at a Crossroads2016In: Universal Design 2016:: +Learning from the Past, Designing for the Future / [ed] Helen Petrie, Jenny Darzentas, Tanja Walsh, David Swallow, Leonardo Sandoval, Andrew Lewis, Christopher Power, IOS Press, 2016, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The political line in Swedish disability policy advocates the use of generalized solutions in order to fit potential needs of the largest possible group of people and, where needed, special solutions to bridge the remaining gap between the generalized level of accessibility and additional individual needs. This is referred to as the disability perspective (DP). The DP has embraced two tracks: one that pertains to generalized solutions that promote an overall high level of accessibility and usability, and another one that pertains to different types of individual support for people with disabilities. The present study is a self-reflective inquiry on key issues for the development of future disability policies. Five experts entered a discussion about the pros and cons concerning the DP. This confirmed or refuted assumptions, dilemmas, themes as well as reoccurring patterns in the political viva voce procedure that has formed the contemporary disability policy. Over the course of time, the experts believed that the DP had nurtured a belief that there is a dichotomy. This may have created an imbalance in the relation between the DP and policies such as those concerning healthcare and social care. With a clearer focus on interdependence, the experts saw synergies between needs for assistive technology, assistive products and the requirements for the built environment.

  • 268.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    Myndigheten for delaktighet/ Swedish Agency for Participation (MFD) .
    Skehan, Terry
    Balke, Ola
    Dissecting strategies for creating inclusive societies in twelve western countries: Going beyond accessibility concepts and achieving universal usability2016In: Inclusion, Participation and Human Rights in Disability Research - comparisons and exchanges: Inclusion, Participation and Human Rights in Disability Research - comparisons and exchanges, ALTER European Society for Disability Research , 2016, Vol. 1, 7- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the mid-1960s, the concept of accessibility has evolved into a key notion for making modern welfare society inclusive for large groups of people regardless of their potential cognitive and functional abilities. In the beginning, the concept primarily targeted physical requirements for the built environment (e.g. floor level, spatial configuration, illumination, and signage). In the evolution of the concept in Sweden, accessibility has achieved both secondary and tertiary complementary meanings that refer to strategies for dismantling obsolete attitudes about people with disabilities and for ensuring that artefacts and media are useable by users with a diverse range of abilities, limitations and characteristics. By the end of the 20th century, many countries used accessibility or similar concepts (e.g. access, barrier-free design, design for all, inclusive design, accessible design) in creating inclusive welfare societies. In 2006, the UN Convention Rights for People with Disabilities (CRPD) associated universal design thinking (UD) to this quest. This paper presents findings from a study on the implementation of accessibility and universal design and similar concepts in twelve countries in three geo-economical spheres. The research material was assembled by key word searches, interviews and questionnaires. Swedish conditions were used as a matrix for creating comparative analyses. The result suggested that national strategies for promoting accessibility and universal design depended upon the chronical debut and the cultural context. From a Swedish perspective, at least three possible avenues for further development of the concept of accessibility for the 21st century are identified: definition of conceptual theorems, collection of exemplary models and practices, as well as increased use of ICT. We propose to host a session in which 2-3 experts from the countries studied discuss and analyse the conclusions of the study, and give further insights into the realisation of an inclusive welfare state with full potential for participation regardless of age and disabilities.

  • 269.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    Myndigheten för Delaktighet/ Swedish Agency for Participation.
    Skehan, Terry
    Rydén, Monica
    Lagerkrans, Elisabeth
    Shopping with Acquired Brain Injuries: Coping Strategies and Maslowian Principles2016In: Universal Design 2016:: Learning from the Past, Designing for the Future / [ed] Helen Petrie, Jenny Darzentas, Tanja Walsh, David Swallow, Leonardo Sandoval, Andrew Lewis, Christopher Power, IOS Press, 2016, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A positive outcome of the modern welfare state is prolonged life expectancy. In Sweden, the expected life span has increased with approximatively 25 years during the 20th century [Statistics Sweden]. However, ageing is associated with an increased risk for acquiring cognitive and physical disabilities. This study is based on anonymized interviews with groups of older persons who experience cognitive problems and relatives. The interviewees were asked about everyday activities like shopping groceries, clothes or other necessities. The interviewees identified problems and described a series of strategies for coping. This paper uses fictionalized characters to present problems and coping strategies that the interviewees use to overcome cognitive challenges when shopping groceries. The strategies range from complete withdrawal, an increased dependency on proxies to the development of elaborate techniques to mask their problem and obtain assistance. Following the current trend in the design of the Swedish sales environment – large scale, abundance of goods and Maslowian strategies for making people stay longer (and spend more money) – accessibility in the built environment is often an absent friend.

  • 270.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    “Allt började med en sockerbit!”: Ett diskursivt perspektiv på unga mäns berättelser om eget våldsutövande2010In: Locus, ISSN 1100-3197, no 2-3, 77-90- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies.
    Ambiguity as Resource in Doing Masculinities - a troubled boy's narrative2005In: Childhoods 2005 Oslo Children and Youth in Emerging and Transforming Societies,2005, 2005, 171-171 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 272.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies.
    Att be om ursäkt - interpersonell färdigthet och ART i praktiken2007In: Socionomens forskningssupplement, Vol. 6, 36-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 273.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies.
    Att be om ursäkt. Interpersonell färdighet och ART i praktiken2006In: Utsatt barndom, sårbara familjer och samhällets insatser,2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Frihetens kamp mot ondskan. Nationellt meningsskapande i USA efter den 11 september 20012002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a paper about the process of creating meaning in speeches held by president Bush after the terrorist attacks on September 11th 2001. People need tools to orient and understand the surrounding world. They need to create a meaningful orientation in a chaotic world. Some meaning is favoured due to the prevailing social structures. Thru language discourses are produced that helps us understand how the world is constructed. The national state is a discourse that make the world understandable. The discourse create a natural perception of the world as divided into nations. A grand narrative is a story that explain incomprehensive occurrences in society. In times of war these stories become crucial. It is necessary to demonise the enemy to legitimise ones actions.

    In the US a myth of origin is built around the concept of Manifest Destiny. The myth constitutes that the nation has a unique mission from God to save the rest of the world. In the story retelling the events of September 11th president Bush presents a solution to the problem of terrorists threatening to divide the nation. The nation is constantly on the brink of falling apart. The solution is unity. President Bush recreate the story of USA and the terrorist attacks in a meaningful way, and portrays the nation as a natural entity. The enemy is the evil force that unites the nation.

  • 275.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mellan offer och förövare – att berätta om våld2009In: Den väsentliga vardagen / [ed] Sparrman, Anna, Cromdal, Jakob, Evaldsson, Ann-Carita, Adelswärd, Viveka, Stockholm: Carlssons , 2009, 1, 335- p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här ger arton forskare som alla varit doktorander till professor Karin Aronsson sin beskrivning av olika former av vardagliga fenomen. Det handlar om hur människor i olika sammanhang samspelar och skapar mening. Gemensamt för de författare som bidrar i boken är att de är eller har varit doktorander vid Institutionen Barn och tema Kommunikation, vid Linköpings universitet. Sedan mitten av 1980-talet har institutionen erbjudit en dynamisk forskningsmiljö för personer med intresse för samtal, kulturella uttryck och socialt liv i och utanför institutionella sammanhang.

  • 276.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies.
    Rather a Killer than a Rapist: Gendering the Convict Code2007In: Past, Present and Future. From Womens Studies to Post-Gender Research,,2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 277.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Unga män och våld - att studera våld i ett genusperspektiv2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 278.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Osvaldsson, Karin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Utvärdering av BRIS Internetbaserade stödkontakter2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    In  this  evaluation,  children  who  contacted  BRIS via email  or  chat were asked to answer a few questions  concerning  their perceived well- being, the difficulties leading up to the contact, and how they feel they have been treated by BRIS. These questions  were asked immediately before and  after the  contact, as well as 10 days later. In  addition,  a request to participate in a questionnaire study went out to all children who had been active on the BRIS discussion  forums, where they were asked how often they visit the forum, what features they appreciate in the community and how they perceive the help they get in the forum.

    The children  have estimated  their  well-being on a scale from 1  to 9, where  1    represents  "Very  poor"  and  9  "Great".  A  total  of  6,193 children  were asked  to participate  in the  evaluation.  925 responses were submitted during  the period April 1st to June 7th (email & chat) and May 24th  - August 17th (discussion  forum).  The internal  loss is low, 5.05% for the entire  study. Complete  series  in which the child has answered all three questionnaires in the email and chat amounts to only 51,  however, between  220  and  432 questionnaires has  been submitted by the  different  occasions.  A total of 245 questionnaires have been submitted to the evaluation of the discussion  forum.

    The children  report  that their well-being increases  immediately  after the contact with BRIS, regardless  of modality. This however declines in the last follow-up. In general however, they still produce  a higher value than  at the first measurement. The children  reported  that they feel listened  to and that they feel that BRIS is taking them  seriously. The children  who contact BRIS through  discussion  forums  are even more satisfied with the assistance  they receive than the children  who use chat and email. Above all, the discussion  forum helps kids to feel they  are  not  alone  in  their  situation.   The  children   who  use  the discussion  forum  also very much  appreciate  the answers  from other children  and  the  opportunity  to  help  other  children  by answering others postings.

    A small group  of children,  indicate that they feel worse after contac- ting  BRIS. An analysis  of their  answers  describe  either  a dissatis- faction  with  the  provided  advice  or  an  incapacity  to  follow  the provided advice despite them being perceived relevant.

  • 279.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mediated communications of violence: The example of “happy slapping”2011In: Journal of Children and Media, ISSN 1748-2798, Vol. 5, no 2, 230-234 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 280.
    Andersson, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Att använda tid och att njuta av tid2005In: Den omvända ålderspyramiden / [ed] Gösta Blücher och Göran Graninger, Linköping: Linköping University Interdisciplinary Studies , 2005, 201-213 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan samhället ta tillvara den kraft          som finns i den till stora delar nya historiska situation som det växande          antalet äldre skapar, ”den tredje kraften”? De äldre          sammankopplas vanligtvis med problem. Därigenom döljs att de          som individer som regel är en stor tillgång för familj,          grannskap och samhället i vidare mening. De individuella variationerna          döljs liksom individernas skilda behov och intressen. Här finns          en rad intressanta frågor som är kopplade till samhällsplanering.          Var bor äldre och hur vill de bo? Hur använder äldre sin          tid? Känner de trygghet i sin omgivning? Är ny teknik ett hjälpmedel          eller ett hinder för äldre? Är äldre allt friskare          och mer aktiva? Detta är frågor som innehåller många          aspekter och berör nästan alla samhällssektorer.

    Dessa frågor låg till grund för diskussionerna          vid Vadstena Forums Symposium 2005. Djupare sett syftade symposiet till          att belysa hur det växande antalet äldre påverkar välfärdsutveckling          och samhällsplanering.

    Vid Vadstena forum medverkade femton forskare från          skilda discipliner och institutioner. Deras uppsatser låg till grund          för diskussionerna. Efter symposiet har forskarna haft tillfälle          att utnyttja diskussionerna vid symposiet och vidareutveckla sina uppsatser.          De uppsatser som presenteras i denna bok utgör därigenom också          en dokumentation av symposiet.

    Bidrag till finansiering av forskarinsatserna under          Symposium 2005 har lämnats av Linköpings universitet, Forskningsrådet          för arbetsliv och socialvetenskap (Fas), Forskningsrådet för          miljö, areella näringar och samhällsbyggande (Formas) och      Riksbankens jubileumsfond.

  • 281.
    Andersson, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Cyborger i cyberspace2003In: Aldring og livsløp, ISSN 1503-0849, no 2, 14-19 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Andersson, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Det ideala åldrandet2003In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, no 3, 22-23 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 283.
    Andersson, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Elderly people2006In: Encyclopedia of Social Policy, London: Routledge , 2006, 10-15 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 284.
    Andersson, Lars
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
    Militärt ledarskap - när det gäller: svenskt militärt ledarskap med fredsfrämjande insatser i fokus2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1996 peacekeeping operations are a high priority for the Swedish Defence Forces. The experiences from these operations will influence the future military lead-ership education and training and the writing of this thesis should be regarded from that perspective. My main purpose is to examine military leadership in order to im-prove the leadership education and training within the Swedish Defence Forces. I have posed three research questions. What important steps have been taken in the develop-ment of leadership within the Swedish Defence Forces during the last century? How does this development of military leadership stand out in relation to the development in other countries? How is military leadership managed in international operations?

    This thesis begins with a survey of the leadership in the Swedish, Norwegian, American, and Israeli armies. The central part comprises studies of two Swedish bat-talions in Bosnia. The leadership in the Swedish Defence Forces has a very good repu-tation, due to the extensive reforms in educational leadership. However, as a military commander it is not sufficient to be a good and successful educator. You are also ex-pected to be able to conduct your unit in peacekeeping operations as well as at war. In general Swedish officers have not had that kind of experience, foremost due to the fact that Sweden has not been in a war for almost 200 years.

    Throughout the case studies I have used a multi-method technique, in which an im-portant part of the method was direct observation. I stayed with a UN-battalion for three months and with another battalion, which was under NATO command, for one month. In the thesis I give an inside perspective of the leadership of the battalions in Bosnia. I illustrate different leadership problems that have appeared throughout my study and describe the environment that the peacekeepers lived and worked in. In the discussion I change focus from the two case studies to the socialization process of the Swedish officers. I relate to the French sociologist Bourdieus´ theoretical concepts when I explain the role-conflict that Swedish officers are facing during international operations. The Swedish Defence College has started a programme to develop leader-ship for the twenty-first century. The biggest challenge is to deal with the general per-spective of the whole organization and its core values in relationship to the role of leadership. Other challenges are the insufficient coordination in the military leadership education and the existing communication problems between different officer groups. I wrap up the thesis with a proposal of a strategy that will help the progression of the Swedish military leadership.

  • 285.
    Andersson, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Pensionären som försvann2004In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, no 1, 40-40 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 286.
    Andersson, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Sweden: Quality of Life in Old Age I2005In: Growing Older in Europe / [ed] Alan Walker, Maidenhead: Open University Press , 2005, 1, 105-127 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book provides a comprehensive picture of quality of life in old age in five very different European Union countries.  Based on systematic review of the evidence in Germany,  Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UIKL by leading national experts the volume constitutes a unique resource for anyone interested in ageing in Europe.  As well as covering all the most important issues concerning quality in later life, including physical and mental health, the environments of ageing, employment and income, family and support networks and participation and social integration, each chapter follows a standard format to ensure maximum accessibility of the material presented and comparisons between the countries. A comparative framework is provided in the introductory chapter which also places the five countries in their broad European context.  The research evidence contained in this volume has never been available  previously in the one  place and, therefore, it represents a unique contribution to the literature.  The  book is intended as a companion volume to the  others in the Growing Older series providing the only comparative European perspective. This comparative analysis shows that many similar quality of later life issues are being faced by older people in different EU countries but that the policy and service contexts  are quite different, as are the research traditions.

  • 287.
    Andersson, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Sweden: Quality of Life in Old Age II2005In: Growing Older in Europe / [ed] Alan Walker, Maidenhead: Open University Press , 2005, 1, 219-232 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book provides a comprehensive picture of quality of life in old age in five very different European Union countries.  Based on systematic review of the evidence in Germany,  Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UIKL by leading national experts the volume constitutes a unique resource for anyone interested in ageing in Europe.  As well as covering all the most important issues concerning quality in later life, including physical and mental health, the environments of ageing, employment and income, family and support networks and participation and social integration, each chapter follows a standard format to ensure maximum accessibility of the material presented and comparisons between the countries. A comparative framework is provided in the introductory chapter which also places the five countries in their broad European context.  The research evidence contained in this volume has never been available  previously in the one  place and, therefore, it represents a unique contribution to the literature.  The  book is intended as a companion volume to the  others in the Growing Older series providing the only comparative European perspective. This comparative analysis shows that many similar quality of later life issues are being faced by older people in different EU countries but that the policy and service contexts  are quite different, as are the research traditions.

  • 288.
    Andersson, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Tredje och fjärde åldern2004In: Att åldras tillsammans, 2004Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 289.
    Andersson, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Ålderism - det finns!2004In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, no 3, 28-29 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 290.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Jönson, Håkan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Äldre som meriterad grupp?2005In: Nye tider, nye livslöp, nye eldre? / [ed] Thorsen Kirsten, Oslo: Norsk selskap for aldersforskning , 2005, 125-133 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Dept. of Oceanography Göteborg University.
    Rahm, Lars
    Dept. of Oceanography Göteborg University.
    On the dynamics of a neutrally-buoyant float in a non-linear stratified fluid1984In: Geophysica, ISSN 0367-4231, Vol. 19, no 2, 157-167 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transient properties of a neutrally-buoyant float in a non-linearly stratified fluid is studied both theoretically and experimentally. Numerical experiments from a theoretical model based on a quadratic drag law are in agreement with data from field experiments.

  • 292.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Ocean. Lab. SMHI.
    Rahm, Lars
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thermally driven circulation within an experimental enclosure1990In: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, ISSN 0272-7714, E-ISSN 1096-0015, Vol. 30, 111-129 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 293.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Öberg, Peter
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies. Gävle Högskola.
    Diversity, health and ageing2006In: Ageing and Diversity.: Multiple Pathways and Cultural Migrations / [ed] Svein Olav Daatland and Simon Biggs, Bristol: Policy Press , 2006, 45-60 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

       To understand contemporary ageing, it is necessary to recognise its diversity. Drawing on an extraordinary range of theory, original research and empirical sources, this book assesses the stereotyped conceptions of ageing, and offers a critical and updated perspective.

    The book: explores the diversity of individual pathways of ageing, the sources of identifications, migration and otherness, and the tension between social structures and personal agency; considers multidisciplinary and international perspectives as an important means of understanding the diversity of ageing, and the need for change in established notions and policies; addresses key issues, such as global ageing, migration, transnational community and citizenship; incorporates theories and findings from psychology and sociology, anthropology and demography, social policy and health sciences. "Ageing and diversity" is aimed at academics, students and practitioners in the fields of sociology, social psychology, health, and welfare. It will also be of interest to all those who want to challenge stereotypes about ageing

  • 294.
    Andersson Lee, Malina
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Mat för små barn som inte tål mjölk: Om hur recept kan möta familjernas behov kring mat och måltider2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Families with small children who are allergic to milk experience that they require practical advice on food and meals. The purpose of this study was to investigate if, and if so how, recipes can meet the needs regarding food and meals that these families feel that they have.

    Total 15 recipes were developed. These were tested by 11 families by cooking and tasting the meals at two workshops. During both workshops the parents were interviewed to find out their opinions on the recipes as well as their needs.

    The results indicate that recipes may be a useful remedy for families with milk allergy, given that the recipes consider the families’ very needs as regarding to food. The needs of the families’ are contradictory, however they can be summed up into recipes. In order to combine the families’ need for ease and responsibility for nutritious food, the food must be quick and simple but still emanate from the nutritional requirements for small children with milk allergy. Likewise identity related to taste is important. Good food is synonymous with well-known tastes for families with children. 

  • 295.
    Andersson, Lotta
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    Annual variability of nitrogen concentrations and export from forested catchments: A consequence of climatic variability, sampling strategies or human interference?2000In: Boreal environment research, ISSN 1239-6095, Vol. 5, no 3, 221-233 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study was based on the data from 18 years of monitoring in six forested catchments. The aim was to find links between annual estimates of export and concentrations of NO3-N and organic N and hydroclimatological factors, sampling strategy and human interference. A topography-based wetness index was used to assess whether the effects of forestry activities depended on prevailing wetness conditions. For organic N, annual runoff was the main explaining factor in three catchments. The flow condition during sampling was for organic N the main explaining factor in three and for NO3-N in one catchment. Effects of clear-cutting of 14% in one catchment were observed. For organic N, the model could be improved by considering clear-cutting in wet areas only. The southernmost catchment, but also the northernmost catchment with the lowest deposition, showed links to atmospheric deposition, demonstrating that deposition can cause a significant direct response in streamwater concentrations in nutrient-poor catchments.

  • 296.
    Andersson, Lotta
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ecohydrological water flow analysis of a Swedish landscape in a 100 year perspective1989Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The study basically involves analysis in a 100 year perspective of the hydrological response on precipitation from different landscape elements in south-central Sweden, characterized by the interaction of topography, soil type, land management and canopy cover.

    For this purpose, a dynamic water partitioning model, based on the soil moisture balance, was developed together with a Geographical Information System (GIS)-supported method for the detection of the spatial distribution of soil wetness as an indicator of the probability to act as discharge or recharge areas respectively.

    A comparison was made of the performance of water balance models of various complexity. It was shown that, generally, increasing the complexity of the submodels did not improve the agreement with measured soil moisture dynamics. As an example, due to negative feedbacks, the rather conservative nature of transpiration was well described by using 30 years monthly means of potential evapotranspiration. However, two important physical processes that are often neglected in water balance models had to be included: the limitation of transpiration by low soil and air temperatures in spring and early summer, and the drainage of rainwater through unsaturated forest soils.

    The model was used to analyze main differences in hydrological response between forests and open grasslands. It was also used to analyze interannual fluctuations of soil moisture deficts. Ironically, the variability was never as high as in the beginning of the hydrological year. The study revealed considerable fluctuations of 10, 30 and 50-year mean soil moisture deficits, and a general secular trend towards higher summer deficits and larger fluctuations around the median. In the light of the detected critical importance of the choice of time period, the concepts of return and standard periods were challenged. It was shown that the water balance model could be calibrated to simulate also overall basin response. Thus, simulated monthly estimates of both basin evapotranspiration and recharge rates for the Velen Representative Basin agreed well with data determined with other methods.

    The model was also used to simulate the integrated basin response from different parts of the landscape mosaic as determined from GIS-overlays. The obvious advantage of GIS was demonstrated. Finally, changes due to the wetness-impacting human interventions were analyzed. Since the 1870s such activities were shown to, on average, have caused a slight desiccation of the landscape, although the impacts locally could be large.

  • 297.
    Andersson, Lotta
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    Arheimer, Berit
    Modelling of Regional Changes of Riverine Nitrogen Flow in the Svartå River 1885-19942002In: FRIEND 2002¿Regional Hydrology: Bridging the Gap between Research and Practice,2002, Wallingford: IAHS Press , 2002, 373- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 298.
    Andersson, Lotta
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bohman, Anna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Van Well, Lisa
    School of Architecture and the Built Environment, KTH - Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Management & Organisation/Centre for International Business Studies, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Persson, Gunn
    Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, SMHI, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Farelius, Johanna
    Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, SMHI, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Underlag till kontrollstation 2015 för anpassning till ett förändrat klimat2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As the climate changes, actors on all levels and in all sectors will be affected. Thus it is imperative that authorities, municipalities, businesses and individual property owners all take action.

    Flooding, heat waves, landslides and erosion are only a few examples of the challenges that that society faces and needs to prepare for. Sweden must adapt to the impacts of a changing climate, as well as the indirect effects of climate change impacts in other parts of the world.

    The costs of adaptation can be high, but the European Commission, among others, has deemed that it still pays to adapt in relation to the costs incurred if no action is taken.

    Climate adaptation initiatives in Sweden have advanced significantly in recent years. Notable examples include governmental missions for a national elevation database, landslide risk mapping in the Göta Älv River Valley, the Swedish drinking water investigation, the County Administrative Boards’ regional climate change action plans, and the establishment of the National Knowledge Centre for Climate Adaptation.

    The Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute’s mission to survey, analyse and follow-up on climate adaptation work in Sweden has shown that there is still a considerable need for further measures. This report provides proposals for a road map for climate adaptation in Sweden and concludes that climate adaptation is best conducted in a long-term manner, that roles and responsibilities should be made more transparent, and that better coordination among the many actors involved in climate adaptation is necessary.

    The most important conclusions for continued work are:

    • Laws and regulations need to be adapted; roles and responsibilities as well as strategies and goals should be made clearer.
    • Priority and funding should be given to research and development measures that fill an identified knowledge-gap, including long-term monitoring.
    • Knowledge and decision support as well as prognoses and warning systems should be more accessible.
    • There is a need to outline how the costs of adaptation should be distributed among actors and how resources for prioritised measures can be guaranteed.

    This mission has compiled knowledge of the current and future risks and consequences for society of a changing climate, such as effects on vital societal functions and human health. The mission has also surveyed the work that has been done since the publication of the final report of the Swedish Commission on Climate and Vulnerability in 2007. From this background material our goal has been to describe the gaps and challenges and provide suggestions for how adaptation can be approached in various sectors of society. The EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change has been an important point of departure. The work has been performed in cooperation with national and regional authorities, municipalities, researchers, sectoral organisations and representatives of the private sector.

    This report is comprised of a main report and 18 annexes. Chapter 3 of the main report is a synthesis of all of the proposals made throughout the document and as such can be seen as a road map to ensure that Sweden adapts to a changing climate.

  • 299.
    Andersson, Lotta
    et al.
    SMHI.
    Castensson, Reinhold
    Tema LiU.
    Hallgren, Sunita
    Löwgren, Marianne
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kampen om ett föroreningsutrymme - inledande försök med implementeringen av EUs vattendirektiv i Svartåns avrinningsområde.2002Report (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Andersson, Lotta
    et al.
    SMHI.
    Gumbricht, Thomas
    KTH.
    Hughes, Denis
    IWR Universitet.
    Kniveton, Dominic
    Universitet.
    Ringrose, Susan
    Universitet.
    Savenije, Hubert
    Universitet.
    Todd, Martin
    Universitet.
    Wilk, Julie
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wolski, Piotr
    Universitet.
    Water flow dynamics in the Okavango River Basin and Delta - A prerequisite for the ecosystems of the Delta2003In: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, ISSN 1474-7065, E-ISSN 1873-5193, Vol. 28, no 20-27, 1165-1172 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
3456789 251 - 300 of 8121
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