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  • 151.
    Aksnes, Dag
    et al.
    NIFU STEP.
    Sandström, Ulf
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies.
    National citation indicators, their methodological foundation and political interpretation2006In: International Conference on Science Technology Indicators,2006, Leuven: Catholic Univ , 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 152.
    Aksomaitis, Algimantas
    et al.
    Kaunas Univ of Technology.
    Burauskaite-Harju, Agne
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Statistics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Momenst of the Maximum of Normally Distributed Dependent Values2009In: Information Technology and Control, ISSN 1392-124X, Vol. 38, no 4, 301-302 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the moments of the maximum of a finite number of random values are analyzed. The largest part of analysis is focused on extremes of dependent normal values. For the case of normal distribution, the moments of the maximum of dependent values are expressed through the moments of independent values.

  • 153.
    Albertsson, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Attar, Housam
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Små företag och offentlig upphandling2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The law involving public procurement specifies that suppliers cannot be discriminated against on size, background, financial resources etc. Through a thorough literature review we found variables that were problematic for SME´s in an international context, that we wanted to further investigate within a Swedish context. Based on our investigation it can be concluded that some of the variables identified have a greater impact than others. Furthermore, our investigation showed that several variables affect the smallest companies to a greater degree than the larger companies. Finally, our survey also showed that barriers differ depending on the companies' level of participation in the procurement process.

  • 154.
    Albertsson, Sarah
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. SICS East Swedish ICT AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Rennes, Evelina
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. SICS East Swedish ICT AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Arne
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. SICS East Swedish ICT AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Similarity-Based Alignment of Monolingual Corpora for Text Simplification2016In: CL4LC 2016 - Computational Linguistics for Linguistic Complexity: Proceedings of the Workshop, 2016, 154-163 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Comparable or parallel corpora are beneficial for many NLP tasks.  The automatic collection of corpora enables large-scale resources, even for less-resourced languages, which in turn can be useful for deducing rules and patterns for text rewriting algorithms, a subtask of automatic text simplification. We present two methods for the alignment of Swedish easy-to-read text segments to text segments from a reference corpus.  The first method (M1) was originally developed for the task of text reuse detection, measuring sentence similarity by a modified version of a TF-IDF vector space model. A second method (M2), also accounting for part-of-speech tags, was devel- oped, and the methods were compared.  For evaluation, a crowdsourcing platform was built for human judgement data collection, and preliminary results showed that cosine similarity relates better to human ranks than the Dice coefficient. We also saw a tendency that including syntactic context to the TF-IDF vector space model is beneficial for this kind of paraphrase alignment task.

  • 155.
    Alehagen, Urban
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Cardiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Centre, Department of Cardiology UHL.
    Dahlström, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Cardiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Centre, Department of Cardiology UHL.
    Carstensen, John
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rehfeld, J. F.
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark .
    Gotze, J. P.
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark .
    Combined measurement of copeptin, high sensitivity Troponin T, and NT-proBNP improves the identification of elderly patients at risk of cardiovascular death in REGULATORY PEPTIDES, vol 177, issue , pp S14-S142012In: REGULATORY PEPTIDES, Elsevier , 2012, Vol. 177, S14-S14 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 156.
    Alehagen, Urban
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Cardiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Centre, Department of Cardiology UHL.
    Dahlström, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Cardiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Centre, Department of Cardiology UHL.
    Cartensen, John
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Refeld, Jens
    Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Goetze, Jens
    Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Combined measurement of copeptin, high-sensitivity troponin T, and N-terminal proBNP improves the identification of patients at risk of cardiovascular death2012In: Cardiovascular Endocrinology, ISSN 2162-688X, Vol. 1, no 4, 68-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: A multimarker strategy for the handling of patients with heart failure has been suggested in the literature. Therefore, the potential prognostic relevance of combined copeptin, high-sensitivity troponin T (HS-TnT), and N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) measurement in plasma from elderly patients with symptoms of heart failure was evaluated

    Methods: This study included 470 elderly patients (mean age 73 years) from a rural municipality with symptoms of heart failure. Clinical examination, echocardiography, and biomarker measurements were performed. All patients were followed for 13 years and all mortality was registered. Cardiovascular mortality was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier plots and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analyses.

    Results: Copeptin, HS-TnT, and NT-proBNP measurements provided independent prognostic information in a multivariate setting over 5 years (hazard ratio, HR: 3.66; 95% confidence interval, CI 1.27-10.53, HR: 2.52; 95% CI 1.20-5.28, HR: 2.73; 95% CI 1.19-6.26, respectively). Also, the group with all three biomarkers below cut-off values had a low risk for cardiovascular death (1.8% of the patients in this group died in the 5-year follow-up period). In the 13-year follow-up, combined copeptin and HS-TnT measurement did not provide independent prognostic information.

    Conclusion: Combined copeptin, HS-TnT, and NT-proBNP plasma measurements provide prognostic information on cardiovascular mortality that is superior to single biomarker use.

  • 157.
    Alexandersson, Claes
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Dahlgren, Lars-Ove
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Larsson, Staffan
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Säljö, Roger
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Vuxen att lära?1984Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En analys och diskussion kring främst frågor om undervisning, inte minst föreställningen om att vuxna skall undervisas med utgångspunkt av deras erfarenheter.

  • 158.
    Alexandersson, Jenny
    et al.
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wikman, Anna
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nilsson, Barbro
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Höglund, Cecilia
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    HR-strategier för regional tillväxt och samverkan? En studie av två arbetsmarknadsintermediärer2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att bidra till en ökad förståelse för hur två regionala intermediära organisationer, inom HR-området, arbetar med förändrings- och kompetensrelaterade frågor.

    En interaktiv forskningsansats har tillämpats vilket innebär att planering och genomförande av forskningsarbetet har skett i dialog med berörda praktiker. Det empiriska materialet utgörs främst av 12 intervjuer med personer som arbetar inom de studerade intermediära organisationerna.

    Resultaten i denna studie visar att det finns många likheter mellan de två studerade intermediära organisationerna. Båda erbjuder ett brett spektra av HR-tjänster, ägs av sina kundföretag och har en samverkande roll mellan kundföretagen. Resultaten visar också att de båda intermediärerna har utvecklat en relativt speciell roll som intermediärer som innebär att de, i vissa avseenden, arbetar både som en extern och en intern HR-resurs till sina kundföretag. Även när det gäller arbetets organisering visar resultaten på flera likheter mellan de studerade intermediära organisationerna. Personalen i båda intermediärorganisationerna arbetar mycket flexibelt och anpassar sitt arbetssätt efter kundernas behov och önskemål. Få standardiserade modeller eller arbetsverktyg används i arbetet och det finns inte något utvecklat system för dokumentation och kunskapsöverföring som används aktivt inom intermediärorganisationerna. Samtidigt tyder resultaten på att ena av de två organisationerna har en något mer fast struktur med tydligt definierade arbetsområden och roller. Det finns också vissa skillnader mellan organisationerna vad gäller hur man önskar att inrikta och organisera sitt arbete i framtiden. Vidare visar resultaten från denna studie att personalen, inom de båda studerade organisationerna, upplever att deras arbete kan bidra till att kundföretagen får nya perspektiv och synsätt. I bästa fall kan även arbetet bidra till att företagen kan arbeta mer strategiskt och att de lär sig hantera olika problematiska situationer på egen hand och får en ökad beredskap att hantera förändring och problem i framtiden. Samtidigt är många uppdrag av mer akut och kortsiktig karaktär vilket innebär att det kan vara svårt att bidra till mer långsiktiga resultat i kundföretagen.

  • 159.
    Alexandersson, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Commercial and Business Law. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bevisbördan avseende skakrav vid offentlig upphandling2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen sammanställer och analyserar de praktiska följderna av bevisbördans placering avseende skakrav inom ramen för offentlig upphandling. I ett större perspektiv syftar uppsatsen till att kunna användas som ett inlägg i debatten avseende skakravens användning vid offentlig upphandling i Sverige.

    Användingen av skakrav är vanligt förekommande vid offentlig upphandling i Sverige. Begreppet "skakrav" avser ett absolut krav avseende en viss egenskap hos anbudsgivaren och/eller föremålet för upphandlingen. Den egenskap som skakravet avser är avgörande för att säkerställa leveransen av föremålet för upphandlingen.

    Frågan om bevisbördans placering får extra stor vikt i en situation där det, till följd av oklara faktiska förhållanden, finns en osäkerhet avseende hur gällande rätt ska tillämpas. Om en part i ett mål har bevisbördan innebär detta att om parten inte kan visa på omständigheter som uppfyller de beviskrav som uppställs, anses inte heller det tvistiga faktumet föreligga. Risken för att en omständighet inte har bevisats tillskrivs med andra ord av den part som har bevisbördan.

    En leverantör som lämnar anbud vid en offentlig upphandling anger att samtliga skakrav är uppfyllda. I normalfallet är också detta meddelande tillräcklig bevisning för att bevisbördan avseende anbudsgivarens skakravsuppfyllelse ska övergå till beställaren. Detta faktum får ett flertal praktiska konsekvenser. Uppsatsens frågeställning syftar till att identifiera och analysera följderna av angivet faktum.

    När skakravsuppfyllelse bevisas genom ett enkelt meddelande i avlämnat anbud föreligger det en risk för att anbud från anbudsgivare som inte uppfyller alla skakrav ändå tilldelas upphandlingskontrakt. Detta är möjligt eftersom en beställare i normalfallet varken har skyldighet eller möjlighet att kontrollera en anbudsgivares faktiska skakravsuppfyllnad. En undersökning av den faktiska skakravsuppfyllnaden eller omfattande krav på att särskilda bevis avseende skakravsuppfyllnaden ska bifogas anbudet kan strida mot de grundläggande principerna för offentlig upphandling.

    En ytterligare följd av rådande rättsläge är att beställaren är till viss del utelämnad till anbudsgivarnas "goda omdöme". Med gott omdöme menas att en leverantör antas avstå från att lämna anbud när denne vet med sig att han inte uppfyller samtliga uppställda skakrav. En annan möjlig följd av att ett vinnande anbud inte i praktiken uppfyller samtliga skakrav är att tilldelningsbeslutet kan bli föremål för överprövning och/eller att syftet med upphandlingen inte uppnås till sin helhet.

    Uppsatsförfattarens anger vissa förslag på lösningar för att minska de friktioner som användingen av skakrav kan ge. Beställaren skulle bland annat kunna ges större möjligheter att begära bevis avseende anbudsgivarnas skakravsuppfyllnad. Ett annat förslag är helt enkelt att minska användningen av skakrav vid offentlig upphandling.

  • 160.
    Alexandra, Wallin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    En pensel i handen eller en palett för meningsskapande?: En kvalitativ studie av Ateljéristans yrkesutövning i förskolans verksamhet2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden till att genomföra studien kom utav mitt skapandeintresse och mötet med ateljéristor under min förskollärarutbildning. Syftet var att undersöka hur fem ateljéristor uppfattar sin yrkesutövning i relation till arbetslag, barn och kvaliteten i förskolan. Inom Reggio Emilia pedagogiken, är ateljéristan en konstnärligt utbildad person, som specialiserat sig på barns bildskapande. Detta innebär dock inte att ateljéristan alltid har en pedagogisk utbildning. I denna studie har dock samtliga intervjupersoner genomgått en förskollärarutbildning. Studien är av kvalitativ karaktär, vilket innebär att forskaren intresserar sig för mer djupgående undersökningar och analyser av människors upplevelser och erfarenheter. Studien antar ett postmodernt och socialkonstruktionistisk perspektiv på lärande, i syfte att förstå och analysera studiens resultat. Resultatet visade att ateljéristornas kunskaper appliceras inom flera områden i förskolan, såsom handledning av arbetslag, miljö, material och bildskapande. Detta är kunskaper som arbetslag ofta efterfrågar. Ateljéristans arbete styrs utav enheters förutsättningar, samt arbetslags och förskolechefens uppfattningar om hur det bör utformas. Ateljéristorna anser att deras yrkesutövning är viktig för att tydliggöra skapandets vikt inom förskolan. Genom ett estetiskt arbetssätt och bildskapande, återfinns en tro på att barn tillägnar sig kunskaper och skapar mening i sin omvärld på ett mer nyanserat sätt. Miljö och material ses som viktiga aspekter av vilka förutsättningar barn ges i detta. Förskollärares professionalisering diskuteras som ett hinder för ateljéristan att utöva sitt yrke i förskolans verksamhet. Vidare diskuteras betydelsen av ateljéristans yrke för ökad kvalitet och utveckling av förskoleverksamheter.

  • 161.
    Alfredsson, Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Medborgarutbildning på gymnasiet: Religionskunskap som upprätthållare av värdegrunden?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att se vilka värderingar elever har efter genomförd religionskurs och hur dessa stämmer överrens med lärarnas ambitioner. Genom en intervjustudie av elever och lärare har jag fått fram en bild av både värderingarna och ambitionerna. Dessa diskuteras mot bakgrund av läroplanen och kursplanen samt det medborgerliga utbildningsperspektivet, citizenship education. För att förstå elevernas värderingar bättre har jag använt mig av Bourdieus sociologiska teorier, vilket gett mig en bild av att skolan inte kan ta på sig hela ansvaret när det gäller överförandet av samhällets värden.

  • 162.
    Alfredsson, Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Varför tappade skolan tron?: En analys av religionsämnets förändring relaterat till sekulariseringen i Sverige2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att försöka se ett samband mellan religionsämnets förändring och den sekulariseringsprocess som det svenska samhället genomgått de senaste femtio åren. Genom en litteraturstudie har jag tagit reda på och förklarat de förändringar ämnet genomgått med hjälp av bl.a. äldre kursplaner. För att förklara sekulariseringens förändring har jag använt mig av svenska forskare, och tillika forskning gjord på det svenska samhället. Sekularisering får ses som en religiös förändring bort från en enhetsstat, och över lag är det kristendomens förlorade mark som i arbetet benämns som sekularisering.

    Avslutningsvis kommer förändringen inom ämnet religionskunskap ställas mot den sekularisering som skett för att försöka se samband, en diskussion om ämnets vara eller icke-vara i skolan avslutar arbetet.

  • 163.
    Algborn, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Elwin, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Roller under verksamhetsförlagd utbildning: Om roller som synliggörs i interaktion mellan lärar­student och handledare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om lärarstudenters upplevelser av verksamhetsförlagd utbild­­ning och synliggör roller som uppkommer i interaktion mellan handledare och student under handledning. Studien genomförs med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer med lärarstudenter och utgår från följande frågeställningar:

    • Hur upplever studenterna omedelbar interaktion med handledare under verksamhets­förlagd utbildning?
    • Vilka roller kan identifieras bland lärarstudenter och handledare under verksamhetsförlagd utbildning?

    Resultaten framhäver att studenterna, på grund av relationens asymmetri, ofta rättar sig efter handledarens agerande och förväntningar. Handledningen sker i de flesta fall på handledarens villkor. Enligt resultatet har handledarens synliga inställning till studenten och VFU betydelse för studentens agerande. Ett fungerande samspel med handledaren är viktigt för att studenterna ska uppfatta relationen som positiv, dock behöver inte en bra relation innebära en givande handledning. Sju olika rollkaraktärer hos handledarna och sju olika roll­karaktärer hos studenterna har identifierats och presenteras. Resultatet visar att studenten och handledaren påverkar varandra i relationen. Hand­ledaren påverkar dock studenten i högre grad, på grund av den bedömning som VFU innebär.

  • 164.
    Algesten, Grete
    et al.
    Dept. och Ecology and Environmental Studies Umeå University.
    Brydsten, Lars
    Dept. of Ecology and Environmental Studies Umeå University.
    Jonsson, Per
    Inst. of Applied Environmental Res. Stockholm University.
    Kortelainen, Pirkko
    Finnish Environmental Inst..
    Löfgren, Stefan
    Dept. of Environmental Assessment SLU.
    Rahm, Lars
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Räike, Antti
    Finnish environmental Inst..
    Sobek, Sebastian
    Dept. of Ecology and Evolution Uppsala University.
    Tranvik, Lars
    Dept. of Ecology and Evolution Uppsala University.
    Wikner, Johan
    Umeå Marine Science Center Umeå University.
    Jansson, Mats
    Dept. of Ecology and Environmental Studies Umeå University.
    Organic carbon budget for the Gulf of Bothnia2006In: Journal of Marine Systems, ISSN 0924-7963, Vol. 63, no 3-4, 155-161 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We calculated input of organic carbon to the unproductive, brackish water basin of the Gulf of Bothnia from rivers, point sources and the atmosphere. We also calculated the net exchange of organic carbon between the Gulf of Bothnia and the adjacent marine system, the Baltic Proper. We compared the input with sinks for organic carbon, permanent incorporation in sediments and mineralization and subsequent evasion of CO2 to the atmosphere. The major fluxes were riverine input (1500 Gg C year- 1), exchange with the Baltic Proper (depending on which of several possible DOC concentration differences between the basins that was used in the calculation, the flux varied between an outflow of 466 and an input of 950 Gg C year- 1), sediment burial (1100 Gg C year- 1) and evasion to the atmosphere (3610 Gg C year- 1). The largest single net flux was the emission of CO2 to the atmosphere, mainly caused by bacterial mineralization of organic carbon. Input and output did not match in our budget which we ascribe uncertainties in the calculation of the exchange of organic carbon between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Proper, and the fact that CO2 emission, which in our calculation represented 1 year (2002) may have been overestimated in comparison with long-term means. We conclude that net heterotrophy of the Gulf of Bothnia was due to input of organic carbon from both the catchment and from the Baltic Proper and that the future degree of net heterotrophy will be sensible to both catchment export of organic carbon and to the ongoing eutrophication of the Baltic Proper. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 165.
    Algotsson, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Transgression and Tradition: Redefining Gender Roles in Elizabeth Gaskell´s North and South2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay argues that Elizabeth Gaskell challenges the limiting gender roles of the Victorian era through giving her heroine, Margaret Hale in North and South, both the traditionally female qualities of virtue and selflessness and the traditionally masculine qualities of independence and action. The essay also argues that Gaskell’s heroine balances between the feminine and the masculine world as to not appear “unwomanly”, but rather subtly influencing the readers and calls for changing gender norms. Concrete examples of the heroine’s gender transgressions are put forward, but also her compliance to the traditional gender roles summed up in three roles or themes: the angel in the house, the female visitor and the refined lady.

    This essay also provides a didactic approach on working with North and South and the topic of Victorian gender norms in the upper secondary school. The relevance of and reasons for reading literature in school are also presented. The didactic chapter offers a concrete lesson plan on how to work with the theme of Victorian gender norms, which may develop students’ emphatic skills and also make them aware of ties between themselves and people that lived a long time ago.

  • 166.
    Algotsson, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wilhelmsson, Cornelia
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Litteratursamtalet som didaktiskt verktyg: Forskningslägets förändring mellan 2005 och 20152015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att studera forskningen om muntlig bearbetning av skönlitteratur mellan 2005 och 2015. Ett speciellt fokus har legat på forskningen mellan 2010 och 2015, detta för att ge en överblick över forskningens aktuella läge och troliga utveckling. I ljuset av det katastrofala resultatet i PISA-undersökningen 2012 valde vi att rikta fokus mot litteratursamtalets läsutvecklande möjligheter och den forskning som bedrivits på området. För att studien ska ha hög yrkesrelevans har studerats benämningar och modeller för bearbetningen, men också konkreta effekter av bearbetningen och hur man rent praktiskt uppnår dessa på bästa sätt i undervisningen. Studien har genomförts med utgångspunkt i en systematisk litteraturstudie och har tagit avstamp ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Det har framkommit att bearbetningen av skönlitteratur har flera olika benämningar vilket kan orsaka förvirring, och flertalet modeller och teorier, både nya och äldre, har presenterats. De goda effekterna av den muntliga bearbetningen kan summeras i två teman: läslust och läsutveckling. För att dessa effekter ska uppnås bör ett dialogiskt klassrumsklimat råda, enligt forskarna, vilket i praktiken har visat sig svårt. Forskarna ägnar dessutom stort utrymme till aspekter kring lärarens roll och dennes frågeställningar. I jämförelse med tidigare forskning (såsom Chambers, Langer och Dysthe) framkom att liten del av senare forskning går emot den tidigare, snarare har forskningen blivit mer specifik samt till viss del öppnat upp för nya former av litteratursamtal.

  • 167.
    Ali, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Varför ska de inte välja svensken framför mig?": Invandrarungdomars föreställningar om möjligheter och svårigheter på den svenska arbetsmarknaden.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie bygger på sju invandrarungdomars föreställningar om möjligheter och svårigheter på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. I fokus för studien står särskilt ungdomarnas berättelser om de vägval de gjort, som de står inför och som de skulle vilja göra, när det gäller att etablera sig på arbetsmarknaden. Med hjälp av en semistrukturerad intervjuguide utfördes intervjuer med ungdomarna varpå dessa analyserades och tolkades i enlighet med meningskoncentreringsprincipen. Det teoretiska ramverk som använts för att tolka och analysera ungdomarnas berättelser har legat i led med Pierre Bourdieus habitusbegrepp och praktiskt sinne, kapitalbegreppen samt sekundära karaktäristika. Resultatet visar att det finns ett driv hos ungdomarna att arbeta men att de känner sig motarbetade och förbisedda på arbetsmarknaden. De upplever att deras invandrarskap innebär att de behöver prestera dubbelt så bra i arbete och studier för att en arbetsgivare ska få upp ögonen för dem, för ”varför ska de inte välja svensken framför mig?”. Även bristande kontaktnät innebär ett underläge för invandrarungdomarna jämfört med deras svenska arbetssökande vänner. De förlitar sig inte på att någon förälder eller familjemedlem kommer att kunna hjälpa de få in foten på arbetsmarknaden eftersom de möjligheterna är begränsade. Sammantaget är de överens om att de i rollen som invandrare eller barn till invandrare sitter i en position som innebär att de inte har samma möjligheter som en etniskt svensk har i arbetssammanhang. 

  • 168.
    Alin, Gustaf
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thornell, Benjamin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The individual Controller role: And how the role is affected by increased information and complex report relations2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research of the controller role is extensive and has been studied in several sectors, whichprovides a wide range of definitions of the controller role. These definitions have contributed to an ambiguous controller role in regards to what work assignments are most important and to whom the controller should report. This thesis aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the controller role based on work assignments within a decentralised organisation working with complex financial products. This thesis also contributes to an understanding of how controllers perceive that their role is affected by their work with handling information and their report relations. This has generated three research questions: What role does the controller have in a Swedish universal bank based on work assignments? What are the eventual differences in the controller role depending on department in the organisation? How do the controllers perceive that their role is affected by their work with handling information and by their report relations? Delimitation was made to analyse controllers at various levels in Handelsbanken. In order to create an understanding of the controller role in this context, an abductive approach as been used in order to combine existing theories with empirical findings. Based on a qualitative approach, triangulation was chosen to combine assembled empirical data with semi- structured interviews. The result of this study implies that controllers mainly lean towards the role as a Business partner as they work as a support function to provide local or higher managers with relevant analysis for decision-making. Based on work processes with information, the controllers lean towards an Analyst and Coach as they generally handle all business related information. From this case study, controllers in decentralised organisations possess the role as a Specialist as they  are  situated in separate departments with a clear focus. Results also show that more automated work assignments due to technological development do not increase the controllers’ opportunity to dedicate more time on analysis. Instead, increased information flows require controllers to allocate resources towards assembling information. In terms of report relations, close adherence towards the local managers does not affect the controller’s objective reporting to higher management and the controller can arguably bemore independent within their report relations than what is described by literature.

  • 169.
    Alizadeh, Venus
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute.
    Hylander, Ingrid
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kocturk, Tahire
    Karolinska Institute.
    Tornkvist, Lena
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Counselling young immigrant women worried about problems related to the protection of family honour- from the perspective of midwives and counsellors at youth health clinics2010In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CARING SCIENCES, ISSN 0283-9318, Vol. 24, no 1, 32-40 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Annually, thousands of women are exposed to violence and murder by male relatives in the name of family honour. In Sweden young women with immigrant backgrounds consult primary healthcare services for problems related to the protection of family honour (PFH). However, there is little knowledge about how to manage this specific type of family violence in the primary healthcare systems of industrialized countries. Aim: To generate a theoretical model to promote knowledge about how youth clinic (YC) personnel in Swedish primary care perceive and manage problems related to the PFH. Methods: Seven midwives and five counsellors at four YCs in Stockholm suburbs participated in four group interviews. Data were analysed according to the grounded theory method. Results: The YC staffs main concern is to avoid making the young womens situation worse with their constant anxiety about having breeched the honour rules. Three consecutive steps have been discerned in the worry analysis process to help the girls struggling with problems related to PFH: (i) creation of a refuge where their secret can be safely disclosed, (ii) risk assessment consisting of assessing the degree of the young womens anxiety, the risk of disclosure of the secret and the risk of repercussions if the secret is disclosed and (iii) worry-reducing measures, which may take the form of four different strategies: empowerment, keeping the secret, mediation and secondary prevention. Conclusion: Youth clinics have a key role in preventing repercussions caused by problems related to PFH. The study provides a theoretical model that can be used as a tool in preventive work with young women anxious about honour-related family violence. The findings were presented to a group of midwives and counsellors for validation.

  • 170.
    Alizadeh, Venus
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute.
    Tornkvist, Lena
    Karolinska Institute.
    Hylander, Ingrid
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Counselling teenage girls on problems related to the protection of family honour from the perspective of school nurses and counsellors2011In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 19, no 5, 476-484 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    pproximately 1500 young immigrant women living in Sweden sought help from various public organisations during 2004 due to problems related to Protection of Family Honour (PFH). Often they seek help from school nurses and counsellors. Information on how the school nurses and counsellors manage this complex PFH phenomenon is limited in Sweden. The aim was to generate a theoretical model that illuminates the experiences of school counsellors and school nurses counselling teenage girls, who worry about problems related to protection of family honour. Data were collected through individual interviews of the school welfare staff. The study subjects included welfare staff from six upper-secondary schools consisting of four nurses and six counsellors. Grounded theory methods were used to generate new knowledge as this is a new field of research. The staffs main goal was to provide the best support and help for the teenage girls. In addition, they wanted to be true to their professional ethics and values. However, this was difficult and created professional dilemmas because some teenage girls prevented them from doing what they thought was needed to support the teenage girls and protect them from violence. As a result, staff sometimes felt hampered, unable to help or able to help only in ways hidden from the teenage girls families.

  • 171.
    Alkan Olsson, Johanna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Setting limits in nature and the politics of chemical compoundsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Critical Load concept, emerged in the late 1980s as a response toan expressed need from especially policy makers to create more exactand scientifically based policy tools for the abatement of transboundary air pollution in Europe (Gehring, 1994; Wettestad, 2000). The concept has mainly been used in international negotiationson emission reductions related to the second-generation protocols, tothe Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP), i.e. the 1994 Oslo protocol and the 1999 Gothenburg protocol.

    To create a policy based on scientific findings of effects in nature was, by policy makers in the CLRT AP regime, seen as an improvement in relation to the uniform emission reductions, used in earlier protocols. Equal percentage cuts were viewed as arbitrary, economically ineffective and unfair. Arbitrary, as there was no solid scientific base to support the cuts. Ineffective, as the cost for reduction was different in different parts of Europe. Unfair as uniform emission reductions had failed to take into account that ecosystem sensibility varies. The introduction of Critical Load in the CLRTAP can hence be described as a change from a focus on equity of reduction, based on equal commitments for different countries to a focus on equity of environmental effects and economical commitments. The solution to these problems was the Critical Load concept which estimates ofnature's limits to different types of pollutants were aimed to serve asthe base for cost-efficiency calculations, creating the desired policy. The shift from equal percentage cuts to emission cuts based on effects led to an increased importance of scientific estimations (Biickstrand, 2001; Cresser, 2000).

    (...)

  • 172.
    Alkan Olsson, Johanna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Critical Load concept: A milestone or milestone for future environmental policymaking?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides an analysis of the critique directed towards the Critical Load concept expressed in policy texts produced by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. The aim is to trace and discuss the character of this critique. A further aim is to discuss whether it is possible that this critique may gain a foothold in today's environmental policy, and what the result of such a development could be for the future use of the Critical Load as a basis of environmental policy-making. It is shown that the Critical Load concept faces a decreasing legitimacy as a policy tool, giving it an uncertain, but nevertheless possibly viable future. However,depending on how the possibilities of estimating limits in nature areinterpreted and used in practice, the concept may become either amilestone or a millstone.

  • 173.
    Alkan Olsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Andersson, Lotta
    Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Arheimer, Berit
    Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Norrköping, Sweden.
    A model-supported participatory process for nutrient management: a socio-legal analysis of a bottom-up implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive2011In: International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, ISSN 1473-5903, E-ISSN 1747-762X, Vol. 9, no 2, 379-389 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A methodology for local stakeholders involvement in water management using a catchment model as a platform for dialogue has been developed and tested in the Kaggebo Bay drainage area in the southeast of Sweden. The process involved farmers, rural households not connected to municipal wastewater treatment facilities, local and regional authorities as well as different water and agricultural experts. This paper aims to assess whether and how the methodology has succeeded in encouraging social learning and promoting action and which barriers can be identified. The assessment shows that the methodology is able to create confidence in the process and increase the willingness to act as the methodology was able to adapt the form and content of the dialogue to better fit the cognitive and relational needs of involved stakeholders. It is also shown that the process may lead to a probable improvement of the eutrophication situation. However, if these types of processes are to serve not only as a basis for social learning and action at the local level, but also as the basis for a broader process of societal learning, then a mechanism to confer local ideas to the regional and national levels has to be clarified.

  • 174.
    Alkan Olsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Critical Load graph: A rhetorical tropeManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often said that pictures and graphical visualisations have a greatpower to unify and simplify ideas: "a picture says a thousand words" as thesaying goes. The ability of graphs to explore and summarise large sets ofnumbers is also well known (Tufte, 1983: introduction). Although scientistsfrequently have recourse to graphical illustrations when explaining complexproblems, the role of pictures and graphs in forwarding scientific findingshas received relatively little attention in studies of science compared to the attention given to texts. Ronald Giere and Michael Ruse have suggested thatthis lack of interest may be explained by the strong influence of logical empiricism in scientific culture (Giere, 1996; Ruse, 1996). Logical empiricism emerged in the eighteenth century in the transition between an oral-visualculture and a text-based culture, nurturing a suspicion towards pictures andarguing that human thinking relies on words. In this textual culture pictures are reduced to persuasive aids, if considered at all, being thought of as pedagogical tools or simple 'illustrations' used to facilitate the presentation and sharing of scientific findings (Stafford, 1994). Another reason why visual displays in science have been underestimated and neglected compared to scientific texts, may simply be, as suggested by David Lynch, that methods for analysing verbal materials are more advanced than thosefor analysing pictures (Lynch, 1990:151).

    (...)

  • 175.
    Alkan Olsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Critical Load: The politics of chemistryManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Critical Load was introduced as a environmental policy tool in the late 1980s in response to a need for exact and scientifically based measures to abate transboundary air pollution in the Convention onLong-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP). The main objective in this study was to analyse the practical operationalisation of these limits. The study proceeded by analysing policy document treating the Critical Load concept produced by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SEP A) It is showed that the concept is mainly operationalised through three scientific disciplines, chemistry, ecology and toxicology. Chemistry dominates and two things are forwarded as a reason. First, the political over all aim of Critical Load is based on the ideas that nature is robust within limits a perception, which is closely entangled with an idea that it is possible to calculate these limits. This favours chemical explanations, as chemistry is perceived as more calculable than for example ecology. Secondly, the Critical Load concept was initially used in connection to acidification, which primarily has been perceived a chemical problem. As ecological  explanations in the material not are operationalised into precise limitsthe role of ecology is interpreted as a complement to the precise calculations provided by chemistry, taking into consideration the balance and the complexity of nature. Toxicological explanations on the other hand provide precise measurements and are therefore interpreted as an intermediary between ecology and chemistry. Thethree stories are therefore interpreted as versions on the same story,nature as robust within limits and calculable. The ecological and thetoxicological explanations are also interpreted as answers to a changein the perception of environmental problem to more complex and to achanging focus of polluting compounds in the CLRTAP.

  • 176.
    Alkan-Olsson, Johanna
    et al.
    LUCSUS, Lunds universitet.
    Andersson, Lotta
    SMHI.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arheimer, Berit
    SMHI.
    Lokal åtgärdsplan mot övergödning i Kaggebofjärden med tillrinningsområde2009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 177. Allard, Bert
    et al.
    Bergström, Sten
    Brandt, Maja
    Gårdhammar, Göran
    Karlsson, Stefan
    Lohm, Ulrik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lundgren, Tom
    Lundman, Lena
    Norberg, Sten
    Persson, S
    Sandén, Per
    Sigas, Elias
    Bersbo - Modellområde för studier av metallers spridning i naturliga vattensystem1985In: Vannet i Norden : med IHP-nytt, ISSN 0348-5684, Vol. 18Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 178. Allard, Bert
    et al.
    Bergström, Sten
    Brandt, Maja
    Karlsson, Stefan
    Lohm, Ulrik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sandén, Per
    Bersbo - några resultat från hydrokemisk modell-studie av metalltransport från läckande varphögar1986In: Vannet i Norden : med IHP-nytt, ISSN 0348-5684, Vol. 19Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Allard, Bert
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Borén, HansLinköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Grimvall, AndersLinköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Humic substances in the aquatic and terrestrial environment : proceedings of an international symposium, Linköping, Sweden, August 21-23, 19891991Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The state of the art on isolation techniques, ion binding theory, biologic activity in the aquatic environment as well as the formation of mutagenic compounds from chlorination is reviewed by worldwide-known experts. Additional papers describe current research on the topics: isolation, fractionation and characterization; biological and chemical transformation and degradation; complex formation and interactions with solids; biologic activity, halogenation of humic substances.

  • 180.
    Allard, Bert
    et al.
    Tema V LIU.
    Karlsson, Stefan
    Tema V LIU.
    Lohm, Ulrik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Full scale restoration of a mine waste deposit - A case study of waste management strategy and descion making1991In: Environmental consequences of hazardous waste disposal,1991, Stockholm: SKB , 1991, II: 57- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 181. Allard, Bert
    et al.
    Karlsson, Stefan
    Lohm, Ulrik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sandén, Per
    Bergström, Sten
    Brandt, Maja
    Environmental impacts of an old mine tailings deposit. Hydrochemical and hydrological background1987In: Nordic Hydrology, ISSN 0029-1277, E-ISSN 1996-9694, Vol. 18, 279-290 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Allard, Olof
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Katastrofisk design: Ett designförslag för en digital scenarioeditor2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Målet med det här arbetet var att skapa en konceptuell designprototyp för en scenarioeditor åt en digital version av utbildningsverktyget Emergo Train System. Rapporten ämnar ta upp och presentera den arbetsprocess som lett fram till designprototypen och dess utvärdering. I rapporten tillkommer även en diskussion kring hur en scenarioeditor bör utformas för att stödja skapandet av ETS-scenarion samt hur ett flexibelt arbetssätt stöds i form av skapandet av scenariorepresentationer.

    Intervjuer genomfördes med instruktörer och systemansvarige för ETS, samt observationer av iordningställande av ett ETS-scenario. Datainsamlingen analyserades och resulterade i en kravspecifikation för den digitala scenarioeditorn. Den prototyp som utformades gjordes så i pappersformat och utvärderades tillsammans med personal från Katastrofmedicinskt centrum i Linköping. 

  • 183.
    Alling, Vanja
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Humborg, Christoph
    Stockholm University.
    Morth, Carl-Magnus
    Stockholm University.
    Rahm, Lars
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Pollehne , Falk
    Rostock, Germany.
    Tracing terrestrial organic matter by delta S-34 and delta C-13 signatures in a subarctic estuary2008In: Limnology and Oceanography, ISSN 0024-3590, Vol. 53, no 6, 2594-2602 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key issue to understanding the transformations of terrestrial organic carbon in the ocean is to disentangle the latter from marine-produced organic matter. We applied a multiple stable isotope approach using delta S-34 and delta C-13 isotope signatures from estuarine dissolved organic matter (DOM), enabling us to constrain the contribution of terrestrial-derived DOM in an estuarine gradient of the northern Baltic Sea. The stable isotope signatures for dissolved organic sulfur (delta S-34(DOS)) have twice the range between terrestrial and marine end members compared to the stable isotope signatures for dissolved organic carbon (delta C-13(DOC)); hence, the share of terrestrial DOM in the total estuarine DOM can be calculated more precisely. DOM samples from the water column were collected using ultrafiltration on board the German RV Maria S Merian during a winter cruise, in the Bothnian Bay, Bothnian Sea, and Baltic proper. We calculated the terrestrial fraction of the estuarine DOC (DOCter) from both delta C-13(DOC) and delta S-34(DOS) signatures and applying fixed C: S ratios for riverine and marine end members to convert S isotope signatures into DOC concentrations. The delta S-34(DOS) signature of the riverine end member was +7.02 parts per thousand, and the mean signatures from Bothnian Bay, Bothnian Sea, and Baltic proper were +10.27, +12.51, and +13.67 parts per thousand, respectively, showing an increasing marine signal southwards (d34SDOS marine end member = 18.1 parts per thousand). These signatures indicate that 87%, 75%, and 67%, respectively, of the water column DOC is of terrestrial origin (DOCter) in these basins. Comparing the fractions of DOCter in each basin-that are still based on few winter values only-with the annual river input of DOC, it appears that the turnover time for DOCter in the Gulf of Bothnia is much shorter than the hydraulic turnover time, suggesting that high-latitude estuaries might be efficient sinks for DOCter.

  • 184.
    Allmandinger, Jörn
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bergquist, Tommy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Privatekonomi och finansiella tjänster: Hur klarar privatpersoner sig i den finansiella djungeln?2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The financial market and its services have become more complex during the years. The supply of diverse products, like different types of funds and stocks has steadily increased. Today there are plenty of different trade platforms for stocks and funds. Simultaneously as the supply of complex products is increasing, more responsibility is being placed on the individual, which can be seen in the Swedish premium pension. This assumes that the consumer is well informed and makes the right decisions. The consumer can choose between obtaining help from counseling, or handling the investments alone.

    Aim: The aim of this thesis is to examine consumers’ motives behind choices of financial services and investment decisions, and to analyze the relation between choice of financial services and goals for saving.

    Implementation: Seventeen interviews have been conducted with employees at the Linköping University. The selected group consists of teachers with different positions.

    Result: The writers conclude that the consumers fall short, regarding financial services. They lack knowledge and enough information. The result is that consumers cannot utilize these services in an optimal way. The choices of financial services are not always related to the goals of saving.

  • 185.
    Allmér, Caroline
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Utvärdering av en interaktiv brand- och räddningsinstruktion genom tematisk analys baserad på användarintervjuer och heuristisk utvärdering2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med rapporten är att utvärdera en interaktiv brand- och räddningsinstruktion som framförallt används inom försvarsmakten. Utvärderingen gick ut på att ta reda på hur användarna använder instruktionen och hur de vill att den ska utvecklas i framtiden för att möta deras behov. Utvärderingen genomfördes genom intervjuer med sju användare från olika delar av landet samt en heuristisk utvärdering utifrån Nielsens tio användbarhetsprinciper och med hänsyn till Sweller och Chandlers ”cognitive load theory”. Resultatet visade att instruktionen framförallt används som uppslagsbok och att användarna vill se en utveckling av instruktionen där den blir större och omfattar mer information, till exempel om haverier och utländska luftfartyg och att text och illustrationer i instruktionen är uppdaterad och korrekt. Utifrån analysen togs flertalet utvecklingsförslag fram och presenteras i slutet av rapporten.

  • 186.
    Alm, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att umgås med döden: metaforens begränsning2017In: Föreställningar om döden: forskares aspekter på vår existens och dess begränsning / [ed] Kjell O. Lejon, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2017, 156-175 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Alm, Charlotte
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Cognition, Development and Disability. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Role of Causal Attribution and Self-Focused Attention for Shyness2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to investigate how and to what degree shy individuals differ from non-shy individuals regarding their attributional patterns. The results from 3 quantitative and 1 qualitative study paint a somewhat different picture of how shyness is associated with social cognition compared to previous research in the field. The following 4 main conclusions were drawn. (1) Being shy does not necessarily imply distorted social cognitions since shy people exhibited less of a self–other difference compared to non-shy people. (2) Being self-focused and shy means that emotional reactions are likely to be perceived as caused by stable internal causes rather than less stable internal and external causes. If shy people are self-focused to a lesser extent there is still a tendency for these individuals to exhibit this attributional pattern. (3) Shyness is more important than behavioral inhibition in determining ascriptions of causes to emotional reactions, whereas shyness and behavioral inhibition interact in determining people’s perceptions of the degree to which freely chosen causes are caused by internal and external factors, respectively. One conclusion of these findings is that future research needs to focus on how people in everyday life really explain their own and other people’s behaviors and reactions. (4) Very shy people can experience identity confusion as well as a conflicting wish to stay shy and to overcome shyness at the same time. Even though these results imply quite severe consequences of being shy, in general shyness seems to be viewed in quite a positive light.

  • 188.
    Alm, Charlotte
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Cognition, Development and Disability. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Role of Shyness and Self–Focused Attention for Attribution of Reactions in Social Situations to Internal and External Causes2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, Vol. 48, no 6, 519-527 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The hypothesis that shyness would be associated with attribution of emotional reactions to stable internal causes rather than to less stable internal and external causes was tested in Study 1 (N = 60). In Study 2 (N= 112) the hypothesis that the explanatory power of shyness would decrease once the effect of self-focused attention on attribution to stable internal causes had been controlled for was tested. The results confirmed both hypotheses. Shyness correlated positively with attribution to stable internal causes, but non-significant with attribution to less stable internal and external causes. Shyness explained a lesser portion of the variance in attribution to both of the internal causes when controlling for self-focus. Even though the findings indicate that self-focus is central to the social cognitive processes of shy individuals, they also suggest that self-focus cannot fully explain attribution to internal causes in general and shy individuals' attributional pattern in particular.

  • 189.
    Alm, Charlotte
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Cognition, Development and Disability. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Role of Shyness and Behavioral Inhibition for Attribution of Emotional Reactions and Ratings of Degree of Internality2006Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 190.
    Alm, Charlotte
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Betydelsen av upplevd trygghet för attraktiviteten hos olika kollektiva transportsätt.2001In: VTI:s fackseminarier vid Nordic Rail,2001, Linköping: Statens väg och transportforskningsinstitut , 2001, 39-43 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 191.
    Alm, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Cognition, Development and Disability. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Frodi, Ann
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tales from the shy: Interviews with self– and peer rated, shy and non–shy individuals concerning their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors in social situationsbehaviors in social situations2006Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Alm, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Lindberg, Erik
    Perceived risk, feelings of safety and worry associated with different travel modes.2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective was to study how perceived accident risk and risk of violence are related to feelings of safety and worry associated with different transport modes (car, taxi, city bus, regional bus, train, ferry and aeroplane). Another aim was to study how individual differences (such as age, sex, the extent to which individuals use different travel modes, personal experience of accidents and violence situations and how individuals perceive themselves) might affect these relationships. A questionnaire was constructed for these purposes and was filled out by 100 respondents. The results showed that there were differences between the respondents' perceptions of accident risk, risk of violence and feelings of safety, as well as differences between the different transport modes. Car received higher ratings of accident risk than the remaining transport modes, whereas city bus and ferry received the highest ratings of risk of violence. The participants seemed to have a fairly good idea of the internal rank order of the transport modes with respect to accident risk, whereas they seemed less aware of the actual size of the differences between the different transport modes. The ratings of feelings of safety and worry were found to be quite similar. Finally, individual differences, such as age and sex, seemed to have some effects on the perceptions of risk and feelings of safety.

  • 193.
    Alm, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Lindberg, Erik
    Upplevd trygghet vid resor med kollektiva transportmedel.2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The main objective was to study differences and similarities between different transport modes (car, city bus, tram, regional bus and commuter train) concerning perceived attractiveness, feelings of safety and different types of risks connected to the different transport modes. Another aim was to study to what extent different circumstances (for instance lighting) contribute to feelings of insecurity while travelling with different public transport modes. Finally, an objetive was to study possible effects of individual differences (such as demographic variables). A questionnaire was constructed for these purposes and was filled out by 58 respondents. The results showed that people perceive feelings of safety and attractiveness to be different depending on the transport mode. People perceive private cars to be more attractive than public transport modes. Perceived attractiveness might be affected by perceived risks and worry of being bothered, threatened and violated by fellow passengers to a higher extent than perceived risks and worry of being involved in traffic accidents while travelling. Individual differences might have an affect on perceived attractiveness, feelings of safety and perceptions of risks.

  • 194.
    Alm, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Lindberg, Erik
    Betydelsen av upplevda risker och känslor av otrygghet vid resor med kollektivtrafik: En undersökning i Göteborg samt jämförelse med resultat från Norrköping och Stockholm.2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    A questionnaire, including questions about perceived attractiveness, feelings of unsafety and different types of perceived risks connected to five different transport modes (car, city bus, tram, regional bus, and commuter train) was filled out by 58 persons at the city library in Gothenburg. The results showed that perceived risk and worry of being bothered, threatened or attacked might have a larger impact on perceived attractiveness than perceived risk and worry of being seriously injured in traffic accidents. Similar results were obtained in similar studies conducted in Norrköping and in Stockholm. Of the respondents in Gothenburg, 45 % stated that they avoid travelling with particularly tram during evenings and weekends, to the areas Angered or Bergsjön. The results obtained from the studies conducted in Gothenburg and in Stockholm also suggest that perceived risk and worry of being bothered, threatened or attacked affect feelings of unsafety. The results obtained from all three studies showed that certain circumstances, such as the bus stop etc being situated next to a park, contribute to a high degree to feelings of unsafety while walking to, or waiting at, a bus stop etc. When travelling with a public transport mode feelings of unsafety arise for example when the driver/personnel do not supervise their vehicle. In all three studies, women stated to a higher extent than men that different circumstances contribute to feelings of unsafety.

  • 195.
    Alm, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Lindberg, Erik
    Kollektivtrafik i storstad - undviker människor att resa på grund av otrygghet?2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    A questionnaire, including questions pertaining to perceived attractiveness, feelings of unsafety and different types of risks connected to different transport modes (car, city bus, tram, regional bus, commuter train and subway), was filled out by 59 respondents. The results showed that perceived attractiveness might be affected by perceived risks and worry of being bothered, threatened or attacked by fellow passengers to a higher extent than perceived risks and worry of being involved in traffic accidents. Different circumstances, for instance bus stop etc being remotely situated, were considered to contribute to feelings of unsafety when walking to and waiting at the bus stop etc. When travelling with different public transport modes the participants stated that they feel unsafe if for example the drivers/personnel do not supervise their vehicle. Women stated to a higher extent than men that different cirsumstances contribute to feelings of unsafety when walking to and waiting at the bus stop etc, as well as when travelling with different public transport modes. A majority of the respondents stated that they avoid travelling with the red subwayline during nighttime, especially during weekends. The respondents stated that they had a more positive attitude towards tram than towards regional bus and commuter train, which was not the case in a similar study conducted in Norrköping. This result might be explained by a successful introduction of a new tramwayline (Tvärbanan) in Stockholm.

  • 196.
    Alm, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Jungert, Tomas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thornberg, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Nyantagna lärarstudenters motiv, motivation, självtillit och akademiska engagemang2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det första studieåret vid universitet eller högskola har visat sig utgöra en kritisk period för nya studenter och en stor del av alla avhopp sker under den här perioden. Forskning har visat att hög studiemotivation, självtillit och högt akademiskt engagemang hos studenter predicerar goda studieresultat och motverkar avhopp.

    I den här rapporten redogör vi för en studie av nyantagna lä-rarstudenters motiv för studieval, akademiska självtillit, studiemo-tivation och akademiska engagemang. I rapporten beskrivs även relationerna mellan dessa variabler och deras koppling till kön och lärarkategori. Studieavhopp analyseras i relation till kön, lärarkategori och studenternas initiala motiv för att läsa till lärare. En central teoribildning som forskningsprojektet utgår ifrån är teorin om själv-beslutsamhet (”self-determination theory”). Urvalet utgörs av stu-denter vid Linköpings universitet som avser att studera till grundskol- och gymnasielärare. Data har samlats in med enkäter och bearbetats med deskriptiv och analytisk statistisk.

    Av resultaten framgår att studenterna rapporterar att de i första hand har valt att läsa till lärare till följd av altruistiska och inre skäl, och att de i högre grad motiveras av autonom motivation än kontrollerad motivation i sina studier. De blivande lärarna i grundskolans senare år och gymnasiet (senarelärare) uppvisade en högre akademisk självtillit än de blivande lärarna i grundskolans tidigare år (tidigarelärare). För akademiskt engagemang var resul-tatet det omvända. Medelvärdena för självbeslutsamhet, akademisk självtillit och akademiskt engagemang i studien är dock inte högre än att det finns utrymme för att försöka höja dem för kommande kohorter av lärarstudenter. Andelen avhopp bland lärarstudenterna som ingår i studien ligger på drygt 40%. Andelen avhopp var större för senarelärarna än för tidigarelärarna. Resultaten visar också att altruistiska motiv bakom valet att studera till lärare sammanhänger med en lägre benägenhet till avhopp via akademiskt engagemang som medierande variabel. Avslutningsvis diskuteras pedagogiska implikationer av studien för lärarutbildningen.

  • 197.
    Alm, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning and Didactic Science in Education and School (PeDiUS). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jungert, Tomas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thornberg, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Academic commitment and self-determination among teacher students2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 198.
    Alm, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Samuelsson, Joakim
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Villkor för implementering av naturvetenskap och teknik för alla, NTA2009In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, Vol. 5, no 1, 89-102 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 199.
    Alm, Håkan
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    External relations in the product development process: a study of biotechnology firms in Sweden2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to investigate how and why firms use external relations and collaboration in the innovation process. These issues are discussed at both industry and firm levels. Both transaction cost economics and evolutionary/competence-based theories of the firm have been used and combined in order to understand and explain how and why external relations and collaboration are related to product development processes. These issues are rooted in the broader question concerning what determines the boundaries of firms. The empirical case material focuses on biotechnology-related human health care in Sweden.

    The empirical part of this study starts with a mapping of Swedish-based biotechnology firms involved in R&D. A database (BioSweden) was built in order to identify these firms' patterns of external relations. These patterns and fmdings are then related to a theoretical discussion about whether different types of firms develop different paths and patterns of external relations depending on differences in characteristics in technology and markets.

    These issues have also been investigated at the firm level, using a multiple-case study of 15 biotechnology firms. In this part the firms' origin and development over time are studied in order to shed more light onto how and why product development processes are related to in-house R&D and different types of external relations.

    The findings indicate that choices about governance modes related to product development are influenced by internal capabilities, resources, and competencies as well as technological and markets characteristics. It has also been shown that such choices are strongly influenced by firms' capabilities to interact with other organizations.

  • 200. Alm, I.
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Conceptions of hearing impairment in students1991In: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, Vol. 14, 69-71 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
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