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  • 101.
    Abdelmoez, Joel W.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Avdelningen för mellanösternstudier. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    The Egyptian broadcasting sector between 1920 and 20202020Inngår i: Routledge Handbook on Arab Media / [ed] Noureddine Miladi, Noha Mellor, Routledge, 2020, s. 63-73Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter provides a brief overview of the development of the broadcasting sector in Egypt, demonstrating the significance of this sector in promoting the ideologies and policies of Egypt’s successive regimes, beginning with Nasser’s through al-Sisi’s governments. Although the sector was subjected to liberalization, under Mubarak’s rule, state television still dominated the broadcasting sector and controlled the dissemination of public information and news. When private licenses were granted, the new private stations were barred from engaging in newsgathering, and those who overstepped this line quickly lost their licenses. The hope for political changes after the overthrow of Mubarak has largely dissipated, as media censorship has continued under the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) and the Brotherhood’s Mohamed Morsi, and it has intensified under al-Sisi’s presidency.

  • 102.
    Abdelzadeh, Hewa
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Benca, Jasmin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Orientalismens vindar blåser ännu: En kritisk diskursanalys av Dagens Nyheters och Aftonbladets nyhetsrapportering om Stockholm respektive Oslo- och Utøyadåden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 103.
    Abdi, Asma Ibrahim
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Etiska och social konsekvenser av ML-modeller inom cyberbrottsbekämpning2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka de etiska och sociala konsekvenserna av att använda maskininlärning inom cyberbrottbekämpning. Maskininlärning är en växande teknik inom cybersäkerhetsvärlden, men det finns inte tillräckligt med forskning om de utmaningar som kan uppstå vid användning av maskininlärning för cyberbrottbekämpning. För att undersöka dessa utmaningar har en kvalitativ ansats använts, där intervjuer har genomförts för att förstå vad personer som arbetar med cybersäkerhet tycker om cybersäkerhetssystem som inkorporerar maskininlärningsmodeller. 

    Resultatet av intervjuerna visar att det finns många fördelar med att använda en effektiv teknik som maskininlärning. Men det finns också många utmaningar, såsom algoritmer som är partiska och förstärker fördomar. Maskininlärning kräver stora mängder träningsdata, vilket kan leda till förlust av människors integritet. Denna studie kommer att fördjupa sig i dessa och andra utmaningar med maskininlärning.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 104.
    Abdirizak, Mohamed
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Abobaker, Ivan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    What are the gaps in teaching the cybersecurity threats landscape, and what teachers need to include the subject in their curriculum?2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the current gaps in cybersecurity education in junior high and high schools in Sweden, with a focus on the challenges of integration and the resources required for teachers to effectively instruct on cybersecurity topics. Despite the critical importance of cybersecurity in protecting digital interactions and personal data, existing curricula often lack deep and systematic integration of this essential subject. Based on qualitative interviews with 12 teachers from junior high and high schools, the researchers’ findings underscore a significant need for structured cybersecurity curricula and enhanced teacher training. The research reveals that while students are extensively engaged with digital technologies, their vulnerability to various cybersecurity threats remains due to inadequate educational frameworks. The study highlights the urgent need for curricular improvements to include comprehensive cybersecurity courses, aligned with current technological threats and the digital behaviors of students.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 105.
    Abdlbari, Abdulbari
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Product registration in e-commerce for small and medium companies (SMEs): Usability aspects2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    People these days are able to buy almost anything online. With a continuously increased E-commerce, small and medium sized companies (SMEs) feel obligated to enter the competitive E-commerce market. Moreover, for small companies with little or no experience in e-commerce it could become overwhelming to get a web-shop up and running. One important tasks in managing a web-shop is to register products into the system. This must be easy and efficient. The focus of this thesis is to answer the question "How can user-centered design principles improve productregistration, particularly in the SME context?". At the start of this study, surveys and interviews were conducted, which showed that product registration is very time consuming at the moment. User tests were conducted to measure the efficiency and the general usability of a system maintaining over 100 active web-shops. Based on the results of the first iteration of the user test conducted, design changes were proposed and implemented. A second iteration of the user test showed improved efficiency and substantially less errors. The most important new design elements were related to navigation, workflow and adjustment of input fields to the data sources. Thus it has been shown that the threshold for SME web-shops to go online can be lowered by a systematic application of user-centered design of the user interface.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 106.
    Abdul Hussein, Mohamed
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Informationssystem.
    Bogren, William
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Informationssystem.
    Social Media's Take on Deepfakes: Ethical Concerns in the Public Discourse2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid advancement of artificial intelligence has led to the emergence of deepfake, digital media that has been manipulated to replace a person's likeness with another. This technology has seen significant improvements, becoming easier to use and producing results increasingly difficult to distinguish from reality. This development has raised ethical discussions surrounding its deceiving nature. Furthermore, deepfakes have had a considerable impact and application on social media, enabling their spread. Despite this, the public discourse on social media, along with its societal and personal values associated with deepfakes, remains underexplored. This study addresses this gap by examining social media discourse and perception surrounding the prominent ethical concerns of deepfakes, and situating these concerns within the broader landscape of AI ethics. Through a qualitative method resembling netnography, 320 posts from Reddit and Youtube were thematically analyzed through a passive observation, along with their respective comment section. The findings reveal various concerns, surrounding misinformation and consent to deeper fears about deepfakes' role in fostering distrust, as well as more abstract apprehensions regarding the technology's abuse and harmful applications. These concerns further revealed how generalized established AI ethical principles might be interpreted in the deepfake context, also showing how and why these principles might be violated by this technology. Particularly it revealed terms how principles such as dignity, transparency, privacy and non-maleficence might be diverged in deepfake applications.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Social Media's Take on Deepfakes: Ethical Concerns in the Public Discourse
  • 107.
    Abdul Rahim, Ranya
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för kemi och biomedicin (KOB).
    Kommunikationsproblem på svenska apotek: Förekomst och orsak2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The word communication originates from the Latin word communicare that means to do something in common. When human beings communicate with each other, we share thoughts, emotions, values and actions. The foundation in communication is found within the interpersonal communication, which is the act of communication between two persons. All types of communications include of verbal and nonverbal acts of communication.

    The verbal communication consists of words either in speech or writing, the nonverbal act implies gestures, frequency of the tone and facial expressions.

    Within the pharmaceutical profession, good communication between the pharmacist and the customer is important and can affect the customer’s health and quality of life in both direct as well as indirect ways. In recent years, the pharmacist's role in the pharmacy has drastically changed. Nowadays the care of the customer has gained more significance than before. To improve customer health and quality of life it is important that the pharmacist acts to promote a good relationship with the customer and the foundation for this relationship should be built on good terms of communication.

    The purpose of this study was to study how common it is with communication errors between pharmacist and customer, and to demonstrate probable underlying causes. Secondary questions were, how is the drug advice the pharmacist provides affected by communication errors?

    Collection of data for the study was done with structured observation charts, where the customer and pharmacist were strictly observed. A total of 316 meetings were observed and the data collected referred to prescriptions. In more than one-third of the observed meetings, there were communication errors between the pharmacist and the customer. Communication errors that arose concerned lack of eye contact, language barriers, choice of questions, background noise from colleagues and customers and discussions from generic exchanges. To reduce future communication errors, the pharmacist's actions should be strengthened, such as eye contact, clear follow-up questions and improved feedback.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 108.
    Abdulhadi, Osama
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    The human connection to information security: A qualitative study on policy development, communication and compliance in government agencies2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The human factor and insider threats play a crucial role in information security. In today’s digital age, protecting organizational data requires a deep understanding of human behaviour and its impact on information security. The increasing volume of electronically stored data has led to a rise in cyber threats and breaches, necessitating effective information security policies and regulations.

    This study focuses on the experiences and perspectives of employees and top management in government agencies regarding the development, communication, compliance, and attitudes towards information security policies and regulations. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants from both top management or information security officers and regular employees, which allowed for an in-depth exploration of their experiences and perspectives.

    The findings show that government agencies systematically develop policies by engaging stakeholders, ensuring accessibility, and adhering to legal frameworks. Addressing the human factor involves training, awareness programs, and top management support. Policy development and implementation include risk assessment, stakeholder identification, objective setting, continuous review, and integration into daily operations. Communication channels such as intranets, training, coordinators, and awareness events are utilized, but their effectiveness is not directly measured. Proposed improvements include enhancing accessibility, improving policy document management, and using clearer language.

    Employees generally possess a positive attitude towards information security, though their understanding varies, and challenges to their understanding include complex language and unclear instructions. Compliance also varies, with difficulties arising from technical terminology and information overload. Enhanced compliance can be achieved through simplified language, providing better resources, and top management support. Proactive incident management focuses on learning and risk minimization. The human factor and insider threats remain significant concerns, which emphasizes the need for further education, awareness training, and motivation. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 109.
    Abduljalil, Zainab
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för utbildning och ekonomi, Avdelningen för humaniora.
    Once upon a time: En studie om hur Disneyprinsessor har porträtterats över tid i Disneyfilmer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate how Disney princesses have been portrayed and how has it changed over time. I watched nine Disney films with a total of nine different princesses. I wanted to see if there are any stereotypical roles that fit in with female Disney princesses and also wanted to see when this change took place over how they were portrayed in the meantime. As a method, I have used qualitative content analysis. I chose different properties and categories that I was looking for in the movies. These categories and properties contain different stereotypical characters and chores that the princesses perform in their homes. This study has used the theories stereotypes and earlier research by Disney Princess. The conclusion was that there was a clear difference between the older and newer films. In the first films, the princesses only dreamed of finding their dream prince, but in newer films she had other goals and dreams than finding a man. The princesses in the first films were very stereotypical women and in newer films the princesses are braver and more independent.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 110.
    Abdulkader, Mohamad
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Why do people use public Wi-Fi?: An investigation of risk-taking behaviour and factors lead to decisions2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The usage of public Wi-Fi and hotspots has witnessed a substantial increase in recent times, providing convenient connectivity in various public areas. Public wireless networks are now widely accessible, especially in smart cities. However, utilising public Wi-Fi exposes individuals to potential threats to their privacy and security. Hackers can exploit vulnerabilities present in public Wi-Fi networks, such as the "Evil Twin" attack, to deceive users and unlawfully obtain their personal information. The main objective of the research was to investigate people's awareness of the security risks associated with public Wi-Fi usage and to identify the factors that contribute to their willingness to take such risks. The research adopted a qualitative approach, utilising semi-structured interviews with 14 participants to gain valuable insights into their understanding and knowledge of the risks connected with public Wi-Fi. The majority of respondents employed public Wi-Fi for educational purposes, browsing the Internet, and engaging with social media platforms. Additionally, the findings of the study explored the motivations and influences that lead individuals to take risks when using public Wi-Fi. Factors such as convenience, cost-effectiveness, saving mobile data usage, limited mobile network coverage, and a lack of awareness concerning privacy and security risks emerged as the most significant reasons and influences behind the utilisation of public Wi-Fi.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 111.
    Abdulla, Trifa
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier.
    De som avvek och en som gick in2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I mitt reportage De som avvek och en som gick in berättar krigsvägraren William Males, desertören Steve David Kinnaman och veteranen Bill Ray i porträttform om hur de på olika sätt undkom kriget som rasade i Vietnam mellan åren 1955-1975.

    En vägrade i initialt skede att delta i kriget. En var halvvägs till Vietnam innan han avvek. Den tredje upplevde krigets fasor och överlevde. Gemensamt för dem alla är att Sverige blev deras andra hem från 1960-talet och framåt, en fristad undan kriget och hemlandet USAs politiska förföljelser.

    Utifrån ett dussin intervjuer, arkivmaterial, facklitteratur, gamla tidningsdokument, fotografier, ljudsnuttar, filmer och digitala källor har jag skrivit reportaget i tre självständiga porträtt. Tillsammans med nytagna porträttbilder av intervjupersonerna och privata fotografier från deras ungdomstid, flyktväg, krigsminnen och familjer har jag försökt skapa en så levande bild av deras liv som möjligt.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    De som avvek och en som gick in
  • 112.
    Abdullah, Mohammed
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Säkerhetsmedvetenhet och dess inverkan på informationssäkerhet inom hälso-och sjukvården2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Framväxten av digitalisering och skillnader i utvecklingstakt mellan digitalisering och informationssäkerhet har lett till ökade utmaningar för många sektorer i samhället, inklusive hälso- och sjukvården. En central del i att hantera dessa utmaningar är att förstå hur viktigt det är att ha en god säkerhetsmedvetenhet hos anställda. Säkerhetsmedvetenhet är därför en nödvändig komponent för att skydda och bevara informationssäkerheten i en organisation. Informationssäkerhet innefattar mer än tekniska och administrativa säkerhetsåtgärder, eftersom människor är involverade i alla aspekter av informationssäkerhet och ofta anses vara den svagaste länken i säkerhetskedjan. Till följd av detta kan ökad medvetenhet bland personalen bidra till mer effektiv informationssäkerhet. Studien fokuserade på att undersöka följande frågeställning: Hur kan IT-chefer inom hälso- och sjukvårdssektorn arbeta systematiskt för att öka personalens säkerhetsmedvetenhet?

    Resultatet visade att ledningens engagemang kan påverka personalens medvetenhet och bidra till att skapa en stark säkerhetskultur, vilket är i linje med vad litteraturen beskriver. Genom ökad medvetenhet bland personalen kan många säkerhetsincidenter relaterade till mänskliga misstag undvikas. Studien genomfördes med stöd av kvalitativa forskningsmetoder och semistrukturerade intervjuer, där ledande roller inom hälso- och sjukvården intervjuades. I nuläget visar resultatet att det finns utrymme för förbättring när det gäller personalens nuvarande medvetenhet. Dessutom visade resultatet att det inte finns en effektiv metod för att utvärdera och mäta denna medvetenhet. Däremot visar både praktiken och litteraturen att antalet ökade cyberattacker ökar och att det finns betydande utmaningar kopplade till att säkerställa informationssäkerhet. Samtidigt påvisar resultatet ett tydligt behov av ytterligare forskning samt utveckling av metoder för att mäta och förbättra personalens säkerhetsmedvetenhet.

  • 113.
    Abdulrahim, Muhanad Adnan Abdulrahim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Investigating the requirements for an e-service that provide relevant online information for newly arrived immigrants in Sweden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There is a huge need for information when you arrive as an immigrant in a new country. The purpose of the study is to find out recommendations for an information portal for newly arrived immigrants in Sweden.

    First, a survey was conducted to the webmasters of relevant authorities online resources regarding their ways of considering the needs of immigrant users. The answers showed that the webmasters of the official websites showed interest in considering the needs of immigrants in their websites by including pages in different languages, but most of them considered this to be difficult, expensive and problematic.

    To know more about a particular user group, a survey, interviews and observations have been done.

    A survey to newly arrived immigrants showed that their ICT skills are comparable to the average of Swedish citizens. In spite of differences within the immigrant group, like age, gender and cultural factors, they also shared common characteristics. Most of the immigrants trusted Swedish websites and Swedish authorities websites as reliable information resources more than websites in their mother-tongue.

    Test-persons were faced with the task of finding information about the possibility to borrow money for furniture for the first home in Sweden, our observations showed that very few of the test-persons managed to find their way to the correct authority webpage (Studiemedels-nämnden). Most test-persons tried by using many ways to search for the information, but all except two gave up. None of the test-persons managed to find the pages that were translated to their mother-tongue.

    The study points out the need for a systematical approach to web information for newly arrived immigrants to help them with their integration process and benefit from Swedish e-government services. A central multilingual portal website should be the heart of this program.

    This approach can be introduced in SFI schools given that all SFI schools are supplied with computers.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Muanad Abdulrahim HCI thesis
  • 114.
    Abdurahmanovic, Dzenana
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    ”Det beror ju på vad man vill lägga i ordet register”  Petra Stenkula    : En studie av polisens externa kriskommunikation i samband med romregistret2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel                                   

    ”Det beror ju på vad man vill lägga i ordet register” Petra Stenkula

    En fallstudie av polisens externa kriskommunikation i samband med romregistret

     

    Syfte             

    Syftet är att lämna ett bidrag till den svenska forskningen om kriskommunikation men även att bidra till den svenska samhällsdebatten om polisen som en central rättsmyndighet och deras hantering av romregisterkrisen.

     

    Metod          

    Via en kvalitativ metod analysers nyheter publicerade på polisens webbplats och polisens presskonferenser utifrån de valda teoretiska ramarna inom ämnet kriskommunikation.

     

    Resultat        

    Polisens kriskommunikation framstår som väldigt strategilös, under hela krisen ägnar sig polisen åt                               informationsinsamling för att förstår krisen och få en överblick över situationen men under tiden glömmer                     de den strategiska delen. Polisen är väldigt restriktiv i sin kriskommunikation, på webbplatsen är nyhetspubliceringarna rörande romregistret väldigt korta och konkreta, vissa är rena informationsanvisningar. Polisen förde även en inkonsekvent kriskommunikation, när Rikspolisstyrelsen pratade om analysfil som inte var i fas med lagstiftningen så pratade Skånepolisen om beslut ifrån år 2009 om tillstånd att upprätta den särskilda analysfilen. I sin kriskommunikation använder polisen många olika försvarsstrategier ifrån Corporate Apologia och Image Repair Theory. Strategierna som användes för att upprätthålla image var för många och olika för att uppfattas som trovärdiga medan polisen utförde i teorin en perfekt apologia. Polisen beklagade situationen, berättade om vilka åtgärder som skulle utföras och Justitiekanslern beslutade om kompensation till de drabbade.

     

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    "Det beror ju på vad man vill lägga i ordet register" Petra Stenkula
  • 115.
    Abelsson, Felicia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Hellsing, Rebecca
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Färger och kontrasters påverkan i en pull-down meny: Effektiviteten och användares första intryck i en navigeringsmeny2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis examines how a user can experience different color combinations and how those effect a navigation menu on a website. This with regards on the users first impression. Furthermore, were also different contrasts examined. This thesis also investigates how a navigation menu is being perceived on the basis that it is more appealing in its design, but lacks contrast, comparatively to a design that has strong contrast but do not satisfy the user. Moreover, if color combinations and its placement together with the contrast can increase the efficiency in a navigation process. The colors that were tested were blue and red. Three prototypes were designed which had different color and contrast combinations, but the main colors were blue and red. A qualitative method was being used to examine the impact colors and contrasts can have. An unstructured observation was applied to study the user’s behavior and which prototype was most effective. Moreover, was a think-aloud test where the users had to think-aloud. This method generated an understanding about users first impression and how effective the navigation menu was. Lastly, a semi-structured interview was applied to create a greater understanding about colors impact on the users. The results showed that color and contrast have a big influence on a user’s first impression, but also on a navigation menus’ effectiveness. A more appealing menu with low contrast was being preferred over a menu with high contrast but a less appealing design. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 116. Abenius, Sara
    Green IT & Green Software - Time and Energy Savings Using Existing Tools2009Inngår i: Environmental Informatics and Industrial Environmental Protection: Concepts, Methods and Tools (Part 1) / [ed] Volker Wohlgemuth, Bernd Page, Kristina Voigt, Shaker Verlag, 2009, s. 57-66Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Green IT is steadily gaining ground among companies and organizations worldwide but the understanding of its actual significance is often indistinct. The purpose of this paper is to investigate Green Software and to summarize different points of view on Green IT and clarify some actions to be taken towards using computers more wisely. Special attention will be paid to Green Software and exploring what factors could make software being used and developed with the environmental impact in mind. A descriptive research method based on available literature has been used. Finally a test was set up to control if the amount of data sent over the Internet could be lowered during navigation by changing a server setting. The intention was to prove that Green Software can be simple use of tools we have at hand, just adding a small amount of knowledge. The result showed that there are savings to gain with no effect on overall performance. To conclude, a holistic approach towards Green IT and all it’s including parts is necessary, together with appropriate ways of measuring progress towards improvement.

  • 117.
    Abeywickrama, Madawa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Rosca, Victoria
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Public organizations flying in the cloud: A case study of cloud computing value creation in Moldova central public administration2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    As information technology (IT)  becomes an integral part of society, public sector organizations have witnessed an increasing shift in how they deliver services to citizens. One area of IT that has  contributed to this transformation in service delivery has been in the domain of cloud computing. Extant research  has focused on the  factors related to the  adoption of cloud computing within public sector organizations, however, little is known about how cloud computing creates value in public sector administration. Addressing this, we conduct a case study research on the Moldova central public administration to investigate how cloud computing enhances value in public service delivery. Accordingly, we identify seven ways cloud computing enhances value creation in public administration. Among those values, faster service delivery, transparency and accountability are values rarely highlighted in the previous academic research. Based on our results, we propose solutions that public administration should take into consideration when utilizing cloud computing as a service delivery model.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 118.
    Abeywickrama, Ruby
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Transcending Memories Beyond Borders: Carrying Memorabilia from Home to Abroad.: Transferring Personal Memorabilia for a Meaningful Cross-Country Experience.2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Collecting memorabilia has been a longstanding practice as it evolved around cultures and societies. Despite existing research about preserving memorabilia, meaningful preservation methods remain unclear due to the individual and idiosyncratic nature of practices [18,22,40,43,47,59]. Migrants who collect memorabilia face challenges in preserving them due to unavoidable circumstances such as lack of transportation, physical measurements and weight of memorabilia. In 2020, 281 million people migrated globally, accounting for 3.6% of the world's population, and as this issue continues to grow, finding practical solu tions is crucial [36,38]. The aim of this study is to explore ways to digitally preserve memorabilia to maintain their material qualities and meaning across diverse geographical contexts (RQ1). The study also focused on understanding what objects migrants regard as worth preserving (RQ2) and how digital memorabilia can be designed to serve as memory tokens (RQ3). The research employed an exploratory case study approach, focusing on first-generation Sri Lankan migrants [11,30]. Qualitative data was collected through interviews and the use of 3D printing and augmented reality was evaluated through prototype testing using a research-through-design approach [29,58]. Results revealed that souvenirs encapsulates sentimental, economic and aesthetic values that provides a symbolic meaning to its’ owner and contributes to constructing their identity. Migrants were willing to try new technologies and augmented reality was recognised as a satisfying experience. To transfer memorabilia meaningfully among different geographical context, a holistic solution for memorabilia preservation was expected by migrants where physical protection of memorabilia is emphasized. Further research in this study involves utilizing photogrammetry scanning and 3D modeling to closely replicate real-life memorabilia and further evaluating mixed-reality user interactions such as augmented reality. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 119.
    Abidin, Crystal
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Department of Sociology, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    #Familygoals: Family influencers, calibrated amateurism, and justifying young digital labor2017Inngår i: Social Media and Society, ISSN 2056-3051, Vol. 3, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Following in the celebrity trajectory of mommy bloggers, global micro-microcelebrities, and reality TV families, family Influencers on social media are one genre of microcelebrity for whom the “anchor” content in which they demonstrate their creative talents, such as producing musical covers or comedy sketches, is a highly profitable endeavor. Yet, this commerce is sustained by an undercurrent of “filler” content wherein everyday routines of domestic life are shared with followers as a form of “calibrated amateurism.” Calibrated amateurism is a practice and aesthetic in which actors in an attention economy labor specifically over crafting contrived authenticity that portrays the raw aesthetic of an amateur, whether or not they really are amateurs by status or practice, by relying on the performance ecology of appropriate platforms, affordances, tools, cultural vernacular, and social capital. In this article, I consider the anatomy of calibrated amateurism, and how this practice relates to follower engagement and responses. While some follower responses have highlighted concerns over the children’s well-being, a vast majority overtly signal their love, support, and even envy toward such parenting. I draw on ethnographically informed content analysis of two group of family Influencers on social media to illustrate the enactment and value of calibrated amateurism in an increasingly saturated ecology and, investigate how such parents justify the digital labor in which their children partake to produce viable narratives of domestic life.

  • 120.
    Abidin, Crystal
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Curtin University, Bentley, WA, Australia.
    The Semiotics of Emoji: The Rise of Visual Language in the Age of the Internet2018Inngår i: Discourse & Communication, ISSN 1750-4813, E-ISSN 1750-4821, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 450-453Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 121.
    Abidin, Crystal
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). National University of Singapore, Queenstown, Singapore.
    Vote for my selfie: Politician selfies as charismatic engagement2017Inngår i: Selfie Citizenship / [ed] Adi Kuntsman, Springer, 2017, s. 75-87Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking Singaporean Member of Parliament (MP) Baey Yam Keng as a case study, this chapter analyses how charismatic engagement can be mediated through social media and selfie tropes. In the wake of online campaigns since the General Elections 2011, and with the ruling party garnering its lowest share of electoral votes since state independence, MP Baey, aged 47, has emerged as a press-branded 'selfie king', 'social media celebrity' and 'Twitter influencer' for engaging with the online citizenry since publishing his first selfie in March 2013. Drawing on his Instagram and Twitter feed and selfie-related engagements up till 2015, this chapter demonstrates how politician selfies can be exercised to solicit affect and mobilise public sentiment among voters.

  • 122.
    Abidin, Crystal
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Young people and digital grief etiquette2019Inngår i: A Networked Self and Birth, Life, Death / [ed] Zizi Papacharissi, Routledge, 2019, s. 160-174Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 123.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Centre for Culture and Technology (CCAT), Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Cover, Rob
    The University of Western Australia.
    Gay, famous and working hard on YouTube: Influencers, queer microcelebrity publics and discursive activism2019Inngår i: Youth, sexuality and sexual citizenship / [ed] P. Aggleton, R. Cover, D. Leahy, D. Marshall, & M. L. Rasmussen, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2019, s. 217-231Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ordinary digital media users who gained large public followings, also known as Influencers, emerged as micro-celebrities in the early 2000s, with many working for a living directly through online content creation and the self-representation of their everyday lives. Capitalising on high visibility, many Influencers also engage in social justice activities. As a result, they have become important nodes in LGBTQ networks online, including through personal and organisational collaborations. In this chapter, we draw on digital ethnography to analyse a gay-identifying Australian YouTube Influencer, Troye Sivan, focussing on how his status as an Influencer creating digital content has fostered queer support by way of a creative work orientation that simultaneously promotes both a rights-based activism and his own career.

  • 124.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). National University of Singapore, Queenstown, Singapore.
    Gwynne, Joel
    National Institute of Education, Singapore.
    Entrepreneurial selves, feminine corporeality and lifestyle blogging in Singapore2017Inngår i: Asian Journal of Social Science, ISSN 1568-4849, E-ISSN 2212-3857, Vol. 45, nr 4-5, s. 385-408Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The making of the entrepreneurial self is a dominant trope of contemporary media culture, and a multitude of media formats across divergent national contexts showcase the contemporary obsession with media visibility and the attainment of celebrity status as the most aspirational form of social mobility. In Singapore, commercial lifestyle blogs are prime examples of entrepreneurial identity-making as websites almost exclusively created by young women, showcasing user-generated content oriented around the pleasures of consumption as a means of empowerment, self-actualisation and individualisation. By analysing content on a selection of blogs, this article aims to answer the following questions: To what extent are Singaporean women’s identities contingent upon material consumption as a means of identity creation? How do blogs created by women demonstrate an entrepreneurial investment in their appearance and feminine corporeality as the means of perceived empowerment, even at the expense of more formal and structured forms of individualisation, such as education?

  • 125.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Consumer-led innovation in social media advertising formats2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    On Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, and weblogs, consumer activity is increasingly institutionalized, guarded by rules and norms. Consumers take on tasks previously performed by trained media workers, but they also create new activities, emerging as a new breed of media workers, institutionalizing new fields of the media and advertising industries and their associated practices (Dolbec and Fischer 2015). It has been described how amateur workers develop new ethical norms and rules for publishing, by taking journalistic/editorial decisions on what content to publish and how, within their new institutional domain (Abidin & Ots, 2015).

     

    This paper is focused on a specific group of stakeholders – everyday Internet users who manufacture themselves into a new form of social media microcelebrity known as the ‘Influencer’ (Abidin 2015). Since 2005, many young women have taken to social media to craft ‘microcelebrity personas’ as a career – “a new style of online performance that involves people ‘amping up’ their popularity over the Web using technologies like video, blogs and social networking sites” (Senft 2008: 25). In their most basic capacity, Influencers produce advertorials on blogs and social media platforms in exchange for payment or sponsored products and services (Abidin 2015). Owing to their power to shape purchase decisions, their clients have progressed from small home businesses to bluechip companies including Canon, Gucci, and KLM. Until recently, the most effective advertorials are those that are seamlessly woven into the daily narratives Influencers publish on their blogs and social media, such that readers are unable to tell apart ‘paid opinions’ from ‘unpaid’ sentiments (Abidin 2014). However, along with the maturity of the field, there is a gradual standardization of new advertising formats.

     

    The conducted study explores how semi-professional microcelebrity Influencers create advertising market innovations. Researchers have previously described how consumer fans help firms innovate (e.g. Füller et al 2008), and how fan cultures celebrate their favourite brands by creating their own advertisements (Muniz & Schau 2005; for overview see Ots & Hartmann 2015). This paper takes a slightly different approach – rather than seeing consumers as co-creators, it demonstrates how new actors outside the traditional media and advertising industries, make innovations that compete with the incumbents. We focus on these vernacular advertising innovations in the age of social media, and seek to understand how Influencers orientate towards a youth market in the saturated, visually dominated attention economy of Instagram. The findings include a typology of innovative advertising formats emerging outside the traditional media companies, along with their associated publishing rules as defined by the semi-professional Influencers.

     

    The data draws on a larger study of social media Influencers in Singapore since mid-2010, including over a year of intensive participant observation conducted with these Influencers in the flesh in the capacity of various roles. These interactions and observations were archived in extensively detailed field diaries. 120 personal interviews were conducted with Influencers, Influencer management agencies, (prospective) clients, readers, and friends and family of Influencers between December 2011 and July 2013. Social media content from blogs, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, AskFM, and popular public forums was archived until December 2015. Fieldwork entailed continued interaction with other actors involved in the Influencers’ social milieu, including their peers, backend production management, sponsors and advertisers, and readers. As such, although the data is drawn mainly from the textual and visual content of publically accessed blogs and associated social media platforms including Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook, the analysis is highly contextualised and shaped by long-term ethnographic work among these Influencers. 

  • 126.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Influencers Tell All?: Unravelling Authenticity and Credibility in a Brand Scandal2016Inngår i: Blurring the lines: Market-driven and democracy-driven freedom of expression / [ed] Maria Edström, Andrew T. Kenyon & Eva-Maria Svensson, Nordicom, 2016, s. 153-161Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the emerging practices of social media Influencers. In focus are six influential Instagram Influencers who were ‘exposed’ for involving themselves in campaigns aiming to discredit telecommunications providers in Singapore. In the absence of enforced legal boundaries and industry norms regarding advertising formats and advertising ethics, brand scandals are frequent, causing concern among regulators, brand managers, and platform owners. When starting to accommodate commercial brands and contents in social media posts, Influencers are constantly at risk of breaching their contract of trust with their followers. The case study shows how Influencers, followers, and eventually also the brand clients, are sensitive to what they experience as deceptive and unethical behaviours that will put normative pressures onto the Influencers to conform to certain ethical standards.

  • 127.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Microcelebrity influencers and advertorial disclosure: Practicing the advertising/editorial divide on Instagram2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 128.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping University, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    The Influencer’s dilemma: The shaping of new brand professions between credibility and commerce2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The new "liquid" media environment involves a range of new professions, practices and practitioners (Deuze 2011). Based on a rich ethnographic study containing personal interviews and participant observation, this paper looks at semi-professional Influencers in the social media marketing industry and asks how these new branding professions and their practices emerge and institutionalize. Specifically, the material draws on data collected between 2011 and 2015 among women Influencers in the ‘lifestyle’ genre in Singapore who advertise products and services in the industry verticals of Fashion, Beauty, and Electronic goods on blogs, Twitter, and Instagram.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Full-length paper
  • 129.
    Abo Aleneen, Rania Abd Alsalam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Goman, Jane
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Aras Nouri, Awan
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Tillgänglighet och användbarhet för synnedsatta på offentliga webbplatser2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes the accessibility and usability of Swedish Public Authority´s websites for people with visual impairments, this was done with an online-survey answered by 51 respondents (35 respondents with a visual impairment and 16 without). Based on their answers a manual review of one sample website was performed.

    The users who participated in the survey raised problems regarding text size, navigation and insufficient compatibility with digital visual aids. The manual review shows that the sample website does not comply with WCAG guidelines 1.2.5, Audio description (prerecorded) ; 1.4.4 Resize Text ; 2.1 Keyboard Accessible ; 3.3.1. 

    The study discusses accessibility and usability from the perspective of the visually impaired and their suggestions to optimize Public Authority’s websites based on those two criterias. The study concludes with a discussion of validity, reliability and future research opportunities.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 130.
    Abou-Chakra, Bisan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande.
    En påhittad arabvärld: En studie av hur andra generationens invandrare ser på hur den arabiska kulturen och dess länder framställs i västerländska TV-serier.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie utfördes med syfte att studera hur andra generationens invandrare i Sverige upplever representationen i västerländska TV-serier och huruvida deras verklighetsbild kring landet överstämde med det fiktiva. Studien analyseras utifrån ett postkolonialt perspektiv med teorier som inkluderar Orientalism, representation och stereotyper. Frågeställningen grundade sig i huruvida dessa intervjupersoner kände sig representerade och om bilden av kulturen och landet var rättvist gestaltad samt hur de upplevde serierna kontra verkligheten. Metoden som användes för att besvara frågeställningen var kvalitativa intervjuer där resultatet visade att intervjupersonernas verklighet upplevelser inte stämde överens med vad som visats i serierna då mycket utav det som framställt var enligt deras tolkningar konstruerade stereotyper.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 131.
    Abou-Chakra, Bisan
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Mellanförskapets motsägelser: En kvalitativ studie av hur andra generationens invandrare förhåller sig till humorsketcher på sociala medier2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie är utformad med syfte att med hjälp av teorier som orientalism, identitet och föreställd gemenskap undersöka hur andra generationens invandrare med ursprung från mellanöstern använder sig av humorsketcher publicerade på sociala medier i relation till deras identitet. Frågeställningen grundar i hur intervjupersonerna förhåller sig till humorsketcher som driver med situationen att tillhöra två/flera olika kulturer samt hur intervjupersonerna upplever sin identitet relaterat till innehållet. Frågeställningen besvarades med kvalitativa intervjuer och resultatet visade att intervjupersonerna fann humorsketcherna betydelsefulla och fungerade som hanteringsform mot kulturkrockar. Trots olika länder som bakgrund var deras resonemang slående likt och visade att med hjälp av humorsketcher fann de en förstärkt gemenskap till andra som upplever sig vara i mellanförskap.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 132.
    Abovarda, Adam
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Master Östlund, Christian
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Pålsson, Paul
    NU Hospital Group (SWE); University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    E-learning as Part of Residency Education2023Inngår i: Caring is Sharing: Exploiting the Value in Data for Health and Innovation. Proceeddings of MIE 2023 / [ed] Maria Hägglund, Madeleine Blusi, Stefano Bonacina, Lina Nilsson, Inge Cort Madsen, Sylvia Pelayo, Anne Moen, Arriel Benis, Lars Lindsköld, Parisis Gallos, IOS Press, 2023, Vol. 302, s. 496-497Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Through a literature review in combination with qualitative analysis of course evaluations, this study examines aspects that contribute to enhancing elearning for physicians in a residency education program. The literature review and the qualitative analysis outline three main factors (pedagogical, technological, and organizational), highlighting the importance of a holistic approach that includes learning and technology in context when integrating e-learning strategies in adult learning programs. The findings contribute insights and practical guidance for education organizers on how to conduct e-learning during and after the pandemic.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 133.
    Abrache, Cassandra
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Crisis Communication Management: -A Case Study of Oxfam’s 2018 Credibility Crisis2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of social media has set demands on organizations to be online and interact with

    stakeholders, especially during a crisis. The public are no longer seen as passive receivers of

    marketing messages. Previous studies have shown that the need for information increases

    during a crisis. Social media can be a powerful tool if is used strategically. This case study

    looks deeper into Oxfam’s 2018 Haiti sexual exploitation scandal, as an attempt to understand

    how organizations communicate on social media during a crisis. By co-applying multimodal

    critical discourse analysis (MCDA) and the social-mediated crisis communication (SMCC)

    model, a broader understanding of how the crisis was handled can be developed. The data

    consists of four Instagram posts that will be analyzed, drawing upon four multimodal

    frameworks from Machin (2017): Iconography: the ‘hidden meanings’ of images; The meaning

    of color in visual design; The meaning of typography; and Representation of social actors in

    images. In order to obtain a broader picture of the strategies, key public and relationships, the

    components of the SMCC model will be identified and presented for this case. The result of

    this study shows that multiple response strategies have been used to communicate both tailored

    messages and unified organizational messages. It is apparent that Oxfam did not have a clear

    strategy and altered between apologizing, “blaming” individuals within the organization and

    distancing themselves from the crisis.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 134.
    Abrache, Cassandra
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Keffel, Christine
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Storytelling- en kosmetisk gest eller reell delaktighet?: – En studie i användningen av strategiskt berättande hos två organisationersom arbetar för omställning.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här är fallstudien har vi valt att undersöka hur två organisationer som arbetar med klimatomställning använder storytelling. Den ena organisationen, EU, har drivit projektet Leader sedan 1990-talet, den andra är Svenska Naturskyddsföreningen som 2013 skapade en julkalender för sin hemsida. I studien undersöks sambandet mellan organisationernas bild av engagemang och berättelsernas struktur. Studien utgår från två teoretiska perspektiv Governmentality och narrativ teori. Sökningen av berättelserna har skett genom ett målstyrt urval och två kvalitativa metoder har tillämpats: text- och narrationsanalys.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 135.
    Abraham, Robel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Saleman, Egal
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Framtidens verktyg för arbetsmiljöarbete: En studie om vilka förutsättningar IT erbjuder verksamheter i deras arbetsmiljöarbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The influence and impact that digitalisation have in our society has not gone unnoticed, every aspect of our daily lives have more or less been digitalized so that we can effectively communicate, share and gain information and knowledge through IT solutions. Businesses and organisations are being more effective and efficient by embedding IT solutions as a strategy into their daily work. A particular field that has been stagnant through this revolution is how businesses and organisations manage their workplace environment and the purpose of this study is therefore to shed light on, and contribute with knowledge about, the potential that IT have when it comes to managing organisational occupational health and safety. We look further into a graphical user interface such as dashboard to gain an insight on how it could be used as a tool to monitor progress within occupational health and safety. The methods used in this exploration are integrated approaches which contains both qualitative and quantitative methods, the data was collected through interviews and surveys in a public organisation. The results of the study displays three main concerns which are caused by the lack of systematic approach while working with occupational health and safety. These three concerns are identified as feedback challenges, lack of consistency and absence of appropriate actions. The study further highlights which key factors that need to be successful in order to create and maintain a healthy occupational health and safety. With the result of our study, businesses and organisations can gain an understanding and insight on what type of advantages can be gained by using IT in order to promote a systematic approach while dealing with a challenging task as the workplace environment. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 136.
    Abraham, Simona
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it.
    Bjerstedt, Victoria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it.
    Det våras för uppror: Om bevakningen av Tunisien, Egypten och Libyen år 2011 i Svenska Dagbladet och Dagens Nyheter2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en studie om den svenska dagstidningsrapporteringen om inledningen av den arabiska våren i Tunisien, Egypten och Libyen under år 2011. Vår utgångspunkt är de tolv klassiska nyhetsvärderingsteorierna, med tyngd på geografisk, kulturell och ekonomisk närhet.

    Uppsatsen syfte är att få bättre kännedom om likheterna och skillnaderna i den svenska rapporteringen från de tre länderna Tunisien, Egypten och Libyen. Vi undersöker två veckor för varje land i Dagens Nyheter och Svenska Dagbladet. Vi har valt att se tidningarna som en gemensam portal för den svenska internationella mediebevakningen.

    Vi har gjort en kvantitativ undersökning, när rapporteringen av upproren började, hur den såg ut och vilka källor man valde att lyfta fram. Vi valde också att göra en mindre kvalitativ intervjuundersökning för att förstå förhållandena för de svenska utrikesreportrarna. Resultatet av analysen visar många likheter mellan länderna. Majoriteten av källorna var andra nyhetsbyråer. Största skillnaden var hur man skapade närhet till händelserna i de olika länderna. I Egypten så fokuserade journalisterna mer på att lyfta fram svenskarna i upproret och att ta upp vardagsproblem som publiken kunde identifiera sig med, till exempel att maten började ta slut i butikerna eller känslan över att demokratiska rättigheter var hotade. Tunisiens rapportering var mer folkorienterad medan artiklarna om Libyen hade mer fokus på elitpersoner. Den arabiska våren påverkade resten av världen både ekonomiskt och politiskt vilket gav ett högt nyhetsvärde i tidningarna.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Det våras för uppror
  • 137.
    Abrahamson, Åsa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Olika barn leka bäst?: En analys av bibliotekspersonalens tankar om hbtq-arbete på ett barnbibliotek2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the experiences of public library staff who works in an LGBTQ-profiled children’s library. The aim of the study is further to find out whether the library as an institution can challenge heteronormativity or if traditional gender identities are reproduced. I have conducted five qualitative interviews with librarians who all work in the same library, and who all work with children to some extent. The interview material is analyzed with queer theory and norm critical theories of pedagogy. These perspectives wish to critically examine heteronormativity and change what is defined as normal.

    The result of the study shows that the way the library works with separate rainbow shelves, where LGBTQ-themed material is gathered, is pointing out LGBTQ as something different. And although it may also shed a light on a group formerly made invisible, it is reproducing traditional gender identities and leaves heteronormativity unquestioned. By contrast, the way the librarians are working with always including LGBTQ-materials in programming as storytimes and book presentations, is challenging the dominant position of heterosexuality. It is also shown that the way the library staff has developed their written and oral communication with the patrons, including using the gender neutral pronomina ”hen” and alternatives to ”mom and dad”, is increasing the possibilities of an inclusive reception in the library. The oral communication is for various reasons not always used though.

    In conclusion the interviews show that the librarians are positive to working with LGBTQ-issues although they sometimes tend to forget. The study further concludes that the library’s way of working with LGBTQ-issues is both reproducing traditional gender identities, and challenging heteronormative structures.

    This is a two years master’s thesis in Library and Information Science.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 138.
    Abrahamsson, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Rancken, Britt-Marie
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Att bli äldre: en annoterad bibliografi om åldrande och äldreomsorg 1977-19811982Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bibliografin innehåller litteratur som ur någon aspekt beskriver åldrande och samhällets äldreomsorg. Skönlitteratur och facklitteratur som utkommit på svenska under åren 1977-1981 är medtagna i förteckningen.

  • 139.
    Abrahamsson, Ebba
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Waern-Bugge, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Framgångsfaktorer vid en agil övergång2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 140.
    Abrahamsson, Elise
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Pratbubblan: den röda tråden: En studie av Karlstads Stadsnäts visuella kommunikation2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether Karlstad City Fiber Network visual elements in the form of a pair of speech bubbles fit into the organization's holistic external communication and branding. The study examines whether Karlstad City Fiber Network image of the organization and the speech bubbles match the stakeholders view and how the visual elements are perceived and recognized by stakeholders. The theory associated with the study is theories of corporate visual identity, image, identity and branding and visual communication. These three elements are important to be aware of when a generation of an effective external communications. Qualitative interviews with employees at Karlstad City Fiber Network and Karlstad municipality has undertaken to give an idea of ​​what the organization wants to achieve and what their opinions are. Karlstad City Fiber Network wants stakeholders to perceive the brand building marketing records as playful, with a twinkle in his eye and inviting to dialogue while the direct information shall be straight and free of jargon. The organization wishes that stakeholders see them as a safe choice as well as local and accessible for inhabitants of Karlstad. Karlstad City Fiber Network sees it as a great advantage to be taken of Karlstad Municipality, which also welcomes the urban network is municipal. Through focus group interviews with Karlstad City Fiber Network stakeholders, the inhabitants of Karlstad, it has emerged that the speech bubbles is not recognized, but it is only when the speech bubbles is put into a context, such as newspaper or newsletter that it can be linked to anything that advocates the municipality of Karlstad and dialogue. It is concluded that corporate visual identity is the link between the visual and the context of an organization's marketing. Stakeholders see Karlstad City Fiber Network as a credible organization that is simple yet eye-catching newsletters, but believe that their marketing is somewhat vague and confusing.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Pratbubblan: den röda tråden
  • 141.
    Abrahamsson, Emilia
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Renhult, Elena
    Fräsch och strukturerad med attityd: Ett examensprojekt om tidningslayout2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractPresentation of the problem: The goal with this graduation project is to produce a new visual concept for the student newspaper Campus, this will be expressed in the form of page templates. The page templates will have a visual concept that appears through graphical elements. The client's wishes were that the student newspaper should be audience appropriate, attractive, inviting, reliable, modern and functional to work with.Theory: In order to implement the wishes and in a good way produce a consistent visual concept, we took a starting point in theory of graphic design. This theory has taken many of its principles from aesthetic theory, and therefore have we also used aesthetics to provide a deeper theoretical aspect. The principles we used in graphic design is; how to create a unity in the layout by using basic elements such as text, images, and white space. We have also looked at alignment-, form-, color-, contrast-, typography- and placement principles. The principles we have applied from aesthetics are color repetition, color contrasts, balance, visual harmony and depth.Method: The empirical studies consisted of a qualitative content analysis of student newspapers, followed by a focus-group study with respondents from the Campus newspaper target group. The purpose of the two studies was to, via a content analysis, get a general picture of the design language that is used on the market today. This, combined with theory, helped us to create a visual expression that stands outside the general form. It was done in four different dummies, these dummies were discussed by the focus-group.Results: Our first empirical study showed how student newspapers are designed today. With support of theory, the functioning principles was sorted out and used in the four dummies. During the focus-group analysis, opinions about the dummies were presented. We could therefore see what the respondents wanted in the page templates. Together with the client's wishes and analysis from the empirical studies, a new concept developed. It will be perceived as clean and structured together with attitude.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Fräsch och strukturerad med attityd
  • 142.
    Abrahamsson, Hilda
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Björkman, Felix
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Den digitala generationen: En surveyundersökning om ungdomars nyhetsvanor och förtroende för medier2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This is a quantitative survey of young people's news habits and trust in media. Our main points mainly concern how and how often young people consume news, and what confidence they have in different news sources. The result shows that half of the 126 respondents are consuming news every day. Social media is the respondents main source of news, and they think it's easiest to get news from there. At the same time, it appears that the surveyed people have low confidence in social media as a news source, compared to traditional media such as television, radio and newspapers, that only a few of the respondents use as main sources for news. We discuss how this outcome may affect journalism in the future, as the new generation of media- and news-consumers choose new media in front of traditional ones.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 143.
    Abrahamsson, Joel
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    "Vi vinner rättvist": En studie i lokala sportjournalisters hantering av de journalistiska yrkesidealen.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden sports journalism has been critisised among many for lacking professionalism and sports journalists have been accused of being both restricted and biased. Especially in local sports journalism the issue is said to be evenmore prominent.Through a qualitative discourse analysis the main purpose of this essay is to study the standard of objectivity in swedish local sports journalism.Thirty two randomly selected articles written in ten local newspapers after ten games in swedish footballs top divison Allsvenskan were read and analyzed during the study. In relation to the profesional ideals of journalism some major themes of shortcomings were discovered and categorized. The most significant was the lack of hearing both sides. The reporting was very one-sided in a way that most of the time favored the local team. From an objective view questionable reporting was also found when it came to the inclusion and exclusion of certain in-game situations but also in what surrounding circumstances the journalists chose to aim their focus on. Uncertaincies were likewise exposed in the amount of personal opinions being shown by the author.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    "Vi vinner rättvist"
  • 144.
    Abrahamsson, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Skapar gymnasielärare trygghet för eleverna i klassrummet?: En studie kring lärarens påverkan av trygghet i klassrummet2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Mitt syfte är att visa att känslan av trygghet spelar större roll för undervisningsklimatet i klassrummet än disciplin. Vi bombarderas dagligen i media från olika tyckare som har åsikter om hur skolan skall skötas för att den ska bli bättre och hur misskött den är nu idag. Det är nästintill omöjligt att sålla i det stora informationsflödet och avgöra vad som är relevant för att ge eleverna bästa möjliga inlärningsklimat i skolan. Kan det vara så att en skola som ger eleverna en känsla av trygghet är den som ger bästa inlärningsklimatet? Genom att besöka några klassrum, studera hur lektionerna fungerade i verkligheten och sedan intervjua de berörda lärarna om deras syn på trygghet i klassrummet, fick jag bekräftelse på att så kunde vara fallet. Tyvärr är det så att disciplin är lättare att skapa än trygghet men då kan undervisningsklimatet bli lidande. Att ha en trygg miljö är ett bättre sätt att rusta eleverna för att möta den undervisning som de ska klara av under sin skoltid. Dessutom, om en elev har en egen grundtrygghet i sig själv när hon ska möta världen efter skolan så finns det en större chans att ungdomarna klarar sig bra. Utifrån resultat jag fick anser jag att en lärare som funderat på hur man skapar trygghet i klassrummet, arbetar som en demokratisk ledare och involverar eleverna i regelbyggandet och undervisningen, är den lärare som skapar ett bättre studieklimat.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Trygghet i klassrummet
  • 145.
    Abrahamsson, Linnea
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Challenges in designing a game for an outside client: An advergame case study2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Serious games are well known for their application outside the games, but how they are developed is seldom explored. This study looks at the development process for an advergame for an outside client and what challenges and opportunities presented themselves when creating it. By looking at the context of development the study finds an understanding for what affected the development and how it affected it. The results show that the development context can have varying effects on development. Part of this is the motivations and background behind the project and goals of the company. The developers’ work can become dependent on the project company and work can be halted if the connection is not maintained. Further the study proposes guidelines based on the results that developers can use when working with interdisciplinary collaboration.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 146.
    Abrahamsson, Linnea
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Almkvist, Simon
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Paratexter och spelupplevelsen: Hur kan digitala uppslagsverk påverka spelupplevelsen i överlevnadsspel?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Paratexter är verk som ger konsumenter en uppfattning om en produkt utan att interagera med själva produkten. Denna undersökning har studerat hur spelupplevelsen kan påverkas av en viss typ av paratext, digitala uppslagsverk, i överlevnadsspel. Spelupplevelsen är ett subjektivt fenomen, vilket ligger till grund för undersökningens kvalitativa ansats. En prototyp av ett generiskt överlevnadsspel, samt ett digitalt uppslagsverk för spelet, producerades. Därefter användes observationer och semistrukturerade intervjuer för att jämföra tio respondenters handlingar med deras åsikter. Resultatet bekräftade att det finns många olika attityder gentemot digitala uppslagsverk. Bland annat påvisades att dessa paratexter aktivt bidrar till att skapa mål för spelaren, och kan komplettera eventuella brister i spelets design. Spelupplevelsen kan också försämras, eftersom spelaren redan ”upplevt spelet” genom uppslagsverket. Framtida studier bör förslagsvis utnyttja denna introducerande studie för att skapa ett paratextuellt ramverk som spelutvecklare kan använda för att skapa så genomtänkta spelupplevelser som möjligt.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 147.
    Abrahamsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Bergan, Isabella
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Att hålla sig informerad och uppdaterad inom yrket: en intervjustudie med barnbibliotekarier2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor’s thesis is to develop a deeper understanding of children’s librarians and their work related information practice, more specifically on how they stay informed and updated in their professional role. The empirical material was collected through six semi structured interviews with children’s librarians from different public libraries in Sweden. The material was then analysed with Bates (2002) model of different modes of information seeking.

    The results showed that the children’s librarians' work consisted of a wide variety of tasks which influenced their information seeking practice and consequently had to cover a wide spectrum of areas. The respondents further described how their work with library activities directed to children affected their information seeking as they needed varying forms of information to support the development and implementation of these activities. The most central information sources that the respondents seemed to turn to in order to stay updated were networks, colleagues, their target group (children), the library collection, other organizations, other professions who also worked with children and the internet.

    The main modes of information seeking that the children’s librarians’ seemed to use to stay informed was ‘Searching’ and ‘Monitoring’. These are the most directed information seeking modes that are included in Bates (2002) model. The information seeking was further identified as an ongoing activity that was integrated with other work tasks. Staying informed was often described as being driven by a personal interest which sometimes led to work related information seeking in the spare time.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 148.
    Abrahamsson, Nils-Filip
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Att blogga om hus: En studie om hur mäklare använder sociala medier2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study about how realtors or estate agents market their services in social media. Social media is an upcoming channel in marketing and is becoming more important every day. The user generated content on internet is a new way of communication where companies don’t have to be considered as soulless, if companies use it correctly. This study investigates estate agents efforts to market their services in these channels and how they do it. The study has interviewed four different realtors, marketing executives and a communication office. The motivation for the study is that realtors tend to market their services like they always have but with a consistently changing market, so should their marketing do. The method has been interviews and interpretation of data with the knowledge of my university studies. The results of the study has shown that realtors today are aware of a new channels, such as facebook and twitter, but do not know how to use it and are learning by doing. A conclusion is that in a near future, customers will see a lot more marketing in these channels from these consignors.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Att blogga om hus
  • 149.
    Abrahamsson, Viktor
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Visualisering av geospatialdata från firms i heatmaps: En jämförelse av visualiseringstekniker med D3.js och Heatmap.js baserat på utritningstid2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Stora mängder miljödata samlas hela tiden in och för att använda all data behöver den förstås av användarna så de kan applicera kunskapen inom deras område. Visualisering skapar förståelse om data. Heatmaps kan användas för att visualisera geospatial data och interaktivitet är ett hjälpmedel för att skapa ytterligare grafiska representationer. I detta arbete evalueras JavaScript-teknikerna D3.js, Heatmap.js och Vue.js angående vad som är mest lämpligt för att visualisera geospatial data utifrån effektiviteten vid utritning av heatmaps. Ett experiment genomförs där biblioteken D3.js, Heatmap.js testas i ramverket Vue.js. Detta för att ta reda på vilket bibliotek som föredras vid utritning av heatmaps och om ett ramverk påverkar resultatet. En miljö sätts upp för att genomföra undersökningen och tester för att påvisa detta. Resultatet indikerar att Heatmap.js och mindre datamängder ger en lägre utritningstid i den tillämpning som undersökts. I framtiden är det intressant att undersöka flera bibliotek och flera datamängder.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 150.
    Abrahamsson, Åsa
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan (from 2013).
    En jämförande studie mellan Canvas och Moodle: Att skapa kursinnehåll genom GUI och API2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Ingen hade nog förväntat sig att världen skulle drabbas av den Covid-19 pandemi som började spridas 2019, och som än idag hänger i juni 2021. En långdragen världsomfattande kris. Det är dock inte den enda typ av kris som kan uppstå, skogsbränder och skolskjutning är även exempel på kriser och något vi sett ske flera gånger tidigare. Kriser kräver övning och då skogsbränder och skolskjutning är något som varit återkommande är det viktigt att övning sker inför nästa eventuella kris. CriseIT-projektet är ett samarbete mellan Sverige och Norge, mer specifikt Värmland och Hedmark med syfte att ta fram verktyg och metoder för att utöka digital krisövning. Lärplattformen Canvas (Learning Management System LMS) har i en tidigare studie visats relevant som plattform för krisövning, då den uppfyllde önskad användarbarhet och gav rätt förutsättningar. En funktionalitet som CriseIT har efterfrågat är möjligheten till import av data, eftersom den saknas i dag.I en tidigare studie genomförde CriseIT en seminarieövning i Canvas, som då skrevs in manuellt via Canvas grafiska gränssnitt. Något som är tidskrävande och som önskas effektiviseras genom att i stället importera krisövningar till LMS:et. CriseIT’s mål är dock att kunna importera övningar oavsett LMS och de önskade därmed att även Moodle undersöktes för dess möjlighet att importera data. Två jämföranden genomfördes därmed i denna studie mellan lärplattformarna Canvas och Moodle av vad för funktionalitet respektive gränssnitt erbjuder, samt vilka möjligheter som finns för att importera data via Canvas REST API och Moodle Web Services API. Jämförelsen bygger på en komparativ metod och är baserad på åtta kriterier som kan tänkas ingå i en seminarieövning. Dessa kriterier testades via respektive lärplattforms gränssnitt, samt via verktyget Postman genom API-anrop bestående av testdata för att undersöka respektive API:s funktionalitet och möjlighet till dataimport. Ytterligare genomfördes ett tredje jämförande av vilka skillnader och/eller likheter som finns mellan Canvas LMS REST API och Moodle Web Services API.Resultatet av studien visade att Canvas via dess REST API kan importera alla önskade kriterier medan Moodle:s API Web Services i dagsläget inte innehåller funktionalitet för att importera några av kriterierna. Därmed genomfördes även en jämförelse av kriterierna via respektive lärplattforms grafiska gränssnitt för att studera om funktionaliteten fanns via gränssnittet. Resultatet av jämförelsen visade att både Canvas och Moodle via dess grafiska gränssnitt klarar av att genomföra alla åtta kriterier. Vidare visar resultatet av studien att Canvas REST API från ett tekniskt perspektiv är mer utvecklat än Moodle:s Web Services REST API.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Kandidatuppsats Åsa Abrahamsson
    Download (pdf)
    Bilagor till kandidatuppsats av Åsa Abrahamsson
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