Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet

Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
12 1 - 50 av 78
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden2014Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Sage Open, ISSN ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Election outcomes, or more specifically belonging to a political minority or majority, have a significant impact on citizens’ attitudes toward the political system and political involvement. This study aims to broaden our understanding in these regards by taking into account the effects of people’s political convictions on the relation between belonging to a political minority or majority and their dissatisfaction with the performance of the political system. Using a person-oriented approach, four groups of citizens were identified on the basis of their attachment to political parties. The group of people who were not politically attached to any of the political parties were the most dissatisfied, whereas supporters of parties in government were the least dissatisfied. Moreover, supporters of opposition parties who had high levels of political conviction were more dissatisfied than supporters of opposition parties who had lower levels of political conviction. Overall, the findings of this study show that it is crucial to take into account the individual characteristics of citizens when studying the relations between election outcomes and political attitudes.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden2014Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Election outcomes, or more specifically belonging to a political minority or majority, have a significant impact on citizens’ attitudes toward the political system and political involvement. This study aims to broaden our understanding in these regards by taking into account the effects of people’s political convictions on the relation between belonging to a political minority or majority and their dissatisfaction with the performance of the political system. Using a person-oriented approach, four groups of citizens were identified on the basis of their attachment to political parties. The group of people who were not politically attached to any of the political parties were the most dissatisfied, whereas supporters of parties in government were the least dissatisfied. Moreover, supporters of opposition parties who had high levels of political conviction were more dissatisfied than supporters of opposition parties who had lower levels of political conviction. Overall, the findings of this study show that it is crucial to take into account the individual characteristics of citizens when studying the relations between election outcomes and political attitudes.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 3.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och kriminologi, Socialt arbete.
    Zandi, Saeid
    Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
    Khodayarifard, Mohammad
    University of Tehran, Iran.
    Cetrez, Önver A.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och kriminologi, Socialt arbete.
    Job Satisfaction and Overcoming the Challenges of Teleworking in Times of COVID-19: A Pilot Study Among Iranian University Community2023Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 13, nr 2, artikel-id 21582440231173654Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The coronavirus pandemic changed the academic world in many ways, and most academic institutions continue operating through teleworking. The aim of the present study was to determine how satisfied the university community (faculty/staff members and students) in Iran has been with remote work, and the ways in which they have dealt with the lockdown and working from home during the coronavirus pandemic. A survey was conducted among 196 academics from different universities in Iran. The results show that a majority of our participants (54%) are very or somewhat satisfied with the current work-from-home arrangement. The most frequently used methods for managing the challenges of teleworking were social contacts with colleagues or classmates at a distance, solidarity and offering kindness and support to the people around them. The least used coping method was trusting state or local health authorities in Iran. The coping strategies that have the highest impact on overall teleworking satisfaction are “Make myself busy with my working day because it makes me feel useful,”“I care for my mental and physical health,” and “Think about what I can do rather than what I can’t do.” The findings were discussed in detail, taking into consideration the theoretical approaches, as well as bringing forth more dynamic aspects of the culture.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    Univ Gävle, Gävle, Sweden..
    Zandi, Saeid
    Allameh Tabatabai Univ, Tehran, Iran.;Allameh Tabatabai Univ, Fac Psychol andEducat, Dept Counselling, West Hemmat Highway, Tehran 1489684511, Iran..
    Khodayarifard, Mohammad
    Univ Tehran, Tehran, Iran..
    Cetrez, Önver
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Univ Gävle, Gävle, Sweden..
    Job Satisfaction and Overcoming the Challenges of Teleworking in Times of COVID-19: A Pilot Study Among Iranian University Community2023Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 13, nr 2, artikel-id 21582440231173654Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The coronavirus pandemic changed the academic world in many ways, and most academic institutions continue operating through teleworking. The aim of the present study was to determine how satisfied the university community (faculty/staff members and students) in Iran has been with remote work, and the ways in which they have dealt with the lockdown and working from home during the coronavirus pandemic. A survey was conducted among 196 academics from different universities in Iran. The results show that a majority of our participants (54%) are very or somewhat satisfied with the current work-from-home arrangement. The most frequently used methods for managing the challenges of teleworking were social contacts with colleagues or classmates at a distance, solidarity and offering kindness and support to the people around them. The least used coping method was trusting state or local health authorities in Iran. The coping strategies that have the highest impact on overall teleworking satisfaction are "Make myself busy with my working day because it makes me feel useful,""I care for my mental and physical health," and "Think about what I can do rather than what I can't do." The findings were discussed in detail, taking into consideration the theoretical approaches, as well as bringing forth more dynamic aspects of the culture.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Almqvist, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Meckbach, Jane
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öhman, Marie
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    How Wii Teach Physical Education and Health2016Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 1-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

     The use of educational computer games in physical education (PE) has become more popular in recent years and has attracted research interest. The aim of the article is to investigate how physical activities and images of the human body are offered by the game. The results show how the “teacher” constituted in the games is one who instructs and encourages the players to exercise and think about their bodies, but not a “teacher” who can help students to investigate, argue, or discuss images of health and the human body. We argue that the use of a wide range and variety of ways of teaching would make the teaching richer and offer a deeper understanding about the body and health.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Almqvist, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Meckbach, Jane
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogisk idrottsforskning.
    Öhman, Marie
    Örebro universitet.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro universitet.
    How Wii Teach Physical Education and Health2016Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 1-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of educational computer games in physical education (PE) has become more popular in recent years and has attracted research interest. The aim of the article is to investigate how physical activities and images of the human body are offered by the game. The results show how the “teacher” constituted in the games is one who instructs and encourages the players to exercise and think about their bodies, but not a “teacher” who can help students to investigate, argue, or discuss images of health and the human body. We argue that the use of a wide range and variety of ways of teaching would make the teaching richer and offer a deeper understanding about the body and health.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Almqvist, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Meckbach, Jane
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öhman, Marie
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    How wii teach physical education and health2016Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 4, artikel-id 2158244016682995Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of educational computer games in physical education (PE) has become more popular in recent years and has attracted research interest. The aim of the article is to investigate how physical activities and images of the human body are offered by the game. The results show how the “teacher” constituted in the games is one who instructs and encourages the players to exercise and think about their bodies, but not a “teacher” who can help students to investigate, argue, or discuss images of health and the human body. We argue that the use of a wide range and variety of ways of teaching would make the teaching richer and offer a deeper understanding about the body and health.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Managers' Motivation Profiles: Measurement and Application2018Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 8, nr 2, artikel-id 2158244018771732Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To promote leadership research on managers' motivation, a measurement (Andersen Motivation Profile Indicator [AMPI]) has been developed and tested that (a) measures achievement, affiliation, and power motivation; (b) measures the relative strengths of these factors; (c) rests explicitly on the definitions of McClelland; and (d) measures managers' work motivation. The questionnaire has been tested for reliability and validity with responses from 580 managers. The application of the instrument in four studies with responses from 565 managers in other organizations supported McClelland's theoretical claims: (a) managers have motivation profiles, (b) there are differences in motivation profiles between managers across organizational types, (c) there are no significant differences in motivation profiles between female and male managers, and (d) managers who are predominantly power motivated enhance organizational effectiveness. Arguably, the application of the instrument may be an indicator of its quality. The instrument facilitates leadership research on the relationship between managers' motivation profiles and organizational specifics, gender, sociocultural factors, and organizational outcomes.

  • 9.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Female Fitness in the Blogosphere: Gender, Health, and the Body2013Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr July-September, s. 1-10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes self-portrayals and gender constructions among female personal trainers within an Internet-mediated framework of fitness culture. The empirical material comes from a close examination of three strategically selected blogs. The result shows that some of the blogs clearly build upon what Connell calls emphasized femininity, as a means of legitimizing and constructing appropriate female fitness. In addition, there are also tendencies of sexualization in text and imagery present. As such, these self-representations are framed within a cultural history of body fitness dominated by stereotypical ways of perceiving masculinity and femininity. However, this does not capture the entire presentation of the self among the analyzed fitness bloggers. The blogs also point in the direction of ongoing negotiations and subversions of traditional gender norms. Among other things, they show how irony and humor are used as a means of questioning normative gender constructions while empowering female fitness and bodyliness.

  • 10.
    Barns, Angela
    et al.
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Svanholm, Frida
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för arbetsterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Reumatologiska kliniken i Östergötland.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Living in the present: Women's everyday experiences of living with rheumatoid arthritis2015Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 1-13Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the findings from a qualitative research project exploring eight women’s experiences of living with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Through semistructured interviews, the women provided insights into the physical, emotional, and social impacts of RA and the “work” involved in negotiating its influence in the everyday life. In narrating their experiences of adapting to RA, the women express a common desire for “normalcy,” to return to a time and space before the disruption of RA. The women’s accounts also emphasized the interrelatedness between bodily experience and constructions of self, highlighting the corporeal nature of RA and the constant shaping and reshaping of personal meanings and values.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 11.
    Berg, Matilda
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Rozental, Alexander
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; UCL, England.
    Knowledge About Treatment, Anxiety, and Depression in Association With Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents: Development and Initial Evaluation of a New Test2020Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 10, nr 1, artikel-id 2158244019899095Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Evaluating knowledge and learning in psychotherapy is a growing field of research. Studies that develop and evaluate valid tests are lacking, however. Here, in the context of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) for adolescents, a new test was developed using subject matter experts, consensus among researchers, self-reports by youths, and a literature review. An explorative factor analysis was performed on 93 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old, resulting in a three-factor solution with 20 items, accounting for 41% of the total variance. The factors were Act in aversive states, Using positive reinforcement, and Shifting attention. The internal consistency for the whole instrument was good (alpha = .84). Hopefully, the procedure presented here can contribute to the field by illustrating one way of evaluating knowledge in ICBT. The clinical use of the knowledge test needs further investigation.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, ENTER forum.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, ENTER forum.
    Entrepreneurial Teams, Gender, and New Venture Survival: Contexts and Institutions2018Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 8, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The link between new venture survival and the presence of founding teams is investigated, in particular the effect of the gender composition of teams. Furthermore, we study venture survival, gender, and institutional change. A unique longitudinal database is employed, covering a large number of Swedish ventures established during 6 specific years, 1930-2005. These data capture the initial gender diversity of start-ups. The contextualization of entrepreneurship involves situational and temporal boundaries, and we elaborate on contextual factors at different levels of analysis. Our results show that ventures founded by teams have a higher probability of surviving, but show no overall team gender homogeneity/heterogeneity effect. However, we find some support for the fact that ventures founded by all-female teams have lower survival chances. Nevertheless, the clearest negative effect is found for female solo start-ups. Furthermore, our results support the fact that institutional transformation may gradually have increased the likelihood of ventures founded by females to survive. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Börjesson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden .
    Bengtsson, Staffan
    Jönköping University, Sweden .
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    “You Have to Have a Certain Feeling for This Work”: Exploring tacit knowledge in elder care2014Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased care worker knowledge has been emphasized for improving quality of care for older persons in organized elder care in Sweden. However, care workers and national policies are not always corresponding, with observations suggesting that care workers emphasize tacit knowledge. The aim of this article is to explore the nature of this kind of knowledge and how it can be identified and described. Field notes from participant observations at two elder care units in Sweden serve as the empirical material. Knowledge use for staff in elder care is part of a process of knowledge making and knowledge shaping. Analysis of the field notes identified the themes of “feeling for work” and “acting and artistry” as parts of a tacit knowledge in elder care. The processes of knowledge and job execution are closely intertwined, making them difficult to separate or even understand without a deeper insight.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Börjesson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för socialt arbete. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. SALVE (Socialt arbete, Livssammanhang, Välfärd).
    Bengtsson, Staffan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för socialt arbete. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. SALVE (Socialt arbete, Livssammanhang, Välfärd). Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för socialt arbete. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. SALVE (Socialt arbete, Livssammanhang, Välfärd). Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD.
    “You have to have a certain feeling for this work”: Exploring tacit knowledge in elder care2014Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased care worker knowledge has been emphasized for improving quality of care for older persons in organized elder care in Sweden. However, care workers and national policies are not always corresponding, with observations suggesting that care workers emphasize tacit knowledge. The aim of this article is to explore the nature of this kind of knowledge and how it can be identified and described. Field notes from participant observations at two elder care units in Sweden serve as the empirical material. Knowledge use for staff in elder care is part of a process of knowledge making and knowledge shaping. Analysis of the field notes identified the themes of “feeling for work” and “acting and artistry” as parts of a tacit knowledge in elder care. The processes of knowledge and job execution are closely intertwined, making them difficult to separate or even understand without a deeper insight.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Fulltext
  • 15.
    Chungkham, Holendro Singh
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Stressforskningsinstitutet. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Biologisk psykologi.
    Högnäs, Robin S.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Stressforskningsinstitutet. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Biologisk psykologi.
    Head, Jenny
    Zaninotto, Paola
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Stressforskningsinstitutet. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Biologisk psykologi.
    Estimating Working Life Expectancy: A Comparison of Multistate Models2023Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 13, nr 2, artikel-id 21582440231177270Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increases in retirement ages make it particularly pressing to better understand how long people will work. Working life expectancy (WLE) is a useful measure for this and the current paper assesses the tools, that is, software packages, available to assess it. We do this using data from the English Longitudinal Survey on Ageing (ELSA, 2003-2018) and multistate models to estimate WLE stratified by sex and socioeconomic status. Men's versus women's WLEs were slightly higher at all ages. Estimates were similar in ELECT and SPACE by both sex and socioeconomic status. WLEs were comparatively higher from IMaCh, ranging from approximately 0.28 to 1.49 years. Life expectancy estimates from IMaCh were also higher compared to SPACE and ELECT. Using multistate models to estimate WLE provides a useful indication of the actual expected length of working life. More research is needed to better understand why estimates from IMaCh differed from ELECT and SPACE.

  • 16.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa, kultur och pedagogik.
    Roma Empowerment and social inclusion through Work-Integrated Learning2015Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, nr jan-march, s. 1-10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The basis for this article was a health promotion program based on participatory action research and work-integrated learning (WIL). Seven Roma people were employed and trained to work as local coordinators to empower the local Roma community by strengthening their participation in society and their sense of community, as well as to promote self-led integration. The study aimed to analyze the program from the Roma coordinators' perspectives, focusing on perceived individual empowerment and perceptions of contribution to the common good and to community empowerment. The findings, based on qualitative data, primarily interviews with the Roma coordinators, indicated that the WIL approach, the participatory nature of the program, and the trust and support from the Roma colleagues and non-Roma facilitators were essential for the development of empowerment. Three main themes emerged that portrayed the participants' psychological empowerment: strengthened Roma identity, a sense of power, and a sense of enculturated social inclusion.

  • 17.
    Cunningham, Una
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    King, Jeanette
    University of Canterbury.
    Language, Ethnicity, and Belonging for the Children of Migrants in New Zealand2018Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 1-11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The children of migrants grow up with influence from at least two cultures, and they must negotiate their path to adulthood through one or more ethnicities and one or more language varieties that may set them apart from the majority population. We asked how teenagers born to migrant parents in an English-speaking context appeal to the cultures and/or ethnicities they identify with to explain their language choices and perceptions of belonging. More than 50 interviews were carried out with teenagers who identified as speakers of the minority language of their parents (Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Korean, or Spanish), and one or both parents of such young people. The focus of the interviews was the minority language, but they became narratives of belonging. Thematic analysis of the transcribed and (where necessary) translated interviews revealed patterns in the perceptions of the teens and their parents. The reported self-perceived proficiency of the teenagers in the minority language, their perception of their ethnicity (particularly but not exclusively for the Chinese and Korean teens) and the culture of the host country, diasporic, and home country communities- were factors in when and how the teens chose to use the minority language, and in how they identified as, for example, Dutch. More than 160 languages are spoken in New Zealand; 25% of the population was born elsewhere, yet the country is one of the most monolingual in the world. This study reveals tensions affecting the willingness of New Zealand–born young people to openly identify with their parents’ ethnicity and to use their languages. Lessons learned from those who raised bilingual children in New Zealand in the face of minimal official support and overwhelming pressure from English will be valuable to other parents and caregivers in New Zealand and elsewhere.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på avancerad nivå.
    Gardvik, Anna
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på avancerad nivå.
    Karlsson, Helena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på avancerad nivå.
    Törner Mulari, Jenny
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på avancerad nivå.
    Berndtsson, Ina
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för sjuksköterskeutbildning.
    Young Women With Anorexia Nervosa2015Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 5, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe how young women living with self-identified anorexia narrate about their lives by blogging. Thirteen Swedish blogs were chosen and analyzed by means of qualitative content analysis. The results described falling ill, the illness itself, and the path to recovery. Low self-esteem, depressed state of mind, and self-destructive behavior were typical signs at the start of the illness. The women’s lives were characterized by a need for controlling their body by tormenting it and by the illness demanding all their concentration and energy. The women suffered from the feeling of being a disappointment to their family members. The illness was like an enemy that had to be defeated with the help of family members, health care professionals, and by means of therapy. A turning point occurred when the women felt at their worst or had tired of the illness and could concentrate on something other than their body and the eating disorder. Suffering from self-identified anorexia was described as experiencing low self-esteem. The illness took all of the women’s time and energy. For a turning point to be reached, the women needed support from family, friends, and health care professionals, including the use of distractions.

  • 19.
    Eek-Karlsson, Liselotte
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för didaktik och lärares praktik (DLP).
    The Importance of Belonging: A Study About Positioning Processes in Youths’ Online Communication2021Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to contribute with knowledge of young peoples’ communication in social media. A total of 32 boys and girls aged 14 to 15 years old, from two schools in Sweden, participated in this study. A hermeneutic interpretation process formed the basis of the analysis process. The data were thematized based on patterns found throughout the material. Theoretical perspectives concerning normalization processes related to the use of language were connected to the data to deepen the understanding of themes and patterns. The result shows that there is an ongoing negotiation with reciprocal processes in which both boys and girls have lots of reference points to consider, when they interact online. There are social norms and rules related to the online arena itself, as well as normative expectations connected to gender orders. The gender category is intertwined with sexuality and group hierarchies, which give the youth different power positions to act online.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Guillemin, Diana
    Griffith University, Australia.
    The importance of literacy in the home language: The view from Australia2013Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr 4, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While advantages of literacy in the home language have been widely documented, the Australian education system has not been proactive in providing institutional support for its development. This paper investigates the impact of (il)literacy in the home language on the academic, affective, and social development of bilingual/multilingual children and proposes principles that home-language-literacy programs should meet to be effective. It discusses programs that, although designed to develop literacy or second-language proficiency mainly in classroom contexts, could be easily adapted to address the needs of the linguistically and culturally diverse Australian context. We argue that the cost of not investing in successful homelanguage-literacy programs will be higher in the long run than their implementation costs and recommend that Australia should consider supporting grassroots home-language-literacy programs in a push to improve overall literacy outcomes for Australian home-language speakers. © The Author(s) 2013.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Enander, Viveka
    et al.
    VKV—The Västra Götaland Region Competence Centre on Intimate Partner Violence, Gothenburg, Sweden;University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Krantz, Gunilla
    VKV—The Västra Götaland Region Competence Centre on Intimate Partner Violence, Gothenburg, Sweden;University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lövestad, Solveig
    VKV—The Västra Götaland Region Competence Centre on Intimate Partner Violence, Gothenburg, Sweden;University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Örmon, Karin
    VKV—The Västra Götaland Region Competence Centre on Intimate Partner Violence, Gothenburg, Sweden;Malmö University, Sweden.
    Bereaved by Intimate Partner Homicide: Consequences and Experiences of Support2024Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 14, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 22.
    Fis, Ahmet Murat
    et al.
    Özyeğin University, Turkey.
    Ozturkcan, Selcen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för marknadsföring (MF).
    Gur, Faik
    Özyeğin University, Turkey.
    Being a woman entrepreneur in Turkey: life role expectations and entrepreneurial self-efficacy2019Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 1-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Two major competing life roles, work, and family, are reported to dominate people’s efforts in constructing a life. Here, we aim to explore whether and how attributed life roles and related coping strategies of current and aspiring women entrepreneurs meaningfully differentiate and whether the existence of entrepreneurs in their families affects the formation of these different clusters. In our empirical, two-part exploratory study conducted in the emerging economy setting of Turkey, first, we utilize the survey results of 234 women entrepreneurs to explore the issue, and then in the second part of the study, we administer face-to-face interviews to draw out some critical insights. We end up with three different clusters differentiating in their responses to challenges and effect of these on their entrepreneurial self-efficacy beliefs. We believe our study may shed some light on understanding nonhomogeneous women response to roles and challenges in society and women’s entrepreneurial journey.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Gacia, Danilo
    et al.
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Karlskrona.
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Archer, Trevor
    Rosenberg, Patricia
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being.
    The Dark Side of the Affective  Profiles: Differences and Similarities  in Psychopathy, Machiavellianism,  and Narcissism2015Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, ISSN 2158-2440, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The affective profiles model is based on the combination of individuals’ experience of high/low positive affect and high/low negative affect: self-fulfilling, high affective, low affective, and self-destructive. We used the profiles as the backdrop for the investigation of individual differences in malevolent character traits (i.e., the Dark Triad: psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism). A total of 1,000 participants (age: M = 31.50 SD = 10.27, 667 males and 333 females), recruited through Amazons’ Mechanical Turk (MTurk), responded to the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule and the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. Individuals with a high affective profile reported higher degree of narcissism than those with any other profile, and together with individuals with a self-destructive profile, also higher degree of Machiavellianism and psychopathy than individuals with a low affective and self-fulfilling profile. Males scored higher in Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Together with earlier findings, our results show that while individuals in both the self-fulfilling and high affective profiles are extrovert and self-directed, only those in the high affective profile express an immature and malevolent character (i.e., high levels of all Dark Triad traits). Conversely, individuals in the self-fulfilling profile have earlier reported higher levels of cooperativeness and faith. More importantly, the unique association between high levels of positive emotions and narcissism and the unified association between negative emotions to both psychopathy and Machiavellianism imply a dyad rather than a triad of malevolent character traits.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The dark triad
  • 24.
    Gikonyo, Lucy
    et al.
    Strathmore University, Nairobi.
    Berndt, Adele
    Jönköping University, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Wadawi, Joseph
    Strathmore University.
    Critical success factors for franchised restaurants entering the Kenyan market: Franchisors’ perspective2015Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 1-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s globalized world, businesses look to expand to have a global presence. Restaurant businesses have expanded internationally using franchising. This study sought to determine the critical success factors (CSFs) of a franchised restaurant system entering the Kenyan market from the franchisors’ perspective. It sought to establish how franchisors define, identify, and evaluate success. This study provides a theoretical framework that helps to understand the background of why organizations seek to expand using franchising method and consequently the CSFs of franchised restaurants entering the Kenyan market. The study used qualitative methodology with the use of in-depth interviews for collecting data. The results yielded CSFs from the franchisors’ perspective. As revealed by the study, the CSFs include brand power/concept, competitive environment, government policies, distance management, cultural appeal, excellent selection of franchisees, good site/location selection, good relationship with the franchisees, and proper contract management. These findings can be used by restaurant franchises that seek to establish successful businesses in the Kenyan market and other similar regional markets. The Africa franchise partners may also find some useful information from this article as they seek to set up the Franchise Association of Kenya. Other franchise businesses may also benefit from some aspects of the study.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Publisher's PDF
  • 25.
    Golzari, Fatemeh
    et al.
    Shiraz University, Eram Square, Shiraz, Iran.
    Hemati Alamdarloo, Ghorban
    Shiraz University, Eram Square, Shiraz, Iran.
    Moradi, Shahram
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande.
    The Effect of a Social Stories Intervention on the Social Skills of Male Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder2015Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 1-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aimed to investigate the effect of a social stories intervention on the social skills of male students with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). The sample included 30 male students with ASD who were selected through convenience sampling and randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 15) or a control group (n = 15). The social skills of both groups were assessed pre- and post-test using Stone and colleagues’ Social Skills Scale (which included subscales for understanding/perspective-taking, initiating interactions, responding to interactions, and maintaining interactions). The experimental group participated in 16 sessions of social stories training, while the control group did not. Overall, the results showed that the social stories intervention improved the social skills of the children with ASD in the experimental group compared with the control group. The effects of the social stories intervention were mostly evident in the subscales for understanding/perspective-taking, initiating interactions, and maintaining interactions with others. The social stories intervention had no effect on the subscale assessing ability to respond to others. The study findings emphasize the effectiveness of the social stories intervention in improving the social skills of children with ASD, which may be used by teachers, parents, or professionals who work with such children.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Greiwe, Teresa
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för kriminologi (KR). Malmo Univ, Malmo, Sweden..
    Khoshnood, Ardavan
    Lund University .
    Do We Mistake Fiction for Fact?: Investigating Whether the Consumption of Fictional Crime-Related Media May Help to Explain the Criminal Profiling Illusion2022Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 12, nr 2, artikel-id 21582440221091243Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The disparity between the ongoing use of criminal profiling and the lack of empirical evidence for its validity is referred to as criminal profiling illusion. Associated risks for society range from misled police investigations, hindered apprehensions of the actual offender(s), and wrongful convictions to mistrust in the police. Research on potential explanations is in its infancy but assumes that people receive and adopt incorrect messages favoring the accuracy and utility of criminal profiling. One suggested mechanism through which individuals may acquire such incorrect messages is the consumption of fictional crime-related media which typically present criminal profiling as highly accurate, operationally useful, and leading to the apprehension of the offender(s). By having some relation to reality but presenting a distorted picture of criminal profiling, fictional crime-related media may blur the line between fiction and reality thereby increasing the risk for the audience to mistake fiction for fact. Adopting a cultivation approach adequate to examine media effects on one's perception, the present study is the first to investigate whether the perception of criminal profiling may be influenced by the consumption of fictional crime-related media based on a correlation study. Although the results provide support for the assumption that misperceptions of criminal profiling are widely spread in the general population and associated with the consumption of fictional crime-related media, the found cultivation effects are small and must be interpreted cautiously. Considering that even small effects may have the potential to influence real-life decision-making, they may still be relevant and affect society at large.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 27.
    Haga, Andreas
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöpsykologi.
    Eco-label effects in the built environment: does labeling a light source environmentally friendly influence performance and judgement?2018Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 8, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Hajin, Mona
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier.
    Seeking Personal Autonomy Through the Use of Facebook in Iran2013Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 1-13Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Iran, where males and females are kept separated in different spheres, Facebook may be used as an opportunity to bridge this gap between the genders. However, this study showed that Facebook, as a nonymous platform in which people are in contact with their already-made social ties, didn’t seem to be liberating from the existing norms and rules within society. Facebook was a stage that became restricted with the involvement of social ties. The study’s analysis of interviews with six young Iranians showed that social meanings and norms of self-presentation on Facebook are defined to a large degree in terms of gender. The informants used a variety of strategies when presenting themselves on Facebook. They used Facebook simply for gaining personal autonomy. Strategies were adopted especially when one’s personal and community needs were in conflict. Efforts made to apply strategies were gendered and were used mainly by females. Males conformed to and women resisted societal norms and expectations.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Fulltext
  • 29.
    Harcourt, Deborah
    et al.
    Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia.
    Quennerstedt, Ann
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ethical Guardrails When Children Participate in Research: Risk and Practice in Sweden and Australia2014Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 1-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates interpretations of sound research ethics in social science research involving children as framed through regulation. Coinciding with an emergent significance being given to research that involves children, debate has developed regarding whether particular ethical considerations are warranted in this type of research. We overlay the examination of regulation documents in Sweden and Australia with an interpretative lens drawn from these regulations that has the potential to position children as competent social actors in the research process. We then argue that there is possibility for ethical procedures to be viewed not only as risk management but also as beneficial research practice to stimulate continuing debate about how to work ethically in social science research when children are participants.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Harcourt & Quennerstedt 2014
  • 30.
    Hedefalk, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Almqvist, Jonas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Lidar, Malena
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Teaching for action competence2014Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, ISSN Online ISSN: 2158-2440, Vol. 4, s. 1-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this article is to explore preschool children’s possibilities to learn to act for sustainable development. The purpose is to describe and analyze which actions are privileged when children participate in preschool activities. Analyses of video recordings of everyday preschool activities show how children experience activities where they critically discuss and make value judgments about actions. The results of the analyses also show how different actions become relevant in different practices. Furthermore, comparisons are made between the preschool practices and three teaching principles within education for sustainable development (ESD). In ESD, action competence is the ability to critically make value judgments about different alternative ways to act for a sustainable future. The result shows how children make value judgments in situations where facts are not sufficient for solving a problem.

  • 31.
    Hochwälder, Jacek
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Sense of Coherence: Notes on Some Challenges for Future Research2019Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 9, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Antonovsky introduced the salutogenic model whose aim is to explain the origins of health and to describe how health can be promoted. Sense of coherence (SOC) is the core concept in the model and is defined as the degree of meaningfulness, comprehensibility, and manageability that people feel in their life. The aim of this article is to bring attention to some topics on SOC that need to be explored in future research. First, SOC and how it is measured are briefly described. Thereafter, there is a brief discussion of the following seven topics: (a) the dimensionality of the SOC scale, (b) SOC as the causal variable, (c) SOC as the outcome variable, (d) general SOC versus domain-specific SOC, (e) the concept of boundary in the measurement of SOC, (f) SOC as a continuous versus a dichotomized or trichotomized variable, and (g) the importance of relating SOC to salutogenic outcome measures. In conclusion, the salutogenic model, with its core concept of SOC, is an excellent guide for research on health and well-being, but there are still some parts of this model that deserve further theoretical and empirical attention. 

  • 32.
    Holmgren, Jessica
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    A Visual Analysis on How the Physical Environment Conditions Relatives' Involvement in Nursing Homes2017Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 1-10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to describe how the composition of the physical care environment conditions relatives' involvement in nursing home institutions. It is well known that the physical care environment in institutions has a significant impact on the well-being of residents and the work satisfaction of nursing staff. Less explored is how physical care environmental factors are related to the involvement of relatives in nursing homes. A visual analysis of 52 photographs from three nursing homes in Sweden shows how the physical environment acts to condition the involvement of relatives through the use of design, information displays, and cultural symbols. Although various aspects of the physical environment promoted participation of relatives, that engagement was based on certain limited concepts of involvement. This suggests that other conceptual frameworks of involvement in nursing homes are possible, and that these might encourage other aspects of involvement from the relatives of nursing home residents.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Holmgren, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd. Röda Korsets Högskola, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen, Sweden.
    A Visual Analysis on How the Physical Environment Conditions Relatives' Involvement in Nursing Homes2017Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 1-10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to describe how the composition of the physical care environment conditions relatives' involvement in nursing home institutions. It is well known that the physical care environment in institutions has a significant impact on the well-being of residents and the work satisfaction of nursing staff. Less explored is how physical care environmental factors are related to the involvement of relatives in nursing homes. A visual analysis of 52 photographs from three nursing homes in Sweden shows how the physical environment acts to condition the involvement of relatives through the use of design, information displays, and cultural symbols. Although various aspects of the physical environment promoted participation of relatives, that engagement was based on certain limited concepts of involvement. This suggests that other conceptual frameworks of involvement in nursing homes are possible, and that these might encourage other aspects of involvement from the relatives of nursing home residents.

  • 34.
    Holmqvist Olander, Mona
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Burman, Helen
    Municipality of Hässleholm.
    Social review as a tool for developing social skills: using contrasting cases2013Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 1-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to, based on a theory of learning, compare in what ways two different cases of the use of self-monitoring videotapes for developing social skills in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) facilitates social behavior studied with a micro-level approach. Two verbal 15-year-old male students with ASD and cognitive disabilities were filmed for 20 min in three different situations. Student A (Adam) was shown contrasting videotaped examples of his desired/ undesired behaviors and questioned about his perceptions. Based on variation theory, the conjecture to use contrasts to enhance learning has been implemented. Student B (Bill) was videotaped in three different situations on three different occasions, and his behavior was analyzed before and after the intervention by counting incidents of deviant behavior in all nine videos. Both participants expressed increased awareness of their behavior and were able to sustain change, and Bill decreased deviant behavior in one of the focused situations (practical instruction) from 37 to 3 incidents after 6 months.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 35.
    Ingard, Cecilia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och kriminologi, Socialt arbete.
    Sjölund, Maria
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Trygged, Sven
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och kriminologi, Socialt arbete.
    People With Dementia as Active Agents in Nursing Homes: A Scoping Review2023Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 13, nr 2Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    People with dementia (PWD) are fragile and need aid and care in their daily lives. This scoping review explores the extent to which PWD can be involved in society and their daily lives. Publications were selected according to PRISMA guidelines. We graded the level of participation/involvement in daily life and research using a five-level participation model developed by Shier. A higher grade means a greater ambition to involve PWD in decisions. Of the 11 included studies, three reached level three according to Shier’s model. The studies describe ways of and potentials for participation, capabilities of PWD, caregivers’ opportunities to foster involvement, and cooperation between PWD caregivers and relatives. Caregivers and managers must have the attitude that PWD can be involved in decisions and caregivers need opportunities to actively promote such involvement. Shier’s model can be a tool with which organizations strive to involve PWD. 

  • 36.
    Ingard, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Sjölund, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Trygged, Sven
    University of Gävle, Sweden.
    People with dementia as active agents in nursing homes: a scoping review2023Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 13, nr 2Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    People with dementia (PWD) are fragile and need aid and care in their daily lives. This scoping review explores the extent to which PWD can be involved in society and their daily lives. Publications were selected according to PRISMA guidelines. We graded the level of participation/involvement in daily life and research using a five-level participation model developed by Shier. A higher grade means a greater ambition to involve PWD in decisions. Of the 11 included studies, three reached level three according to Shier’s model. The studies describe ways of and potentials for participation, capabilities of PWD, caregivers’ opportunities to foster involvement, and cooperation between PWD caregivers and relatives. Caregivers and managers must have the attitude that PWD can be involved in decisions and caregivers need opportunities to actively promote such involvement. Shier’s model can be a tool with which organizations strive to involve PWD.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Jacobsson, Ann
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Backteman Erlandson, Susanne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Promoting and Hindering Health and Well-Being in Firefighter Discourse2020Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 10, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this critical discourse analysis is to identify and discuss dominant and recurrent themes in firefighter discourse that promote and hinder firefighters' health and well-being. Using critical discourse analysis, the focus is directed toward routine work culture at the station, as well as how firefighters deal with extraordinary events. The empirical material was collected from rescue services in Sweden representing different geographical areas. In total, 28 firefighters participated in focus group discussions or individual interviews. We identified dominant themes in the discourse that promoted firefighters' health and well-being. We also identified recurrent themes that may serve as hindrances to health and well-being. We note that themes in the latter category also relate to changes in the profession and work culture, expressing external pressures on the rescue service. One reason for resistance toward change might be the health benefits that the current order of firefighter discourse brings.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Johansson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Mattsson, Christer
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    From Subcultures to Common Culture: Bodybuilders, Skinheads, and the Normalization of the Marginal2017Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using bodybuilders and skinheads/neo-Nazis as two rather diverse examples of subcultures, the present study theoretically explores our understanding of subculture and common culture. The study aims to explore how the concept of subculture can be used analytically in relation to processes of normalization and marginalization. The focus is on the historical, symbolic, and biographical relation between the subculture, the subcultural response, and sociopolitical transformations in society and culture. We are interested in understanding the processes through which, for example, bodybuilding has moved back and forth, over time, between a subcultural position and a more common fitness culture. In parallel to this, we are also interested in how subcultures centered on skinheads, neo-Nazis, and right-wing extremists influence and are connected to more general political transformations and opinions in contemporary society, blurring the distinction between subculture and common culture. The results indicate a complex relation between subcultures and the mainstreaming of certain values, opinions, and practices.

  • 39.
    Karlsson, Jan Ch
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013).
    Skorstad, Egil J.
    Högskolan i Östfold, Norge.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013).
    On the track of the worker collectivity: Its various adventures over the past 60 years2015Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 5, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 1950s, the Norwegian sociologist Sverre Lysgaard investigated social relations at a pulp and paper mill, the result of which was his theory of the “worker collectivity.” This is an informal defense organization among subordinate employees against a company’s work organization and goals. Our research group returned to the same plant, which until 2012 was still a pulp and paper mill, with two questions in mind: Was the worker collectivity still present at the plant? What had happened since Lysgaard’s study when it came to the preconditions for the existence of the worker collectivity?

  • 40.
    Knez, Igor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbetshälsovetenskap och psykologi, Psykologi.
    Hjärpe, Daniel
    Bryngelsson, Mari
    Predicting Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Role of Work-Related Self2019Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 9, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate the links between work-related identification, conceptualized, and operationalized as the work-related self (WS), and the “good soldier syndrome” (organizational citizenship behavior [OCB]). More precisely, we investigated the relationships between emotional and cognitive components of WS and OCB dimensions of altruism, conscientiousness, courtesy, civic virtue, and sportsmanship. A total of 147 subjects working within the Swedish public sector participated in this study. As hypothesized, WS significantly predicted OCB. A positive association was found between the emotional component of WS and OCB dimensions of altruism, conscientiousness, and civic virtue. This suggests that the “good soldier syndrome” might be, to some extent, accounted for by the psychological mechanisms of work bonding, especially, highlighting the importance of the emotional component of work-related identification. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Lögdberg, Ulrika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Costenius, Catrine
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Young migrants’ experiences and conditions for health: A photovoice study2020Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 2, nr 10, artikel-id 2158244020920665Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Visualization and expression of health-related experiences and conditions by young migrants from five different countries residing in Sweden were examined in this study. Using photovoice, the participants were invited to describe and discuss their experiences in three stages: (a) document and portray their everyday lives by taking pictures, (b) discuss their findings, and (c) present their views on health to the adults who are present in their everyday life and that are important for improving young migrants’ health conditions. The overall findings indicate that temporal, spatial, and social conditions are important for the well-being of these young migrants. Thus, in order for the young migrants to feel well in a new cultural context, a search for meaning and meaningfulness in relation to time, place, and other people was important. These findings are discussed in light of social, mental, and existential health dimensions and in relation to the selected study methods.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Lögdberg, Ulrika
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa, medicin och rehabilitering.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad och medicinsk teknik.
    Young Migrants’ Experiences and Conditions for Health: A Photovoice Study2020Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 10, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Visualization and expression of health-related experiences and conditions by young migrants from five different countries residing in Sweden were examined in this study. Using photovoice, the participants were invited to describe and discuss their experiences in three stages: (a) document and portray their everyday lives by taking pictures, (b) discuss their findings, and (c) present their views on health to the adults who are present in their everyday life and that are important for improving young migrants’ health conditions. The overall findings indicate that temporal, spatial, and social conditions are important for the well-being of these young migrants. Thus, in order for the young migrants to feel well in a new cultural context, a search for meaning and meaningfulness in relation to time, place, and other people was important. These findings are discussed in light of social, mental, and existential health dimensions and in relation to the selected study methods.

  • 43.
    Lögdberg, Ulrika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Young Migrants’ Experiences and Conditions for Health: A Photovoice Study2020Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 10, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Visualization and expression of health-related experiences and conditions by young migrants from five different countries residing in Sweden were examined in this study. Using photovoice, the participants were invited to describe and discuss their experiences in three stages: (a) document and portray their everyday lives by taking pictures, (b) discuss their findings, and (c) present their views on health to the adults who are present in their everyday life and that are important for improving young migrants’ health conditions. The overall findings indicate that temporal, spatial, and social conditions are important for the well-being of these young migrants. Thus, in order for the young migrants to feel well in a new cultural context, a search for meaning and meaningfulness in relation to time, place, and other people was important. These findings are discussed in light of social, mental, and existential health dimensions and in relation to the selected study methods Copyright © 2021 by SAGE Publications Inc.

  • 44.
    Mathew Martin, Poothullil John
    et al.
    Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Sahasrabudhe, Sujit
    Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Chavan, Prashant D.
    Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Toppo, Deepak
    Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Captioning and Indian Sign Language as Accessibility Tools in Universal Design2013Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 1-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Universal Design in Media as a strategy to achieve accessibility in digital television started in Spain in 1997 with the digitalization of satellite platforms (MuTra, 2006). In India, a conscious effort toward a strategy for accessible media format in digital television is yet to be made. Advertising in India is a billion dollar industry (Adam Smith, 2008) and digital television provides a majority of the space for it. This study investigated the effects of advertisement in accessible format, through the use of captioning and Indian sign language (ISL), on hearing and deaf people. “Deaf (capital letter ‘D’ used for culturally Deaf) and hearing” viewers watched two short recent advertisements with and without accessibility formats in a randomized order. Their reactions were recorded on a questionnaire developed for the purpose of the study. Eighty-four persons participated in this study of which 42 were deaf persons. Analysis of the data showed that there was difference in the effects of accessible and nonaccessible formats of advertisement on the “Deaf and Hearing” viewers. The study showed that accessible formats increased the comprehension of the message of the advertisement and use of ISL helped deaf persons to understand concepts better. While captioning increased the perception of the hearing persons to correlate with listening and understanding the concept of the advertisement, the deaf persons correlated watching the ISL interpreter with understanding the concept of the advertisement. Placement of the ISL interpreter in the screen and color of the fonts used for captioning were also covered under the study. However, the placement of the ISL interpreter and color of fonts in the screen and their correlation with comprehension of the advertisement by hearing and deaf persons did not show much of significance in the result of the study.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Miller, Emelie
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Johansson, Boo
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Capability to Paint and Alzheimer’s Disease: Relationship to Disease Stages and Instructions2016Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although quite many qualitative studies on painting in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) have been conducted, there is a lack of quantitative studies, examining the ability to paint in people with AD in relation to disease stages, and to what extent instructions are associated with actual performance. The present study aimed at investigating the capability to paint among nonartist AD participants (N = 17) in an instructed painting condition versus a noninstructed painting condition. Differences in time spent and area of canvas used in the two painting conditions were assessed and related to scores on the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Clock Test. Number of colors used and color preferences were also assessed. A within-subjects experimental design was used. Analyses revealed a statistically significant difference between time and area used in the two painting conditions, where both time and area were used more in the noninstructed condition. MMSE scores and scores on the Clock Test correlated significantly with time spent in both conditions. Higher scores predicted longer painting sessions. Mean number of colors used was 5. Color preferences were bright colors in general and green in particular. Possible artistic development was noted. The overall conclusion is that people with AD have a preserved capability to paint, with and without instructions, even those in the later stages of the disease. The results also indicate that an artistic development is possible and that painting can be used as an appreciated and beneficial activity for people with AD.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 46.
    Moen, Oyfrid Larsen
    et al.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, NTNU, N-2802 Gjovik, Norway..
    Hedelin, Birgitta
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, NTNU, N-2802 Gjovik, Norway..
    Hall-Lord, Marie Louise
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013). Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, NTNU, N-2802 Gjovik, Norway.
    Family Functioning, Psychological Distress, and Well-Being in Parents with a Child Having ADHD2016Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 1, artikel-id 2158244015626767Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common behavioral disorders in children. Children with ADHD have difficulties regarding the regulation of their emotions and activities and of the maintenance of attention and impulse control. Families with children with ADHD encounter many challenges, and the public health nurse is highlighted as helping and supporting these families. The aim of this study was to investigate families with a child having ADHD from the parents' perspective. A cross-sectional study was performed. In total, N = 264 parents of children with ADHD, 217 mothers and 47 fathers (48.2%), responded on a questionnaire regarding psychological distress, family sense of coherence, and family functioning. Parents with ADHD and parents with children not medicated for ADHD seemed most vulnerable. Parents' wellbeing and psychological distress seem to influence family functioning the most, with the behavior of the child with ADHD and support from the community health services had importance.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 47.
    Ndi, Frankline
    University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    Land Grabbing, Local Contestation, and the Struggle for Economic Gain: Insights From Nguti Village, South West Cameroon2017Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines why peasant communities in South West Cameroon have contested a U.S.-based company’s intentions to establish an agro-industrial palm oil plantation in their region. Land investments in the form of agro plantations, if not properly conceived, negotiated, and implemented, pose a series of threats to the ecological, cultural, and economic stability among peasant farming communities, who depend on land and forest resources for their livelihood. Using Nguti as a case study, this article argues that local communities do not oppose investment in land but they contest projects that attempt to alienate them from their sources of livelihood without providing alternatives. The study also demonstrates how local communities, despite being critical of the project, struggle with the company through their relations with government, to demand new social contracts and/or memoranda that could offer them greater opportunities as economic partners. The article concludes that for palm oil plantations to be economically equitable, local communities’ incorporation is necessary to safeguard rural livelihoods and to ensure that provisions are made for adequate compensation and alternative sources of livelihood.

  • 48.
    Okenwa-Emegwa, Leah
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Lawoko, Stephen
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Jansson, Bjarne
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Attitudes Toward Physical Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in Nigeria2016Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 4, artikel-id 2158244016667993Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) are known predictors of IPV victimization and perpetration with more women generally believed to justify IPV than men. An understanding of the determinants of justification of IPV may provide information necessary for holistic interventions. This study sought to examine the magnitude, extent, and predictors of justification of physical IPV against women among men and women in Nigeria. Data from 33,385 women and 15,486 men from the 2008 Nigerian demographic and health surveys were analyzed using chi-square test and multiple logistic regressions. Results show that although larger proportions of women justified physical IPV, certain categories of men such as poor, illiterate men, and men with secondary education justified abuse more than women. Contrary to expectations, access to radio/TV increased the odds of justifying abuse among women thus casting doubts on program content. The gender differences observed for predictors of attitudes to physical IPV suggest a need for gender-tailored interventions to change attitudes toward partner violence in Nigeria.

  • 49.
    Okenwa-Emegwa, Leah
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Lawoko, Stephen
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jansson, Bjarne
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Attitudes Toward Physical Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in Nigeria2016Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 4, artikel-id 2158244016667993Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) are known predictors of IPV victimization and perpetration with more women generally believed to justify IPV than men. An understanding of the determinants of justification of IPV may provide information necessary for holistic interventions. This study sought to examine the magnitude, extent, and predictors of justification of physical IPV against women among men and women in Nigeria. Data from 33,385 women and 15,486 men from the 2008 Nigerian demographic and health surveys were analyzed using chi-square test and multiple logistic regressions. Results show that although larger proportions of women justified physical IPV, certain categories of men such as poor, illiterate men, and men with secondary education justified abuse more than women. Contrary to expectations, access to radio/TV increased the odds of justifying abuse among women thus casting doubts on program content. The gender differences observed for predictors of attitudes to physical IPV suggest a need for gender-tailored interventions to change attitudes toward partner violence in Nigeria.

  • 50.
    Okenwa-Emegwa, Leah
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för folkhälso- och idrottsvetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Tinghög, Peter
    Swedish Red Cross University College; Karolinska institutet.
    Vaez, Marjan
    Karolinska institutet.
    Saboonchi, Fredrik
    Swedish Red Cross University College; Karolinska institutet.
    Exposure to Violence Among Syrian Refugee Women Preflight and During Flight: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study in Sweden2021Ingår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 1-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Violence against women (VAW) is a hidden aspect of humanitarian emergencies, especially during conflicts, and prevalence estimates remain scarce. An adequate response to VAW in humanitarian contexts requires information regarding the extent of the problem and associated factors, including the role of past violence. This study is a questionnaire survey of a random sample of 452 Syrian refugee women resettled in Sweden. Findings show that the prevalence of any violence preflight and during flight was 25.1% and 7.8%, respectively. Older women and women exposed to violence preflight were more likely to experience violence during flight. Findings suggest the need for more trauma-informed systems of handling asylum seekers and refugees, as a humanitarian principle. Other implications for research and practice are discussed. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
12 1 - 50 av 78
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf