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  • 1.
    Abdi, Cawo, M.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    A gendered perspective on the impact of conflict in the Horn of Africa2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This Policy Note focuses on the gendered consequences of the militarisation of the Horn of Africa. Despite being in different ‘moments’ of conflict, the countries of this region share features of extreme social, economic and political violence, which impact negatively on their citizens. Protracted refugee and refugee-like conditions, extreme disinvestment in social programmes, increasing militarisation and political repression adversely affect women, thereby further entrenching gender disparities. Concerted national and international efforts and resources should support local democratic initiatives to find political solutions to these protracted conflicts and advance the struggle against sexual and gender-based violence and discrimination.

  • 2.
    Abdul Baten, Mohammed
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Property rights in mangroves: A case study of the Mahakam Delta, East Kalimantan, Indonesia2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mangroves represent an important source of livelihood for many poor people acrossthe world. However, insufficient policy responses relating to mangrove conservation,combined with the lack of clearly defined property rights contribute extensively to theconversion of mangroves to alternative uses, in particular shrimp aquaculture. On thebasis of relevant theoretical perspectives on property rights, this Master’s thesisanalyses various formal and informal institutions and existing governancemechanisms that determine natural resources management in the Mahakam delta, EastKalimantan, Indonesia. By employing a qualitative participatory research approachthe case study explores how different institutions in Indonesia shape the local propertyrights regime in mangroves. The results show that the interplay between formal andinformal institutions involved in defining property rights, along with the lack ofcoordination among responsible government agencies, has resulted in the clearing ofone of the largest Nypah forests in the world for shrimp pond construction withinthree decades. Moreover, the study suggests that the current problem of mangrovedestruction will not be solved merely by declaring the Mahakam delta as a protectedarea or by assigning full ownership rights to the local people. On the contrary, thestudy suggests that the coordination and enforcement mechanisms should be enhancedin such ways that they simultaneously address both local peoples’ needs as well asecosystem integrity.

  • 3.
    Abidi, L.
    et al.
    Maastricht University, Netherlands.
    Oenema, A.
    Maastricht University, Netherlands.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Anderson, P.
    Maastricht University, Netherlands; Newcastle University, England.
    van de Mheen, D.
    Maastricht University, Netherlands; IVO Addict Research Institute, Netherlands; Erasmus MC, Netherlands.
    Strategies to Overcome Barriers to Implementation of Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention in General Practice: a Delphi Study Among Healthcare Professionals and Addiction Prevention Experts2016In: Prevention Science, ISSN 1389-4986, E-ISSN 1573-6695, Vol. 17, no 6, 689-699 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the evidence base, alcohol screening and brief intervention (ASBI) have rarely been integrated into routine clinical practice. The aim of this study is to identify strategies that could tackle barriers to ASBI implementation in general practice by involving primary healthcare professionals and addiction prevention experts. A three-round online Delphi study was carried out in the Netherlands. The first-round questionnaire consisted of open-ended questions to generate ideas about strategies to overcome barriers. In the second round, participants were asked to indicate how applicable they found each strategy. Items without consensus were systematically fed back with group median ratings and interquartile range (IQR) scores in the third-round questionnaire. In total, 39 out of 69 (57 %) invited participants enrolled in the first round, 214 participants completed the second round, and 144 of these (67 %) completed the third-round questionnaire. Results show that participants reached consensus on 59 of 81 strategies, such as the following: (1) use of E-learning technology, (2) symptom-specific screening by general practitioners (GPs) and/or universal screening by practice nurses, (3) reimbursement incentives, (4) supportive materials, (5) clear guidelines, (6) service provision of addiction care centers, and (7) more publicity in the media. This exploratory study identified a broad set of strategies that could potentially be used for overcoming barriers to ASBI implementation in general practice and paves the way for future research to experimentally test the identified implementation strategies using multifaceted approaches.

  • 4.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    "Det var inte så lätt som vi trodde": tvärsektoriell samverkan på en familjecentral2007In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 84, no 6, 529-540 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Intersectorial cooperation is commonly regarded as a desirable development in order to achieve increased efficiency and quality, and to reduce redundancies. In this report the experiences are presented from a project where nurses, midwives, preschool teacher and social worker integrated their activities around families and children. The results show that although all involved personnel were confident that the integration was favorable, they all experienced tensions, due to flaws in administrative and managerial procedures, perverse economic incentives, differences in professional background and organizational culture and personal preferences. This study indicates that integrative policies need to be followed by determined implementation.

  • 5.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Lindskov, Cecilia
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Darin, Marianne
    Jörnrud, Carina
    Lennartsson, Ingela
    Mattson, Stina
    Sigurdsson, Marie
    Särnblad, Pia
    Tillawi, Ulrica
    Familjehuset Näsby: en utvärdering för utveckling2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Elmqvist, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Magnusson Turner, Lena
    Norwegian Social Research (Nova) Oslo, Norge.
    Äldres flyttningar och motiv till att flytta eller bo kvar: skrift inom regeringsuppdraget Bo bra på äldre dar, Hjälpmedelsinstitutet2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport handlar om den äldre befolkningen i Sverige, dess bosättningsmönster, flyttningar och motiv till att flytta eller att bo kvar. Studien är dels baserad på statistik från databasen Geosweden dels på resultat från ett större intervjumaterial omfattande 74 hushåll som inbegriper boende i olika åldrar, upplåtelseformer och med olika ekonomiska ramar.

    Analysen av bosättningsmönster och flyttning bland dem som var 65 år och äldre år 1990 respektive år 2000 uppvisar både en stabilitet och en dynamik över tiden. Stabiliteten består i att flertalet inte flyttar och att det fortsatt är en hög andel som bor i ägt småhus, även högt upp i åren. Dynamiken består i de effekter som flyttningen har för den grupp som flyttar. Det är effekter som har stor betydelse för dem som flyttar men marginella effekter för ålderskohorterna totalt.

    Drygt 1,5 miljoner individer i varje ålderskohort har följts över tio respektive åtta år. Skillnader och likheter i både flyttningsbeteende och bosättningsmönster i tre olika åldersgrupper: 65-69 år, 70-79 år och 80+ år har analyserats. Fokus är på ålder och demografiska förändringar som faktorer som kan bidra till att förklara både flyttningsbenägenheten i sig och mellan vilka typer av bostäder flyttningen sker.

    Den demografiska profilen i de två ålderskohorterna är ungefär densamma, dock är det relativt sett fler i ålderskohorten 65+ år 2000 som är födda utanför Sverige, fler som är skilda respektive har en ATP-pension. Det är också relativt sett fler som är 80+ år i ålderskohorten 65+ år 2000. Demografiska förändringar som är kända i samhället i stort, såsom en stigande andel personer född i ett annat land och en ökad skilsmässofrekvens framträder även bland de äldre, och dessutom som förändringar över en relativt kort tidsperiod.

    Bosättningsmönstret har undersökts efter typ av bostad definierad som småhus med äganderätt, bostadsrätt, privat hyresrätt och allmännyttig hyresrätt. År 1990 var det 41,8 procent av samtliga i åldern 65+ år som bodde i ett ägt småhus. Fördelningen på övriga typer av bostäder var relativt jämn. År 2000 var det fortsatt 38,7 procent i denna kohort som bodde i ett ägt småhus. En motsvarande analys av ålderskohorten 65+ år, år 2000 visar att 46,7 procent bodde i ägt småhus, år 2008 var det fortsatt 42,1 procent. De förändringar som sker i bosättningsmönstret i övrigt mellan de två ålders-kohorterna är en högre andel i bostadsrätt och en motsvarande lägre andel i hyresrätt. De senare förändringarna rör sig om tre procentenheter.

    Bosättningsmönstret varierar över tid, men än mer mellan olika åldersgrupper. Andelen i ägd bostad sjunker med stigande ålder och skillnaderna mellan åldersgrupperna i de båda ålderskohorterna minskar med stigande ålder. Det skiljer närmare tio procentenheter i andelen i den yngsta åldersgruppen som bodde i ägt småhus år 1990 respektive år 2000, medan skillnaderna mellan övriga åldersgrupper är betydligt mindre. Vi pekar här på betydande kohorteffekter.

    Flyttningsbenägenheten är lägre i ålderskohorten 65+ år, år 2000 jämfört med i ålderskohorten 65+ år 1990, en förändring som gäller såväl totalt som för de enskilda åldersgrupperna. Sambandet mellan demografiska förändringar och benägenheten att flytta har undersökts. Här återfinns förvän-tade samband såsom att en skilsmässa genererar en flyttning för åtminstone den ena parten samt en relativt sett högre flyttningsbenägenhet bland dem som blir änkor/änklingar. Stabilitet minskar sannolikheten för att flytta. Det gäller särskilt bland dem som är gifta. Ny familjebildning bland äldre leder inte alltid till att parterna flyttar samman, utan samlivet blir istället ”Living apart together”.

    Den andel som flyttar under de två femårsperioderna var 27,6 procent respektive 23,2 procent. Flyttningsbenägenheten minskade totalt, inom samtliga åldersgrupper och även inom samtliga typer av bostäder. Men även om bosättningsmönstret i hela gruppen 65+ år var stabilt under såväl 1990-talet som 2000-talet var det stora förändringar bland dem som flyttade, andelen individer i småhus med äganderätt minskade betydligt. I de grupper som flyttade under perioden 1990-1995 minskade andelen från 41,6 procent till 26,8 procent och under perioden 1996-2000 från 40,9 procent till 14,1 procent. Ökningen skedde framför allt i hyresrätt. Bland dem som flyttade under perioden 2001-2005 minskade andelen i ägt småhus från 53,3 procent till 13,1 procent och under perioden 2006-2008 (kort tidsperiod) från 49,0 procent till 10,8 procent. Ökningen skedde i övriga upplåtelseformer, men särskilt i allmännyttig hyresrätt.

    Småhuset är den vanligaste typen av bostad men bostadsrätten och hyresrätten får en allt större betydelse med stigande ålder och förändringar i hushållet. Den ägda bostaden, förutsätter på samma sätt som för yngre åldersgrupper stabila förhållanden. Studien visar på signifikanta samband mellan demografiska förändringar och sannolikheten för att flytta men också på att det finns komplexa samband mellan flyttningsbenägenhet och typ av bostad, främst den ägda bostaden som både ökar sannolikheten för att flytta, men över tid också minskar densamma.

    Sannolikt kommer äldres boende i huvudsak inte att se så mycket annorlunda ut i framtiden mot vad det gör idag, dvs de flesta bor kvar i sina bostäder och de äldsta flyttar när de har behov av att an-passa sitt boende till en försämrad hälsa. Utifrån intervjuerna kan vi dock förvänta oss en något ökad rörlighet bland äldre och en större beredskap bland äldre att själva se om sin situation som äldre. När de ges möjlighet, i form av ett varierat bostadsutbud, flyttar flera äldre till ett mera anpassat boende. Det ökade utbudet av bostadsalternativ liksom intervjuerna understryker detta. En flytt till ett mer anpassat boende skulle på sikt kunna underlätta för t ex vård- och omsorgsgivare. Flera av de äldre hänvisar dock till att de inte vet hur de kommer att agera när de blir äldre, kanske kommer de att dröja sig kvar i sina bostäder trots att de nu säger att de tänker anpassa sitt boende, att den tröga rörligheten följer med åldrandet. Några av de intervjuade kände också en stark bundenhet såväl till bostaden som till den omgivande miljön och var därmed inte intresserade av att flytta.

    Intervjuerna visar att boendekostnaderna påverkar äldres val av boende. De som bor i villa sedan många år tillbaka har ofta låga boendekostnader, 2000-4000 kronor i månaden, en bidragande orsak till att många äldre bor kvar, även om det erbjuds attraktiva alternativ på bostadsmarknaden. Skillnaden i månadskostnad mellan det man har och det man får är alltför stor. En grupp äldre anser sig inte ha råd till ett annat boende, särskilt de som bor i bostäder med låg hyra. En utmaning för bostadsmarknadens aktörer är att skapa boenden som passar även för den gruppen som har samma behov av ett bra boende som äldre med bättre ekonomi. Information om hur man kan beräkna sina boendekostnader kan vara behjälplig då en del äldre utgår från att de inte har råd med vissa boende-alternativ, trots att det är många som inte utnyttjar sin rätt till bostadsbidrag.

    Många äldre har inte varit aktiva på bostadsmarknaden på många år och saknar kunskap om boende-alternativ. För äldre som bor i bostäder där de har svårt att klara sig själva och upplever sin situation som besvärlig kan riktad information om alternativ på bostadsmarknaden öka den kunskapen.

    Trygghetsboendet är ett alternativ för äldre som känner sig oroliga, ensamma eller isolerade i sitt boende. I boendet finns personal på dagtid och larmfunktion under övriga tider på dygnet. Då det särskilda boendet i allt större utsträckning riktar sig till dem med stora vård- och omsorgsbehov, ofta multisjuka och med demenssjukdom, erbjuder trygghetsboendet ett alternativ för äldre vars omsorgsbehov är av en annan karaktär, t ex för att man är ensam i sitt boende eller sjuklig. Trygghetsboendet såsom det fungerar för de intervjuade i den här studien bidrar till en ökad social gemenskap och en minskad oro. Boendet utgör en trygghet även för anhöriga som vet att hjälp finns att få vid behov.

    Intervjuerna visar också att det finns en medvetenhet bland äldre om att man kan behöva hjälpa varandra. Boendesituationen eller boendemiljön kan underlätta eller försvåra den typen av hjälp. I intervjuerna var det de som bodde på landsbygden som tydligast gav uttryck för att de kände sig trygga med att man grannar sinsemellan hjälps åt även om hjälpen förekom även i stadsmiljöer. På landsbygden kände man sig även tryggare med den formella omsorg man eventuellt kan komma att behöva. Man hade en större kännedom om hur hemtjänsten fungerar, genom personlig erfarenhet av arbete eller av att föräldrar hade haft hemtjänst och var nöjda med hur den fungerar. Likaså visste man vilka särskilda boenden som skulle kunna bli aktuella och även här hade man en stor tillit till att dessa fungerar bra och man kände också till personalen. Denna tillit gör också att man inte känner sig tvingad att se om sin boendesituation, man vet att den dag man inte längre klarar sig på egen hand får man hjälp från en fungerande hemtjänst eller får flytta till ett omtyckt särskilt boende.

    Bostadsrätten har över tid stärkt sin roll. Möjligen kan detta förklaras av att allt fler äldre är vana vid ägande liksom att de lägger en stor vikt vid att bo i en miljö med stabila grannar. På så sätt har även seniorboendet fått en ökad betydelse. Den insats i boendet som krävs för tillgång till en bostadsrätt och den åldersgräns som förutsätter inflyttning i seniorboende, ses av en del som en garant för att grannarna är stabila. Många av de äldre bor fortsatt i småhus och det faktum att många bor billigt i sina hus kommer att påverka deras bostadskonsumtion även i framtiden, om än det finns en vilja att anpassa sitt boende och slippa underhåll och ansvar. Tillgång till bostadsanpassning och service i det befintliga boendet påverkar möjligheten att bo kvar. För de allra äldsta får hyresrätten en större betydelse. Detta, och det faktum att de sedan bor kvar och i många fall uppnår en hög ålder i dessa ställer högre krav dels på bostadens utformning men även på den hjälp och service man behöver i bostaden. Hyresvärden kan bli en allt viktigare aktör. Det krävs en lyhördhet inför de äldres preferenser och möjligheter och hur dessa varierar över tid. De äldre utgör en heterogen grupp åldersmässigt, ekonomiskt och socialt och har därmed olika förutsättningar. Att kunna erbjuda framtidens äldre ett bra boende i olika geografiska områden, i stora såväl som små kommuner, ställer krav på bostadsmarknadens aktörer att samarbeta kring att hitta boendeformer som passar den lokala bostadsmarknaden, trygghetsboenden är exempel på sådant samarbete.

  • 7.
    Abusagr, Sophia
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Den svenska integrationen: ett politiskt dilemma2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens svenska samhälle har vi blivit allt mer mångkulturella och integration har därmed blivit en viktig fråga. Vi präglas av en mängd olika nationaliteter, etniska minoriteter samt olika kulturella bakgrunder. Därför är det viktigt för ett land som Sverige som anses vara demokratiskt att ha förståelse och respektera alla människor, oavsett vilken etnicitet och kulturell bakgrund en person har. Förståelse för varandra är oerhört viktigt eftersom alla som är en del av samhället inte skall känna ett utanförskap eller bli diskriminerade. Detta förekommer dock enligt en rad olika (författare och forskare) som har hävdat att den integrationspolitik som har förts i Sverige de senaste trettio åren har misslyckats. Därmed behöver det ske en förändring inom integrationspolitiken, ansvaret ligger på både den nuvarande borgerliga regeringen men lika väl invånarna i samhället. I detta projektarbete har jag analyserat olika rapporter utifrån Statens offentliga utredningar (SOU) för att på så sätt få en mer övergripande bild av hur integration förts i Sverige. Därtill belyser jag hur regeringspropositionerna ser ut gällande de mål och visioner, som den föregående regeringen, socialdemokraterna, hade för att skapa en god integrationspolitik.

  • 8. Abylaev, Mansur
    Kyrgyz textile companies’ resilience features in the post-Soviet regionalization processes2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Kyrgyz textile industry is a fast growing sector since the last decade. The combination of international market conjuncture and low input factors were the main reasons for the development of the textile sector. Legal and political modification of the international trade system is a risk for the whole industry's resilience. The purpose of the paper is to identify the vulnerable points of doing business in the context of economic transformation from planned Soviet to free market economy.

  • 9.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution. University of Bristol, United Kingdom.
    Lampos, Vasileios
    Garnett, Philip
    Bentley, R. Alexander
    The Expression of Emotions in 20th Century Books2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 3, e59030Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report here trends in the usage of mood words, that is, words carrying emotional content, in 20th century English language books, using the data set provided by Google that includes word frequencies in roughly 4% of all books published up to the year 2008. We find evidence for distinct historical periods of positive and negative moods, underlain by a general decrease in the use of emotion-related words through time. Finally, we show that, in books, American English has become decidedly more emotional than British English in the last half-century, as a part of a more general increase of the stylistic divergence between the two variants of English language.

  • 10.
    Achen, Thomas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Den bioetiske udfordring: Et retspolitisk studie om forholdet mellem etik, politik og ret i det lovforberedende arbejde vedrørende bio- og genteknologi i Danmark, Norge og Sverige1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Biotechnology and genetic engineering raise a number of new ethical problems. Consequently, over the past 15 years, several European countries, including the Nordic countries, have passed new laws in an attempt to deal with the ethical problems posed by biotechnology. These developments raise the question of how to formulate legislation to regulate both the technical and ethical aspects of biotechnology and genetic engineering. Is it indeed possible to formulate a valid ethical framework in a thoroughly secularised society? How has this been coped with politically? And what is the nature of the relationship between ethics, politics and the law, that emerges from this process? The regulation of biotechnology is very often carried out by legal means in modern society. The thesis shows that the distinction between ethics, politics and the law - inherent in the Scandinavian tradition of legal realism - is not sustained in the law preparatory Process in the fields of biotechnology and genetic engineering in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The analysis reveals that the tendency for ethics, politics and the law to merge is expressed in the new normative reflexivity which characterizes legislation in this area. The thesis defines this process in terms of four elements: a proceduralisation of ethics, a democratisation of ethics; negotiated development of norms, and a moralisation of politics and the law. These new tendencies suggest a need for a new analytical framework. The thesis argues that reflexive law theory and discourse ethics theory can provide a more adequate understanding of the new normative reflexivity inherent in the legislation examined. In a society characterised by moral, social, cultural and political pluralism it is of profound importance to contemplate how legal and political norms are developed. Furthermore, it is highly pertinent to consider how we can conceive these processes in theoretical terms.

  • 11.
    Ackebo, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Cykelplanering ur ett lokalt perspektiv: Hur Danderyds kommun kan arbeta för att underlätta en ökning av andelen cykelresor2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12.
    Ackerholm, Nils
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Att stödja utan att styra eller störa: Användbarhetsstudie av personlig anpassning på webbsidor2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett överflöd av information gör att den information vi verkligen vill ha blir svårare att hitta. För att råda bot på detta har det gjorts försök att hjälpa användaren att hitta genom personlig anpassning av webbsidor. Meningen är att personlig anpassning ska göra det enkelt för användaren, och att systemet därmed har hög användbarhet. Att se om det verkligen är så är syftet med denna studie.

    Inom ett projekt som avser ge familjer med tonåriga diabetiker IT-stöd gjordes en heuristisk utvärdering och intervjuer för att undersöka ett antal funktioner för personlig anpassning ur användbarhetsperspektiv.

    På det hela taget går det inte att säga att personlig anpassning vare sig är bra eller dåligt användbarhetsmässigt utan det avgörs av funktionernas utformning och kontexten. Det viktiga är att ge användaren stöd i sitt användande utan att för den skull styra eller störa hennes användning.

  • 13.
    Acosta, Kerly
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Sangari, Arash
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Webster, Jessica
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Energy Strategies towards Sustainability: a comparative analysis of community energy plans from Sweden and Canada2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines community energy planning in Sweden and Canada with the aim of revealing strategies that move communities towards energy sustainability. Unsustainable energy activities are identified as major threats on both local and global levels. The challenges for energy systems are discussed and a possible scenario of a future community with sustainable energy production and consumption is presented. The literature review examines community energy planning guidebooks and key theoretical and methodological concepts including ingenuity, soft energy paths and backcasting from socio-ecological principles of sustainability. Following an analysis of energy supply and demand in a broad systems context, and a review of policies and programs supporting or hindering community energy planning, energy plans from eleven Swedish and eleven Canadian communities are evaluated. Characteristics of progressive energy planning as uncovered in the literature review form a framework for evaluating the visions, strategies and actions described in the plans. Sweden is recognized as an early player in community energy planning. Although Swedish energy plans do not contain all of the identified progressive strategies, national leadership and funding have played a role in Sweden’s successes. More recent Canadian plans are found to be highly progressive, suggesting that Canadian communities who follow their plans can too be successful in transforming their energy systems towards sustainability.

  • 14.
    Ada, Ketchie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Meret, Nehe
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Hila, Shapira
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    For the Creative Problem-Solver: An Integrated Process of Design Thinking and Strategic Sustainable Development2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the dawn of humanity design has influenced human life. Today, facing the depletion of the socio-ecological system, increasing complex problems threaten humanity’s existence. Design has been a contributor to creating such problems, yet with appropriate tools can become a source for solutions. Design Thinking (DT) was identified as a possible approach that could contribute to Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD). The purpose of this thesis is to examine potential contributors and hindrances of the DT process with regards to SSD, and create a prototype for an integrated process that could help achieve more strategic and sustainable outcomes. With the use of the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) as a lens to examine the above, along with interviews, Action Research and expert feedback, an integrated process was created. Results of the interviews and FSSD analysis helped shape two prototypes that were examined through the mentioned methods. It was indicated by participants of the Action Research and by experts that the prototype could help reach a strategic and sustainable outcome, and further refinement should be pursued. The final prototype is presented as part of the discussion, suggesting additional tools and actions that if included could create a possible Sustainable DT (SDT) process.

  • 15.
    Adamsson, Emelie
    Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences.
    Forming and Communication of an Environmental Identity and Image: The Case of Riksbyggen2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stakeholder demands on corporations to take environmental responsibilities are increasing and an environmentally responsible image could add values such as competitive advantage and a better reputation. To create a favorable image the corporation needs to develop a strong and sincere environmental identity that involves the whole organization. The identity is the way that the organization perceives itself and its self-expression and an environmental identity is one of the multiple identities that an organization can have. Communication is important both internally for establishing the identity and externally to create an environmentally responsible image. The organizational members need to be informed and involved in the responsibilities that the corporation is taken to be able to communicate them further to important external stakeholder groups. This thesis connects theories on corporate and organizational identities with organizational communication, culture and image to explain how the environmental identity and image is constructed. A case study has been conducted on a large Swedish company in the building and property management industry, Riksbyggen. The empirical material has mainly been gathered from interviews and also from participant observations. Nineteen employees and one consultant involved in the environmental communication process were interviewed individually or in focus group. The results showed that the case study organization had created a strong corporate environmental identity with clear visions and symbolic representations. However, the organizational environmental identity where the organizational members identify with the environmental activities was not yet developed fully. One reason behind this is the lack of dialogue opportunities in the organization, which means that the corporate identity is communicated from a top-down perspective. An environmentally responsible image was not established at organizational level either, even if some local initiatives had been successful.

  • 16.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    "Who is Talking?" Some Thoughts on Speakers, Voices and Virtual Participants2000In: Creative Crossroads - Electronic Honorary Publication Dedicated to Yvonne Wærn on Her Retirement, Linköping: Tema Kommunikation, Linköpings universitet , 2000Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 17.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Nordenstam, Kerstin: Skvaller (1998)2000In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. 9, 195-199 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Virtual participants as communicative resources in discussions on gene technology2004In: The IADA Conference,2001, Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag , 2004, 275- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Är det verkligen fult att skvallra? Några reflexioner över värderingen av en genre.2000In: Sett och hört :: en vänskrift tillägnad Kerstin Nordenstam på 65-årsdagen / [ed] Nordenstam, Kerstin,, Göteborg: Institutionen för svenska språket, Göteborgs universitet , 2000, -316 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Varför ger vi röst åt de frånvarande?2003In: Grammatik och samtal: studier till minne av Mats Eriksson / [ed] Bengt Nordberg; Mats Eriksson;, Uppsala: Institutionen för nordiska språk, Uppsala universitet , 2003, 125-134 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Analys av vilka funktioner som virtuella deltagare har i samtal.

  • 21.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Måltiden - inte bara mat utan också prat.2004In: Text i arbete: festskrift till Britt-Louise Gunnarsson den 12 januari 2005 = Text at work : essays in honour of Britt-Louise Gunnarsson 12 january 2005 / [ed] Ingegerd Bäcklund, Uppsala: Institutionen för nordiska språk , 2004, 19-27 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    En litteraturstudie av betydelsen av måltidssamtal.

  • 22.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Handen, huvudet, ögat.2005In: Det öppna rummet, Pieksämäki, Finland: Söderströms/Atlantis , 2005, 299-308 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Om språkets förhållande till kroppen

  • 23.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Virtual participants as communicative resources in discussions on gene technology2004In: Dialogue Analysis VIII: Understanding and Misunderstanding in Dialogue: Selected Papers from the 8th IADA Conference, Göteborg 2001 / [ed] Karin Aijmer, Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag , 2004, 275-286 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present collection of articles, presented at the 8th IADA Conference in Göteborg, focuses on understanding and misunderstanding as dialogic phenomena. The notion of a dialogic grammar and dialogic principles as a framework for understanding human communication and cognition is explored in several contributions. Misunderstanding in dialogue is dealt with in institutional and non-institutional settings, in fiction and film dialogue, from several different theoretical perspectives

  • 24.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Att lära barn berätta2004In: Saga och Sanning. Berättandets konst och berättelsens budskap, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2004, 11-17 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Aronsson, Karin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies.
    Linell, Per
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Discourse of blame. Courtroom construction of social reality from the perspective of the defendant.1988In: Semiotica, ISSN 0037-1998, Vol. 71, 261-284 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Who is Cindy? Aspects of identity work in a teacher-parent-pupil talk at a special school2000In: Text - an interdisciplinary journal for the study of discourse, ISSN 0165-4888, Vol. 20, no 4, 545-568 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents a case study of one teacher-parent-pupil (TPP) conference. Cindy, the pupil, has Down syndrome. A study of how people with verbal communication problems manage discursive practices that largely rely on the ability to verbally negotiate identity is clearly motivated, both from a theoretical and a more practice-oriented perspective. We found that Cindy's identity is described and talked about in terms of predefined aspects, codified in a written agenda. All participants oriented themselves towards some sort of cultural model of the ideal identity that does not have to be discursively justified. Cindy's identity is not only talked about, but also demonstrated and enacted in interaction. Her self-presentation is mediated by her mother, and this mediation is linked to the sequential organization of the turn-taking system and the way the participation framework becomes organized. Cindy's talked-about and demonstrated identity work does not only concern her as an individual. It is also a relationship presentation. The identity of Cindy as a pupil and a daughter implies a certain identity for a teacher and a mother. To help one's daughter present her identity in a favorable way is to simultaneously display the identity of a good mother. ⌐ Walter de Gruyter.

  • 27.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    "... so one can plant a little seed" : an analysis of a teacher's way of solving a communicative problem in talks with parents2000In: Nordisk Pedagogik, ISSN 0901-8050, Vol. 20, no 4, 191-205 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sachs, Lisbeth
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    Framtida skuggor: samtal om risk, prevention och den genetiska familjen2002Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kommer mitt liv att gestalta sig? Kommer jag att vara frisk och stark? Kan jag göra något för att påverka ödet? Den moderna läkekonsten försöker på olika sätt att besvara sådana frågor. Ständigt utvecklas nya metoder för att tidigt avslöja hälsorisker.

    Att konfronteras med hot om framtida sjukdom kan vara dramatiskt och omtumlande. Så är det för den kvinna som får reda på att den bröstcancer hennes mamma dog av kan vara ärftlig och därmed hota henne själv eller hennes barn. Så är det också för den man som ser livet förkortat när blodprovet avslöjar ett alarmerande värde.

    Men hur påverkas vi av genetisk kartläggning eller upplysning om konsekvenserna av en viss livsstil? Kan kunskap om möjliga sjukdomsförlopp rent av vara skadlig? Hur förstår människor den information som uttrycks i: "Du har 50 procents risk att utveckla cancer"? Den här boken visar hur vanliga människor reagerar i sådana situationer.

  • 29.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Norrby, Catrin: Vardagligt berättande. Form, funktion och förekomst (1998).1998In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. 8, 214-218 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Styles of success: On impression management as collaborative action in job interviews1988Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research reported in this study takes both a general descriptive approach - investigating the characteristics of 48 job interviews - and a comparative one - analyzing ways in which those who got a job offer differed from those who did not. Data used in this study are tape recordings of job interviews with applicants for trainee-positions with a large Swedish business corporation. Additional data are tape-recordings of post-interviews made by the researcher with the applicants as well as questionnaires from the interviewers.

    The theoretical nations of self presentation and impression management (Goffman) have been the main points of departure for this study. All communication invalves impression,management. but job interviews focus explicidy on this aspect of interaction. Job interviews can be seen as argumentations where the applicants are actively trying to support their claim that they are perfect for the job. Their argumentations are enacted in a dialogue, however, and the applicants' ways of arguing are thus dependent on the interviewers' contributions to the dialogue. Communication is a constant handling of conflicting demands. The particular solution to these conversational dilemmas manifests itself as a personal style.

    Three main empirical analyses of the data were performed. The first concemed itself with the structure of the job interview. What does it look like and how is it managed? The analyses show that the responsibility for maintaining the global structure lies almost completely with the interviewer, hut that the applicant has the responsibility for managingthe local structure, for feeding interesting detalls in to the interview.

    The second set of analyses was concerned with the ways in which the applicants actively argued for themselves. The results show that the successful applicants qualify their claims more forcefully, by modifications, explicit analysis or humour, for instance. The successfulapplicants also receive more interactive assistance from the interviewers.

    The third set of analyses aimed at investigating some aspects of the interactive elimate in relation to the interviewers' different interviewing styles. The ways in which the interviewers paused and used simultaneous talk had a decisive influence on the length of the applicants' answers. The interactive element of interviewing was once more demonstrated in the analysis of laughter; in the interviews with the successful applicants there was more mutual laughter than in the interviews with the nonsuccessful applicants. The different interviewers' styles were recognized and described accurately by the applicants hut were valued differently.

    The main significance of the study is the demonstration of the interactive element in dialogue. The interviewers are in a certain sense actively creating the grounds on which they are to base their decision to hire the applicants or not.

  • 31.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Holsánová, Jana
    Lunds universitet.
    Wibeck, Victoria
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    Virtual talk as a communicative resource. Explorations in the field of gene technology2002In: Sprachtheorie und Germanistische Linguistik, ISSN 1218-5736, Vol. 12Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Discourse about Children with Mental Disablement: An Analysis of Teacher-Parent Conferences in Special Education Schools1998In: Language and education : an international journal, Vol. 12, no 2, 81-98 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Sachs, Lisbeth
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    Risk Discourse: Recontextualization of numerical values1998In: Text & talk : an interdisciplinary journal of language, discourse & communication studies, ISSN 1860-7330, Vol. 18, no 2, 191-210 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 34.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Öberg, Britt-Marie
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    The function of laughter and joking in negotiation activities1998In: Humor: An International Journal of Humor Research, ISSN 0933-1719, Vol. 11, no 4, 411-430 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Adema, David
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Blenkhorn, Sara
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Houseman, Sarah
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Scaling-up Impact: Knowledge-based Organizations Working Toward Sustainability2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human society faces serious environmental and social threats as a result of systemic unsustainable actions and values. This is a time of cultural self-evaluation and profound change. This study examines how 13 social and environmental change-based organizations, through network partnerships and a robust organizational knowledge-base, are responding to these challenges. A systems perspective was used as a guide to promote a holistic understanding of the actors within the system, their perceptions of success, strategies, actions and tools used to guide them toward sustainability. The results indicate that organizations seeking to scale-up their impact toward sustainability might benefit from the following success factors: 1. Collaboration with diverse partners to contribute to more effective interventions in complex systems, 2. Integrating comprehensive definitions of sustainability with organizational vision to facilitate success, 3. The application of leverage points and transparent prioritization processes to asure congruence between organizational purpose and actions, 4. Practices of dialogue and deep listening build rewarding partnerships and, 5. Metrics that support partnerships and gauge progress toward sustainability. In conclusion network partnerships have the potential to generate widespread sustained change and can be supported by complex systems science and a Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development.

  • 36.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies.
    När Brad och Angelina inte ville gifta sig. En berättelse om heterosexuell melankoli och politiska beslut i vardagen.2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, Vol. 1, 39-41 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

     Artikeln handlar om skvallerpressens representation av celebriteterna Brad Pitt och Angelina Jolie, och hur deras icke-gifta status producerar moralpanik och genusproblem i den populärkulturella heteronormativiteten. Artikeln tar också upp "äktenskapsfrågan" i en svensk kontext och hur frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd glömts bort av feminismen.  

  • 37.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies.
    Alla säger I Love You. Om orden som gör känslor och känsliga formuleringar.2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, Vol. 3, 91-93 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlar om hur orden "jag älskar dig" respektive "I love you" får betydelse både personligt, socialt och politiskt. Exempel hämtas från tv-serierna "Förhäxad" och "Sex and the City" och författaren resonerar kring hur orden skapar affektiva betydelser i kropp och genuspositioner. 

  • 38.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies.
    Ordningsstörande begär: biteori som kritik av antropologisk sexualitetsforskning.2001In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 5 1/2, no Både och/ och/ varken eller, 54-69 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    När Brad och Angelina inte ville gifta sig: En berättelse om heterosexuell melankoli och politiska beslut i vardagen.2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, Vol. 1, 39-41 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

     Artikeln handlar om skvallerpressens representation av celebriteterna Brad Pitt och Angelina Jolie, och hur deras icke-gifta status producerar moralpanik och genusproblem i den populärkulturella heteronormativiteten. Artikeln tar också upp "äktenskapsfrågan" i en svensk kontext och hur frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd glömts bort av feminismen.  

  • 40.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Alla säger I Love You: Om orden som gör känslor och känsliga formuleringar.2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, Vol. 3, 91-93 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlar om hur orden "jag älskar dig" respektive "I love you" får betydelse både personligt, socialt och politiskt. Exempel hämtas från tv-serierna "Förhäxad" och "Sex and the City" och författaren resonerar kring hur orden skapar affektiva betydelser i kropp och genuspositioner. 

  • 41.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ordningsstörande begär: biteori som kritik av antropologisk sexualitetsforskning.2001In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 5 1/2, no Både och/ och/ varken eller, 54-69 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Adolfsson, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Vigselsamtalet- En studie om samtal mellan präst och brudpar2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of my research is to describe the substance in three different wedding conversations, and study how the role of the priest is designed in these conversations. The foundation of my study contains authentical conversations and interviews from three priests and three couples. My main material is the authentical conversations but the content of the study, with supplementary interviews with the priest and the couple, render possible a perspective analysis of the wedding conversations from both sides.

    My conclusion is that the three priests expresses a different role in each conversation and the couples are powerless in the face of the priests. The dominate conversationsstrategy plays a decisive role for the matter and the character part of the priest in these conversations.

  • 43.
    Adolfsson, Gundula
    Stockholm.
    Förmedlingsforskning: hot eller nödvändighet?1988In: Kronos : historia i skola och samhälle, ISSN 1100-1208, no 2, 63-66 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Olika vetenskaper har olika sätt och möjligheter att föra ut sina forskningsresultat. I några fall, exempelvis i filosofin eller i högre matematik kan möjligheterna vara obefintliga. Dessa ämnen kännetecknas av en forskning på hög abstraktionsnivå och frånvaron av källmaterial. Kunskaper av denna typ blir givetvis svåra att föra ut till en bredare allmänhet. Bland de humanistiska vetenskaperna finns det sådana med ett konkret källmaterial, exempelvis litteraturvetenskap, konstvetenskap, etnologi, arkeologi eller historia. Källmaterialet i dessa ämnen är forskningens underlag, men också en slags allmängods; oavsett vad vetenskapsmannen tycker kan vi bilda oss en egen uppfattning om en Picassotavla, en Strindbergpjäs eller ett svärd från vikingatiden. Dessa vetenskaper - med sitt mycket konkreta källmaterial - bidrar till att konstituera historieuppfattningar och kulturella normer i samhället.

  • 44.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Applying the ICF-CY to identify everyday life situations of children and youth with disabilities2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Four studies were included in this doctoral dissertation aiming to investigatehow habilitation professionals perceive the ICF-CY in clinical work and to identify everyday life situations specific for children and youth aged 0-17 years. The ICF-CY was the conceptual framework and since the research was conducted on as well as with the ICF-CY, the use of the classification runs like a thread through all the work. The design was primarily qualitative and included descriptive and comparative content analyses. Study I was longitudinal, aiming to explore how an implementation of the ICF-CY in Swedish habilitation services was perceived. Studies II-IV were interrelated, aiming to explore children’s most common everyday life situations. Content in measures of participation, professionals’ perspectives, and external data on parents’ perspectives were linked to the ICF-CY and compared. Mixed methods design bridged the Studies III-IV.

    Results in Study I indicated that knowledge on the ICF-CY enhanced professionals’ awareness of families’ views of child functioning and pointed to the need for ICF-CY based assessment and intervention methods focusing on child participation in life situations. A first important issue in this respect was to identify everyday life situations. Two sets of ten everyday life situations related to the ICF-CY component Activities and Participation, chapters d3-d9, were compiled and adopted for younger and older children respectively, establishing a difference in context specificity depending on maturity and growing autonomy. Furthermore, key constructs in the ICFCY model were discussed, additional ICF-CY linking rules were presented and suggestions for revisions of the ICF linking rules and the ICF-CY were listed. As the sample of everyday life situations reflects the perspectives of adults, further research has to add the perspective of children and youth. The identified everyday life situations will be the basis for the development of code sets included in a screening tool intended for self- or proxy- report of participation from early childhood through adolescence.

  • 45.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Applying the ICF-CY to identify children's everyday life situations: A step towards participation-focused code sets2013In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 22, no 2, 195-206 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the long-term goal to create a screening tool with code sets for children’s everyday life situations (ELS), the purpose of the present study was to identify ELS for children and youth aged 0-17 years. The views of professionals and parents in Sweden, South Africa, and US were integrated based on linkages to ICF-CY. The chapters Self-care and Major life areas seemed most obvious include ELS. At 2nd ICF-CY level, eleven categories emerged as ELS with Hygiene (d510-d530) and Recreation and leisure (d920) as the most obvious. Two sets of ELS were identified for infants/preschoolers and school aged children/adolescents. Professionals and parents agreed on ELS for the older age-group. Findings suggested that ELS differ in context specificity depending on maturity and growing autonomy. The study have implications for the future tool intending to support children with disabilities in describing what matters most for them in intervention planning.

  • 46.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, Mia
    Uppsala universitet.
    Professionals' views of children's everyday life situations and the relation to participation2012In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 34, no 7, 581-592 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim was to determine professionals’ views of everyday life situations (ELS) of importance for children and to explore how ELS correlate with the construct ‘Participation’. This study was part of a larger work to develop a structured tool with code sets to identify child participation and support children with disabilities to describe what matters most for them in intervention planning.

    Method: The study had a concurrent mixed methods design. Information from one open-ended question and questionnaires were linked to the ICF-CY component Activities and Participation. Two concurrent data sets were compared.

    Results: Proposed ELS were distributed across ICF-CY categories from low to high level of complexity and context specificity. The correlation with participation became stronger for the later chapters of the component (d7-d9). Differences between respondents due to working field, country, and children’s ages were explored. Acts and tasks seemed most important for the youngest children whereas ELS shifted towards societal involvement for adolescents.

    Conclusion: Eleven categories related to ICF-CY chapters d3-d9 emerged as ELS. Two age groups (infants/preschoolers and adolescents) are required to develop code sets for the new tool. The results need triangulation with other concurrent studies to provide corroborating evidence and add a family perspective.

  • 47.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Malmqvist, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, Mia
    Uppsala universitet.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Identifying Child Functioning from an ICF-CY Perspective: Everyday Life Situations Explored in Measures of Participation2011In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 33, no 13-14, 1230-1244 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. This study was part of a larger work to develop an authentic measure consisting of code sets for self- or proxy-report of child participation. The aim was to identify common everyday life situations of children and youth based on measures of participation.

    Method. The study was descriptive in nature and involved several stages: systematic search of literature to find articles presenting measures for children and youth with disabilities, identifying measures in selected articles, linking items in included measures to the ICF-CY, analysing content in measures presented as performance and participation and identifying aggregations of ICF-CY codes across these measures.

    Results. A large number of measures for children and youth with disabilities were identified but only 12 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A slight distinction in content and age appropriateness appeared. Measures presented as performance covered all the ICF-CY Activities and Participation chapters, whereas measures presented as participation covered five of nine chapters. Three common everyday life situations emerged from the measures: Moving around, Engagement in play and Recreation and leisure.

    Conclusion. Only a small number of life situations for children and youth emerged from items in selected measures, thus, other sources are needed to identify more everyday life situations.

  • 48.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Westerberg, Christina
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Möller, Kerstin
    Örebro Universitet.
    Everyday Life Situations of School-Aged Children with Severe Disabilities: What are the Goals for the Future? An Exploratory Study2014In: Journal of Intellectual Disability - Diagnosis and Treatment, E-ISSN 2292-2598, Vol. 2, no 1, 21-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated present and future everyday life situations (ELS) in home, school, work, and leisure environments for a group of school-aged children with severe disabilities, including complex disorders and a combination of disabilities. The purpose was to explore universal ELS; clarify how the children can be supported in their development of autonomy; and to gather information on potential overall goals for interventions. To make data comparable, all reported ELS were linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Child and Youth version (ICF-CY) and listed along with information on the setting. Both today, and in the future, recreational activities and participation in school or work were of highest importance, but few reported ELS involved directly interacting with other children. More ELS were predicted to occur outside the home and with a higher degree of autonomy. Therefore, interventions would be focused on the overall goal that children with severe disabilities take initiatives to become independent and to form relationships with others.

  • 49.
    Adriansson, Charlotta
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Holmberg, Emma
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Arbete med och uppföljning av CSR: En jämförande studie av socialt hållbart företagande inom tre statliga företag2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte har varit att ge indikationer på förekommande CSR-verktyg och arbete relaterat till socialt hållbart företagande samt dess effekter inom svenska statliga företag. Genom att relatera de statliga företagens hållbarhetsarbete med dess effekter kan uppsatsen bringa information till detta, hittills, outforskade område samt visa på vilka utfall detta socialt hållbara arbete kan medföra. Uppsatsen använder som ansats och metod jämförande dokumentstudier av tre statliga företag – Apoteket, Systembolaget och Bilprovningen – valda utifrån ett idealistiskt urval till följd av deras framträdande roll inom hållbarhetsarbete bland statliga företag. Insamling av material genomfördes med hjälp av företagens hållbarhetsredovisningar samt andra tillgängliga informationskanaler. Undersökningen visar på både likheter, skillnader och mönster mellan studiens tre statliga företag. CSR-inriktade verktyg och processer existerar inom företagens uttalade strategier och planer, dock finns ett behov att förbättra processer kring uppföljning för att försäkra sig att arbetet drivs igenom enligt planerna samt att lärdomar kan dras från de utfall arbetet medför.

  • 50.
    Agbu, Osita
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Ethnic militias and the threat to democracy in post-transition Nigeria2004Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The democratic opening presented by Nigeria’s successful transition to civil rule (June 1998 to May 1999) unleashed a host of hitherto repressed or dormant political forces. Unfortunately, it has become increasingly difficult to differentiate between genuine demands by these forces on the state and outright criminality and mayhem. Post-transition Nigeria is experiencing the proliferation of ethnic militia movements purportedly representing, and seeking to protect, their ethnic interests in a country, which appears incapable of providing the basic welfare needs of its citizens.

    It is against the background of collective disenchantment with the Nigerian state, and the resurgence of ethnic identity politics that this research interrogates the growing challenge posed by ethnic militias to the Nigerian democracy project. The central thesis is that the over-centralization of power in Nigeria’s federal practice and the failure of post-transitional politics in genuinely addressing the “National Question, has resulted in the emergence of ethnic militias as a specific response to state incapacity. The short- and long-term threats posed by this development to Nigeria’s fragile democracy are real, and justify the call for a National Conference that will comprehensively address the demands of the ethnic nationalities.

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