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Patterns of Alcohol Consumption and Associated Factors in a Population-Based Sample of 70-Year-Olds: Data from the Gothenburg H70 Birth Cohort Study 2014–16
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Antal upphovsmän: 92022 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, nr 14, artikel-id 8248Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Older adults of today consume more alcohol, yet knowledge about the factors associated with different consumption levels is limited in this age group. Based on the data from a population-based sample (n = 1156, 539 men and 617 women) in The Gothenburg H70 Birth Cohort Study 2014–16, we examined sociodemographic, social, and health-related factors associated with alcohol consumption levels in 70-year-olds, using logistic regression. Total weekly alcohol intake was calculated based on the self-reported amount of alcohol consumed. Alcohol consumption was categorized as lifetime abstention, former drinking, moderate consumption (≤98 g/week), and at-risk consumption (>98 g/week). At-risk consumption was further categorized into lower at-risk (98–196 g/week), medium at-risk (196–350 g/week), and higher at-risk (≥350 g/week). We found that among the 1156 participants, 3% were lifetime abstainers, 3% were former drinkers, 64% were moderate drinkers, and 30% were at-risk drinkers (20% lower, 8% medium, 2% higher). Among several factors, former drinking was associated with worse general self-rated health (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.08–2.51) and lower health-related quality of life (measured by physical component score) (OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.91–0.97), higher illness burden (OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.07–1.27), and weaker grip strength (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.94–0.98). Higher at-risk drinkers more often had liver disease (OR 11.41, 95% CI 3.48–37.37) and minor depression (OR 4.57, 95% CI 1.40–14.95), but less contacts with health care (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.11–0.92). Our findings demonstrate the importance of classifications beyond abstinence and at-risk consumption, with implications for both the prevention and clinical management of unhealthy consumption patterns in older adults.

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2022. Vol. 19, nr 14, artikel-id 8248
Nyckelord [en]
alcohol use, determinants, characteristics, associated factors, older adults
Nationell ämneskategori
Gerontologi, medicinsk/hälsovetenskaplig inriktning Beroendelära
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-207991DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19148248ISI: 000832352000001PubMedID: 35886099Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85133488443OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-207991DiVA, id: diva2:1688007
Tillgänglig från: 2022-08-17 Skapad: 2022-08-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-08-17Bibliografiskt granskad

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Sterner, Therese Rydberg
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Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI)
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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Gerontologi, medicinsk/hälsovetenskaplig inriktningBeroendelära

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