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Somali-Swedish Girls - The Construction of Childhood within Local and Transnational Spaces
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
2016 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This thesis explores diaspora experiences among Somali-Swedish parents and their daughters where the girls are enrolled in a Muslim-profiled school. The thesis uses migration theory with a transnational perspective, with findings that depart from the traditional view of migrants’ rootedness in a single country. It adopts the new paradigm for the sociology of childhood, where childhood is regarded as a social construction and children are considered to possess agency and competence. Anthony Giddens’s structuration theory and its main concept ‘duality of structure’ was employed as a theoretical tool. Methods that were used were participant observation, interviews (individual and in group) and analysis of essays.

The thesis consists of three studies. The first study explores how Somali-Swedish parents explain their choice of a Muslim-profiled school for their children. The results refute the traditional view that such choices are solely faith-based, showing faith as important but not determining. Important factors were finding a school that met their high educational ambitions and  made both parents and children feel trusted, safe and not disrespected because of their faith and skin-colour.

The second study explores transnational experiences, particularly the transfer of transnational practices from the Somali-Swedish parents’ to their children and the construction of a transnational social space, built on close global relationships. The results show that transnational practices are feasible irrespective of physical travel. The study also exemplifies the group’s readiness to relocate between countries by the onward migration from Sweden to Egypt, and implications for the children are illuminated. Somalis in diaspora often explain their propensity to move by their past nomadic life-patterns, but this study shows as strong factors the desire for better opportunities in combination with experiences of cultural and economic marginalisation in the West.

The third study analyses how girls in grade 5 (about eleven years old) imagine their future career and family life by analysing essays. The findings reveal that their dreams are both consistent with the expectations of their families (in particular, high educational ambitions) and inspired from elsewhere (particularly in terms of future family life). How the girls imagine their adulthood could be seen as an example of how their original culture is subject to change in a new environment.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Department of Child and Youth Studies, Stockholm University , 2016. , s. 136
Nyckelord [en]
Somali diaspora, Somali-Swedish girls, Childhood sociology, School choice strategies, Muslim-profiled schools, Transnational social spaces, Transnational communities, Social constructionism, Duality of structure, Family Change Theory
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Forskningsämne
barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132312ISBN: 978-91-7649-482-0 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-132312DiVA, id: diva2:955203
Disputation
2016-10-14, Nordenskiöldssalen, Geovetenskapens Hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 13:00 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Manuscript.

 

Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-21 Skapad: 2016-08-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-09-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Somali-Swedes' Reasons for Choosing a Muslim-Profiled School - Recognition and Educational Ambitions as Important Influencing Factors
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Somali-Swedes' Reasons for Choosing a Muslim-Profiled School - Recognition and Educational Ambitions as Important Influencing Factors
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This article is about school choice strategies among a group of Somali-Swedes at a Muslim-profiled compulsory school. The study explores whether there are other reasons behind school choice than the school’s faith profile, and the findings concludes that for the group in question it is also important to find a school in accordance with high educational ambitions and where they can feel that they are recognized and not disrespected because of their faith, culture and skin-color. The lack of cohesion that Muslim-profiled schools are alleged to cause seems to be something that occurs even before the Muslim-profiled school is chosen.

Nyckelord
Somali-Swedes, Muslim-profiled schools, school choice strategies, duality of structure, recognition
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Forskningsämne
barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132801 (URN)
Externt samarbete:
Tillgänglig från: 2016-08-24 Skapad: 2016-08-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-09-12Bibliografiskt granskad
2. “Samira Doesn’t Live Here Any More”: Somali-Swedes’ mobility as transnational practice
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>“Samira Doesn’t Live Here Any More”: Somali-Swedes’ mobility as transnational practice
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 118-125Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores transnational experiences within a group of Somali- Swedes, particularly how parents’ transnational practices are transferred to their children and how a transnational social space, built on close relationships on a global scale, is constructed. The readiness to relocate between countries and the implications for the children is illuminated. The onward migration to Egypt is highlighted as an example. According to research on Somalis in diaspora, they explain their propensity to move by claiming to be nomads, but this article indicates that it is also about their desire for better opportunities in combination with the cultural and economic marginalisation experienced in the West.

Nyckelord
Somali-Swedish children, transnational generation, nomadic heritage, onward migration, Egypt
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Forskningsämne
barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108447 (URN)10.2478/njmr-2014-0014 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2014-10-26 Skapad: 2014-10-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Imagined adulthood under transition - Somali-Swedish girls' life-planning in a late modernity context
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Imagined adulthood under transition - Somali-Swedish girls' life-planning in a late modernity context
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Gender and Education, ISSN 0954-0253, E-ISSN 1360-0516, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 432-447Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines how Muslim girls of Somali origin raised in Sweden imagine their adulthood in regard to career and family life. The theoretical framework is social constructionist in that it assumes that children have agency and are capable and competent actors, in contrast to what has previously been generally assumed about children from ethnic minorities, particularly Muslim girls. The qualitative study consists of an analysis of girls’ essays. The findings reveal that their dreams are both consistent with the expectations of their families (in particular, high educational ambitions) and inspired from elsewhere (particularly in terms of future family life). How the girls imagine their adulthood may be seen as an example of how their original culture is subject to change in a new environment that influences possibilities, the pace of detraditionalisation and the extent of individualisation, all of which are typical characteristics of a society in late modernity.

Nyckelord
Somali-Swedish girls, essays, transition to adulthood, life plans, social constructionism
Nationell ämneskategori
Utbildningsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-105698 (URN)10.1080/09540253.2014.930422 (DOI)000340187800007 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2014-06-29 Skapad: 2014-06-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad

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